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CARRIER GLOBAL Corp - Quarter Report: 2021 June (Form 10-Q)

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON D.C. 20549
 ____________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
____________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-39220
____________________________________ 
CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________________ 
Delaware 83-4051582
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
13995 Pasteur Boulevard, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida 33418
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(561) 365-2000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock ($0.01 par value)CARRNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
As of July 15, 2021, there were 867,701,396 shares of Common Stock outstanding.
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CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
CONTENTS OF QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Page

Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries' names, abbreviations thereof, logos and product and service designators are all either the registered or unregistered trademarks or trade names of Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries. Names, abbreviations of names, logos and products and service designators of other companies are either the registered or unregistered trademarks or trade names of their respective owners. As used herein, the terms "we," "us," "our," "the Company" or "Carrier," unless the context otherwise requires, mean Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries. References to internet websites in this Form 10-Q are provided for convenience only. Information available through these websites is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-Q.









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PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements

CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions, except per share amounts)2021202020212020
Net sales
Product sales$4,584 $3,275 $8,448 $6,422 
Service sales856 697 1,691 1,438 
Total Net sales5,440 3,972 10,139 7,860 
Costs and expenses
Cost of products sold(3,235)(2,343)(5,959)(4,580)
Cost of services sold(586)(488)(1,167)(1,017)
Research and development(125)(94)(246)(192)
Selling, general and administrative(813)(637)(1,556)(1,329)
Total Costs and expenses(4,759)(3,562)(8,928)(7,118)
Equity method investment net earnings87 57 125 86 
Other income (expense), net15 (25)18 (71)
Operating profit783 442 1,354 757 
Non-service pension (expense) benefit 19 14 37 31 
Interest (expense) income, net(71)(81)(164)(118)
Income from operations before income taxes731 375 1,227 670 
Income tax (expense) benefit(234)(106)(338)(299)
Net income from operations497 269 889 371 
Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiaries' earnings from operations10 18 14 
Net income attributable to common shareowners$487 $261 $871 $357 
Earnings per share
Basic$0.56 $0.30 $1.00 $0.41 
Diluted $0.55 $0.30 $0.98 $0.41 
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding
Basic868.7 866.2 869.0 866.2 
Diluted890.9 870.9 890.4 870.9 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Net income from operations$497 $269 $889 $371 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Foreign currency translation adjustments arising during period59 251 (62)(239)
Pension and post-retirement benefit plan adjustments13 12 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax65 258 (49)(227)
Comprehensive income (loss)562 527 840 144 
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest10 18 13 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common shareowners$552 $518 $822 $131 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
As of
(In millions)June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$2,630 $3,115 
Accounts receivable, net3,128 2,781 
Contract assets, current695 656 
Inventories, net1,885 1,629 
Other assets, current416 343 
Total current assets8,754 8,524 
Future income tax benefits461 449 
Fixed assets, net1,837 1,810 
Operating lease right-of-use assets786 788 
Intangible assets, net1,071 1,037 
Goodwill10,279 10,139 
Pension and post-retirement assets635 554 
Equity method investments1,572 1,513 
Other assets343 279 
Total Assets$25,738 $25,093 
Liabilities and Equity
Accounts payable$2,362 $1,936 
Accrued liabilities2,541 2,471 
Contract liabilities, current576 512 
Current portion of long-term debt125 191 
Total current liabilities5,604 5,110 
Long-term debt9,600 10,036 
Future pension and post-retirement obligations511 524 
Future income tax obligations556 479 
Operating lease liabilities635 642 
Other long-term liabilities1,712 1,724 
Total Liabilities18,618 18,515 
Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 18)
Equity
Common stock
Treasury stock(130)— 
Additional paid-in capital5,366 5,345 
Retained earnings2,305 1,643 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(794)(745)
Non-controlling interest364 326 
Total Equity7,120 6,578 
Total Liabilities and Equity$25,738 $25,093 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(In millions)UTC Net InvestmentAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Common StockTreasury StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsNon-Controlling InterestTotal Equity
Balance as of December 31, 2019$15,355 $(1,253)$ $ $ $ $333 $14,435 
Net income96 — — — — — 102 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— (483)— — — — (2)(485)
Dividends attributable to non-controlling interest— — — — — — (8)(8)
Net transfers to UTC(11,014)— — — — — — (11,014)
Adoption impact of ASU 2016-13(4)— — — — — — (4)
Balance as of March 31, 2020$4,433 $(1,736)$ $ $ $ $329 $3,026 
Net income— — — — — 261 269 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— 257 — — — — 258 
Dividends declared on common stock (1)
— — — — — (70)— (70)
Shares issued under incentive plans, net— — — — 24 — — 24 
Net transfers from UTC859 — — — — — — 859 
Reclassification of UTC Net investment to Common stock and Additional paid-in capital(5,292)— — 5,283 — — — 
Balance as of June 30, 2020$ $(1,479)$9 $ $5,307 $191 $338 $4,366 
(In millions)UTC Net InvestmentAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Common StockTreasury StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsNon-Controlling InterestTotal Equity
Balance as of December 31, 2020$ $(745)$9 $ $5,345 $1,643 $326 $6,578 
Net income— — — — — 384 392 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— (114)— — — — — (114)
Shares issued under incentive plans, net— — — — (14)— — (14)
Stock-based compensation— — — — 19 — — 19 
Dividends attributable to non-controlling interest— — — — — — (5)(5)
Treasury stock repurchase— — — (38)— — — (38)
Balance as of March 31, 2021$ $(859)$9 $(38)$5,350 $2,027 $329 $6,818 
Net income48710497
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax6565
Dividends declared on common stock (2)
(209)(209)
Shares issued under incentive plans, net(4)(4)
Stock-based compensation2020
Dividends attributable to non-controlling interest(21)(21)
Acquisition of non-controlling interest4646
Treasury stock repurchase(92)(92)
Balance as of June 30, 2021$ $(794)$9 $(130)$5,366 $2,305 $364 $7,120 
(1) Cash dividends declared were $0.08 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2020.
(2) Cash dividends declared were $0.24 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2021.


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Operating Activities
Net income from operations$889 $371 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization168 159 
Deferred income tax provision33 135 
Stock-based compensation costs40 35 
Equity method investment net earnings(125)(86)
Distributions from equity method investments42 49 
Impairment charge on minority-owned joint venture investments— 72 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable, net(288)27 
Contract assets, current(41)(140)
Inventories, net(210)(325)
Other assets, current(27)32 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities368 152 
Contract liabilities, current42 37 
Defined benefit plan contributions(27)(27)
Other operating activities, net(119)65 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities745 556 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures(132)(94)
Investment in businesses, net of cash acquired (167)— 
Dispositions of businesses — 
Settlement of derivative contracts, net(6)(23)
Other investing activities, net14 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities(301)(103)
Financing Activities
Increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings, net(13)(17)
Issuance of long-term debt74 11,734 
Repayment of long-term debt(605)(36)
Repurchases of common stock(130)— 
Dividends paid on common stock(209)— 
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest(30)(8)
Net transfers to UTC— (10,359)
Other financing activities, net15 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities(898)1,315 
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(2)(17)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash(456)1,751 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period3,120 957 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period2,664 2,708 
Less: restricted cash34 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$2,630 $2,704 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1: DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS

Carrier Global Corporation is a leading global provider of heating, ventilating, air conditioning ("HVAC"), refrigeration and fire and security solutions. The Company also provides a broad array of related building services, including audit, design, installation, system integration, repair, maintenance and monitoring. In the opinion of management, the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to state fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). These Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2020 filed with the SEC on February 9, 2021 (the "2020 Form 10-K").

On April 3, 2020 (the "Distribution Date"), United Technologies Corporation, since renamed Raytheon Technologies Corporation ("UTC"), completed the spin-off of the Company into an independent, publicly traded company (the "Separation") through a pro-rata distribution (the "Distribution") on a one-for-one basis of all of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company to UTC shareowners who held shares of UTC common stock as of the close of business on March 19, 2020, the record date of the Distribution. In connection with the Separation, the Company issued an aggregate principal balance of $11.0 billion of debt and transferred approximately $10.9 billion of cash to UTC on February 27, 2020 and March 27, 2020. On April 1, 2020 and April 2, 2020, the Company received cash contributions totaling $590 million from UTC related to the Separation.

In connection with the Separation, the Company entered into several agreements with UTC and Otis Worldwide Corporation ("Otis") that govern various aspects of the relationship among the Company, UTC and Otis following the Separation and the Distribution, including a transition services agreement ("TSA"), a tax matters agreement ("TMA"), an employee matters agreement and an intellectual property agreement that cover services such as information technology, tax, finance and human resources. In addition, the Company incurred separation-related costs including employee-related costs, costs to establish certain stand-alone functions, information technology systems, professional service fees and other costs associated with becoming an independent, publicly traded company. These costs are primarily recorded in Selling, general and administrative in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and totaled $3 million and $23 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Costs for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were $19 million and $68 million, respectively. The TSA expired on March 31, 2021.

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

In early 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a respiratory disease known as COVID-19 as a global pandemic. In response, many countries implemented containment and mitigation measures to combat the outbreak, which severely restricted the level of economic activity and caused a significant contraction in the global economy. As a result, the Company temporarily closed or reduced production at manufacturing facilities across the globe to ensure employee safety and instructed non-essential employees to work from home. In addition, the Company took several preemptive actions during 2020 to manage liquidity as demand for its products decreased. Despite the adverse impacts of the pandemic on the Company’s results beginning in the first quarter of 2020, manufacturing operations resumed and several restorative actions were completed during 2020, including the reinstatement of annual merit-based salary increases and continued investment to support the Company's core strategy.

The Company continues to focus its efforts on preserving the health and safety of its employees and customers as well as maintaining the continuity of its operations. In addition, the Company continues to actively monitor its liquidity position and working capital needs and believes that its overall capital resources and liquidity position are adequate. The preparation of financial statements requires management to use judgments in making estimates and assumptions based on the relevant information available at the end of each period, which can have a significant effect on reported amounts. However, due to significant uncertainty surrounding the pandemic, management's judgments could change. While the Company's results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be negatively impacted, the extent of any continuing impact cannot be estimated with certainty at this time.


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NOTE 2: BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries in which it has control. All intra-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Related party transactions between the Company and its equity method investees have not been eliminated. Non-controlling interest represents a non-controlling investor's interests in the results of subsidiaries that the Company controls and consolidates.

The Company's financial statements for the periods prior to the Separation and the Distribution are prepared on a "carve-out" basis and include all amounts directly attributable to the Company. Net cash transfers and other property transferred between UTC and the Company, including related party receivables and payables between the Company and other UTC affiliates, are presented as Net transfers to UTC. In addition, the financial statements include allocations of costs for administrative functions and services performed on behalf of the Company by centralized groups within UTC. All allocations and estimates in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are based on assumptions that management believes are reasonable. The Company's financial statements for the periods subsequent to April 3, 2020 are consolidated financial statements based on the reported results of Carrier as a stand-alone company.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

The Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") is the sole source of authoritative U.S. GAAP other than SEC issued rules and regulations that apply only to SEC registrants. The FASB issues Accounting Standards Updates ("ASU") to communicate changes to the codification. The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. ASUs not referenced below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are not expected to have a material impact on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes ("ASU 2019-12"), which simplifies certain aspects of income tax accounting guidance in ASC 740, Income Taxes ("ASC 740") reducing the complexity of its application while maintaining or improving the usefulness of the information required to be reported. The ASU eliminates certain exceptions from ASC 740 including: intra-period tax allocation, deferred tax liabilities related to outside basis differences and year-to-date loss in interim periods, among others. ASU 2019-12 was effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods therein with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2021 with no material impact on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

NOTE 3: INVENTORIES, NET

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or estimated realizable value. Cost is primarily determined based on the first-in, first-out inventory method ("FIFO") or average cost methods, which approximates current replacement cost. However, certain subsidiaries use the last-in, first-out inventory method ("LIFO").

The major classes of inventory are as follows:

(In millions)June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Raw materials$478 $363 
Work-in-process190 143 
Finished goods1,217 1,123 
Inventories, net$1,885 $1,629 

The Company performs periodic assessments to determine the existence of excess and obsolete inventory and records necessary provisions to reduce such inventories to estimated realizable value. Raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods are net of valuation reserves of $189 million and $183 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

NOTE 4: GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The Company records goodwill as the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net assets acquired in a business combination. Goodwill is tested and reviewed annually for impairment during the third quarter or whenever there is a material change in events or circumstances that indicates that the fair value of the reporting unit may be less than its carrying value.
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The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows:

(In millions)HVACRefrigerationFire & SecurityTotal
Balance as of December 31, 2020$5,489 $1,251 $3,399 $10,139 
Goodwill resulting from business combinations(1)175 — — 175 
Foreign currency translation(19)(4)(12)(35)
Balance as of June 30, 2021$5,645 $1,247 $3,387 $10,279 
(1) See Note 15 - Business Acquisitions and Dispositions for more information.

Indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested and reviewed annually for impairment during the third quarter or whenever there is a material change in events or circumstances that indicates that the fair value of the asset may be less than the carrying amount of the asset. All other intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives.

Identifiable intangible assets are comprised of the following:

June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)Gross AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet AmountGross AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Amount
Amortized:
Customer relationships$1,593 $(1,302)$291 $1,558 $(1,285)$273 
Patents and trademarks300 (227)73 301 (222)79 
Monitoring lines72 (61)11 71 (59)12 
Service portfolios and other683 (550)133 644 (542)102 
2,648 (2,140)508 2,574 (2,108)466 
Unamortized:
Trademarks and other563  563 571 — 571 
Intangible assets, net$3,211 $(2,140)$1,071 $3,145 $(2,108)$1,037 

Amortization of intangible assets was $25 million and $25 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $49 million and $50 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
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NOTE 5: BORROWINGS AND LINES OF CREDIT

Long-term debt consisted of the following:

(In millions, except percentages)June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
1.923% Notes due February 15, 2023
$— (1)$500 
2.242% Notes due February 15, 2025
2,000 2,000 
2.493% Notes due February 15, 2027
1,250 1,250 
2.722% Notes due February 15, 2030
2,000 2,000 
2.700% Notes due February 15, 2031
750 750 
3.377% Notes due April 5, 2040
1,500 1,500 
3.577% Notes due April 5, 2050
2,000 2,000 
Total long-term Notes9,500 10,000 
Other debt (including project financing obligations and finance leases)300 308 
Discounts and debt issuance costs(75)(81)
Total debt9,725 10,227 
Less: current portion of long-term debt125 191 
Long-term debt, net of current portion$9,600 $10,036 
(1) In February 2021, the Company prepaid the 1.923% Notes due in February 2023 and incurred a $17 million make-whole premium upon prepayment and wrote-off $2 million of the remaining unamortized deferred financing costs.
Revolving Credit Facility

On February 10, 2020, the Company entered into a revolving credit agreement with various banks permitting aggregate borrowings of up to $2.0 billion pursuant to an unsecured, unsubordinated revolving credit facility that matures on April 3, 2025 (the "Revolving Credit Facility"). The Revolving Credit Facility supports the Company's commercial paper program and cash requirements of the Company. A commitment fee of 0.125% is charged on unused commitments. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility are available in U.S. Dollars, Euros and Pounds Sterling and bear interest at a variable interest rate based on LIBOR plus a ratings-based margin, which was 125 basis points as of June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, there were no borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility.

Commercial Paper Program

As of June 30, 2021, the Company had a $2.0 billion unsecured, unsubordinated commercial paper program, which can be used for general corporate purposes, including the funding of working capital and potential acquisitions. As of June 30, 2021, there were no borrowings outstanding under the commercial paper program.

Project Financing Arrangements

The Company is involved in several long-term construction contracts in which it arranges project financing with certain customers. As a result, the Company issued $71 million and $75 million of debt during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Long-term debt repayments associated with these financing arrangements during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were $83 million and $36 million, respectively.

Debt Covenants

The Revolving Credit Facility and the indenture for the long-term notes contain affirmative and negative covenants customary for financings of these types which, among other things, limit the Company's ability to incur additional liens, to make certain fundamental changes and to enter into sale and leaseback transactions. On June 2, 2020, the Company entered into an amendment of the Revolving Credit Facility, under which certain terms of the facility were amended for a period beginning on June 2, 2020 and ending on December 30, 2021 (the "Covenant Modification Period"). The Company may terminate the Covenant Modification Period prior to December 30, 2021, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions. The amendment deferred testing of the Company's consolidated total net leverage ratio financial covenant until June 30, 2021 and increases the consolidated total net leverage ratio limit until December 31, 2021. The amendment also required the Company to maintain
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liquidity at a certain level until the earlier of (1) June 29, 2021 and (2) the last day of the Covenant Modification Period. As of June 30, 2021 the requirement to test the Company's consolidated total net leverage ratio was reinstated, and there is no remaining requirement to maintain liquidity at a certain level. Additionally, during the Covenant Modification Period, the Company is subject to: (a) limitations on the incurrence of subsidiary indebtedness, (b) limitations on the making of restricted payments, including purchases by the Company of shares of its common stock and the amount of dividends the Company may pay and (c) a "most favored nations" provision related to certain terms of any committed credit facility in an amount greater than $100 million. As of June 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with the covenants under the agreements governing its outstanding indebtedness.

NOTE 6: FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement ("ASC 820"), defines fair value as the price that would be received if an asset is sold or the price paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes information used in developing assumptions when pricing an asset or liability as follows:

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2: Inputs, other than quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3: Unobservable inputs where there is little or no market data, which requires the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

ASC 820 requires the use of observable market data, when available, in making fair value measurements. When inputs used to measure fair value fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the level within which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to certain risks arising from business operations and economic factors, including foreign currency and commodity price risk. These exposures are managed through operational strategies and the use of undesignated hedging contracts. The Company's derivative assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis using internal models based on observable market inputs, such as forward, interest, contract and discount rates. The following tables provide the valuation hierarchy classification of assets and liabilities that are recorded at fair value and measured on a recurring basis in the Company's Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet:

(In millions)TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3
June 30, 2021
Derivative assets $(1)$— $$— 
Derivative liabilities $(3)(2)$— $(3)$— 
December 31, 2020
Derivative assets$17 (1)$— $17 $— 
Derivative liabilities$(5)(2)$— $(5)$— 
(2) Included in Other assets, current on the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
(3) Included in Accrued liabilities on the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

The Company's long-term debt is measured at fair value based on observable market inputs which are considered Level 1 within the fair value hierarchy. The following table provides the carrying amounts and fair values of financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value in the Company's Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet:

June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Total Long-term Notes (1)
$9,500 $9,930 $10,000 $10,811 
(1) Excludes debt discount and issuance costs
The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and short-term borrowings approximate
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fair value due to the short-term nature of these accounts and would be classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy. The Company's financing leases and project financing obligations, included in Long-term debt, approximate fair value and are classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

NOTE 7: EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

The Company sponsors both funded and unfunded domestic and international defined benefit and defined contribution plans as well as other post-retirement benefit plans. In addition, the Company contributes to various domestic and international multi-employer defined benefit pension and other post-retirement benefit plans.

Contributions to the plans were as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Defined benefit plans$$$27 $27 
Defined contribution plans$30 $25 $67 $55 
Multi-employer pension plans$$$12 $10 

The following table illustrates the components of net periodic pension benefits for the defined benefit pension and post-retirement benefit plans:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Service cost$$$14 $15 
Interest cost10 13 19 26 
Expected return on plan assets(37)(34)(73)(69)
Amortization of prior service credit— — 
Recognized actuarial net (gain) loss16 10 
Net settlement, curtailment and special termination benefit (gain) loss— — — 
Net periodic pension expense (benefit)$(12)$(9)$(23)$(16)

NOTE 8: STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation plans in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, which requires a fair-value based method for measuring the value of stock-based compensation. Fair value is measured once at the date of grant and is not adjusted for subsequent changes. The Company's stock-based compensation plans include programs for stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units and performance share units.

Stock-based compensation expense is included in Selling, general and administrative in the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The expense recognized was as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)2021202020212020
Equity settled$21 $22 $40 $35 
Cash settled10 (1)
Total stock-based compensation expense$27 $26 $50 $34 

Prior to the Separation and the Distribution, the Company participated in UTC's long-term incentive plans, which authorized various types of market and performance-based incentive awards. For these periods, stock-based compensation expense was allocated to the Company from UTC based upon direct employee headcount. In connection with the Separation and the
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Distribution, all awards were converted into Carrier stock-based awards with unvested awards converted to preserve their intrinsic value immediately before and after the Separation.

NOTE 9: GUARANTEES

The Company provides service and warranty coverage on its products and extends performance and operating cost guarantees beyond normal service and warranty coverage on certain products. In addition, the Company incurs discretionary costs to service its products in connection with specific product performance issues. Liabilities for performance and operating cost guarantees are based upon future product performance and durability and are estimated based upon historical experience. Adjustments are recorded to accruals based on claims data and historical experience. The changes in the carrying amount of service and product warranties and product performance guarantees, included in Accrued liabilities on the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, are as follows:

For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Balance as of January 1,$514 $488 
Warranties, performance guarantees issued and changes in estimated liability89 105 
Settlements made(80)(92)
Balance as of June 30,$523 $501 

NOTE 10: EQUITY

The authorized number of shares of common stock of Carrier is 4,000,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value. As of June 30, 2021, 870,754,214 shares of common stock were issued, which includes 3,053,847 shares of treasury stock.

Share Repurchase Program

On February 4, 2021, the Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to $350 million of the Company's outstanding common stock. The Company may repurchase shares from time to time subject to market conditions and at the Company's discretion in the open market or through one or more other public or private transactions, subject to compliance with the Company's obligations under the TMA and the Revolving Credit Facility. The Company records repurchases under the cost method whereby the entire cost of the acquired stock is recorded as Treasury stock as a reduction to equity. The reissuance of treasury stock uses the first-in, first-out method of accounting.

The Company repurchased 2.1 million shares and 3.1 million shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $92 million and $130 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, which are held in Treasury stock as of June 30, 2021 as reflected on its Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

A summary of changes in the components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

(In millions)Foreign Currency TranslationDefined Benefit Pension and Post-retirement PlansAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(312)$(547)$(859)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net59 — 59 
Amounts reclassified, pre-tax— 
Tax expense (benefit) reclassified— (2)(2)
Balance as of June 30, 2021$(253)$(541)$(794)
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(In millions)Foreign Currency TranslationDefined Benefit Pension and Post-retirement PlansAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of March 31, 2020$(1,268)$(468)$(1,736)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net250 252 
Amounts reclassified, pre-tax— 
Tax expense (benefit) reclassified— (1)(1)
Balance as of June 30, 2020$(1,018)$(461)$(1,479)

A summary of changes in the components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

(In millions)Foreign Currency TranslationDefined Benefit Pension and Post-retirement PlansAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of December 31, 2020$(191)$(554)$(745)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net(62)— (62)
Amounts reclassified, pre-tax— 17 17 
Tax benefit reclassified— (4)(4)
Balance as of June 30, 2021$(253)$(541)$(794)


(In millions)Foreign Currency TranslationDefined Benefit Pension and Post-retirement PlansAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of December 31, 2019$(780)$(473)$(1,253)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net(238)(236)
Amounts reclassified, pre-tax— 12 12 
Tax benefit reclassified— (2)(2)
Balance as of June 30, 2020$(1,018)$(461)$(1,479)

NOTE 11: REVENUE RECOGNITION

The Company recognizes revenue when control of a good or service promised in a contract (i.e., performance obligation) is transferred to a customer. Control is obtained when a customer has the ability to direct the use of and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefit from that good or service. A significant portion of the Company's performance obligations are recognized at a point-in-time when control of the product transfers to the customer, which is generally at the time of shipment. The remaining portion of the Company's performance obligations are recognized over time as the customer simultaneously obtains control as the Company performs work under a contract, or if the product being produced for the customer has no alternative use and the Company has a contractual right to payment.
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Sales disaggregated by product and service are as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Sales Type
Product$2,757 $1,976 $4,904 $3,633 
Service363 315 702 617 
HVAC sales3,120 2,291 5,606 4,250 
Product915 609 1,807 1,322 
Service106 91 219 186 
Refrigeration sales1,021 700 2,026 1,508 
Product1,012 762 1,931 1,622 
Service391 295 776 641 
Fire & Security sales1,403 1,057 2,707 2,263 
Total segment sales5,544 4,048 10,339 8,021 
Eliminations and other(104)(76)(200)(161)
Net sales$5,440 $3,972 $10,139 $7,860 

Contract Balances

Total contract assets and liabilities arising from contracts with customers are as follows:

(In millions)June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Contract assets, current$695 $656 
Contract assets, non-current (included within Other assets)166 98 
Total contract assets$861 $754 
Contract liabilities, current(576)(512)
Contract liabilities, non-current (included within Other long-term liabilities)(171)(165)
Total contract liabilities (747)(677)
Net contract assets$114 $77 

The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in contract assets and contract liabilities. Contract assets relate to the conditional right to consideration for any completed performance under a contract when costs are incurred in excess of billings under the percentage-of-completion methodology. Contract liabilities relate to payments received in advance of performance under the contract or when the Company has a right to consideration that is conditioned upon transfer of a good or service to the customer. Contract liabilities are recognized as revenue as (or when) the Company performs under the contract. The Company recognized revenue of $100 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 that related to contract liabilities as of January 1, 2021. The Company expects a majority of its contract liabilities at the end of the period to be recognized as revenue in the next 12 months.

NOTE 12: RESTRUCTURING COSTS

The Company incurs costs associated with restructuring initiatives intended to improve operating performance, profitability and working capital levels. Actions associated with these initiatives may include improving productivity, workforce reductions and the consolidation of facilities.
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The Company recorded net pre-tax restructuring costs for new and ongoing restructuring initiatives as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
HVAC$$$11 $
Refrigeration
Fire & Security20 
Total Segment19 10 36 15 
General corporate expenses
Total restructuring costs$21 $11 $39 $16 
Cost of sales$$$11 $
Selling, general and administrative15 28 10 
Total restructuring costs$21 $11 $39 $16 

The following table summarizes the reserves and charges related to restructuring actions:

For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Balance as of January 1,$49 $66 
Net pre-tax restructuring costs39 16 
Utilization, foreign exchange and other(40)(35)
Balance as of June 30,$48 $47 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, charges associated with restructuring initiatives related to cost reduction efforts. Amounts recognized primarily related to severance due to workforce reductions and exit costs due to the consolidation of field operations. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had $48 million accrued for costs associated with its announced restructuring initiatives, all of which is expected to be paid within one year.

NOTE 13: INCOME TAXES

The Company accounts for income tax expense in accordance with ASC 740, which requires that an estimate of the annual effective income tax rate for the full year to be applied to the respective interim period, taking into account year-to-date amounts and projected results for the full year. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was 32.0% compared with 28.2% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The period-over-period increase is primarily due to a $43 million deferred tax charge as a result of a tax rate increase enacted on June 10, 2021, with an effective date of April 2023, from 19% to 25% in the United Kingdom.

The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was 27.5% compared with 44.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The year-over-year decrease is primarily due to the absence of a prior year charge of $51 million related to a valuation allowance recorded against a United Kingdom tax loss and credit carryforward and a $46 million charge resulting from the Company's decision to no longer permanently reinvest certain pre-2018 unremitted non-U.S. earnings. The six months ended June 30, 2021 included a $43 million deferred tax charge as a result of the tax rate increase from 19% to 25% in the United Kingdom, partially offset by the recognition of a favorable tax adjustment of $21 million resulting from a re-organization in our German subsidiaries.

Income taxes through March 31, 2020 were recorded based on a "carve-out" and separate company basis. Prior to the Separation and the Distribution, the Company’s portion of income taxes for domestic and certain foreign jurisdictions were
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deemed settled in the period the related tax expense was recorded. After the Separation and the Distribution, the Company’s income taxes are prepared on a stand-alone basis.

The Company assesses the realizability of its deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis through an analysis of potential sources of future taxable income, including prior year taxable income that may be available to absorb a carryback of tax losses, reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, tax planning strategies and forecasts of taxable income. The Company considers all negative and positive evidence, including the weight of the evidence, to determine whether valuation allowances against deferred tax assets are required. The Company maintains valuation allowances against certain deferred tax assets.

The Company conducts business globally and files income tax returns in U.S. federal, state and foreign jurisdictions. In certain jurisdictions, the Company's operations were included in UTC's combined tax returns for the periods through the Distribution. The U.S. Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") commenced an audit of UTC's tax years 2017 and 2018 in the second quarter of 2020. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by taxing authorities throughout the world, including Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal income tax examination for years prior to 2017 and, with few exceptions, is no longer subject to state, local and foreign income tax examinations for tax years prior to 2013.

In the ordinary course of business, there is inherent uncertainty in quantifying the Company's income tax positions. The Company assesses its income tax positions and records tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon management’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available at the reporting date. The Company believes that it is reasonably possible that a net decrease in unrecognized tax benefits of between $20 million and $35 million may occur within 12 months as a result of additional uncertain tax positions, the Separation, the revaluation of uncertain tax positions arising from examinations, appeals, court decisions and/or the expiration of tax statutes.

NOTE 14: EARNINGS PER SHARE

Earnings per share is computed by dividing Net income attributable to common shareowners by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period (excluding treasury stock). Diluted earnings per share is computed by giving effect to all potentially dilutive stock awards that are outstanding. The computation of diluted earnings per share excludes the effect of the potential exercise of stock-based awards, including stock appreciation rights and stock options, when the effect of the potential exercise would be anti-dilutive.
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions, except per share amounts)2021202020212020
Net income attributable to common shareowners$487 $261 $871 $357 
Basic weighted-average number of shares outstanding868.7 866.2 869.0 866.2 
Stock awards and equity units (share equivalent)22.2 4.7 21.4 4.7 
Diluted weighted-average number of shares outstanding890.9 870.9 890.4 870.9 
Antidilutive shares excluded from computation of diluted earnings per share3.1 30.9 3.1 30.9 
Earnings Per Share
Basic$0.56 $0.30 $1.00 $0.41 
Diluted$0.55 $0.30 $0.98 $0.41 

On the Distribution Date, 866,158,910 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, were distributed to UTC shareowners of record as of March 19, 2020. This share amount is utilized for the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for all periods presented prior to the Separation and the Distribution and such shares are treated as issued and outstanding for purposes of calculating historical earnings per share. It is assumed that there are no dilutive equity instruments for the periods prior to the Separation and Distribution because there were no Carrier stock-based awards outstanding prior to the Separation and the Distribution.

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NOTE 15: BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company acquired consolidated and minority-owned businesses. The aggregate cash paid, net of cash acquired, totaled $167 million and was funded through cash on hand. Acquisitions are recorded using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations ("ASC 805"). As a result, the aggregate purchase price has been allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on the estimate of fair market value of such assets and liabilities at the date of acquisition. Intangible assets associated with these transactions totaled $94 million and primarily related to customer relationships, technology assets and a non-compete agreement. The excess purchase price over the estimated fair value of net assets acquired was recognized as goodwill and totaled $175 million.

Acquisition of Giwee Group Co.

On June 1, 2021, the Company acquired a 70% controlling stake in Guangdong Giwee Group and its subsidiaries ("Giwee"). Giwee is a China-based manufacturer of HVAC products, offering a portfolio of products including variable refrigerant flow, modular chillers and light commercial air conditioners. The results of Giwee are reported within the HVAC segment as of the date of acquisition. The Company has not included pro forma financial information required under ASC 805 as the pro forma impact was not deemed significant.

The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of the net assets acquired was recognized as goodwill and totaled $168 million, which is not deductible for tax purposes. Accounts receivable and current liabilities were stated at their historical carrying value, which approximates fair value given the short-term nature of these assets and liabilities. The estimate of fair value for inventory and property, plant and equipment was based on an assessment of the acquired assets' condition as well as an evaluation of the current market value of such assets.

The Company recorded intangible assets based on its preliminary estimate of fair value, which consisted of the following:

(in millions)Estimated Useful Life (in years)Intangible Assets Acquired
Customer relationships
14$52 
Technology 1034 
Non-compete agreement
5
Total intangible assets acquired$94 

The valuation of intangible assets was determined using an income approach methodology including the multi-period excess earnings method and the relief from royalty method. Key assumptions used in estimating future cash flows included projected revenue growth rate, customer attrition rates and royalty rates. The projected future cash flows are discounted to present value using an appropriate discount rate. As of June 30, 2021, the Company has not finalized the process of allocating the purchase price and valuing the acquired assets and liabilities for the Giwee acquisition.

NOTE 16: SEGMENT FINANCIAL DATA

The Company has three operating segments:

The HVAC segment provides products, controls, services and solutions to meet the heating, cooling and ventilation needs of residential and commercial customers while enhancing building performance, health, energy efficiency and sustainability.

The Refrigeration segment includes transport refrigeration and monitoring products, services and digital solutions for trucks, trailers, shipping containers, intermodal and rail, as well as commercial refrigeration products.

The Fire & Security segment provides a wide range of residential, commercial and industrial technologies and systems, and service solutions to protect people and property.

Our customers are in both the public and private sectors and our businesses reflect extensive geographic diversification. Inter-company sales between segments are immaterial.
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Net sales and Operating profit by segment are as follows:

Net SalesOperating Profit
For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
HVAC$3,120 $2,291 $573 $358 
Refrigeration1,021 700 123 61 
Fire & Security1,403 1,057 148 106 
Total segment5,544 4,048 844 525 
Eliminations and other(104)(76)(23)(56)
General corporate expenses— — (38)(27)
Total Consolidated$5,440 $3,972 $783 $442 

Net SalesOperating Profit
For the Six Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
HVAC$5,606 $4,250 $938 $525 
Refrigeration2,026 1,508 250 160 
Fire & Security2,707 2,263 298 226 
Total segment10,339 8,021 1,486 911 
Eliminations and other(200)(161)(63)(91)
General corporate expenses— — (69)(63)
Total Consolidated$10,139 $7,860 $1,354 $757 

Geographic external sales are attributed to the geographic regions based on their location of origin. With the exception of the U.S. presented in the table below, there were no individually significant countries with sales exceeding 10% of total sales during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
United States $2,848 $2,192 $5,201 $4,203 
International:
Europe1,459 969 2,857 2,148 
Asia Pacific907 645 1,649 1,164 
Other226 166 432 345 
Net sales$5,440 $3,972 $10,139 $7,860 


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NOTE 17: RELATED PARTIES

Equity Method Investments

The Company sells products to and purchases products from unconsolidated entities accounted for under the equity method and, therefore, these entities are considered to be related parties. Amounts attributable to equity method investees are as follows:

Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Sales to equity method investees included in Product sales
$652 $434 $1,120 $778 
Purchases from equity method investees included in Cost of products sold
$98 $66 $174 $143 

The Company had receivables from and payables to equity method investees as follows:

(In millions)June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Receivables from equity method investees included in Accounts receivable, net
$243 $161 
Payables to equity method investees included in Accounts payable
$59 $38 

The Company periodically reviews the carrying value of its equity method investments to determine if there has been an other-than-temporary decline in fair value. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company determined that indicators of impairment existed for a minority owned joint venture investment and performed a valuation of this investment using a discounted cash flow method. The Company determined that the loss in value was other-than-temporary due to a reduction in sales and earnings that were primarily driven by a deterioration in the oil and gas industry (the joint venture's primary market) and by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, the Company recorded a non-cash, other-than-temporary impairment charge of $71 million on this investment during the three months ended March 31, 2020, which is included in Other income (expense), net on the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

NOTE 18: COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company is involved in various litigation, claims and administrative proceedings, including those related to environmental (including asbestos) and legal matters. In accordance with ASC 450, Contingencies ("ASC 450"), the Company records accruals for loss contingencies when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These accruals are generally based upon a range of possible outcomes. If no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other, the Company accrues the minimum amount. In addition, these estimates are reviewed periodically and adjusted to reflect additional information when it becomes available. The Company is unable to predict the final outcome of the following matters based on the information currently available, except as otherwise noted. However, the Company does not believe that the resolution of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect upon the Company's competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

Environmental Matters

The Company’s operations are subject to environmental regulation by various authorities. The Company has accrued for the costs of environmental remediation activities, including but not limited to investigatory, remediation, operating and maintenance costs and performance guarantees, and the Company periodically reassesses these amounts. Management believes that the likelihood of incurring losses materially in excess of the amounts accrued is remote. The outstanding liabilities for environmental obligations are as follows:

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(In millions)June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Environmental reserves included in Accrued liabilities
$25 $26 
Environmental reserves included in Other long-term liabilities
209 213 
Total Environmental reserves$234 $239 

Asbestos Matters

The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries have been named as defendants in lawsuits alleging personal injury as a result of exposure to asbestos allegedly integrated into certain Carrier products or business premises. While the Company has never manufactured asbestos and no longer incorporates it into any currently-manufactured products, certain products that the Company no longer manufactures contained components incorporating asbestos. A substantial majority of these asbestos-related claims have been dismissed without payment or have been covered in full or in part by insurance or other forms of indemnity. Additional cases were litigated and settled without any insurance reimbursement. The amounts involved in asbestos-related claims were not material individually or in the aggregate in any period.

The Company had asbestos liabilities and related recoveries as follows:

(In millions)June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Asbestos liabilities included in Accrued liabilities
$18 $17 
Asbestos liabilities included in Other long-term liabilities
222 228 
Total Asbestos liabilities$240 $245 
Asbestos-related recoveries included in Other assets, current
$$
Asbestos-related recoveries included in Other assets
95 97 
Total Asbestos-related recoveries$101 $103 

The amounts recorded for asbestos-related liabilities are based on currently available information and assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable and are made with input from outside actuarial experts. Where no amount within a range of estimates is more likely, the minimum is accrued. These amounts are undiscounted and exclude the Company’s legal fees to defend the asbestos claims, which are expensed as incurred. In addition, the Company has recorded an insurance recovery receivable for probable asbestos-related recoveries.

UTC Equity Awards Conversion Litigation

On August 12, 2020, several former employees of UTC or its subsidiaries filed a putative class action complaint (the "Complaint") in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against Raytheon Technologies Corporation, Carrier, Otis, the former members of the UTC Board of Directors and the members of the Carrier and Otis Boards of Directors (Geraud Darnis, et al. v. Raytheon Technologies Corporation, et al.). The Complaint challenges the method by which UTC equity awards were converted to UTC, Carrier and Otis equity awards following the Separation and the Distribution. The Complaint asserted that the defendants are liable for breach of certain equity compensation plans and for breach of fiduciary duty and also asserted claims under certain provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended. Plaintiffs have withdrawn, with prejudice, their claims against Otis's and Carrier's current Boards of Directors. Carrier believes that the remaining claims against the Company are without merit.

Aqueous Film Forming Foam Litigation

Aqueous Film Forming Foam ("AFFF") is a firefighting foam developed in the 1970s pursuant to U.S. military specification and used to extinguish certain types of fires primarily at airports and military bases. AFFF was manufactured by several companies, including National Foam and Angus Fire. UTC acquired the National Foam and Angus Fire businesses in 2005 as part of the acquisition of Kidde, which had been operated by Carrier. In 2013, UTC divested the National Foam and Angus Fire businesses to a third party.

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The Company and many other parties, including the third-party buyer of the National Foam and Angus Fire businesses, have been named as defendants in over 1,300 cases, including putative class actions and other lawsuits, alleging that the historic use of AFFF caused personal injuries and property damage. Additionally, several state, municipal and water utility plaintiffs have commenced litigation against the same defendants to recover remediation costs related to historic use of AFFF. In December 2018, the U.S. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ("MDL") transferred and consolidated all of the AFFF cases pending in the federal courts to the U.S. District Court for the District of South Carolina for pre-trial proceedings.

Plaintiffs in the MDL allege that a chemical ingredient in AFFF contains, or breaks down into, compounds known as perflourooctane sulfonate ("PFOS") and perflourooctane acid ("PFOA") that were released into the environment and, in some instances, ultimately leached into drinking water supplies. National Foam and Angus Fire purchased these perflourinated chemical ingredients from third-party chemical manufacturers to manufacture AFFF. Chemicals containing PFOS and PFOA (or their precursors) have also been used for decades by many third parties to manufacture carpets, clothing, fabrics, cookware and other consumer products. The individual plaintiffs in the MDL generally seek compensatory damages for alleged personal injuries, medical monitoring and diminution in property value and injunctive relief to remediate alleged contamination of water supplies. The U.S., state, municipal and water utility plaintiffs in the MDL generally seek damages and costs related to the remediation of public property and water supplies.

The Company and other defendants are also party to fewer than 10 cases in state court brought by oil refining companies in the U.S. alleging product liability claims related to legacy sales of AFFF and seeking damages for the costs to replace the product and for property damage.

The Company and other defendants are also party to an action related to the AFFF manufacturing facility that was operated by National Foam and Angus Fire in which the plaintiff water utility seeks remediation costs related to the alleged contamination of the local water supply.

The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses to these claims and the Company is also seeking insurance coverage for these claims. At this time, however, given the numerous factual, scientific and legal issues to be resolved relating to these claims, the Company is unable to assess the probability of liability or reasonably estimate the damages, if any, to be allocated to the Company, if one or more plaintiffs were to prevail in these cases, and there can be no assurance that any such future exposure will not be material in any period.

Income Taxes
Under the TMA, the Company is responsible to UTC for its share of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA") transition tax associated with foreign undistributed earnings as of December 31, 2017. As a result, a liability of $453 million is included within the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at June 30, 2021. This obligation is expected to be settled in annual installments ending in April 2026 with the next installment of $36 million included within Accrued Liabilities. The Company believes that the likelihood of incurring losses materially in excess of this amount is remote.

Other

The Company has other commitments and contingent liabilities related to legal proceedings, self-insurance programs and matters arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company accrues for contingencies generally based upon a range of possible outcomes. If no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other, the Company accrues the minimum amount.

In the ordinary course of business, the Company is also routinely a defendant in, party to or otherwise subject to many pending and threatened legal actions, claims, disputes and proceedings. These matters are often based on alleged violations of contract, product liability, warranty, regulatory, environmental, health and safety, employment, intellectual property, tax and other laws. In some of these proceedings, claims for substantial monetary damages are asserted against the Company and could result in fines, penalties, compensatory or treble damages or non-monetary relief. The Company does not believe that these matters will have a material adverse effect upon its competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

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NOTE 19: SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Sale of Chubb Fire & Security Business

On July 26, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its Chubb Fire and Security business (Chubb) to APi Group Corporation (APi) for an enterprise value of $3.1 billion (the “Agreement”). The purchase price is subject to working capital and other adjustments as provided in the Agreement. Chubb, reported within the Company’s Fire & Security segment, delivers essential fire safety and security solutions from design and installation to monitoring, service and maintenance across more than 17 countries around the globe. At June 30, 2021, Chubb did not meet the criteria for assets held for sale in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. On a prospective basis, the net assets of Chubb will be classified as held for sale until the divestiture is completed. This transaction is expected to close late in the fourth quarter of 2021 or early in the first quarter of 2022, subject to regulatory approvals, required works council consultation in France and customary closing conditions. Based on the carrying amount of Chubb’s net assets, foreign currency translation rates and other assumptions at June 30, 2021, the Company expects to recover the carrying value of the disposal group upon completion of the transaction. In conjunction with the Agreement, the Company has agreed to provide APi, and APi has agreed to provide the Company, certain transitional services for varying periods after the closing.

Share Repurchase Program

On July 27, 2021, the Company's Board of Directors approved a $1.75 billion increase to the Company's existing $350 million stock repurchase program authorized in February 2021. Share repurchases may take place from time to time subject to market conditions and at the Company's discretion in the open market or through one or more other public or private transactions.

24


With respect to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Carrier for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP ("PricewaterhouseCoopers") reported that it has applied limited procedures in accordance with professional standards for a review of such information. However, its report dated July 29, 2021, appearing below, states that the firm did not audit and does not express an opinion on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. PricewaterhouseCoopers has not carried out any significant or additional audit tests beyond those that would have been necessary if their report had not been included. Accordingly, the degree of reliance on its report on such information should be restricted in light of the limited nature of the review procedures applied. PricewaterhouseCoopers is not subject to the liability provisions of Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), for its report on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements because that report is not a "report" or a "part" of a registration statement prepared or certified by PricewaterhouseCoopers within the meaning of Sections 7 and 11 of the Securities Act.

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareowners of Carrier Global Corporation

Results of Review of Interim Financial Information

We have reviewed the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet of Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2021, and the related condensed consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive income (loss), of changes in equity for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “interim financial information”). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying interim financial information for it to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive income, of changes in equity and of cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein), and in our report dated February 9, 2021, which included a paragraph describing a change in the manner of accounting for leases in the 2019 financial statements, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.

Basis for Review Results

This interim financial information is the responsibility of the Company’s management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB. We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.



/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Hallandale Beach, Florida
July 29, 2021
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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

Business Summary
Carrier is a leading global provider of healthy, safe and sustainable building and cold chain solutions. We operate three business segments, HVAC, Refrigeration and Fire & Security, each with strong brands and innovative products which we expect to drive future growth. Today, our portfolio includes industry-leading brands such as Carrier, Kidde, Edwards, LenelS2, Carrier Transicold and Automated Logic that offer innovative HVAC, refrigeration, fire, security and building automation technologies to help make the world safer and more comfortable.

Our worldwide operations are affected by global and regional industrial, economic and political factors and trends. These include the mega-trends of urbanization, climate change and increasing requirements for food safety driven by the food needs of our growing global population and the rising standards of living in emerging markets. We believe that our business segments are well positioned to benefit from favorable secular trends, including these mega-trends and from the strength of our industry-leading brands and track record of innovation. In addition, we regularly review our markets to proactively detect trends and adapt our strategies accordingly.

Our business is also affected by changes in the general level of economic activity, such as changes in business and consumer spending, construction and shipping activity as well as short-term economic factors such as currency fluctuations, commodity price volatility and supply disruptions. However, we continue to invest in our business, take pricing actions to mitigate supply chain and inflationary pressures, develop new products and services in order to remain competitive in our markets and use risk management strategies to mitigate various exposures. We believe that we have industry-leading global brands which form the foundation of our business strategy. Coupled with our focus on growth, innovation and operational efficiency, we expect to drive long-term future growth and increased value for our shareowners.

Recent Developments

Sale of Chubb Fire & Security Business

On July 26, 2021, we entered into an agreement to sell our Chubb business to APi for an enterprise value of $3.1 billion. The purchase price is subject to working capital and other adjustments as provided in the Agreement. Chubb, reported within our Fire & Security segment, delivers essential fire safety and security solutions from design and installation to monitoring, service and maintenance across more than 17 countries around the globe. At June 30, 2021, Chubb did not meet the criteria for assets held for sale in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. On a prospective basis, the net assets of Chubb will be classified as held for sale until the divestiture is completed. This transaction is expected to close late in the fourth quarter of 2021 or early in the first quarter of 2022, subject to regulatory approvals, required works council consultation in France and customary closing conditions. Based on the carrying amount of Chubb’s net assets, foreign currency translation rates and other assumptions at June 30, 2021, we expect to recover the carrying value of the disposal group upon completion of the transaction. In conjunction with the Agreement, we have agreed to provide APi, and APi has agreed to provide the Company, certain transitional services for varying periods after the closing.

Share Repurchase Program

On July 27, 2021, our Board of Directors approved a $1.75 billion increase to our existing $350 million stock repurchase program authorized in February 2021. Share repurchases may take place from time to time subject to market conditions and at our discretion in the open market or through one or more other public or private transactions.

Separation from United Technologies Corporation
On April 3, 2020, UTC completed the Separation of Carrier into an independent, publicly traded company. In connection with the Separation, we issued an aggregate principal balance of $11.0 billion of debt and transferred approximately $10.9 billion of cash to UTC on February 27, 2020 and March 27, 2020. In addition, we entered into several agreements with UTC and Otis that govern various aspects of the relationship among us, UTC and Otis following the Separation and the Distribution including the TSA (which expired on March 31, 2021), the TMA, an employee matters agreement and an intellectual property agreement. Income and expense under these agreements are not material.

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Our financial statements for periods prior to the Separation and the Distribution are prepared on a "carve-out" basis and include all amounts directly attributable to Carrier. Net cash transfers and other property transferred between UTC and us, including related party receivables and payables between us and other UTC affiliates, are presented as Net transfers to UTC. In addition, the financial statements include allocations of costs for administrative functions and services performed on our behalf by centralized groups within UTC. All allocations and estimates in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are based on assumptions that management believes are reasonable. Our financial statements for the periods subsequent to April 3, 2020 are consolidated financial statements based on the reported results of Carrier as a stand-alone company.

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

In early 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a respiratory disease known as COVID-19 as a global pandemic. In response, many countries implemented containment and mitigation measures to combat the outbreak, which severely restricted the level of economic activity and caused a significant contraction in the global economy. As a result, we temporarily closed or reduced production at manufacturing facilities across the globe to ensure employee safety and instructed non-essential employees to work from home. In addition, we took several preemptive actions during 2020 to manage liquidity as demand for our products decreased. Despite the adverse impacts of the pandemic on our results beginning in the first quarter of 2020, manufacturing operations resumed and several restorative actions were completed during 2020 including the reinstatement of annual merit-based salary increases and continued investment to support our core strategy.

We continue to focus our efforts on preserving the health and safety of our employees and customers as well as maintaining the continuity of our operations. In addition, we continue to actively monitor our liquidity position and working capital needs and believe that our overall capital resources and liquidity position are adequate. The preparation of financial statements requires management to use judgments in making estimates and assumptions based on the relevant information available at the end of each period, which can have a significant effect on reported amounts. However, due to significant uncertainty surrounding the pandemic, management's judgments could change. While our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be negatively impacted, the extent of any continuing impact cannot be estimated with certainty at this time.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
Preparation of our financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses. We believe that the most complex and sensitive judgments, because of their potential significance to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, result primarily from the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. In "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of our 2020 Form 10-K, we describe the significant accounting estimates and policies used in the preparation of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting estimates.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared with the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

For the Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020Period Change% Change
Net sales$5,440 $3,972 $1,468 37 %
Cost of products and services sold(3,821)(2,831)(990)35 %
Gross margin1,619 1,141 478 42 %
Operating expenses(836)(699)(137)20 %
Operating profit783 442 341 77 %
Non-operating income (expenses), net(52)(67)15 (22)%
Income from operations before income taxes731 375 356 95 %
Income tax expense(234)(106)(128)121 %
Net income from operations497 269 228 85 %
Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiaries' earnings from operations10 25 %
Net income attributable to common shareowners$487 $261 $226 87 %

Net Sales

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales were $5.4 billion, a 37% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Organic31 %
Foreign currency translation%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net%
Total % change37 %

As the global economy continues to recover from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we continue to see improvement across our global business. During the three months ended June 30, 2021, higher volume in each of our segments increased organic sales by 31% compared with the same period of 2020. The organic increase was primarily driven by our HVAC segment with continued strong results in the North America residential and light commercial business and improved global end-markets in our Commercial HVAC business. Strong results in both our Refrigeration and Fire & Security segments were driven by improved global end-markets compared with the prior period. Refer to "Segment Review" below for a discussion of Net sales by segment.

Gross Margin

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, gross margin was $1.6 billion, a 42% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components were as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Net sales$5,440 $3,972 
Cost of products and services sold(3,821)(2,831)
Gross margin$1,619 $1,141 
Percentage of net sales29.8 %28.7 %

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The increase in gross margin for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was primarily driven by strong operational performance and continued improvement in the global economic climate during the current period. Higher volume in each of our segments outpaced operational costs as we continued to focus on Carrier 700 cost containment actions. These improvements were partially offset by the rising cost for commodities and components used in our products, certain supply chain inefficiencies and freight costs. As a result, gross margin as a percentage of Net sales increased by 110 basis points compared with the same period of 2020.

Operating Expenses
For the three months ended June 30, 2021, operating expenses, including Equity method investment net earnings, were $836 million, a 20% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components were as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Selling, general and administrative$(813)$(637)
Research and development(125)(94)
Equity method investment net earnings87 57 
Other income (expense), net15 (25)
Total operating expenses$(836)$(699)
Percentage of net sales15.4 %17.6 %

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Selling, general and administrative expenses were $813 million, a 28% increase compared with the same period of 2020. At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, we initiated various cost containment initiatives in order to help mitigate the impacts on our business, which included reducing discretionary spending, employee furloughs and temporarily closing or limiting the presence of our workforce in our facilities. As a result, the increase in Selling, general and administrative expense in the current period reflects the gradual return to our operational spending levels prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, higher compensation costs, restructuring charges and unfavorable foreign currency movements along with transaction costs associated with the planned divestiture of our Chubb business further contributed to the year-over-year increase . Costs associated with the Separation were $3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared with $23 million for the same period in 2020.

Research and development costs relate to new product development and new technology innovation. Due to the variable nature of program development schedules, year-over-year spending levels can fluctuate. In addition, we continue to invest to prepare for future energy efficiency and refrigerant regulation changes as well as digital controls technologies.

Investments over which we do not exercise control, but have significant influence, are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Equity method investment net earnings were $87 million, a 53% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The increase was primarily related to higher earnings in HVAC joint ventures in North America and Asia as end-markets improved compared with the prior period. These amounts were partially offset by the reduction in earnings resulting from the sale of our investment in Beijer REF AB in 2020.

Other income (expense), net primarily includes the impact of gains and losses related to the sale of interests in our equity method investments, foreign currency gains and losses on transactions that are denominated in a currency other than an entity's functional currency and hedging-related activities. The year-over-year change of $40 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 is primarily driven by higher gains recognized on hedging activities, the absence of an unfavorable impact of a change in the estimate of certain long-term liabilities and the unfavorable impact of a product recall matter in 2020.

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Non-Operating Income (Expenses), net

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Non-operating income (expenses), net was $52 million, a 22% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components were as follows:

For the Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Non-service pension (expense) benefit $19 $14 
Interest expense$(75)$(85)
Interest income
Interest (expense) income, net$(71)$(81)
Non-operating income (expenses), net$(52)$(67)

Non-operating income (expenses), net includes the results from activities other than normal business operations such as interest expense, interest income and the non-service components of pension and post-retirement obligations. Interest expense is affected by the amount of debt outstanding and the interest rates on that debt. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Interest expense was $75 million, a 12% decrease compared with the same period in 2020. The decrease was primarily driven by the repayment of our $1.75 billion Term Loan Credit Facility in 2020 and the prepayment of the $500 million 1.923% Notes in February 2021.

Income Taxes

 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Effective tax rate32.0 %28.2 %

The increase in the effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared with the same period in 2020 is primarily due to a $43 million deferred tax charge as a result of an enacted tax rate increase from 19% to 25% in the United Kingdom.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared with the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020Period Change% Change
Net sales$10,139 $7,860 $2,279 29 %
Cost of products and services sold(7,126)(5,597)(1,529)27 %
Gross margin3,013 2,263 750 33 %
Operating expenses(1,659)(1,506)(153)10 %
Operating profit1,354 757 597 79 %
Non-operating income (expenses), net(127)(87)(40)46 %
Income from operations before income taxes1,227 670 557 83 %
Income tax expense(338)(299)(39)13 %
Net income from operations889 371 518 140 %
Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiaries' earnings from operations18 14 29 %
Net income attributable to common shareowners$871 $357 $514 144 %

Net Sales
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For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales were $10.1 billion, a 29% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Organic24 %
Foreign currency translation%
Total % change29 %

As the global economy continues to recover from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we continue to see improvement across our global business. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, higher volume in each of our segments increased organic sales by 24% compared with the same period in 2020. The organic increase was primarily driven by our HVAC segment with continued strong results for North America residential and light commercial business and improved global end-markets in our Commercial HVAC business. Strong results in both our Refrigeration and Fire & Security segments were driven by improved global end-markets compared with the prior period. Refer to "Segment Review" below for a discussion of Net sales by segment.

Gross Margin

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, gross margin was $3.0 billion, a 33% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components were as follows:

For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Net sales$10,139 $7,860 
Cost of products and services sold(7,126)(5,597)
Gross margin$3,013 $2,263 
Percentage of net sales29.7 %28.8 %

The increase in gross margin for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was primarily driven by strong operational performance and continued improvement in the global economic climate during the current period. Higher volume in each of our segments outpaced operational costs as we continued to focus on Carrier 700 cost containment actions. These improvements were partially offset by the rising cost for commodities and components used in our products, certain supply chain inefficiencies and freight costs. As a result, gross margin as a percentage of Net sales increased by 90 basis points compared with the same period of 2020.

Operating Expenses
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, operating expenses, including Equity method investment net earnings, were $1.7 billion, a 10% increase compared with the same period in 2020. The components were as follows:

For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Selling, general and administrative$(1,556)$(1,329)
Research and development(246)(192)
Equity method investment net earnings125 86 
Other income (expense), net18 (71)
Total operating expenses$(1,659)$(1,506)
Percentage of net sales16.4 %19.2 %

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For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Selling, general and administrative expenses were $1.6 billion, a 17% increase compared with the same period of 2020. At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, we initiated various cost containment initiatives in order to help mitigate the impacts on our business, which included reducing discretionary spending, employee furloughs and temporarily closing or limiting the presence of our workforce in our facilities. As a result, the increase in Selling, general and administrative expense in the current period reflects the gradual return to our operational spending levels prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, higher compensation costs and restructuring charges in the current period along with transaction costs associated with the planned divestiture of our Chubb business further contributed to the year-over-year increase. Costs associated with the Separation were $19 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared with $68 million for the same period in 2020.

Research and development costs relate to new product development and new technology innovation. Due to the variable nature of program development schedules, year-over-year spending levels can fluctuate. In addition, we continue to invest to prepare for future energy efficiency and refrigerant regulation changes as well as digital controls technologies.

Investments over which we do not exercise control, but have significant influence, are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Equity method investment net earnings were $125 million, a 45% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The increase was primarily related to higher earnings in HVAC joint ventures in Asia, the Middle East and North America as end-markets improved compared with the prior period. These amounts were partially offset by a change in the estimated cost of a product recall matter and the reduction in earnings resulting from the sale of our investment in Beijer REF AB in 2020.

Other income (expense), net primarily includes the impact of gains and losses related to the sale of interests in our equity method investments, foreign currency gains and losses on transactions that are denominated in a currency other than an entity's functional currency and hedging-related activities. The year-over-year change of $89 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 is primarily driven by the absence of an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $71 million on a minority-owned joint venture investment in 2020. In addition, higher gains on hedging activities were partially offset by higher deferred compensation costs in the current period.

Non-Operating Income (Expenses), net

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Non-operating income (expenses), net was $127 million, a 46% decrease compared with the same period of 2020. The components were as follows:

For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)20212020
Non-service pension (expense) benefit $37 $31 
Interest expense$(171)$(123)
Interest income
Interest (expense) income, net$(164)$(118)
Non-operating income (expenses), net$(127)$(87)

Non-operating income (expenses), net includes the results from activities other than normal business operations such as interest expense, interest income and the non-service components of pension and post-retirement obligations. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 Interest expense was $171 million, a 39% increase compared with the same period in 2020. In connection with the Separation and the Distribution, we issued $11.0 billion of long-term debt in February 2020. As a result, interest expense during the six months ended June 30, 2020 only included interest expense incurred on such debt after the issuance date. In addition, during the six months ended June 30, 2021, we incurred a make-whole premium of $17 million and wrote-off $2 million of unamortized deferred financing costs as a result of the redemption of our $500 million 1.923% Notes originally due in February 2023.

Income Taxes

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 For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Effective tax rate27.5 %44.6 %

The decrease in the effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared with the same period in 2020 is primarily due to the absence of a prior year charge of $51 million related to a valuation allowance recorded against a United Kingdom tax loss and credit carry forward and a $46 million charge resulting from our decision to no longer permanently reinvest certain pre-2018 unremitted non-U.S. earnings. The six months ended June 30, 2021 included a $43 million deferred tax charge as a result of an enacted tax rate increase from 19% to 25% in the United Kingdom, partially offset by the recognition of a favorable tax adjustment of $21 million resulting from a re-organization of our German subsidiaries.

SEGMENT REVIEW

We have three operating segments:
The HVAC segment provides products, controls, services and solutions to meet the heating, cooling and ventilation needs of residential and commercial customers while enhancing building performance, energy efficiency and sustainability.
The Refrigeration segment includes transport refrigeration and monitoring products, services and digital solutions for trucks, trailers, shipping containers, intermodal and rail, as well as commercial refrigeration products.
The Fire & Security segment provides a wide range of residential, commercial and industrial technologies and systems and services solutions to protect people and property.

We determine our segments based on how our Chief Executive Officer, who is the Chief Operating Decision Maker (the "CODM"), allocates resources, assesses performance and makes operational decisions. The CODM allocates resources and evaluates the financial performance of each of our segments based on Net sales and Operating profit. Adjustments to reconcile segment reporting to the consolidated results are included in Note 16 - Segment Financial Data.

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

Summary performance for each of our segments for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

 Net SalesOperating ProfitOperating Profit Margin
For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Three Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)202120202021202020212020
HVAC$3,120 $2,291 $573 $358 18.4 %15.6 %
Refrigeration1,021 700 123 61 12.0 %8.7 %
Fire & Security1,403 1,057 148 106 10.5 %10.0 %
Total segment$5,544 $4,048 $844 $525 15.2 %13.0 %

HVAC Segment

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales in our HVAC segment were $3.1 billion, a 36% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Net Sales
Organic 32 %
Foreign currency translation%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net%
Total % change in Net sales36 %

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The organic increase in Net sales of 32% was driven by strong results across each of the segment's businesses. Increased sales in our North America residential and light commercial HVAC business (40%) were driven by new construction, the ongoing stay-at-home workforce and higher distributor stocking levels. Increased sales in our Commercial HVAC business (22%) benefited from the gradual improvement in the global economic environment as our end markets continue to improve from the prior year impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Volume growth in North America, Europe and Asia were the primary drivers of improved results during the period.

In addition, the Commercial HVAC business completed the acquisition of Giwee on June 1, 2021. Giwee is a China-based manufacturer of HVAC products, offering a portfolio of products including variable refrigerant flow, modular chillers and light commercial air conditioners. Giwee has been included in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements since the date of acquisition. The transaction added 1% to Net sales during the three months ended June 30, 2021. Refer to Note 15 - Business Acquisitions and Dispositions for additional information.

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Operating profit in our HVAC segment was $573 million, a 60% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Operating Profit
Operational61 %
Foreign currency translation%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net(1)%
Restructuring(2)%
Total % change in Operating profit60 %

The increase in operational profit of 61% was primarily attributable to higher sales volumes in each of the segment's businesses compared with the prior period. In addition, favorable product mix, productivity initiatives and higher income from equity method investments benefited operational profit. These amounts were partially offset by the rising cost for commodities and components used in our products and higher freight costs. Higher selling, general and administrative costs and research and development further impacted operational profit as our businesses return to normal spending levels as compared with the prior period. The segment was also impacted by transaction costs, inventory step-up and backlog amortization associated with the acquisition of Giwee.

Refrigeration Segment

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales in our Refrigeration segment were $1.0 billion, a 46% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Net Sales
Organic38 %
Foreign currency translation%
Total % change in Net sales46 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 38% was driven by strong results across each of the segment's businesses reflecting the gradual improvement in the global economic environment as our end markets significantly improved from the prior year impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Transport refrigeration sales (42%) benefited from the continued recovery associated with the cyclical decline that began in late 2019 as well as a rebound in the demand for global transportation. Commercial refrigeration sales (30%) also increased due to a rebound in demand.

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Operating profit in our Refrigeration segment was $123 million, a 102% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

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Operating Profit
Operational87 %
Foreign currency translation12 %
Other%
Total % change in Operating profit102 %

The increase in operational profit of 87% was primarily attributable to higher sales volumes compared with the prior period which was impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, favorable productivity initiatives benefited factory costs. These amounts were partially offset by the rising cost for commodities and components used in our products and logistics costs. Higher selling, general and administrative costs and research and development activities further impacted operational profit as our businesses return to normal spending levels compared with the prior period.

Fire & Security Segment

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales in our Fire & Security segment were $1.4 billion, a 33% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

 Net Sales
Organic25 %
Foreign currency translation%
Total % change in Net sales33 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 25% was driven by strong results across each of our businesses reflecting the gradual improvement in the global economic environment as our end markets improved from the prior year impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Field service sales (27%) benefited from improved end-markets impacted by COVID-19 in the prior period. All regions benefited from increased volumes compared with the prior period. An increase in product sales (24%) was primarily driven by stronger residential and commercial sales in the Americas. In addition, volume increases in Europe and Asia benefited the period as lockdowns continue to be lifted.

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Operating profit in our Fire & Security segment was $148 million, a 40% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

 Operating Profit
Operational53 %
Foreign currency translation%
Restructuring(3)%
Other(18)%
Total % change in Operating profit40 %

The increase in operational profit of 53% was primarily attributable to higher sales volumes compared with the prior period which was heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. These amounts were partially offset by the rising cost for commodities and components used in our products, certain supply chain inefficiencies and freight costs. In addition, higher selling, general and administrative costs and research and development further impacted operational profit as our businesses return to normal spending levels as compared with the prior period. Amounts reported in Other represent transaction costs associated with the planned divestiture of our Chubb business as well as the absence of a favorable adjustment related to a product recall matter in the prior period.

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared with Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

Summary performance for each of our segments for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:
Net SalesOperating ProfitOperating Profit Margin
(dollars in millions)202120202021202020212020
HVAC$5,606 $4,250 $938 $525 16.7 %12.4 %
Refrigeration2,026 1,508 250 160 12.3 %10.6 %
Fire & Security2,707 2,263 298 226 11.0 %10.0 %
Total segment$10,339 $8,021 $1,486 $911 14.4 %11.4 %

HVAC Segment

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales in our HVAC segment were $5.6 billion, a 32% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Net Sales
Organic 28 %
Foreign currency translation%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net%
Total % change in Net sales32 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 28% was driven by strong results across each of the segment's businesses. Increased sales in our North America residential and light commercial HVAC business (37%) were driven by new construction, the ongoing stay-at-home workforce and higher distributor stocking levels. Increased sales in our Commercial HVAC business (19%) benefited from the gradual improvement in the global economic environment as our end markets continue to improve from the prior year impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Volume growth in Europe and Asia were the primary drivers of improved results during the period.

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Operating profit in our HVAC segment was $938 million, a 79% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:
Operating Profit
Operational69 %
Foreign currency translation%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net(2)%
Restructuring(2)%
Other12 %
Total % change79 %

The operational profit increase of 69% was primarily attributable to higher sales volumes in each of the segment's businesses compared with the prior period. In addition, favorable product mix, productivity initiatives and higher income from equity method investments benefited operational profit. These amounts were partially offset by higher selling, general and administrative costs and research and development as our businesses return to normal spending levels as compared with the prior period.

The increase in Other of 12% primarily reflects the absence of a prior period non-cash, other-than-temporary impairment charge of $71 million on a minority-owned joint venture investment due to a reduction in sales and earnings that were driven by a deterioration in the oil and gas industry (the joint venture's primary market) and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, amounts reported in Other reflects the absence of a gain on sale of an interest in a joint venture in the prior period.

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Refrigeration Segment

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales in our Refrigeration segment were $2.0 billion, a 34% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Net Sales
Organic28 %
Foreign currency translation%
Total % change in Net sales34 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 28% was driven by strong results across each of the segment's businesses reflecting the gradual improvement in the global economic environment as our end markets significantly improved from the prior year impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Transport refrigeration sales (32%) benefited from the continued recovery associated with the cyclical decline that began in late 2019 as well as a rebound in the demand for global transportation and COVID-19 vaccine-related cargo monitoring. Commercial refrigeration sales (21%) also increased due to a rebound in demand.

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Operating profit in our Refrigeration segment was $250 million, a 56% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:
Operating Profit
Operational49 %
Foreign currency translation%
Restructuring(1)%
Other%
Total % change56 %

The increase in operational profit of 49% was primarily attributable to higher sales volumes compared with the prior period which was heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, favorable productivity initiatives benefited material and factory costs. These amounts were partially offset by inflation and increased logistics costs. Higher selling, general and administrative costs and research and development further impacted operational profit as our businesses return to normal spending levels as compared with the prior period.

Fire & Security Segment

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Net sales in our Fire & Security segment were $2.7 billion, a 20% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

 Net Sales
Organic13 %
Foreign currency translation%
Total % change in Net sales20 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 13% was driven by strong results across each of the segment's businesses reflecting the gradual improvement in the global economic environment as our end markets improved from the prior year impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Field service sales (14%) benefited from improved end-markets in regions that were previously impacted by COVID-19, including Europe and Asia. An increase in product sales (13%) was primarily driven by improvements in the Americas, Asia and Europe which were impacted by shutdowns related to COVID-19 in the prior period.
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For the six months ended June 30, 2021, Operating profit in our Fire & Security segment was $298 million, a 32% increase compared with the same period of 2020. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:
Operating Profit
Operational40 %
Foreign currency translation%
Restructuring(5)%
Other(9)%
Total % change32 %

The increase in operational profit of 40% was primarily attributable to higher sales volumes and favorable mix compared with the prior period which was heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. These operational increases were partially offset by unfavorable component costs and higher freight. In addition, higher selling, general and administrative costs and research and development further impacted operational profit as our businesses return to normal spending levels as compared with the prior period. Amounts reported in Other represent transaction costs associated with the planned divestiture of our Chubb business as well as the absence of a favorable adjustment related to a product recall matter in the prior period.

LIQUIDITY AND FINANCIAL CONDITION

We assess liquidity in terms of our ability to generate adequate amounts of cash necessary to fund our current and future cash requirements to support our business and strategic initiatives. In doing so, we review and analyze our cash on hand, working capital, debt service requirements and capital expenditures. We rely on operating cash flows as our primary source of liquidity. In addition, we have access to other sources of capital to finance our strategic initiatives and fund growth.

As of June 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $2.6 billion, of which approximately 38% was held by our foreign subsidiaries. We manage our worldwide cash requirements by reviewing available funds and the cost effectiveness with which we can access funds held by foreign subsidiaries. On occasion, we are required to maintain cash deposits in connection with contractual obligations related to acquisitions, divestitures or other legal obligations. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the amount of such restricted cash was approximately $34 million and $4 million, respectively.

We maintain a $2.0 billion unsecured, unsubordinated commercial paper program which can be used for general corporate purposes, including working capital and potential acquisitions. In addition, we maintain our $2.0 billion Revolving Credit Facility that matures on April 3, 2025 which supports our commercial paper borrowing program and cash requirements. This Revolving Credit Facility has a commitment fee of 0.125% that is charged on unused commitments. Borrowings are available in U.S. Dollars, Euros and Pounds Sterling and bear interest at a variable rate based on LIBOR plus a ratings-based margin (or customary LIBOR replacement provisions), which was 125 basis points as of June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, we had no borrowings outstanding under our commercial paper program and our Revolving Credit Facility.

We continue to actively manage and strengthen our business portfolio to meet the current and future needs of our customers. This is accomplished through research and development activities with a focus on new product development and new technology innovation as well as sustaining activities with a focus on improving existing products and reducing production costs. We also pursue potential acquisitions to compliment existing products and services to enhance our product portfolio. In addition, we routinely conduct discussions, evaluate targets and enter into agreements regarding possible acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures and equity investments to manage our business portfolio.

We believe that our available cash and operating cash flows will be sufficient to meet our future operating cash needs. Our committed credit facilities and access to the debt and equity markets provide additional sources of short-term and long-term capital to fund current operations, debt maturities and future investment opportunities. Although we believe that the arrangements currently in place permit us to finance our operations on acceptable terms and conditions, our access to and the availability of financing on acceptable terms and conditions in the future will be impacted by many factors, including: (1) our credit ratings or absence of credit ratings, (2) the liquidity of the overall capital markets and (3) the state of the economy, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain additional financing on terms favorable to us, if at all.

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The Revolving Credit Facility and the indentures for the long-term notes contain affirmative and negative covenants customary for financings of these types, which among other things, limit our ability to incur additional liens, to make certain fundamental changes and to enter into sale and leaseback transactions. As of June 30, 2021, we were in compliance with the covenants under the agreements governing our outstanding indebtedness.

The following table presents our credit ratings and outlook as of June 30, 2021:
Rating Agency
Long-term Rating (1)
Short-term Rating
Outlook (2)
Standards & Poor's ("S&P")
BBB