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Amcor plc - Quarter Report: 2022 March (Form 10-Q)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
amcr-20220331_g1.jpg
FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number 001-38932

AMCOR PLC
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Jersey
 
98-1455367
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

83 Tower Road North
Warmley, Bristol BS30 8XP
United Kingdom
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: +44 117 9753200

    Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares, Par Value $0.01 Per Share AMCRNew York Stock Exchange
1.125% Guaranteed Senior Notes Due 2027AUKF/27New York Stock Exchange

    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No

    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No
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    Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated FilerEmerging Growth Company
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Accelerated Filer

    If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
    As of May 2, 2022, the registrant had 1,502,766,703 ordinary shares, $0.01 par value, outstanding.

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Amcor plc
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
Table of Contents
  
 
 
 
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Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

    Unless otherwise indicated, references to "Amcor," the "Company," "we," "our," and "us" in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q refer to Amcor plc and its consolidated subsidiaries.

    This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain statements that are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are generally identified with words like "believe," "expect," "target," "project," "may," "could," "would," "approximately," "possible," "will," "should," "intend," "plan," "anticipate," "estimate," "potential," "outlook," or "continue," the negative of these words, other terms of similar meaning, or the use of future dates. Such statements are based on the current expectations of the management of Amcor and are qualified by the inherent risks and uncertainties surrounding future expectations generally. Actual results could differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of risks and uncertainties. None of Amcor or any of its respective directors, executive officers, or advisors, provide any representation, assurance, or guarantee that the occurrence of the events expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements will actually occur. Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from expectations include, but are not limited to:

• changes in consumer demand patterns and customer requirements in numerous industries;
• the loss of key customers, a reduction in their production requirements, or consolidation among key customers;
• significant competition in the industries and regions in which we operate;
• the inability to expand our current business effectively through either organic growth, including by product innovation, or acquisitions;
• the failure to successfully integrate acquisitions in the expected time frame;
• challenges to or the loss of our intellectual property rights;
• adverse impacts from the ongoing 2019 Novel Coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic or other similar outbreaks on Amcor and its customers, suppliers, employees, and the geographic markets in which Amcor and its customers operate;
• challenging current and future global economic conditions;
• impact of operating internationally, including negative impacts from the Russian invasion of Ukraine;
• price fluctuations or shortages in the availability of raw materials, energy, and other inputs, which could adversely affect our business;
• production, supply, and other commercial risks, including counterparty credit risks, which may be exacerbated in times of economic downturn;
• a failure or disruption in our information technology systems;
• an inability to attract and retain key personnel;
• costs and liabilities related to current and future environmental and health and safety laws and regulations;
• labor disputes;
• the possibility that the phase out of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") causes our interest expense to increase;
• foreign exchange rate risk;
• an increase in interest rates;
• a significant increase in our indebtedness or a downgrade in our credit rating that could increase our borrowing costs and negatively affect our financial condition and results of operations;
• a failure to hedge effectively against adverse fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange rates;
• a significant write-down of goodwill and/or other intangible assets;
• our need to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting;
• an inability of our insurance policies, including our use of a captive insurance company, to provide adequate protection against all of the risks we face;
• litigation, including product liability claims, or regulatory developments;
• increasing scrutiny and changing expectations with respect to our Environmental, Social, and Governance ("ESG") policies resulting in additional costs or exposure to additional risks;
• changing government regulations in environmental, health, and safety matters;
• changes in tax laws or changes in our geographic mix of earnings; and
• our ability to develop and successfully introduce new products and to develop, acquire, and retain intellectual property rights.

    These risks and uncertainties are supplemented by those identified from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including without limitation, those described under Part I, "Item 1A - Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, as updated by our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. You can obtain copies of Amcor’s filings with the SEC for free at the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov). Forward-looking statements
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included herein are made only as of the date hereof and Amcor does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, or any other information in this communication, as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, or to correct any inaccuracies or omissions in them which become apparent, except as expressly required by law. All forward-looking statements in this communication are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.

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Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)
Amcor plc and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions, except per share data)2022202120222021
Net sales$3,708 $3,207 $10,635 $9,407 
Cost of sales(2,977)(2,525)(8,609)(7,420)
Gross profit731 682 2,026 1,987 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general, and administrative expenses(326)(325)(942)(962)
Research and development expenses(24)(25)(72)(74)
Restructuring and related expenses, net(9)24 (27)(22)
Other income/(expense), net(3)17 27 
Operating income369 373 987 956 
Interest income15 10 
Interest expense(36)(36)(115)(113)
Other non-operating income, net12 
Income before income taxes and equity in income of affiliated companies343 341 899 860 
Income tax expense(72)(71)(196)(187)
Equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax— — — 19 
Net income$271 $270 $703 $692 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests(2)(3)(7)(8)
Net income attributable to Amcor plc$269 $267 $696 $684 
Basic earnings per share:$0.178 $0.173 $0.457 $0.439 
Diluted earnings per share:$0.178 $0.173 $0.456 $0.438 
Note: Per share amounts may not add due to rounding. See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Amcor plc and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Net income$271 $270 $703 $692 
Other comprehensive income/(loss):
Net gains/(losses) on cash flow hedges, net of tax (a)(3)19 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax (b)
76 (25)(40)127 
Pension, net of tax (c)
— 
Other comprehensive income/(loss)80 (16)(40)150 
Total comprehensive income351 254 663 842 
Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests(4)(2)(8)(8)
Comprehensive income attributable to Amcor plc$347 $252 $655 $834 
(a) Tax benefit/(expense) related to cash flow hedges$— $(2)$$(4)
(b) Tax benefit related to foreign currency translation adjustments$$— $— $
(c) Tax benefit related to pension adjustments$— $— $— $— 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Amcor plc and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

($ in millions, except share and per share data)March 31, 2022June 30, 2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,077 $850 
Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $26 and $28, respectively
2,090 1,864 
Inventories, net2,420 1,991 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets583 561 
Total current assets6,170 5,266 
Non-current assets:
Property, plant, and equipment, net3,772 3,761 
Operating lease assets539 532 
Deferred tax assets139 139 
Other intangible assets, net1,709 1,835 
Goodwill5,379 5,419 
Employee benefit assets52 52 
Other non-current assets227 184 
Total non-current assets11,817 11,922 
Total assets$17,987 $17,188 
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$15 $
Short-term debt57 98 
Trade payables2,816 2,574 
Accrued employee costs412 523 
Other current liabilities1,124 1,145 
Total current liabilities4,424 4,345 
Non-current liabilities:
Long-term debt, less current portion7,177 6,186 
Operating lease liabilities470 462 
Deferred tax liabilities651 696 
Employee benefit obligations270 307 
Other non-current liabilities418 371 
Total non-current liabilities8,986 8,022 
Total liabilities13,410 12,367 
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 14)
Shareholders' Equity
Amcor plc shareholders’ equity:
Ordinary shares ($0.01 par value)
Authorized (9,000 million shares)
Issued (1,503 and 1,538 million shares, respectively)
$15 $15 
Additional paid-in capital4,740 5,092 
Retained earnings604 452 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(807)(766)
Treasury shares (3 and 3 million shares, respectively)
(35)(29)
Total Amcor plc shareholders' equity4,517 4,764 
Non-controlling interests60 57 
Total shareholders' equity4,577 4,821 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$17,987 $17,188 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Amcor plc and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$703 $692 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, amortization, and impairment479 426 
Net periodic benefit cost
Amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs
Net gain on disposal of property, plant, and equipment— (2)
Net gain on disposal of businesses— (46)
Equity in income of affiliated companies— (19)
Net foreign exchange (gain)/loss(3)23 
Share-based compensation47 44 
Other, net114 (25)
Loss from hyperinflationary accounting for Argentine subsidiaries14 25 
Deferred income taxes, net(44)(7)
Dividends received from affiliated companies— 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding effect of acquisitions, divestitures, and currency(728)(514)
Net cash provided by operating activities589 617 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Issuance of loans to affiliated companies(5)— 
Investments in affiliated companies(11)— 
Purchase of property, plant, and equipment, and other intangible assets(373)(335)
(Payments)/proceeds from divestitures(1)214 
Proceeds from sales of property, plant, and equipment, and other intangible assets
Net cash used in investing activities(383)(115)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of shares92 11 
Purchase of treasury shares(133)— 
Purchase of non-controlling interests— (7)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt570 
Repayment of long-term debt(678)(121)
Net borrowing of commercial paper1,248 503 
Net repayment of short-term debt(72)(122)
Repayment of lease liabilities(2)(3)
Share buyback/cancellations(423)(308)
Dividends paid(550)(556)
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities52 (601)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents(31)46 
Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents227 (53)
Cash and cash equivalents balance at beginning of year850 743 
Cash and cash equivalents balance at end of period$1,077 $690 
Supplemental cash flow information:
Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized$99 $90 
Income taxes paid$163 $218 
Supplemental non-cash disclosures relating to investing and financing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment, accrued but unpaid$85 $62 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Amcor plc and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(Unaudited)
($ in millions, except per share data)Ordinary SharesAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury SharesNon-controlling InterestTotal
Balance as of December 31, 2020$16 $5,412 $293 $(884)$(45)$56 $4,848 
Net income267 270 
Other comprehensive loss(15)(1)(16)
Share buyback/cancellations(1)(232)(233)
Dividends declared ($0.1175 per share)
(182)— (182)
Options exercised and shares vested(3)
Share-based compensation expense16 16 
Change in non-controlling interests— — — 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$15 $5,193 $378 $(899)$(40)$58 $4,705 
Balance as of June 30, 2020$16 $5,480 $246 $(1,049)$(67)$61 $4,687 
Net income684 692 
Other comprehensive income150 — 150 
Share buyback/cancellations(1)(307)(308)
Dividends declared ($0.3500 per share)
(547)(9)(556)
Options exercised and shares vested(16)27 11 
Share-based compensation expense44 44 
Change in non-controlling interests(8)(2)(10)
Cumulative adjustment related to the adoption of ASC 326
(5)(5)
Balance as of March 31, 2021$15 $5,193 $378 $(899)$(40)$58 $4,705 
Balance as of December 31, 2021$15 $4,854 $515 $(885)$(37)$57 $4,519 
Net income269 271 
Other comprehensive income78 80 
Share buyback/cancellations— (128)(128)
Dividends declared ($0.1200 per share)
(180)(2)(182)
Options exercised and shares vested(2)— 
Settlement of forward contracts to purchase equity to meet share-based incentive plans, net of tax— — 
Purchase of treasury shares— — 
Share-based compensation expense16 16 
Change in non-controlling interests
Balance as of March 31, 2022$15 $4,740 $604 $(807)$(35)$60 $4,577 
Balance as of June 30, 2021$15 $5,092 $452 $(766)$(29)$57 $4,821 
Net income696 703 
Other comprehensive income/(loss)(41)(40)
Share buyback/cancellations— (423)(423)
Dividends declared ($0.3575 per share)
(544)(6)(550)
Options exercised and shares vested(35)127 92 
Settlement of forward contracts to purchase equity to meet share-based incentive plans, net of tax59 59 
Purchase of treasury shares(133)(133)
Share-based compensation expense47 47 
Change in non-controlling interests
Balance as of March 31, 2022$15 $4,740 $604 $(807)$(35)$60 $4,577 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Amcor plc and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1 - Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation

    Amcor plc ("Amcor" or the "Company") is a global packaging company that develops and produces a broad range of packaging products including flexible packaging, rigid packaging containers, specialty cartons, and closures.

    The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information. Consistent with these requirements, this Form 10-Q does not include all the information required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. Further, the year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet data as of June 30, 2021 was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. It is management's opinion, however, that all material and recurring adjustments have been made that are necessary for a fair statement of its interim financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. For further information, this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021. There have been no material changes to the accounting policies followed by the Company during the current fiscal year.

    Certain amounts in the Company's notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements may not add or recalculate due to rounding.

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Note 2 - New Accounting Guidance

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

    In December 2019, the FASB issued updated guidance to simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions and improving the consistent application of U.S. GAAP in other tax accounting areas. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods, and any interim periods within those annual periods, that begin after December 15, 2020 with early adoption permitted. The guidance became effective for the Company on July 1, 2021 and the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

    In November 2021, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2021-10 that adds certain disclosure requirements for entities that receive government assistance. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021 with early application permitted. The Company will adopt this guidance in fiscal year 2023 and does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on its results of operation, financial position, and disclosures.

    The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs issued by the FASB. The Company determined at this time that all other ASUs not yet adopted are either not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on its results of operation, financial position, and disclosures.
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Note 3 - Restructuring

2019 Bemis Integration Plan

    In connection with the acquisition of Bemis Company, Inc. ("Bemis"), the Company initiated restructuring activities in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019 aimed at integrating and optimizing the combined organization. The Company is on track to exceed the original target of $180 million of pre-tax synergies driven by procurement, supply chain, and general and administrative savings by the end of fiscal year 2022 by at least 10%.

    The Company's total 2019 Bemis Integration Plan pre-tax integration costs are expected to be approximately $250 million. The total 2019 Bemis Integration Plan costs include approximately $210 million of restructuring and related expenses, net, and $40 million of general integration expenses. The Company estimates that net cash expenditures including disposal proceeds will be approximately $170 million, of which $40 million relates to general integration expenses. As of March 31, 2022, the Company has incurred $143 million in employee related expenses, $39 million in fixed asset related expenses, $35 million in other restructuring and $36 million in restructuring related expenses, partially offset by a gain on disposal of a business of $51 million. The nine months ended March 31, 2022 resulted in net cash outflows of $38 million, of which $36 million were payments related to restructuring and related expenditures. Cash payments of approximately $30 million are expected for the balance of the fiscal year for restructuring and related expenses. The 2019 Bemis Integration Plan relates to the Flexibles segment and Corporate and is expected to be substantially completed by the end of fiscal year 2022.

    Restructuring related costs are directly attributable to restructuring activities; however, they do not qualify for special accounting treatment as exit or disposal activities. General integration costs are not linked to restructuring. The Company believes the disclosure of restructuring related costs provides more information on the total cost of the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan. The restructuring related costs relate primarily to the closure of facilities and include costs to replace graphics, train new employees on relocated equipment, and anticipated losses on sale of closed facilities.
    
Other Restructuring Plans

    The Company has entered into other individually immaterial restructuring plans ("Other Restructuring Plans"). The Company's restructuring charges related to these plans were zero and a gain of $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, and charges of $1 million and $5 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company's total incurred restructuring charges for Other Restructuring Plans primarily relate to the Flexibles reporting segment.

Consolidated Amcor Restructuring Plans

    The total costs incurred from the beginning of the Company's 2019 Bemis Integration Plan and Other Restructuring Plans are as follows:

($ in millions)2019 Bemis Integration Plan (1)Other Restructuring PlansTotal Restructuring and Related Expenses, Net (1)
Fiscal year 2019 net charges to earnings$48 $19 $67 
Fiscal year 2020 net charges to earnings60 18 78 
Fiscal year 2021 net charges to earnings68 74 
Fiscal year 2022 first quarter net charges to earnings
Fiscal year 2022 second quarter net charges to earnings10 — 10 
Fiscal year 2022 third quarter net charges to earnings— 
Expense incurred to date$202 $44 $246 
(1)Total restructuring and related expenses, net, include restructuring related costs from the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan of $2 million, $15 million, $13 million, $3 million, $2 million, and $3 million for fiscal year 2019, fiscal year 2020, fiscal year 2021, first quarter of fiscal year 2022, second quarter of fiscal year 2022, and third quarter of fiscal year 2022, respectively.



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    An analysis of the restructuring charges by type incurred follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Employee costs$$$$33 
Fixed asset related costs— 10 — 13 
Other costs— 10 18 
Gain on sale of business— (52)— (52)
Total restructuring costs, net$6 $(29)$19 $12 


    An analysis of the Company's restructuring plan liability follows:

($ in millions)Employee CostsFixed Asset Related CostsOther CostsTotal Restructuring Costs
Liability balance at June 30, 2021$78 $ $17 $95 
Net charges to earnings— 10 19 
Cash (paid) / received(22)(11)(31)
Other non-cash— (2)— (2)
Foreign currency translation(7)— (2)(9)
Liability balance at March 31, 2022$58 $ $14 $72 

    The costs related to restructuring activities have been presented on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income as restructuring and related expenses, net. The accruals related to restructuring activities have been recorded on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets under other current liabilities.

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Note 4 - Inventories, Net

    Inventories, net are summarized as follows:

($ in millions)March 31, 2022June 30, 2021
Raw materials and supplies$1,154 $905 
Work in process and finished goods1,396 1,193 
Less: inventory reserves(130)(107)
Total inventories, net$2,420 $1,991 

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Note 5 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, Net

Goodwill

    Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill attributable to each reportable segment were as follows:

($ in millions)Flexibles SegmentRigid Packaging SegmentTotal
Balance as of June 30, 2021$4,437 $982 $5,419 
Foreign currency translation(40)— (40)
Balance as of March 31, 2022$4,397 $982 $5,379 

    Goodwill is not amortized but is tested for impairment annually in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year, or during interim periods if events or circumstances arise which indicate that goodwill may be impaired. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2022, the Company evaluated the need to perform an interim impairment test of goodwill given the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The Company’s analysis concluded that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the Company’s reporting units with operations in Russia and Ukraine exceeds the carrying value and therefore a triggering event for an interim impairment test had not occurred. The Company will continue to monitor the impacts of the Russia-Ukraine conflict on its business which may indicate the need to perform future impairment analyses of goodwill.

Other Intangible Assets, Net

    Other intangible assets, net comprised the following:

 March 31, 2022
($ in millions)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated Amortization and Impairment (1)Net Carrying Amount
Customer relationships$1,981 $(502)$1,479 
Computer software242 (165)77 
Other (2)327 (174)153 
Total other intangible assets$2,550 $(841)$1,709 

 June 30, 2021
($ in millions)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated Amortization and Impairment (1)Net Carrying Amount
Customer relationships$1,986 $(405)$1,581 
Computer software233 (156)77 
Other (2)321 (144)177 
Total other intangible assets$2,540 $(705)$1,835 
(1)Accumulated amortization and impairment included $34 million for March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively, of accumulated impairment in the Other category.
(2)Other included $17 million for March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively, of acquired intellectual property assets not yet being amortized as the related R&D projects have not yet been completed.

    Amortization expenses for intangible assets were $45 million and $44 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $135 million and $134 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
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Note 6 - Fair Value Measurements

    The fair values of the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities listed below reflect the amounts that would be received to sell the assets or paid to transfer the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (exit price).
    The Company’s non-derivative financial instruments primarily include cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, trade payables, short-term debt, and long-term debt. As of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the carrying value of these financial instruments, excluding long-term debt, approximated fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

    The carrying value of long-term debt with variable interest rates approximates its fair value. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt with fixed interest rates is based on market prices, if available, or expected future cash flows discounted at the current interest rate for financial liabilities with similar risk profiles.

    The carrying value and estimated fair value of long-term debt with fixed interest rates (excluding commercial paper and finance leases) were as follows:

 March 31, 2022June 30, 2021
 Carrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
($ in millions)(Level 2)(Level 2)
Total long-term debt with fixed interest rates (excluding commercial paper and finance leases)$3,539 $3,512 $4,325 $4,558 

Assets and Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

    Additionally, the Company measures and records certain assets and liabilities, including derivative instruments and contingent purchase consideration liabilities, at fair value. The following table summarizes the fair value of these instruments, which are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, by level, within the fair value hierarchy:

 March 31, 2022
($ in millions)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets
Commodity contracts$— $12 $— $12 
Forward exchange contracts— — 
Total assets measured at fair value$ $16 $ $16 
Liabilities
Contingent purchase consideration liabilities$— $— $16 $16 
Forward exchange contracts— 11 — 11 
Interest rate swaps— 43 — 43 
Total liabilities measured at fair value$ $54 $16 $70 

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 June 30, 2021
($ in millions)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets
Commodity contracts$— $14 $— $14 
Forward exchange contracts— — 
Interest rate swaps— 19 — 19 
Total assets measured at fair value$ $40 $ $40 
Liabilities
Contingent purchase consideration liabilities$— $— $18 $18 
Forward exchange contracts— — 
Total liabilities measured at fair value$ $4 $18 $22 

    The fair value of the commodity contracts was determined using a discounted cash flow analysis based on the terms of the contracts and observed market forward prices discounted at a currency-specific rate. Forward exchange contract fair values were determined based on quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets using inputs, such as currency rates and forward points. The fair value of the interest rate swaps was determined using a discounted cash flow method based on market-based swap yield curves, taking into account current interest rates.

    Contingent purchase consideration liabilities arise from business acquisitions. As of March 31, 2022, the Company's contingent purchase consideration liabilities consist of a $10 million liability that is contingent on future royalty income generated by Discma AG, a subsidiary acquired in March 2017, and a $6 million balance relating to consideration for small business acquisitions where payments are contingent on the Company vacating a certain property or performance criteria. The fair value of the contingent purchase consideration liabilities was determined for each arrangement individually. The fair value was determined using the income approach with significant inputs that are not observable in the market. Key assumptions include the discount rates consistent with the level of risk of achievement and probability adjusted financial projections. The expected outcomes are recorded at net present value, which requires adjustment over the life for changes in risks and probabilities. Changes arising from modifications in forecasts related to contingent consideration are expected to be immaterial.

    The fair value of contingent purchase consideration liabilities is included in other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Assets and Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

    In addition to assets and liabilities that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company records assets and liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. The Company measures certain assets, including technology intangible assets, equity method and other investments, and other long-lived and intangible assets at fair value on a nonrecurring basis when they are deemed to be other than temporarily impaired. The fair values of these assets are determined, when applicable, based on valuation techniques using the best information available, and may include quoted market prices, market comparables, and discounted cash flow projections.

    Resulting from the disposal of non-core assets during the nine months ended March 31, 2022, the Company has recorded an expense of $9 million, predominantly to adjust the long-lived assets to their fair value less cost to sell as determined in reference to the selling price in the signed sale and purchase agreement. During the nine months ended March 31, 2022, long-lived assets with a carrying value of $12 million were written down to a fair value of zero as the Company's Durban, South Africa, manufacturing facility was destroyed in a fire as the result of general civil unrest. In addition, other long-lived assets in South Africa, with a carrying amount of $8 million, were written down to their estimated fair value of $4 million using level 3 inputs. These expenses are included within other income/(expense), net in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The Company sold its equity method investment in AMVIG Holdings Limited ("AMVIG") on September 30, 2020. Refer to Note 15, "Disposals."

    The Company tests indefinite-lived intangibles for impairment when facts and circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable from their undiscounted cash flows. During the nine months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, there were no indefinite-lived intangible impairment charges recorded. Refer to Note 5, "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, Net," for information on interim impairment assessments.

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Note 7 - Derivative Instruments

    The Company periodically uses derivatives and other financial instruments to hedge exposures to interest rate, commodity price, and currency risks. The Company does not hold or issue financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes. For hedges that meet the hedge accounting criteria, the Company, at inception, formally designates and documents the instrument as a fair value hedge or a cash flow hedge of a specific underlying exposure. On an ongoing basis, the Company assesses and documents that its hedges have been and are expected to continue to be highly effective.

Interest Rate Risk

    The Company’s policy is to manage exposure to interest rate risk by maintaining a mixture of fixed-rate and variable-rate debt, monitoring global interest rates and, where appropriate, hedging floating interest rate exposure or debt at fixed interest rates through various interest rate derivative instruments, including, but not limited to, interest rate swaps, cross-currency interest rate swaps, and interest rate locks. For interest rate swaps that are accounted for as fair value hedges, the gains and losses related to the changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps are included in interest expense and offset changes in the fair value of the hedged portion of the underlying debt that are attributable to the changes in market interest rates. Changes in the fair value of interest rate swaps that have not been designated as hedging instruments are reported in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income under other non-operating income, net.

    In December 2021, the Company entered into an aggregate $250 million notional amount of receive-fixed/pay-variable interest rate swaps, which will mature on May 15, 2028. These swaps were designated as a fair value hedge against 50% of $500 million of principal on the 4.50% U.S. dollar notes due in May 2028. Also during December 2021, the Company settled $100 million of a receive-fixed/pay-variable interest rate swap as a result of the full redemption of $275 million 5.95% U.S. private placement notes at maturity. This interest rate swap was designated as a fair value hedge at inception.

    In July 2021, the Company terminated $400 million of its receive-fixed/pay-variable interest rate swaps that were designated as fair value hedges and received $2 million in net proceeds. This termination was in association with the full redemption of the $400 million 4.50% U.S. dollar notes due October 2021, completed on July 15, 2021. In July 2021, the Company also terminated an aggregate amount of €300 million (equivalent of $357 million) receive-fixed/pay-variable interest rate swaps and received €13 million (equivalent of $15 million) in net proceeds. These interest rate swaps, which were to mature in March 2023, were designated as fair value hedges against €300 million of principal on the 2.75% Euro bonds due March 2023. The gain on the termination of the aforementioned swaps is deferred and is being amortized to interest income over the remaining contractual term of the 2.75% Euro bonds due March 2023.

    As of March 31, 2022, and June 30, 2021, the total notional amount of the Company’s receive-fixed/pay-variable interest rate swaps accounted for as fair value hedges was $650 million and $1,257 million, respectively.

Foreign Currency Risk

    The Company manufactures and sells its products and finances its operations in a number of countries throughout the world and, as a result, is exposed to movements in foreign currency exchange rates. The purpose of the Company’s foreign currency hedging program is to manage the volatility associated with the changes in exchange rates.

    To manage this exchange rate risk, the Company utilizes forward contracts. Contracts that qualify for hedge accounting are designated as cash flow hedges of certain forecasted transactions denominated in foreign currencies. The effective portion of the changes in fair value of these instruments is reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss ("AOCI") and reclassified into earnings in the same financial statement line item and in the same period or periods during which the related hedged transactions affect earnings. The ineffective portion is recognized in earnings over the life of the hedging relationship in the same unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income line item as the underlying hedged item. Changes in the fair value of forward contracts that have not been designated as hedging instruments are reported in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.

    As of March 31, 2022, and June 30, 2021, the notional amount of the outstanding forward contracts was $1.0 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively.
    
Commodity Risk

    Certain raw materials used in the Company's production processes are subject to price volatility caused by weather, supply conditions, political and economic variables, and other unpredictable factors. The Company's policy is to minimize exposure to price volatility by passing through the commodity price risk to customers, including through the use of fixed price
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swaps. The Company purchases on behalf of customers fixed price commodity swaps to offset the exposure of price volatility on the underlying sales contracts. These instruments are cash closed out on maturity and the related cost or benefit is passed through to customers. Information about commodity price exposure is derived from supply forecasts submitted by customers and these exposures are hedged by a central treasury unit. Changes in the fair value of commodity hedges are recognized in AOCI. The cumulative amount of the hedge is recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income when the forecasted transaction is realized.

    The Company had the following outstanding commodity contracts to hedge forecasted purchases:

 March 31, 2022June 30, 2021
CommodityVolumeVolume
Aluminum12,299 tons22,629 tons
PET resin23,629,780 lbs.6,312,764 lbs.

    The following table provides the location of derivative instruments in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets:

($ in millions)Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31, 2022June 30, 2021
Assets
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
Commodity contractsOther current assets$11 $14 
Forward exchange contractsOther current assets
Derivatives in fair value hedging relationships:
Interest rate swapsOther current assets— 15 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Forward exchange contractsOther current assets
Total current derivative contracts15 36 
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
Commodity contractsOther non-current assets— 
Derivatives in fair value hedging relationships:
Interest rate swapsOther non-current assets— 
Total non-current derivative contracts
Total derivative asset contracts$16 $40 
Liabilities
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
Forward exchange contractsOther current liabilities$$
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Forward exchange contractsOther current liabilities
Total current derivative contracts11 
Derivatives in fair value hedging relationships:
Interest rate swapsOther non-current liabilities43 — 
Total non-current derivative contracts43 — 
Total derivative liability contracts$54 $4 

    Certain derivative financial instruments are subject to master netting arrangements and are eligible for offset. The Company has made an accounting policy election not to offset the fair values of these instruments within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
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    The following tables provide the effects of derivative instruments on AOCI and in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income:
Location of Gain / (Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into Income (Effective Portion)Gain / (Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into Income (Effective Portion)
Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships
Commodity contractsCost of sales$$$15 $(3)
Forward exchange contractsNet sales— — 
Treasury locksInterest expense(1)(1)(2)(2)
Total$3 $ $14 $(5)

Location of Gain / (Loss) Recognized in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of IncomeGain / (Loss) Recognized in Income for Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Forward exchange contractsOther income/(expense), net$(9)$$(42)$16 
Cross-currency interest rate swapsOther income/(expense), net— — — (4)
Total$(9)$3 $(42)$12 

Location of Loss Recognized in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of IncomeLoss Recognized in Income for Derivatives in Fair Value Hedging Relationships
Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Derivatives in fair value hedging relationships
Interest rate swapsInterest expense$(42)$(5)$(49)$(14)
Forward exchange contractsOther income/(expense), net(12)— (12)— 
Total$(54)$(5)$(61)$(14)

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Note 8 - Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost

    Net periodic benefit cost for benefit plans included the following components:

Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Service cost$$$18 $19 
Interest cost30 29 
Expected return on plan assets(14)(14)(47)(44)
Amortization of actuarial loss
Amortization of prior service credit(1)(1)(3)(1)
Settlement costs — — — 
Net periodic benefit cost$1 $3 $5 $9 

    Service cost is included in operating income. All other components of net periodic benefit cost other than service cost are recorded within other non-operating income, net.

    On October 12, 2021, the Company contracted with Pacific Life Insurance Company to purchase a group annuity contract and to transfer $186 million of its pension plan assets and related benefit obligations. This transaction required a remeasurement of the pension plan assets and obligations and resulted in the recognition of a $3 million non-cash pension settlement loss in the nine months ended March 31, 2022.
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Note 9 - Debt

    On December 15, 2021, the Company redeemed U.S. private placement notes of a principal amount of $275 million at maturity using the proceeds from the commercial paper program. The notes carried an interest rate of 5.95%.

    On July 15, 2021, the Company redeemed U.S. dollar notes of a principal amount of $400 million. The notes had a contractual maturity of October 15, 2021 and carried an interest rate of 4.50%.





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Note 10 - Income Taxes

    The provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is based on the Company’s estimated annual effective tax rate for the respective fiscal years, and is applied on income before income taxes and equity in income of affiliated companies, and adjusted for specific items that are required to be recognized in the period in which they are incurred.

    The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased by 0.2 percentage points compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021 from 20.8% to 21.0% primarily due to timing of discrete events in the corresponding periods, including benefits on integration and restructuring costs in the prior period and changes to the taxability of certain items. For the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the effective tax rates were 21.8% and 21.7%, respectively.

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Note 11 - Shareholders' Equity

    The changes in ordinary and treasury shares during the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:

Ordinary SharesTreasury Shares
(shares and $ in millions)Number of SharesAmountNumber of SharesAmount
Balance as of June 30, 20201,569 $16 7 $(67)
Share buy-back / cancellations(27)(1)
Options exercised and shares vested(3)27 
Balance as of March 31, 20211,542 $15 4 $(40)
Balance as of June 30, 20211,538 $15 3 $(29)
Share buyback / cancellations(36)— 
Options exercised and shares vested(11)127 
Purchase of treasury shares11 (133)
Balance as of March 31, 20221,503 $15 3 $(35)

    The changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss during the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:

Foreign Currency TranslationNet Investment HedgePensionEffective DerivativesTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
($ in millions)(Net of Tax)(Net of Tax)(Net of Tax)(Net of Tax)
Balance as of June 30, 2020$(896)$(14)$(106)$(34)$(1,049)
Other comprehensive income / (loss) before reclassifications101 — (1)15 115 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss26 — 35 
Net current period other comprehensive income127 — 19 150 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(769)$(14)$(102)$(15)$(899)
Balance as of June 30, 2021$(691)$(13)$(54)$(8)$(766)
Other comprehensive income / (loss) before reclassifications(41)— (1)(34)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss— — (11)(7)
Net current period other comprehensive income / (loss)(41)— (3)(41)
Balance as of March 31, 2022$(732)$(13)$(51)$(11)$(807)

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    The following tables provide details of amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss:

Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Amortization of pension:
Amortization of prior service credit$(1)$(1)$(3)$(1)
Amortization of actuarial loss
Effect of pension settlement / curtailment— — — 
Total before tax effect— 
Tax effect on amounts reclassified into earnings— — — — 
Total net of tax$ $1 $4 $5 
(Gains) / losses on cash flow hedges:
Commodity contracts$(3)$(1)$(15)$
Forward exchange contracts(1)— (1)— 
Treasury locks
Total before tax effect(3)— (14)
Tax effect on amounts reclassified into earnings— (1)
Total net of tax$(2)$ $(11)$4 
Losses on foreign currency translation:
Foreign currency translation adjustment (1)$— $$— $26 
Total before tax effect— — 26 
Tax effect on amounts reclassified into earnings— — — — 
Total net of tax$ $1 $ $26 
(1)During the nine months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded a gain on disposal of AMVIG and other non-core businesses. Upon completion of the disposals, $26 million of accumulated foreign currency translation was transferred from accumulated other comprehensive loss to earnings. Refer to Note 15, "Disposals," for more information on disposals.
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Note 12 - Segments

    The Company's business is organized and presented in the two reportable segments outlined below:

Flexibles: Consists of operations that manufacture flexible and film packaging in the food and beverage, medical and pharmaceutical, fresh produce, snack food, personal care, and other industries.

Rigid Packaging: Consists of operations that manufacture rigid containers for a broad range of predominantly beverage and food products, including carbonated soft drinks, water, juices, sports drinks, milk-based beverages, spirits and beer, sauces, dressings, spreads, and personal care items, and plastic caps for a wide variety of applications.

    Other consists of the Company's undistributed corporate expenses including executive and functional compensation costs, equity method and other investments, intercompany eliminations, and other business activities.

    The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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    The following table presents information about reportable segments:

Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Sales including intersegment sales
Flexibles$2,837 $2,500 $8,184 $7,350 
Rigid Packaging871 707 2,451 2,059 
Other— — — — 
Total sales including intersegment sales3,708 3,207 10,635 9,409 
Intersegment sales
Flexibles— — — 
Rigid Packaging— — — — 
Other— — — — 
Total intersegment sales  — 
Net sales$3,708 $3,207 $10,635 $9,407 
Adjusted earnings before interest and taxes ("Adjusted EBIT")
Flexibles$378 $352 $1,069 $1,005 
Rigid Packaging77 75 194 209 
Other(28)(25)(67)(70)
Adjusted EBIT427 402 1,196 1,144 
Add/(Less): Material restructuring programs (1)(9)23 (26)(16)
Less: Material acquisition costs and other (2)(2)(4)(4)(17)
Less: Amortization of acquired intangible assets from business combinations (3)(40)(40)(122)(121)
Less: Impact of hyperinflation (4)(6)(7)(10)(17)
Add/(Less): Net gain/(loss) on disposals (5)— — (9)
Add/(Less): Property and other gains/(losses), net (6)— (23)— 
Less: Pension settlement (7)— — (3)— 
Earnings before interest and taxes ("EBIT")374 374 999 982 
Interest income15 10 
Interest expense(36)(36)(115)(113)
Equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax— — — (19)
Income before income taxes and equity in income of affiliated companies$343 $341 $899 $860 
(1)Material restructuring programs includes restructuring and related expenses for the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 and for the 2018 Rigid Packaging Restructuring Plan and the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021. Refer to Note 3, "Restructuring," for more information about the Company's restructuring activities.
(2)Includes costs associated with the Bemis transaction.
(3)Amortization of acquired intangible assets from business combinations includes amortization expenses related to all acquired intangible assets from past acquisitions.
(4)Impact of hyperinflation includes the adverse impact of highly inflationary accounting for subsidiaries in Argentina where the functional currency was the Argentine Peso.
(5)Net gain/(loss) on disposals for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 includes an expense of $9 million from the disposal of non-core assets. Refer to Note 6, "Fair Value Measurements," for more information. The nine months ended March 31, 2021 includes the gain realized upon the disposal of AMVIG and the loss upon disposal of other non-core businesses not part of material restructuring programs. Refer to Note 15, "Disposals," for more information about the Company's disposals.
(6)Property and other gains/(losses), net, includes property and related business losses primarily associated with the destruction of the Company's Durban, South Africa, facility during general civil unrest in July 2021, net of insurance recovery.
(7)Pension settlement for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 relates to the purchase of a group annuity contract and transfer of pension plan assets and related benefit obligations. Refer to Note 8, "Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost," for more information.
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    The following tables disaggregate net sales, excluding intersegment sales, by geography in which the Company operates based on manufacturing or selling operations:

Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
($ in millions)FlexiblesRigid PackagingTotalFlexiblesRigid PackagingTotal
North America$1,103 $677 $1,780 $933 $575 $1,508 
Latin America262 194 456 222 132 354 
Europe1,049 — 1,049 953 — 953 
Asia Pacific423 — 423 392 — 392 
Net sales$2,837 $871 $3,708 $2,500 $707 $3,207 
Nine Months Ended March 31,
20222021
($ in millions)FlexiblesRigid PackagingTotalFlexiblesRigid PackagingTotal
North America$3,152 $1,915 $5,067 $2,727 $1,685 $4,412 
Latin America769 536 1,305 668 374 1,042 
Europe2,972 — 2,972 2,785 — 2,785 
Asia Pacific1,291 — 1,291 1,168 — 1,168 
Net sales$8,184 $2,451 $10,635 $7,348 $2,059 $9,407 

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Note 13 - Earnings Per Share Computations

    The Company applies the two-class method when computing its earnings per share ("EPS"), which requires that net income per share for each class of share be calculated assuming all of the Company's net income is distributed as dividends to each class of share based on their contractual rights.

    Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income available to ordinary shareholders by the weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding, after excluding the ordinary shares to be repurchased using forward contracts. Diluted EPS includes the effects of share options, restricted shares, performance rights, performance shares, and share rights, if dilutive.

 Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
(in millions, except per share amounts)2022202120222021
Numerator  
Net income attributable to Amcor plc$269 $267 $696 $684 
Distributed and undistributed earnings attributable to shares to be repurchased(1)— (2)(1)
Net income available to ordinary shareholders of Amcor plc—basic and diluted$268 $267 $694 $683 
Denominator
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding1,506 1,551 1,521 1,558 
Weighted-average ordinary shares to be repurchased by Amcor plc(3)(2)(4)(2)
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding for EPS—basic1,503 1,549 1,517 1,556 
Effect of dilutive shares
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding for EPS—diluted1,507 1,550 1,521 1,562 
Per ordinary share income
Basic earnings per ordinary share$0.178 $0.173 $0.457 $0.439 
Diluted earnings per ordinary share$0.178 $0.173 $0.456 $0.438 
Note: Per share amounts are computed independently for each of the quarters presented. The sum of the quarters may not equal the total year amount due to the impact of changes in average quarterly shares outstanding and all other quarterly amounts may not equal the total year due to rounding.

    Certain outstanding share options were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because they were anti-dilutive. The excluded share options for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 represented an aggregate of 9 million and 6 million shares, respectively. The excluded share options for three and nine months ended March 31, 2021 represented an aggregate of 2 million and 8 million shares, respectively.

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Note 14 - Contingencies and Legal Proceedings

Contingencies - Brazil

    The Company's operations in Brazil are involved in various governmental assessments and litigation, principally related to claims for excise and income taxes. The Company vigorously defends its positions and believes it will prevail on most, if not all, of these matters. The Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these matters will materially impact the Company's consolidated results of operations, financial position, or cash flows. Under customary local regulations, the Company's Brazilian subsidiaries may need to post cash or other collateral, if a challenge to any administrative assessment proceeds to the Brazilian court system. However, the level of cash or collateral already pledged or potentially required to be pledged would not significantly impact the Company's liquidity. At March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the Company had recorded accruals of $13 million and $11 million, respectively, included in other non-current liabilities. The Company has estimated a reasonably possible loss exposure in excess of the accrual of $22 million and $17 million at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively. The litigation process is subject to many uncertainties and the outcome of individual matters cannot be accurately predicted. The Company routinely assesses these matters as to probability of ultimately incurring a liability and records the best estimate of the ultimate loss in situations where the likelihood of an ultimate loss is probable. The Company's assessments are based on its knowledge and experience, but the ultimate outcome of any of these matters may differ from the Company's estimates.

    As of March 31, 2022, the Company has provided letters of credit of $39 million, judicial insurance of $1 million, and deposited cash of $12 million with the courts to continue to defend the cases.

Contingencies - Environmental Matters

    The Company, along with others, has been identified as a potentially responsible party ("PRP") at several waste disposal sites under U.S. federal and related state environmental statutes and regulations and may face potentially material environmental remediation obligations. While the Company benefits from various forms of insurance policies, actual coverage may not, or may only partially, cover the total potential exposures. The Company has recorded aggregate accruals of $17 million for its share of estimated future remediation costs at these sites.

    In addition to the matters described above, the Company has also recorded aggregate accruals of $47 million for potential liabilities for remediation obligations at various worldwide locations that are owned or operated by the Company, or were formerly owned or operated.

    While the Company believes that its accruals are adequate to cover its future obligations, there can be no assurance that the ultimate payments will not exceed the accrued amounts. Nevertheless, based on the available information, the Company does not believe that its potential environmental obligations will have a material adverse effect upon its liquidity, results of operations, or financial condition.

Other Matters

    In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to legal proceedings, lawsuits, and other claims. While the potential financial impact of these matters is subject to many factors and uncertainties, the outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position or results of operation.


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Note 15 - Disposals

    During the third quarter of fiscal year 2022, the Company completed the disposal of non-core assets in the Flexibles reporting segment. The Company recorded an expense of $9 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2022 to adjust the long-lived assets to their fair value, refer to Note 6, "Fair Value Measurements."

    During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company disposed of an equity method investment and other non-core businesses. The Company completed the sale of the equity method investment in AMVIG on September 30, 2020, realizing a net gain of $15 million, which was recorded in the line equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax. The Company also completed the disposal of two non-core businesses in India and Argentina in the Flexibles segment during the first quarter of fiscal 2021, recording a loss on sale of $6 million, which was primarily driven by the reclassification of cumulative translation adjustments through the income statements that had previously been recorded in other comprehensive income. During the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021, as part of optimizing its portfolio under the Bemis Integration restructuring plan, the Company completed the disposal of a non-core European hospital supplies business which was part of the Flexibles reporting segment. The resulting gain from the sale has been recorded in the line restructuring and related expenses, net. Refer to Note 3, "Restructuring."

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Note 16 - Subsequent Events

    On May 3, 2022, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share to be paid on June 14, 2022 to shareholders of record as of May 25, 2022. Amcor has received a waiver from the Australian Securities Exchange ("ASX") settlement operating rules, which will allow Amcor to defer processing conversions between ordinary share and CHESS Depositary Instrument ("CDI") registers from May 24, 2022 to May 25, 2022, inclusive.

    On April 26, 2022, the Company terminated the three-, four-, and five-year syndicated facility agreements. The three facility agreements provided collectively $3.8 billion of credit facilities. On the same day, the Company entered into three- and five-year syndicated facility agreements that each provide for a revolving credit facility in an aggregate committed amount of $1.9 billion, $3.8 billion in total. The three- and five-year agreements are unsecured and have contractual maturities in April, 2025 and April, 2027, respectively. The Company has an option to extend both facilities by one year, subject to certain conditions set forth in the agreements. Further information can be found in the related Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on April 28, 2022.



33



Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    Management’s Discussion and Analysis ("MD&A") should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements and Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Throughout the MD&A, amounts and percentages may not recalculate due to rounding.

Summary of Financial Results
Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Net sales$3,708 100.0 %$3,207 100.0 %$10,635 100.0 %$9,407 100.0 %
Cost of sales(2,977)(80.3 %)(2,525)(78.7 %)(8,609)(80.9 %)(7,420)(78.9 %)
Gross profit731 19.7 %682 21.3 %2,026 19.1 %1,987 21.1 %
Operating expenses:
Selling, general, and administrative expenses(326)(8.8 %)(325)(10.1 %)(942)(8.9 %)(962)(10.2 %)
Research and development expenses(24)(0.6 %)(25)(0.8 %)(72)(0.7 %)(74)(0.8 %)
Restructuring and related expenses, net(9)(0.2 %)24 0.7 %(27)(0.3 %)(22)(0.2 %)
Other income/(expense), net(3)(0.1 %)17 0.5 %— %27 0.3 %
Operating income369 10.0 %373 11.6 %987 9.3 %956 10.2 %
Interest income0.1 %0.1 %15 0.1 %10 0.1 %
Interest expense(36)(1.0 %)(36)(1.1 %)(115)(1.1 %)(113)(1.2 %)
Other non-operating income, net0.1 %— %12 0.1 %0.1 %
Income before income taxes and equity in income of affiliated companies343 9.3 %341 10.6 %899 8.5 %860 9.1 %
Income tax expense(72)(1.9 %)(71)(2.2 %)(196)(1.8 %)(187)(2.0 %)
Equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax— — %— — %— — %19 0.2 %
Net income$271 7.3 %$270 8.4 %$703 6.6 %$692 7.4 %
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests(2)(0.1 %)(3)(0.1 %)(7)(0.1 %)(8)(0.1 %)
Net income attributable to Amcor plc$269 7.3 %$267 8.3 %$696 6.5 %$684 7.3 %

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Overview

    Amcor is a global leader in developing and producing responsible packaging for food, beverage, pharmaceutical, medical, home and personal-care, and other products. We work with leading companies around the world to protect their products and the people who rely on them, differentiate brands, and improve supply chains through a range of flexible and rigid packaging, specialty cartons, closures, and services. We are focused on making packaging that is increasingly light-weighted, recyclable and reusable, and made using an increasing amount of recycled content. During fiscal year 2021, Amcor generated $12.9 billion in sales from operations.


Significant Items Affecting the Periods Presented

Impact of COVID-19

    We continue to monitor the impact of the ongoing 2019 Novel Coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic on all aspects of our business. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in intermittent regional government restrictions on the movement of people, goods, and non-essential services resulting in a period of historic uncertainty and challenges. We remain focused on our commitment to the health and safety of our employees as our first priority. We expect to continue to evaluate our response and related precautions until the COVID-19 pandemic has been resolved as a public health crisis.

    We have experienced minimal disruptions to our operations to date as we have largely been deemed as providing essential services. Our facilities have largely been exempt from government mandated closure orders and while governmental measures may be modified, we expect that our facilities will remain operational given the essential products we supply. However, despite our best efforts to contain the impact in our facilities, it remains possible that significant disruptions could occur as a result of the pandemic, including temporary closures of our facilities due to outbreaks of the virus among our workforce or government mandates.

    We continue to believe we are well-positioned to meet the challenges of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. However, we cannot reasonably estimate the duration and severity of this pandemic or its ultimate impact on the global economy and our operations and financial results. Globally, many governments continue to place restrictions on their citizens in reaction to the ongoing pandemic and the highly contagious Omicron variant and its related subvariants. The ultimate near-term impact of the pandemic on our business will depend on the extent and nature of any future disruptions across the supply chain, the duration of social distancing measures and other government-imposed restrictions, as well as the nature and pace of macroeconomic recovery in key global economies.

Raw Material, Inflation, and Supply Chain Trends

    During fiscal year 2022, we have experienced supply shortages and price volatility of certain resins and raw materials in both of our reportable segments as a result of market dynamics that first materialized in the second half of fiscal year 2021 and higher rates of regional inflation impacting energy, fuel, and labor costs. The underlying causes for the volatility can be attributed to a variety of factors, including the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in labor shortages and transportation constraints, and energy shortages and weather disruptions impacting raw material supply in certain regions. The complex factors driving ongoing market volatility continue and could be further exacerbated by the Russia and Ukraine conflict. We will continue to work closely with our suppliers and customers, leveraging our global capabilities and expertise to work through supply and other resulting issues.

South Africa Fire

    On July 13, 2021, our Durban, South Africa, manufacturing facility was destroyed by fire associated with general civil unrest. The facility employed 350 individuals and no employees were injured as the facility had been closed in advance of the disturbance. In fiscal year 2022, we recorded $45 million in expense primarily related to inventory, property, and equipment losses from the fire and other related expenses. We have insurance for the majority of property and other losses from the fire and have received $26 million in insurance settlements to date in fiscal year 2022. While we expect to recover additional insurance proceeds, the timing and extent of recovery is currently unknown.





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Russia and Ukraine Conflict

    Russia's invasion of Ukraine that began in February 2022 continues as of the date of the filing of this quarterly report. In advance of the invasion, we proactively suspended operations at our small manufacturing site in Ukraine. We also operate three manufacturing facilities in Russia. As announced on March 21, 2022, we are continuing to scale down our activities in Russia by focusing our manufacturing on supporting only existing multinational customers, suspending new projects and investments, and discontinuing exports from Russia as soon as practical. We have established an emergency fund to continue paying employee salaries in Ukraine and have also committed funds to the International Red Cross and matched employee contributions. In total, we have provided more than $1 million in humanitarian aid to date.

    The impacts of the Russia and Ukraine conflict have not been material to our operating results and financial condition to date. For more information about the potential impacts of the Russia and Ukraine conflict on our operations, see Part II, Item 1A "Risk Factors."

2019 Bemis Integration Plan

    In connection with the acquisition of Bemis, we initiated restructuring activities in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019 aimed at integrating and optimizing the combined organization. We are on track to exceed the original target of $180 million of pre-tax synergies driven by procurement, supply chain, and general and administrative savings by the end of fiscal year 2022 by at least 10%.

    Our total 2019 Bemis Integration Plan pre-tax integration costs are expected to be approximately $250 million. The total 2019 Bemis Integration Plan costs include approximately $210 million of restructuring and related expenses, net, and $40 million of general integration expenses. We estimate that net cash expenditures including disposal proceeds will be approximately $170 million, of which $40 million relates to general integration expense. As of March 31, 2022, we have incurred $143 million in employee related expenses, $39 million in fixed asset related expenses, $35 million in other restructuring and $36 million in restructuring related expenses, partially offset by a gain on disposal of a business of $51 million. The nine months ended March 31, 2022 resulted in net cash outflows of $38 million, of which $36 million were payments related to restructuring and related expenditures. Cash payments of approximately $30 million are expected for the balance of the fiscal year for restructuring and related expenses. The 2019 Bemis Integration Plan relates to the Flexibles segment and Corporate and is expected to be substantially completed by the end of fiscal year 2022.

    Restructuring related costs are directly attributable to restructuring activities; however, they do not qualify for special accounting treatment as exit or disposal activities. General integration costs are not linked to restructuring. We believe the disclosure of restructuring related costs provides more information on the total cost of the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan. The restructuring related costs relate primarily to the closure of facilities and include costs to replace graphics, train new employees on relocated equipment and anticipated losses on sale of closed facilities.
    
Equity Method Investment - AMVIG Holdings Limited ("AMVIG")

    We sold our equity method investment in AMVIG on September 30, 2020, realizing a net gain of $15 million, which was recorded in equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.

Highly Inflationary Accounting

    We have subsidiaries in Argentina that historically had a functional currency of the Argentine Peso. As of June 30, 2018, the Argentine economy has been designated as highly inflationary for accounting purposes. Accordingly, beginning July 1, 2018, we began reporting the financial results of our Argentine subsidiaries with a functional currency of the Argentine Peso at the functional currency of the parent, which is the U.S. dollar. Highly inflationary accounting in the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 resulted in a negative impact of $6 million and $7 million, respectively, and $10 million and $17 million in the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, in foreign currency transaction losses that was reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.

36



Results of Operations - Three Months Ended March 31, 2022

Consolidated Results of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions, except per share data)20222021
Net sales$3,708 $3,207 
Operating income369 373 
Operating income as a percentage of net sales10.0 %11.6 %
Net income attributable to Amcor plc$269 $267 
Diluted Earnings Per Share$0.178 $0.173 

    Net sales increased by $501 million, or 15.6%, to $3,708 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $3,207 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding the impact of disposed and ceased operations of $23 million, or (0.7%), negative currency impacts of $91 million, or (2.8%), and pass-through of raw material costs of $458 million, or 14.3%, the increase in net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $157 million, or 4.8%, driven by favorable volumes of 0.3% and favorable price/mix of 4.5%.

    Operating income as a percentage of net sales declined to 10.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2022, due to the impact on the calculation from the pass through of higher raw material costs during the current fiscal quarter. Net income attributable to Amcor plc increased by $2 million, or 0.7%, to $269 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $267 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

    Diluted earnings per share ("Diluted EPS") increased to $0.178, or by 2.9%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $0.173 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, with the net income attributable to ordinary shareholders of Amcor plc increasing by 0.7% and the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding decreasing 2.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding was due to repurchase of shares under the announced share buyback programs.

Segment Results of Operations

Flexibles Segment

    The Flexibles reportable segment develops and supplies flexible packaging globally.

Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Net sales including intersegment sales$2,837 $2,500 
Adjusted EBIT378 352 
Adjusted EBIT as a percentage of net sales13.3 %14.1 %

    Net sales including intersegment sales increased by $337 million, or 13.5%, to $2,837 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $2,500 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding the impact of disposed and ceased operations of $23 million, or (0.9%), negative currency impacts of $89 million, or (3.6%), and pass-through of raw material costs of $330 million, or 13.2%, the increase in net sales including intersegment sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022, was $119 million, or 4.8%, driven by favorable price/mix.

    Adjusted earnings before interest and tax ("Adjusted EBIT") increased by $26 million, or 7.4%, to $378 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $352 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. With zero impact from disposed and ceased operations and excluding negative currency impacts of 11 million, or (3.2%), the increase in Adjusted EBIT for the three months ended March 31, 2022, was $37 million, or 10.4%, driven by favorable volumes of 2.6%, favorable price/mix of 13.0%, partially offset by unfavorable plant costs of (1.1%) and unfavorable selling, general, and administrative ("SG&A"), and other costs of (3.9%).


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Rigid Packaging Segment

    The Rigid Packaging reportable segment manufactures rigid packaging containers and related products.

Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Net sales$871 $707 
Adjusted EBIT77 75 
Adjusted EBIT as a percentage of net sales8.8 %10.6 %

    Net sales increased by $164 million, or 23.2%, to $871 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $707 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding negative currency impacts of $1 million, or (0.2%), and pass-through of raw material costs of $127 million, or 18.0%, the increase in net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $38 million, or 5.4%, driven by favorable volumes of 2.2%, and favorable price/mix of 3.2%.

    Adjusted EBIT increased by $2 million, or 3.5%, to $77 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $75 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, driven primarily by favorable price/mix of 33.2%, partially offset by unfavorable SG&A, and other costs of (4.7%) and unfavorable plant costs net of volume impacts of (25.8%) primarily attributed to labor shortages due to COVID-19 and increased overtime and manufacturing inefficiencies due to supply chain issues.

Consolidated Gross Profit
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Gross profit$731 $682 
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales19.7 %21.3 %

    Gross profit increased by $49 million, or 7.2%, to $731 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $682 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by the increase in net sales of 4.8% referred to above. Gross profit as a percentage of sales decreased to 19.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2022, primarily due to the impact on the calculation from the pass through of higher raw material costs during the current fiscal quarter.

Consolidated Restructuring and Related Expenses, Net
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Restructuring and related expenses, net$(9)$24 
Restructuring and related expenses, net, as a percentage of net sales(0.2 %)0.7 %

    Restructuring and related expenses, net, increased by $33 million, to a net expense of $9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from a net income of $24 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by the non-recurrence of a gain on disposal of a non-core European hospital supplies business of $52 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, partially offset by the completion of the Rigid Packaging Restructuring Plan in June 2021, as well as lower restructuring costs in the Flexibles reporting segment.

Consolidated Other Income/(Expense), Net
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Other income/(expense), net$(3)$17 
Other income/(expense), net, as a percentage of net sales(0.1 %)0.5 %

    Other income/(expense), net decreased by $20 million, to a net expense of $3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from a net income of $17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, driven by a large number of individually immaterial items including currency impacts and indirect tax items.
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Results of Operations - Nine Months Ended March 31, 2022

Consolidated Results of Operations
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions, except per share data)20222021
Net sales$10,635 $9,407 
Operating income$987 $956 
Operating income as a percentage of net sales9.3 %10.2 %
Net income attributable to Amcor plc$696 $684 
Diluted Earnings Per Share$0.456 $0.438 

    Net sales increased by $1,228 million, or 13.1%, to $10,635 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $9,407 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding the impact of disposed and ceased operations of $69 million, or (0.7%), negative currency impacts of $102 million, or (1.1%), and pass-through of raw material cost of $1,107 million, or 11.8%, the increase in net sales for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 was $292 million, or 3.1%, driven by favorable price/mix of 2.6% and favorable volumes of 0.5%.

    Operating income as a percentage of net sales decreased to 9.3% for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, due to the impact on the calculation from the pass through of higher raw material costs during the current fiscal year, partially offset by favorable price/mix. Net income attributable to Amcor plc increased by $12 million, or 1.8%, to $696 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $684 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021 mainly as a result of increased gross profit of $39 million and lower selling, general, and administrative expenses of $20 million, partially offset by net property and related business losses of $29 million primarily associated with the destruction of our Durban, South Africa, facility during general civil unrest in July 2021.

    Diluted earnings per share increased to $0.456, or by 4.1%, for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $0.438 for the nine months ended March 31, 2021, with the net income attributable to ordinary shareholders of Amcor plc increasing by 1.8% and the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding decreasing 2.6% for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding was due to the repurchase of shares under announced share buyback programs.

Segment Results of Operations

Flexibles Segment

    Our Flexibles reporting segment develops and supplies flexible packaging globally.

Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Net sales including intersegment sales$8,184 $7,350 
Adjusted EBIT$1,069 $1,005 
Adjusted EBIT as a percentage of net sales13.1 %13.7 %

    Net sales including intersegment sales increased by $834 million, or 11.3%, to $8,184 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $7,350 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding the impact of disposed and ceased operations of $69 million, or (0.9%), negative currency impacts of $101 million, or (1.4%), pass-through of raw material cost of $810 million, or 11.0%, the increase in net sales including intersegment sales for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 was $194 million, or 2.6%, driven by favorable price/mix.

    Adjusted EBIT increased by $64 million, or 6.4%, to $1,069 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $1,005 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding the impact of disposed and ceased operations of $3 million, or (0.3%), and negative currency impacts of $14 million, or (1.4%), the increase in Adjusted EBIT for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 was $81 million, or 8.1%, driven by favorable price/mix 3.7%, plant cost improvements of 3.7%, and favorable volumes of 1.4%, partially offset by SG&A and other costs of (0.7%).
39





Rigid Packaging Segment

    Our Rigid Packaging reporting segment manufactures rigid packaging containers and related products.

Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Net sales$2,451 $2,059 
Adjusted EBIT$194 $209 
Adjusted EBIT as a percentage of net sales7.9 %10.1 %

    Net sales increased by $392 million, or 19.0%, to $2,451 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $2,059 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding negative currency impacts of $1 million, or (0.1%), pass-through of raw material costs of $297 million, or 14.4%, the increase in net sales for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 was $96 million, or 4.7%, driven by favorable volumes of 2.7% and favorable price/mix of 2.0%.

    Adjusted EBIT decreased by $15 million, or 7.2%, to $194 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $209 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021, driven primarily by unfavorable plant costs impacts net of volume impacts of (22.7%), primarily attributed to labor shortages due to COVID-19 and increased overtime and manufacturing inefficiencies due to supply chain issues, and unfavorable SG&A and other costs of (1.6%), partially offset by favorable price/mix of 17.1%.

Consolidated Gross Profit
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Gross profit$2,026 $1,987 
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales19.1 %21.1 %

    Gross profit increased by $39 million, or 2.0%, to $2,026 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $1,987 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by the increase in net sales of 3.1% referred to above, with significant raw material price increases being recovered through higher pricing and improved product mix.

Consolidated Selling, General, and Administrative ("SG&A") Expenses
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
SG&A expenses$(942)$(962)
SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales(8.9 %)(10.2 %)

    SG&A expenses decreased by $20 million, or 2.1%, to $942 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $962 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by currency impacts and non-recurring costs in the nine months ended March 31, 2021.

Consolidated Restructuring and Related Expenses, Net
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Restructuring and related expenses, net$(27)$(22)
Restructuring and related expenses, net, as a percentage of net sales(0.3 %)(0.2 %)

    Restructuring and related expenses, net, increased by $5 million, or 22.7%, to $27 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $22 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by the
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non-recurrence of a gain on disposal of a non-core European hospital supplies business of $52 million in the nine months ended March 31, 2021, partially offset by the completion of the Rigid Packaging Restructuring Plan in June 2021, as well as lower restructuring costs in the Flexibles reporting segment.

Consolidated Other Income, Net
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Other income/(expense), net$$27 
Other income/(expense), net, as a percentage of net sales— %0.3 %

    Other income/(expense), net decreased by $25 million, or 92.6%, to $2 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $27 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2021, mainly driven by property and related business losses in the Flexibles reportable segment primarily associated with the destruction of our Durban, South Africa, facility during general civil unrest in July 2021 that were partially offset by individually immaterial items.

Consolidated Income Tax Expense
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Income tax expense$(196)$(187)
Effective income tax rate21.8 %21.7 %

    The provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is based on our estimated annual effective tax rate for the respective fiscal years before income taxes and equity in income of affiliated companies and adjusted for specific items that are required to be recognized in the period in which they are incurred.

    Income tax expense for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 is $72 million and $196 million, respectively, compared to $71 million and $187 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021, respectively.

    For the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the effective tax rates were 21.8% and 21.7%, respectively.


Equity in Income of Affiliated Companies, Net of Tax
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax— 19 

    Equity in income of affiliated companies, net of tax decreased by $19 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 due to the sale of the equity investment in AMVIG on September 30, 2020. For further information, refer to Note 15, "Disposals."
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Presentation of Non-GAAP Information

    This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q refers to non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted earnings before interest and taxes ("Adjusted EBIT"), adjusted net income, and net debt. These non-GAAP financial measures adjust for factors that are unusual or unpredictable. These measures exclude the impact of significant tax reforms, certain amounts related to the effect of changes in currency exchange rates, acquisitions, and restructuring, including employee-related costs, equipment relocation costs, accelerated depreciation, and the write-down of equipment. These measures also exclude gains or losses on sales of significant property and divestitures, significant property impairments, net of insurance recovery, certain litigation matters, and certain acquisition-related expenses, including transaction expenses, due diligence expenses, professional and legal fees, purchase accounting adjustments for inventory, order backlog, intangible amortization, and changes in the fair value of deferred acquisition payments.

    This adjusted information should not be construed as an alternative to results determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP"). We use the non-GAAP measures to evaluate operating performance and believe that these non-GAAP measures are useful to enable investors and other external parties to perform comparisons of our current and historical performance.

    A reconciliation of reported net income attributable to Amcor plc to Adjusted EBIT and Adjusted net income for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)2022202120222021
Net income attributable to Amcor plc, as reported$269 $267 $696 $684 
Add: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
Net income 271 270 703 692 
Add: Income tax expense72 71 196 187 
Add: Interest expense36 36 115 113 
Less: Interest income(5)(3)(15)(10)
Earnings before interest and taxes ("EBIT")374 374 999 982 
Add/(Less): Material restructuring programs (1)(23)26 16 
Add: Material acquisition costs and other (2)17 
Add: Amortization of acquired intangible assets from business combinations (3)40 40 122 121 
Add: Impact of hyperinflation (4)10 17 
Add/(Less): Net (gain)/loss on disposals (5)— — (9)
Add/(Less): Property and other (gains)/losses, net (6)(4)— 23 — 
Add: Pension settlement (7)— — 3— 
Adjusted EBIT$427 $402 $1,196 $1,144 
Less: Income tax expense(72)(71)(196)(187)
Less: Adjustments to income tax expense (8)(13)(12)(36)(41)
Less: Interest expense(36)(36)(115)(113)
Add: Interest income15 10 
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests(2)(3)(7)(8)
Adjusted net income $309 $283 $857 $805 
(1)Material restructuring programs includes restructuring and related expenses for the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 and for the 2018 Rigid Packaging Restructuring Plan and the 2019 Bemis Integration Plan for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021. Refer to Note 3, "Restructuring," for more information about our restructuring activities.
(2)Includes costs associated with the Bemis transaction.
(3)Amortization of acquired intangible assets from business combinations includes amortization expenses related to all acquired intangible assets from past acquisitions.
(4)Impact of hyperinflation includes the adverse impact of highly inflationary accounting for subsidiaries in Argentina where the functional currency was the Argentine Peso.
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(5)Net (gain)/loss on disposals for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 includes an expense of $9 million from the disposal of non-core assets. Refer to Note 6, "Fair Value Measurements," for more information. The nine months ended March 31, 2021 includes the gain realized upon the disposal of AMVIG and the loss upon disposal of other non-core businesses not part of material restructuring programs. Refer to Note 15, "Disposals," for more information about our disposals.
(6)Property and other (gains)/losses, net, includes property and related business losses primarily associated with the destruction of our Durban, South Africa, facility during general civil unrest in July 2021, net of insurance recovery.
(7)Pension settlement for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 relates to the purchase of a group annuity contract and transfer of pension plan assets and related benefit obligations. Refer to Note 8, "Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost," for more information.
(8)Net tax impact on items (1) through (7) above.

Reconciliation of Net Debt

    A reconciliation of total debt to net debt at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 is as follows:

($ in millions)March 31, 2022June 30, 2021
Current portion of long-term debt$15 $
Short-term debt57 98 
Long-term debt, less current portion7,177 6,186 
Total debt7,249 6,289 
Less cash and cash equivalents1,077 850 
Net debt$6,172 $5,439 

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Supplemental Guarantor Information

    Amcor plc, along with certain wholly owned subsidiary guarantors, guarantee the following senior notes issued by the wholly owned subsidiaries, Amcor Finance (USA), Inc., Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc. and Amcor UK Finance plc.

3.100% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2026 of Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc.
2.630% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2030 of Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc.
2.690% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2031 of Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc.
3.625% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2026 of Amcor Finance (USA), Inc.
4.500% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2028 of Amcor Finance (USA), Inc.
1.125% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2027 of Amcor UK Finance plc

    The three notes issued by Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc. are guaranteed by its parent entity Amcor plc and the subsidiary guarantors Amcor Pty Ltd, Amcor Finance (USA), Inc., and Amcor UK Finance plc. The two notes issued by Amcor Finance (USA), Inc. are guaranteed by its parent entity Amcor plc and the subsidiary guarantors Amcor Pty Ltd, Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc., and Amcor UK Finance plc. The note issued by Amcor UK Finance plc is guaranteed by its parent entity, Amcor plc and the subsidiary guarantors Amcor Pty Ltd, Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc., and Amcor Finance (USA), Inc.

    All guarantors fully, unconditionally, and irrevocably guarantee, on a joint and several basis, to each holder of the notes the due and punctual payment of the principal of, and any premium and interest on, such note and all other amounts payable, when and as the same shall become due and payable, whether at stated maturity, by declaration of acceleration, call for redemption or otherwise, in accordance with the terms of the notes and related indenture. The obligations of the applicable guarantors under their guarantees will be limited as necessary to recognize certain defenses generally available to guarantors (including those that relate to fraudulent conveyance or transfer, voidable preference, financial assistance, corporate purpose, or similar laws) under applicable law. The guarantees will be unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of the guarantors and will rank equally with all existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated debt of each guarantor. None of our other subsidiaries guarantee such notes. The issuers and guarantors conduct large parts of their operations through other subsidiaries of Amcor plc.

    Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc. is incorporated in Missouri in the United States, Amcor Finance (USA), Inc. is incorporated in Delaware in the United States, Amcor UK Finance plc is incorporated in England and Wales, United Kingdom, and the guarantors are incorporated under the laws of Jersey, Australia, the United States, and England and Wales and, therefore, insolvency proceedings with respect to the issuers and guarantors could proceed under, and be governed by, among others, Jersey, Australian, United States, or English insolvency law, as the case may be, if either issuer or any guarantor defaults on its obligations under the applicable Notes or Guarantees, respectively.

    Set forth below is the summarized financial information of the combined Obligor Group made up of Amcor plc (as parent guarantor), Amcor Flexibles North America, Inc., Amcor Finance (USA), Inc., and Amcor UK Finance plc (as subsidiary issuers of the notes and guarantors of each other’s notes) and Amcor Pty Ltd (as the remaining subsidiary guarantor).


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Basis of Preparation

    The following summarized financial information is presented for the parent, issuer, and guarantor subsidiaries ("Obligor Group") on a combined basis after elimination of intercompany transactions between entities in the combined group and amounts related to investments in any subsidiary that is a non-guarantor.

    This information is not intended to present the financial position or results of operations of the combined group of companies in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Statement of Income for Obligor Group
($ in millions)Nine Months Ended March 31, 2022
Net sales - external$813 
Net sales - to subsidiaries outside the Obligor Group
Total net sales821 
Gross profit141 
Net income (1)$306 
Net (income)/loss attributable to non-controlling interests— 
Net income attributable to Obligor Group$306 
(1)Includes $567 million net income from subsidiaries outside the Obligor Group mainly made up of intercompany dividend and interest income.

Balance Sheets for Obligor Group
($ in millions)March 31, 2022June 30, 2021
Assets
Current assets - external$1,847 $814 
Current assets - due from subsidiaries outside the Obligor Group44 95 
Total current assets1,891 909 
Non-current assets - external1,418 1,428 
Non-current assets - due from subsidiaries outside the Obligor Group11,491 11,838 
Total non-current assets12,909 13,266 
Total assets$14,800 $14,175 
Liabilities
Current liabilities - external$1,862 $1,183 
Current liabilities - due to subsidiaries outside the Obligor Group12 22 
Total current liabilities1,874 1,205 
Non-current liabilities - external7,286 6,321 
Non-current liabilities - due to subsidiaries outside the Obligor Group11,465 11,563 
Total non-current liabilities18,751 17,884 
Total liabilities$20,625 $19,089 










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New Accounting Pronouncements

    Refer to Note 2, "New Accounting Guidance," in "Item 1. Financial Statements - Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements."

Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments

    Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Our estimates and judgments are based on historical experience and on various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. These critical accounting estimates are discussed in detail in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021. There have been no material changes in critical accounting estimates and judgments at March 31, 2022 from those described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

    We finance our business primarily through cash flows provided by operating activities, borrowings from banks, and proceeds from issuances of debt and equity. We periodically review our capital structure and liquidity position in light of market conditions, expected future cash flows, potential funding requirements for debt refinancing, capital expenditures and acquisitions, the cost of capital, sensitivity analyses reflecting downside scenarios, the impact on our financial metrics and credit ratings, and our ease of access to funding sources.

    On December 15, 2021, we redeemed U.S. private placement notes of a principal amount of $275 million at maturity. The notes carried an interest rate of 5.95%.

    On July 15, 2021, we redeemed U.S. dollar notes with a principal amount of $400 million that had a contractual maturity of October 15, 2021 and carried an interest rate of 4.50%.

    The COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical tensions have not had a material impact on our operations to date and therefore have not negatively impacted our liquidity position and current and expected cash flows from operating activities and available cash. We believe that our cash flows provided by operating activities, together with borrowings available under our credit facilities and access to the commercial paper market, backstopped by our bank debt facilities, will continue to provide sufficient liquidity to fund our operations, capital expenditures, and other commitments, including dividends and purchases of our ordinary shares and CHESS Depositary Instruments under authorized share repurchase programs, into the foreseeable future.

Overview
Nine Months Ended March 31,
($ in millions)20222021
Net cash provided by operating activities$589 $617 
Net cash used in investing activities(383)(115)
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities52 (601)

Cash Flow Overview

    Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

    Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $28 million, or 5%, to $589 million inflow for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from $617 million inflow for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in cash flow is primarily driven by higher working capital outflows compared with the prior period.

    Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

    Net cash used in investing activities increased by $268 million, or 233%, to $383 million outflow for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from a $115 million outflow for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The increase in cash outflow was primarily due to proceeds from divestitures in the prior period following the disposal of AMVIG and other non-core
businesses, and higher capital expenditures in the current period.

    Net Cash Provided by/(Used in) Financing Activities

    Net cash provided by/used in financing activities increased by $653 million to $52 million cash inflow for the nine months ended March 31, 2022, from a $601 million cash outflow for the nine months ended March 31, 2021. The increase is primarily due to higher cash net debt borrowings compared with the prior period, partially offset by higher share buybacks in the current period.

Net Debt

    We borrow from financial institutions and debt investors in the form of bank overdrafts, bank loans, corporate bonds, unsecured notes, and commercial paper. We have a mixture of fixed and floating interest rates and use interest rate swaps to provide further flexibility in managing the interest cost of borrowings.

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    Short-term debt consists of bank debt with a duration of less than 12 months and bank overdrafts which are classified as current due to the short-term nature of the borrowings, except where we have the ability and intent to refinance and as such extend the debt beyond 12 months. The current portion of the long-term debt consists of debt amounts repayable within a year after the balance sheet date.

    Our primary bank debt facilities and notes are unsecured and subject to negative pledge arrangements limiting the amount of secured indebtedness we can incur to 10.0% of our total tangible assets, subject to some exceptions and variations by facility. In addition, the bank debt facilities require us to maintain a leverage ratio not higher than 3.9 times. The negative pledge arrangements and the financial covenants are defined in the related debt agreements. As of March 31, 2022, we were in compliance with all applicable covenants under our bank debt facilities.

    Our net debt as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 was $6.2 billion and $5.4 billion, respectively.

Available Financing

    As of March 31, 2022, we had undrawn credit facilities available in the amount of $0.2 billion. Our senior facilities are available to fund working capital, growth capital expenditures, and refinancing obligations and are provided to us by three separate bank syndicates. These facilities mature between April 2023 and April 2025, and we have an option to extend the maturities for 12 months.

    We continue to have access to liquidity through the commercial paper market. However, access was temporarily restricted in March 2022 both in the U.S. and European markets due to the impact from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and U.S. Federal Reserve tightening on the financial market. As a proactive, precautionary measure to maximize liquidity, we elected to draw down $562 million from our revolving credit facilities. The drawdown strengthened our cash position and effectively funded our expected working capital requirements through the third quarter of fiscal year 2022. We fully repaid the $562 million of borrowings in early April 2022 as a result of our view that the commercial paper market was again fully operational.

    As of March 31, 2022, the revolving senior bank debt facilities had an aggregate limit of $3.8 billion, of which $3.6 billion had been drawn (inclusive of amounts drawn under commercial paper programs reducing the overall balance of available senior facilities). The senior bank debt facilities were terminated on April 26, 2022, and simultaneously, we entered into new three- and five-year syndicated facility agreements providing an aggregate limit of $3.8 billion. For further information, refer to Note 16, "Subsequent Events."

Dividend Payments

    We declared and paid a $0.1175 cash dividend per ordinary share during the first fiscal quarter which ended September 30, 2021, a $0.1200 cash dividend per ordinary share during the second fiscal quarter which ended December 31, 2021, and a $0.1200 cash dividend per ordinary share during the third fiscal quarter which ended March 31, 2022.

Credit Rating

    Our capital structure and financial practices have earned us investment grade credit ratings from two internationally recognized credit rating agencies. These investment grade credit ratings are important to our ability to issue debt at favorable rates of interest, for various terms, and from a diverse range of markets that are highly liquid, including European and U.S. debt capital markets and from global financial institutions.

Share Repurchases

    On August 17, 2021, our Board of Directors approved a $400 million buyback of ordinary shares and Chess Depositary Instruments ("CDIs"). In addition, on February 1, 2022, our Board of Directors approved an additional $200 million buyback of ordinary shares and CDIs. During the nine months ended March 31, 2022, we repurchased approximately $423 million of ordinary shares and CDIs in the aggregate, including transaction costs, or 36 million shares. The shares repurchased as part of the program were canceled upon repurchase.

    We had cash outflows of $133 million and zero for the purchase of our shares in the open market and using forwards contracts to purchase our own equity during the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, as treasury shares to satisfy the vesting and exercises of share-based compensation awards. As of March 31, 2022, and June 30, 2021, we held treasury shares at cost of $35 million and $29 million, representing 3 million and 3 million shares, respectively.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    There have been no material changes in our market risk during the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022. For additional information, refer to Note 6, "Fair Value Measurements," and Note 7, "Derivative Instruments," to the notes to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and to "Item 7A. - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021.
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

    Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2022. The term "disclosure controls and procedures," as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including its principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2022.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

    There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the third quarter of fiscal 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings

    The material set forth in Note 14, "Contingencies and Legal Proceedings," in "Item 1. Financial Statements - Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements" is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

    Other than the update to the risk factor set forth below, there have been no material changes from the risk factors contained in "Item 1A. - Risk Factors" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021. Additional risks not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may also materially affect our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

International Operations — Our international operations subject us to various risks that could adversely affect our business operations and financial results.

    We have operations throughout the world, including facilities located in emerging markets. In fiscal year 2021, approximately 74% of our sales revenue came from developed markets and 26% came from emerging markets. We expect to continue to expand our operations in the future, particularly in emerging markets.

    Management of global operations is extremely complex, particularly given the often substantial differences in the cultural, political, and regulatory environments of the countries in which we operate. In addition, many of the countries in which we operate, including Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, India, Peru, Russia, South Africa, and Ukraine, and other emerging markets, have underdeveloped or developing legal, regulatory, or political systems, which are subject to dynamic change and civil unrest.

The profitability of our operations may be adversely impacted by, among other things:
changes in applicable fiscal or regulatory regimes;
changes in, or difficulties in interpreting and complying with, local laws and regulations, including tax, labor, foreign investment and foreign exchange control laws;
nullification, modification or renegotiation of, or difficulties or delays in enforcing, contracts with clients or joint venture partners that are subject to local law;
reversal of current political, judicial or administrative policies encouraging foreign investment or foreign trade, or relating to the use of local agents, representatives or partners in the relevant jurisdictions;
pandemics, such as COVID-19, impacting various regions of the world unequally; or
changes in exchange rates and inflation, including hyperinflation, which may be further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Further, sustained periods of legal, regulatory or political instability in the emerging markets in which we operate could have an adverse effect on our business, cash flow, financial condition, and results of operations, which effect may be material.

    For example, the recent conflict between Russia and Ukraine has negatively impacted the global economy and led to various economic sanctions being imposed by the U.S., United Kingdom, European Union, and other countries against Russia. In advance of the conflict, we proactively suspended operations at our small manufacturing site in Ukraine. We also operate three manufacturing facilities in Russia. The four sites in Ukraine and Russia combined represent approximately 2-3% of our consolidated net sales, 4-5% of our annual adjusted EBIT, and approximately $200 million to $300 million of balance sheet exposure. As we announced on March 21, 2022, we are scaling down our activities in Russia by focusing our manufacturing on supporting only existing multinational customers, suspending new projects and investments, and discontinuing exports from Russia as soon as possible. While the impacts of the conflict have not been material on our operating results to date, it is not possible to predict the broader or longer-term consequences of this conflict. Further sanctions as well as steps taken by our customers, suppliers, or other stakeholders may disrupt our ability to continue to operate in Russia or resume operations in Ukraine. Continued escalation of geopolitical tensions related to the conflict could also result in the loss of property, supply chain disruptions, significant inflationary pressure on raw material prices and cost and supply of other resources (such as energy and natural gas), fluctuations in our customers’ buying patterns given regional shortages of food ingredients and other factors, credit and capital market disruption which could impact our ability to obtain financing, increase in interest rates, and adverse foreign exchange impacts. Additional sanctions continue to be enacted and are making ongoing operations in the region increasingly complex and significantly more difficult. These broader consequences could have a material adverse effect on our business, cash flow, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, the effects of the ongoing conflict could intensify many of our other known risks described in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021, filed with the SEC on August 24, 2021.

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    The international scope of our operations, which includes limited sales of our products to entities located in countries subject to certain economic sanctions administered by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control, and the U.S. Department of State, and Trade and other applicable national and supranational organizations (collectively, "Sanctions"), and operations in certain countries that are from time to time subject to Sanctions, including those enacted as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, also requires us to maintain internal processes and control procedures. Failure to do so could result in breach by our employees of various laws and regulations, including those relating to money laundering, corruption, export control, fraud, bribery, insider trading, antitrust, competition, and economic sanctions, whether due to a lack of integrity or awareness or otherwise. Any such breach could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and result in reputational damage to our business, which effect may be material.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Share Repurchases

    Share repurchase activity during the three months ended March 31, 2022 was as follows (in millions, except number of shares, which are reflected in thousands, and per share amounts, which are expressed in U.S. dollars):

PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased (1)Average Price Paid Per Share (1)(2)Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsApproximate Dollar Value of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Programs (3)
January 1 - 31, 2022— $— — $106 
February 1 - 28, 202210,961 11.68 10,961 178 
March 1 - 31, 2022— — — 178 
Total10,961 $11.68 10,961 

(1) Includes shares purchased on the open market to satisfy the vesting and exercises of share-based compensation awards.
(2) Average price paid per share excludes costs associated with the repurchase.
(3) On August 17, 2021, our Board of Directors approved a buyback of $400 million of ordinary shares and/or CHESS Depositary Instruments ("CDIs") during the following twelve months. In addition, on February 1, 2022, our Board of Directors approved an additional $200 million buyback of ordinary shares and CDIs during the next twelve months. The timing, volume, and nature of share repurchases may be amended, suspended, or discontinued at any time.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

    Not applicable.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

    Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

    Not applicable.

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Item 6. Exhibits

    The documents in the accompanying Exhibits Index are filed, furnished, or incorporated by reference as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and such Exhibits Index is incorporated herein by reference.
ExhibitDescription
22
31.1
31.2
32
101.INSInline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data file because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

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SIGNATURES

    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
AMCOR PLC
DateMay 4, 2022By/s/ Michael Casamento