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T-Mobile US, Inc. - Quarter Report: 2022 March (Form 10-Q)

Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
☒          QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
or
         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from    to
Commission File Number: 1-33409
tmus-20220331_g1.jpg
T-MOBILE US, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware20-0836269
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

12920 SE 38th Street
Bellevue, Washington
(Address of principal executive offices)
98006-1350
(Zip Code)
(425) 378-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.00001 per shareTMUSThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).      Yes ☐ No ☒
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
ClassShares Outstanding as of April 29, 2022
Common Stock, par value $0.00001 per share1,253,584,833 



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T-Mobile US, Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2022

Table of Contents


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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

T-Mobile US, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

(in millions, except share and per share amounts)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$3,245 $6,631 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of $164 and $146
4,016 4,194 
Equipment installment plan receivables, net of allowance for credit losses and imputed discount of $522 and $494
5,061 4,748 
Inventory2,715 2,567 
Prepaid expenses727 746 
Other current assets1,691 2,005 
Total current assets17,455 20,891 
Property and equipment, net40,006 39,803 
Operating lease right-of-use assets31,449 26,959 
Financing lease right-of-use assets3,287 3,322 
Goodwill12,234 12,188 
Spectrum licenses92,661 92,606 
Other intangible assets, net4,448 4,733 
Equipment installment plan receivables due after one year, net of allowance for credit losses and imputed discount of $127 and $136
2,837 2,829 
Other assets6,276 3,232 
Total assets$210,653 $206,563 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$11,134 $11,405 
Short-term debt2,865 3,378 
Short-term debt to affiliates1,250 2,245 
Deferred revenue842 856 
Short-term operating lease liabilities3,252 3,425 
Short-term financing lease liabilities1,121 1,120 
Other current liabilities959 1,070 
Total current liabilities21,423 23,499 
Long-term debt66,861 67,076 
Long-term debt to affiliates1,494 1,494 
Tower obligations4,037 2,806 
Deferred tax liabilities10,410 10,216 
Operating lease liabilities31,187 25,818 
Financing lease liabilities1,447 1,455 
Other long-term liabilities3,818 5,097 
Total long-term liabilities119,254 113,962 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Stockholders' equity
Common Stock, par value $0.00001 per share, 2,000,000,000 shares authorized; 1,254,917,883 and 1,250,751,148 shares issued, 1,253,352,700 and 1,249,213,681 shares outstanding
— — 
Additional paid-in capital73,420 73,292 
Treasury stock, at cost, 1,565,183 and 1,537,468 shares issued
(16)(13)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(1,329)(1,365)
Accumulated deficit(2,099)(2,812)
Total stockholders' equity69,976 69,102 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$210,653 $206,563 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
T-Mobile US, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions, except share and per share amounts)20222021
Revenues
Postpaid revenues$11,201 $10,303 
Prepaid revenues2,455 2,351 
Wholesale and other service revenues1,472 1,538 
Total service revenues15,128 14,192 
Equipment revenues4,694 5,346 
Other revenues298 221 
Total revenues20,120 19,759 
Operating expenses
Cost of services, exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below3,727 3,384 
Cost of equipment sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below5,946 5,142 
Selling, general and administrative5,056 4,805 
Depreciation and amortization3,585 4,289 
Total operating expenses18,314 17,620 
Operating income1,806 2,139 
Other expense
Interest expense, net(864)(835)
Other expense, net(11)(125)
Total other expense, net(875)(960)
Income before income taxes931 1,179 
Income tax expense(218)(246)
Net income$713 $933 
Net income$713 $933 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Unrealized gain on cash flow hedges, net of tax effect of $13 and $12
37 34 
Unrealized (loss) gain on foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax effect of $0 and $0
(1)
Other comprehensive income36 36 
Total comprehensive income$749 $969 
Earnings per share
Basic$0.57 $0.75 
Diluted$0.57 $0.74 
Weighted-average shares outstanding
Basic1,250,505,999 1,243,520,026 
Diluted1,255,368,592 1,252,783,564 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
T-Mobile US, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)20222021
Operating activities
Net income$713 $933 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization3,585 4,289 
Stock-based compensation expense141 138 
Deferred income tax expense185 211 
Bad debt expense210 82 
Losses (gains) from sales of receivables46 (18)
Losses on redemption of debt— 101 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable(984)96 
Equipment installment plan receivables(535)(727)
Inventories(93)279 
Operating lease right-of-use assets1,469 1,124 
Other current and long-term assets(4)54 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(59)(1,384)
Short- and long-term operating lease liabilities(771)(1,369)
Other current and long-term liabilities(163)(217)
Other, net105 69 
Net cash provided by operating activities3,845 3,661 
Investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment, including capitalized interest of ($15) and ($84)
(3,381)(3,183)
Purchases of spectrum licenses and other intangible assets, including deposits(2,843)(8,922)
Proceeds related to beneficial interests in securitization transactions1,185 891 
Acquisition of companies, net of cash and restricted cash acquired(52)(29)
Other, net(1)
Net cash used in investing activities(5,092)(11,239)
Financing activities
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt— 6,763 
Repayments of financing lease obligations(302)(287)
Repayments of short-term debt for purchases of inventory, property and equipment and other financial liabilities— (55)
Repayments of long-term debt(1,632)(2,219)
Tax withholdings on share-based awards(172)(218)
Cash payments for debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs— (65)
Other, net(30)(45)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(2,136)3,874 
Change in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash(3,383)(3,704)
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash
Beginning of period6,703 10,463 
End of period$3,320 $6,759 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
T-Mobile US, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except shares)Common Stock OutstandingTreasury Shares at CostPar Value and Additional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders' Equity
Balance as of December 31, 20211,249,213,681 $(13)$73,292 $(1,365)$(2,812)$69,102 
Net income— — — — 713 713 
Other comprehensive income— — — 36 — 36 
Stock-based compensation— — 157 — — 157 
Exercise of stock options49,647 — — — 
Stock issued for employee stock purchase plan1,276,725 — 138 — — 138 
Issuance of vested restricted stock units4,210,669 — — — — — 
Shares withheld related to net share settlement of stock awards and stock options(1,370,306)— (172)— — (172)
Transfers with NQDC plan(27,716)(3)— — — 
Balance as of March 31, 20221,253,352,700 $(16)$73,420 $(1,329)$(2,099)$69,976 
Balance as of December 31, 20201,241,805,706 $(11)$72,772 $(1,581)$(5,836)$65,344 
Net income— — — — 933 933 
Other comprehensive income— — — 36 — 36 
Stock-based compensation— — 154 — — 154 
Exercise of stock options80,802 — — — 
Stock issued for employee stock purchase plan1,272,253 — 125 — — 125 
Issuance of vested restricted stock units5,421,839 — — — — — 
Shares withheld related to net share settlement of stock awards and stock options(1,785,987)— (218)— — (218)
Transfers with NQDC plan(21,438)(3)— — — 
Balance as of March 31, 20211,246,773,175 $(14)$72,839 $(1,545)$(4,903)$66,377 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
T-Mobile US, Inc.
Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
T-Mobile US, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of T-Mobile US, Inc. (“T-Mobile,” “we,” “our,” “us” or the “Company”) include all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for the fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. The results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of those for the full year. The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the balances and results of operations of T-Mobile and our consolidated subsidiaries. We consolidate majority-owned subsidiaries over which we exercise control, as well as variable interest entities (“VIEs”) where we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary and VIEs which cannot be deconsolidated, such as those related to our obligations to pay for the management and operation of certain of our wireless communications tower sites. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with United States (“U.S.”) generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the financial statements and accompanying notes. Estimates are based on historical experience, where applicable, and other assumptions that management believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Estimates are inherently subject to judgment and actual results could differ from those estimates.

Accounting Pronouncements Adopted During the Current Year

Reference Rate Reform

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting,” and has since modified the standard with ASU 2021-01, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope” (together, the “reference rate reform standard”). The reference rate reform standard provides temporary optional expedients and allows for certain exceptions to applying existing GAAP for contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued as a result of reference rate reform. The reference rate reform standard is available for adoption through December 31, 2022, and the optional expedients for contract modifications must be elected for all arrangements within a given Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic or Industry Subtopic. As of January 1, 2022, we have elected to apply the practical expedients provided by the reference rate reform standard for all ASC Topics and Industry Subtopics related to eligible contract modifications as they occur. This election did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and the impact of applying the election to future eligible contract modifications that occur through December 31, 2022 is also not expected to be material.

Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities Acquired in a Business Combination

In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers.” The standard amends ASC 805 such that contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination are added to the list of exceptions to the recognition and measurement principles such that they are recognized and measured in accordance with ASC 606. As of January 1, 2022, we have elected to adopt this standard, and it will be applied prospectively to all business combinations occurring after this date.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Troubled Debt Restructurings and Vintage Disclosures

In March 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-02, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Troubled Debt Restructurings and Vintage Disclosures.” The standard eliminates the accounting guidance within ASC 310-40 for troubled debt restructurings by creditors while enhancing disclosure requirements for certain loan refinancings and restructurings by
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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
creditors when a borrower is experiencing financial difficulty. Additionally, for public business entities, the standard requires disclosure of current-period gross write-offs by year of origination for financing receivables and net investments in leases within the scope of ASC 326-20. The standard will become effective for us beginning January 1, 2023, and should be applied prospectively, with an option for modified retrospective application for provisions related to recognition and measurement of troubled debt restructurings. Early adoption is permitted for us at any time. We are currently evaluating the impact of the standard on our future consolidated financial statements.

Note 2 – Receivables and Related Allowance for Credit Losses

We maintain an allowance for credit losses by applying an expected credit loss model. Each period, management assesses the appropriateness of the level of allowance for credit losses by considering credit risk inherent within each portfolio segment as of period end.

We consider a receivable past due when a customer has not paid us by the contractually specified payment due date. Account balances are written off against the allowance for credit losses if collection efforts are unsuccessful and the receivable balance is deemed uncollectible (customer default), based on factors such as customer credit ratings as well as the length of time the amounts are past due.

Our portfolio of receivables is comprised of two portfolio segments: accounts receivable and equipment installment plan (“EIP”) receivables.

Accounts Receivable Portfolio Segment

Accounts receivable balances are predominately composed of amounts currently due from customers (e.g., for wireless services and monthly device lease payments), device insurance administrators, wholesale partners, non-consolidated affiliates, other carriers and third-party retail channels.

We estimate credit losses associated with our accounts receivable portfolio segment using an expected credit loss model, which utilizes an aging schedule methodology based on historical information and adjusted for asset-specific considerations, current economic conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts.

Our approach considers a number of factors, including our overall historical credit losses, net of recoveries, and timely payment experience, as well as current collection trends such as write-off frequency and severity. We also consider other qualitative factors such as macro-economic conditions.

We consider the need to adjust our estimate of credit losses for reasonable and supportable forecasts of future economic conditions. To do so, we monitor external forecasts of changes in real U.S. gross domestic product and forecasts of consumer credit behavior for comparable credit exposures. We also periodically evaluate other economic indicators such as unemployment rates to assess their level of correlation with our historical credit loss statistics.

EIP Receivables Portfolio Segment

Based upon customer credit profiles at the time of customer origination, we classify the EIP receivables segment into two customer classes of “Prime” and “Subprime.” Prime customer receivables are those with lower credit risk and Subprime customer receivables are those with higher credit risk. Customers may be required to make a down payment on their equipment purchases if their assessed credit risk exceeds established underwriting thresholds. In addition, certain customers within the Subprime category may be required to pay a deposit.

To determine a customer’s credit profile and assist in determining their credit class, we use a proprietary credit scoring model that measures the credit quality of a customer using several factors, such as credit bureau information, consumer credit risk scores and service and device plan characteristics. EIP receivables had a combined weighted-average effective interest rate of 5.7% and 5.6% as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The following table summarizes the EIP receivables, including imputed discounts and related allowance for credit losses:
(in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
EIP receivables, gross$8,547 $8,207 
Unamortized imputed discount(381)(378)
EIP receivables, net of unamortized imputed discount8,166 7,829 
Allowance for credit losses(268)(252)
EIP receivables, net of allowance for credit losses and imputed discount$7,898 $7,577 
Classified on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as:
Equipment installment plan receivables, net of allowance for credit losses and imputed discount$5,061 $4,748 
Equipment installment plan receivables due after one year, net of allowance for credit losses and imputed discount2,837 2,829 
EIP receivables, net of allowance for credit losses and imputed discount$7,898 $7,577 

Many of our loss estimation techniques rely on delinquency-based models; therefore, delinquency is an important indicator of credit quality in the establishment of our allowance for credit losses for EIP receivables. We manage our EIP receivables portfolio segment using delinquency and customer credit class as key credit quality indicators.

The following table presents the amortized cost of our EIP receivables by delinquency status, customer credit class and year of origination as of March 31, 2022:
Originated in 2022Originated in 2021Originated prior to 2021Total EIP Receivables, net of
unamortized imputed discounts
(in millions)PrimeSubprimePrimeSubprimePrimeSubprimePrimeSubprimeGrand total
Current - 30 days past due$1,434 $1,053 $2,895 $1,736 $602 $294 $4,931 $3,083 $8,014 
31 - 60 days past due25 33 38 47 85 
61 - 90 days past due15 12 19 31 
More than 90 days past due— 16 12 24 36 
EIP receivables, net of unamortized imputed discount$1,443 $1,063 $2,938 $1,800 $612 $310 $4,993 $3,173 $8,166 

We estimate credit losses on our EIP receivables segment by applying an expected credit loss model, which relies on historical loss data adjusted for current conditions to calculate default probabilities or an estimate for the frequency of customer default. Our assessment of default probabilities includes receivables delinquency status, historical loss experience, how long the receivables have been outstanding and customer credit ratings, as well as customer tenure. We multiply these estimated default probabilities by our estimated loss given default, which is the estimated amount or severity of the default loss after adjusting for estimated recoveries.

As we do for our accounts receivable portfolio segment, we consider the need to adjust our estimate of credit losses on EIP receivables for reasonable and supportable forecasts of economic conditions through monitoring external forecasts and periodic internal statistical analyses.

Activity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, in the allowance for credit losses and unamortized imputed discount balances for the accounts receivable and EIP receivables segments were as follows:
March 31, 2022March 31, 2021
(in millions)Accounts Receivable AllowanceEIP Receivables AllowanceTotalAccounts Receivable AllowanceEIP Receivables AllowanceTotal
Allowance for credit losses and imputed discount, beginning of period$146 $630 $776 $194 $605 $799 
Bad debt expense96 114 210 28 54 82 
Write-offs, net of recoveries(78)(99)(177)(79)(54)(133)
Change in imputed discount on short-term and long-term EIP receivablesN/A30 30 N/A66 66 
Impact on the imputed discount from sales of EIP receivablesN/A(26)(26)N/A(35)(35)
Allowance for credit losses and imputed discount, end of period$164 $649 $813 $143 $636 $779 

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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Off-Balance-Sheet Credit Exposures

We do not have material, unmitigated off-balance-sheet credit exposures as of March 31, 2022. In connection with the sales of certain service and EIP accounts receivable pursuant to the sale arrangements, we have deferred purchase price assets included on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets measured at fair value that are based on a discounted cash flow model using Level 3 inputs, including customer default rates and credit worthiness, dilutions and recoveries. See Note 3 – Sales of Certain Receivables for further information.

Note 3 – Sales of Certain Receivables

We regularly enter into transactions to sell certain service accounts receivable and EIP receivables. The transactions, including our continuing involvement with the sold receivables and the respective impacts to our condensed consolidated financial statements, are described below.

Sales of EIP Receivables

As of both March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the EIP sale arrangement provided funding of $1.3 billion.

In connection with this EIP sale arrangement, we formed a wholly owned subsidiary, which qualifies as a bankruptcy remote entity (the “EIP BRE”). We consolidate the EIP BRE under the VIE model.

The following table summarizes the carrying amounts and classification of assets, which consist primarily of the deferred purchase price, and liabilities included on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets with respect to the EIP BRE:
(in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Other current assets$382 $424 
Other assets108 125 
Other long-term liabilities— 

Sales of Service Accounts Receivable

The maximum funding commitment of the service receivable sale arrangement is $950 million and the facility expires in February 2023. As of both March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the service receivable sale arrangement provided funding of $775 million.

In connection with the service receivable sale arrangement, we formed a wholly owned subsidiary, which qualifies as a bankruptcy remote entity, to sell service accounts receivable (the “Service BRE”). We consolidate the Service BRE under the VIE model.

The following table summarizes the carrying amounts and classification of assets, which consist primarily of the deferred purchase price, and liabilities included on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets with respect to the Service BRE:
(in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Other current assets$231 $231 
Other current liabilities317 348 

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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Sales of Receivables

The following table summarizes the impact of the sale of certain service receivables and EIP receivables on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Derecognized net service receivables and EIP receivables$2,480 $2,492 
Other current assets613 655 
of which, deferred purchase price611 654 
Other long-term assets108 125 
of which, deferred purchase price108 125 
Other current liabilities317 348 
Other long-term liabilities— 
Net cash proceeds since inception1,750 1,754 
Of which:
Change in net cash proceeds during the year-to-date period(4)39 
Net cash proceeds funded by reinvested collections1,754 1,715 

At inception, we elected to measure the deferred purchase price at fair value with changes in fair value included in Selling, general and administrative expense on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. The fair value of the deferred purchase price is determined based on a discounted cash flow model which uses primarily Level 3 inputs, including customer default rates. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, our deferred purchase price related to the sales of service receivables and EIP receivables was $719 million and $779 million, respectively.

We recognized a loss from sales of receivables, including changes in fair value of the deferred purchase price, of $46 million and a gain of $18 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, in Selling, general and administrative expense on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

Continuing Involvement

Pursuant to the sale arrangements described above, we have continuing involvement with the service receivables and EIP receivables we sell as we service the receivables, are required to repurchase certain receivables, including ineligible receivables, aged receivables and receivables where write-off is imminent, and may be responsible for absorbing credit losses through reduced collections on our deferred purchase price assets. We continue to service the customers and their related receivables, including facilitating customer payment collection, in exchange for a monthly servicing fee. As the receivables are sold on a revolving basis, the customer payment collections on sold receivables may be reinvested in new receivable sales. At the direction of the purchasers of the sold receivables, we apply the same policies and procedures while servicing the sold receivables as we apply to our owned receivables, and we continue to maintain normal relationships with our customers.

Note 4 – Spectrum License Transactions

The following table summarizes our spectrum license activity for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
(in millions)2022
Spectrum licenses, beginning of year$92,606 
Spectrum license acquisitions55 
Spectrum licenses, end of period$92,661 

In January 2022, the FCC announced that we were the winning bidder of 199 licenses in Auction 110 (mid-band spectrum) for an aggregate purchase price of $2.9 billion. At inception of Auction 110 in September 2021, we deposited $100 million. We paid the FCC the remaining $2.8 billion for the licenses won in the auction in February 2022.

The aggregate cash payments made to the FCC are included in Other assets as of March 31, 2022 in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, and will remain there until the corresponding licenses are received. The timing of when the licenses will be issued will be determined by the FCC after all post-auction procedures have been completed, which we expect to occur in mid-2022. Cash payments to acquire spectrum licenses and payments for costs to clear spectrum are included in Purchases of spectrum licenses and other intangible assets, including deposits in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022.
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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 5 – Fair Value Measurements

The carrying values of Cash and cash equivalents, Accounts receivable and Accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

Derivative Financial Instruments

Periodically, we use derivatives to manage exposure to market risk, such as interest rate risk. We designate certain derivatives as hedging instruments in a qualifying hedge accounting relationship (cash flow hedge) to help minimize significant, unplanned fluctuations in cash flows caused by interest rate volatility. We do not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes. Cash flows associated with qualifying hedge derivative instruments are presented in the same category on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as the item being hedged. We did not have any significant derivative instruments outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

Interest Rate Lock Derivatives
In April 2020, we terminated our interest rate lock derivatives entered into in October 2018.

Aggregate changes in the fair value of the interest rate lock derivatives, net of tax and amortization, of $1.4 billion and $1.5 billion are presented in Accumulated other comprehensive loss on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, $50 million and $46 million, respectively, were amortized from Accumulated other comprehensive loss into Interest expense, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. We expect to amortize $207 million of the Accumulated other comprehensive loss associated with the derivatives into Interest expense, net over the 12 months ended March 31, 2023.

Deferred Purchase Price Assets
In connection with the sales of certain service and EIP accounts receivable pursuant to the sale arrangements, we have deferred purchase price assets measured at fair value that are based on a discounted cash flow model using unobservable Level 3 inputs, including customer default rates. See Note 3 – Sales of Certain Receivables for further information.

The carrying amounts of our deferred purchase price assets, which are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and are included on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, were $719 million and $779 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Fair value was equal to the carrying amount at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

Debt

The fair value of our Senior Notes and Senior Secured Notes to third parties was determined based on quoted market prices in active markets, and therefore were classified as Level 1 within the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of our Senior Notes to affiliates was determined based on a discounted cash flow approach using market interest rates of instruments with similar terms and maturities and an estimate for our standalone credit risk. Accordingly, our Senior Notes to affiliates were classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.

Although we have determined the estimated fair values using available market information and commonly accepted valuation methodologies, considerable judgment was required in interpreting market data to develop fair value estimates for the Senior Notes to affiliates. The fair value estimates were based on information available as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. As such, our estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amount we could realize in a current market exchange.

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Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The carrying amounts and fair values of our short-term and long-term debt included on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were as follows:
Level within the Fair Value HierarchyMarch 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(in millions)
Carrying Amount (1)
Fair Value (1)
Carrying Amount (1)
Fair Value (1)
Liabilities:
Senior Notes to third parties1$29,720 $29,682 $30,309 $32,093 
Senior Notes to affiliates22,744 2,774 3,739 3,844 
Senior Secured Notes to third parties139,964 38,274 40,098 42,393 
(1)     Excludes $42 million and $47 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, in other financial liabilities as the carrying values approximate fair value primarily due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

Note 6 – Debt

The following table sets forth the debt balances and activity as of, and for the three months ended, March 31, 2022:
(in millions)December 31,
2021
Note Redemptions (1)
Repayments
Reclassifications (1)
Other (2)
March 31,
2022
Short-term debt$3,378 $(500)$(132)$132 $(13)$2,865 
Long-term debt67,076 — — (132)(83)66,861 
Total debt to third parties70,454 (500)(132)— (96)69,726 
Short-term debt to affiliates2,245 (1,000)— — 1,250 
Long-term debt to affiliates1,494 — — — — 1,494 
Total debt$74,193 $(1,500)$(132)$— $(91)$72,470 
(1)Note redemptions and reclassifications are recorded net of related issuance costs, discounts and premiums.
(2)Other includes the amortization of premiums, discounts, debt issuance costs and consent fees.

Our effective interest rate, excluding the impact of derivatives and capitalized interest, was approximately 3.9% and 4.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, on weighted-average debt outstanding of $73.7 billion for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. The weighted-average debt outstanding was calculated by applying an average of the monthly ending balances of total short-term and long-term debt and short-term and long-term debt to affiliates, net of unamortized premiums, discounts, debt issuance costs and consent fees.

Note Redemptions and Repayments

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we made the following note redemptions and repayments:
(in millions)Principal AmountRedemption or Repayment DateRedemption Price
4.000% Senior Notes due 2022
$500 March 16, 2022100.000 %
4.000% Senior Notes to affiliates due 2022
1,000 March 16, 2022100.000 %
Total Redemptions$1,500 
4.738% Secured Series 2018-1 A-1 Notes due 2025
$131 VariousN/A
Other debtVariousN/A
Total Repayments$132 

Subsequent to March 31, 2022, on April 15, 2022, we repaid at maturity $1.25 billion of our 5.375% Senior Notes to affiliates due 2022.

Note 7 – Tower Obligations

Existing CCI Tower Lease Arrangements

In 2012, we conveyed to Crown Castle International Corp. (“CCI”) the exclusive right to manage and operate approximately 6,200 tower sites (“CCI Lease Sites”) via a master prepaid lease with site lease terms ranging from 23 to 37 years. CCI has fixed-price purchase options for the CCI Lease Sites totaling approximately $2.0 billion, exercisable annually on a per-tranche basis at the end of the lease term during the period from December 31, 2035 through December 31, 2049. If CCI exercises its purchase option for any tranche, it must purchase all the towers in the tranche. We lease back a portion of the space at certain tower sites.

14

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Assets and liabilities associated with the operation of the tower sites were transferred to special purpose entities (“SPEs”). Assets included ground lease agreements or deeds for the land on which the towers are situated, the towers themselves and existing subleasing agreements with other mobile network operator tenants that lease space at the tower sites. Liabilities included the obligation to pay ground lease rentals, property taxes and other executory costs.

We determined the SPEs containing the CCI Lease Sites (“Lease Site SPEs”) are VIEs as they lack sufficient equity to finance their activities. We have a variable interest in the Lease Site SPEs but are not the primary beneficiary as we lack the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the Lease Site SPEs’ economic performance. These activities include managing tenants and underlying ground leases, performing repair and maintenance on the towers, the obligation to absorb expected losses and the right to receive the expected future residual returns from the purchase option to acquire the CCI Lease Sites. As we determined that we are not the primary beneficiary and do not have a controlling financial interest in the Lease Site SPEs, the Lease Site SPEs are not included in our condensed consolidated financial statements.

However, we also considered if this arrangement resulted in the sale of the CCI Lease Sites for which we would de-recognize the tower assets. By assessing whether control had transferred, we concluded that transfer of control criteria, as discussed in the revenue standard, were not met. Accordingly, we recorded this arrangement as a financing whereby we recorded debt, a financial obligation, and the CCI Lease Sites tower assets remained on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We recorded long-term financial obligations in the amount of the net proceeds received and recognize interest on the tower obligations. The tower obligations are increased by interest expense and amortized through contractual leaseback payments made by us to CCI and through net cash flows generated and retained by CCI from operation of the tower sites.

Acquired CCI Tower Lease Arrangements

Prior to the merger (the “Merger”) with Sprint Corporation (“Sprint”), Sprint entered into a lease-out and leaseback arrangement with Global Signal Inc., a third party that was subsequently acquired by CCI, that conveyed to CCI the exclusive right to manage and operate approximately 6,400 tower sites (“Master Lease Sites”) via a master prepaid lease. These agreements were assumed upon the close of the Merger, at which point the remaining term of the lease-out was approximately 17 years with no renewal options. CCI has a fixed price purchase option for all (but not less than all) of the leased or subleased sites for approximately $2.3 billion, exercisable one year prior to the expiration of the agreement and ending 120 days prior to the expiration of the agreement. We lease back a portion of the space at certain tower sites.

We considered if this arrangement resulted in the sale of the Master Lease Sites for which we would de-recognize the tower assets. By assessing whether control had transferred, we concluded that transfer of control criteria, as discussed in the revenue standard, were not met. Accordingly, we recorded this arrangement as a financing whereby we recorded debt, a financial obligation, and the Master Lease Sites tower assets remained on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

As of the closing date of the Merger, we recognized Property and equipment with a fair value of $2.8 billion and tower obligations related to amounts owed to CCI under the leaseback of $1.1 billion. Additionally, we recognized $1.7 billion in Other long-term liabilities associated with contract terms that are unfavorable to current market rates, which include unfavorable terms associated with the fixed-price purchase option in 2037.

We recognize interest expense on the tower obligations. The tower obligations are increased by the interest expense and amortized through contractual leaseback payments made by us to CCI. The tower assets are reported in Property and equipment, net on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and are depreciated to their estimated residual values over the expected useful life of the towers, which is 20 years.

Leaseback Arrangement

On January 3, 2022, we entered into an agreement (the “Crown Agreement”) with CCI. The Crown Agreement extends the current term of the leasebacks by up to twelve years and modifies the leaseback payments for both the Existing CCI Tower Lease Arrangement and the Acquired CCI Tower Lease Arrangement. As a result of the Crown Agreement, there was an increase in our financing obligation as of the effective date of the agreement of approximately $1.2 billion, with a corresponding decrease to Other long-term liabilities associated with unfavorable contract terms. The modification resulted in a revised interest rate under the effective interest method for the tower obligations: 11.6% for the Existing CCI Tower Lease Arrangement and 5.3% for the Acquired CCI Tower Lease Arrangement. There were no changes made to either of our master prepaid leases with CCI.

15

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The following table summarizes the balances associated with both of the tower arrangements on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Property and equipment, net$2,505 $2,548 
Tower obligations4,037 2,806 
Other long-term liabilities554 1,712 

Future minimum payments related to the tower obligations are approximately $415 million for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2023, $848 million in total for the 12-month periods ending March 31, 2024 and 2025, $774 million in total for the 12-month periods ending March 31, 2026 and 2027, and $4.8 billion in total thereafter.

Note 8 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Disaggregation of Revenue

We provide wireless communications services to three primary categories of customers:

Postpaid customers generally include customers who are qualified to pay after receiving wireless communications services utilizing phones, High Speed Internet, wearables, DIGITS or other connected devices, which include tablets and SyncUP products;
Prepaid customers generally include customers who pay for wireless communications services in advance; and
Wholesale customers include Machine-to-Machine and Mobile Virtual Network Operator customers that operate on our network but are managed by wholesale partners.

Postpaid service revenues, including postpaid phone revenues and postpaid other revenues, were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)20222021
Postpaid service revenues
Postpaid phone revenues$10,231 $9,483 
Postpaid other revenues970 820 
Total postpaid service revenues$11,201 $10,303 

We operate as a single operating segment. The balances presented in each revenue line item on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income represent categories of revenue from contracts with customers disaggregated by type of product and service. Service revenues also include revenues earned for providing premium services to customers, such as device insurance services and customer-based, third-party services. Revenue generated from the lease of mobile communication devices is included in Equipment revenues on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

Equipment revenues from the lease of mobile communication devices were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)20222021
Equipment revenues from the lease of mobile communication devices$487 $1,041 

We provide wireline communication services to domestic and international customers. Wireline service revenues were $146 million and $197 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Wireline service revenues are presented in Wholesale and other service revenues on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

16

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Contract Balances

The contract asset and contract liability balances from contracts with customers as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, were as follows:
(in millions)Contract
Assets
Contract Liabilities
Balance as of December 31, 2021$286 $763 
Balance as of March 31, 2022275 768 
Change$(11)$

Contract assets primarily represent revenue recognized for equipment sales with promotional bill credits offered to customers that are paid over time and are contingent on the customer maintaining a service contract.

The change in the Contract asset balance includes customer activity related to new promotions, offset by billings on existing contracts and impairment which is recognized as bad debt expense. The current portion of our Contract assets of approximately $210 million and $219 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, was included in Other current assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Contract liabilities are recorded when fees are collected, or we have an unconditional right to consideration (a receivable) in advance of delivery of goods or services. Changes in contract liabilities are primarily related to the activity of prepaid customers. Contract liabilities are primarily included in Deferred revenue on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 include the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)20222021
Amounts included in the beginning of year contract liability balance$654 $683 

Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2022, the aggregate amount of transaction price allocated to remaining service performance obligations for postpaid contracts with subsidized devices and promotional bill credits that result in an extended service contract is $798 million. We expect to recognize revenue as the service is provided on these postpaid contracts over an extended contract term of 24 months at the time of origination.

Information about remaining performance obligations that are part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less has been excluded from the above, which primarily consists of monthly service contracts.

Certain of our wholesale, roaming and service contracts include variable consideration based on usage and performance. This variable consideration has been excluded from the disclosure of remaining performance obligations. As of March 31, 2022, the aggregate amount of the contractual minimum consideration for wholesale, roaming and service contracts is $936 million, $1.0 billion and $2.7 billion for 2022, 2023, and 2024 and beyond, respectively. These contracts have a remaining duration ranging from less than one year to eight years.

Contract Costs

The balance of deferred incremental costs to obtain contracts with customers was $1.6 billion and $1.5 billion as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and is included in Other assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Deferred contract costs incurred to obtain postpaid service contracts are amortized over a period of 24 months. The amortization period is monitored to reflect any significant change in assumptions. Amortization of deferred contract costs is included in Selling, general and administrative expenses on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and were $324 million and $248 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The deferred contract cost asset is assessed for impairment on a periodic basis. There were no impairment losses recognized on deferred contract cost assets for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

17

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 9 – Earnings Per Share

The computation of basic and diluted earnings per share was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions, except shares and per share amounts)20222021
Net income$713 $933 
Weighted-average shares outstanding – basic1,250,505,999 1,243,520,026 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Outstanding stock options and unvested stock awards4,862,593 9,263,538 
Weighted-average shares outstanding – diluted1,255,368,592 1,252,783,564 
Earnings per share – basic$0.57 $0.75 
Earnings per share – diluted$0.57 $0.74 
Potentially dilutive securities:
Outstanding stock options and unvested stock awards2,054,344 
SoftBank contingent consideration (1)
48,751,557 48,751,557 
(1)     Represents the weighted-average SoftBank Specified Shares that are contingently issuable from the acquisition date of April 1, 2020, pursuant to a letter agreement dated February 20, 2020 between T-Mobile, SoftBank and Deutsche Telekom AG (“DT”).

As of March 31, 2022, we had authorized 100 million shares of preferred stock, with a par value of $0.00001 per share. There was no preferred stock outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and 2021. Potentially dilutive securities were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share if to do so would have been anti-dilutive.

The SoftBank Specified Shares Amount of 48,751,557 shares of T-Mobile common stock was determined to be contingent consideration for the Merger and is not dilutive until the defined volume-weighted average price per share is reached.

Note 10 – Leases

Lessee

We are a lessee for non-cancelable operating and financing leases for cell sites, switch sites, retail stores, network equipment and office facilities with contractual terms that generally extend through 2035. Additionally, we lease dark fiber through non-cancelable operating leases with contractual terms that generally extend through 2041. The majority of cell site leases have a non-cancelable term of five to 15 years with several renewal options that can extend the lease term for five to 50 years. In addition, we have financing leases for network equipment that generally have a non-cancelable lease term of three to five years. The financing leases do not have renewal options and contain a bargain purchase option at the end of the lease.

On January 3, 2022, we entered into the Crown Agreement with CCI that modified the terms of our leased towers from CCI. The Crown Agreement modifies the monthly rental payments we will pay for sites currently leased by us, extends the non-cancellable lease term for the majority of our sites through December 2033 and will allow us the flexibility to facilitate our network integration and decommissioning activities through new site builds and termination of duplicate tower locations. The initial non-cancellable term is through December 31, 2033, followed by three optional five-year renewals. As a result of this modification, we remeasured the associated right-of use assets and lease liabilities resulting in an increase of $5.3 billion to each on the effective date of the modification, with a corresponding gross increase to both deferred tax liabilities and assets of $1.3 billion.
18

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)20222021
Operating lease expense$1,748 $1,391 
Financing lease expense:
Amortization of right-of-use assets185 173 
Interest on lease liabilities15 20 
Total financing lease expense200 193 
Variable lease expense127 95 
Total lease expense$2,075 $1,679 

As of March 31, 2022, the weighted-average remaining lease term and discount rate for operating leases were 10 years and 3.9%, respectively.

Maturities of lease liabilities as of March 31, 2022, were as follows:
(in millions)Operating LeasesFinance Leases
Twelve Months Ending March 31,
2023$4,199 $1,163 
20244,479 835 
20254,103 495 
20263,553 101 
20273,274 29 
Thereafter23,509 25 
Total lease payments43,117 2,648 
Less: imputed interest8,678 80 
Total$34,439 $2,568 

Interest payments for financing leases were $15 million and $19 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

As of March 31, 2022, we have additional operating leases for commercial properties that have not yet commenced with future lease payments of approximately $85 million.

Note 11 – Commitments and Contingencies

Purchase Commitments

We have commitments for non-dedicated transportation lines with varying expiration terms that generally extend through 2038. In addition, we have commitments to purchase wireless devices, network services, equipment, software, marketing sponsorship agreements and other items in the ordinary course of business, with various terms through 2043.

Our purchase commitments are approximately $4.4 billion for the twelve-month period ending March 31, 2023, $5.5 billion in total for each of the twelve-month periods ending March 31, 2024 and 2025, $2.4 billion in total for each of the twelve-month periods ending March 31, 2026 and 2027 and $3.1 billion in total thereafter. These amounts are not reflective of our entire anticipated purchases under the related agreements but are determined based on the non-cancelable quantities or termination amounts to which we are contractually obligated.

Spectrum Leases

We lease spectrum from various parties. These leases include service obligations to the lessors. Certain spectrum leases provide for minimum lease payments, additional charges, renewal options and escalation clauses. Leased spectrum agreements have varying expiration terms that generally extend through 2050. We expect that all renewal periods in our spectrum leases will be exercised by us. Certain spectrum leases also include purchase options and right-of-first refusal clauses in which we are provided the opportunity to exercise our purchase option if the lessor receives a purchase offer from a third party. The purchase of the leased spectrum is at our option and therefore the option price is not included in the commitments below.

19

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Our spectrum lease and service credit commitments, including renewal periods, are approximately $345 million for the twelve-month period ending March 31, 2023, $627 million in total for each of the twelve-month periods ending March 31, 2024 and 2025, $623 million in total for each of the twelve-month periods ending March 31, 2026 and 2027 and $4.9 billion in total thereafter.

Contingencies and Litigation

Litigation and Regulatory Matters

We are involved in various lawsuits and disputes, claims, government agency investigations and enforcement actions, and other proceedings (“Litigation and Regulatory Matters”) that arise in the ordinary course of business, which include claims of patent infringement (most of which are asserted by non-practicing entities primarily seeking monetary damages), class actions, and proceedings to enforce FCC or other government agency rules and regulations. Those Litigation and Regulatory Matters are at various stages, and some of them may proceed to trial, arbitration, hearing, or other adjudication that could result in fines, penalties, or awards of monetary or injunctive relief in the coming 12 months if they are not otherwise resolved. We have established an accrual with respect to certain of these matters, where appropriate. The accruals are reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements, but they are not considered to be, individually or in the aggregate, material. An accrual is established when we believe it is both probable that a loss has been incurred and an amount can be reasonably estimated. For other matters, where we have not determined that a loss is probable or because the amount of loss cannot be reasonably estimated, we have not recorded an accrual due to various factors typical in contested proceedings, including, but not limited to, uncertainty concerning legal theories and their resolution by courts or regulators, uncertain damage theories and demands, and a less than fully developed factual record. For Litigation and Regulatory Matters that may result in a contingent gain, we recognize such gains in the condensed consolidated financial statements when the gain is realized or realizable. We recognize legal costs expected to be incurred in connection with Litigation and Regulatory Matters as they are incurred. Except as otherwise specified below, we do not expect that the ultimate resolution of these Litigation and Regulatory Matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, but we note that an unfavorable outcome of some or all of the specific matters identified below could have a material adverse impact on results of operations or cash flows for a particular period. This assessment is based on our current understanding of relevant facts and circumstances. As such, our view of these matters is subject to inherent uncertainties and may change in the future.

On February 28, 2020, we received a Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture and Admonishment from the FCC, which proposed a penalty against us for allegedly violating section 222 of the Communications Act and the FCC’s regulations governing the privacy of customer information. In the first quarter of 2020, we recorded an accrual for an estimated payment amount. We maintained the accrual as of March 31, 2022, and that accrual was included in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

On April 1, 2020, in connection with the closing of the Merger, we assumed the contingencies and litigation matters of Sprint. Those matters include a wide variety of disputes, claims, government agency investigations and enforcement actions, and other proceedings. These matters include, among other things, certain ongoing FCC and state government agency investigations into Sprint’s Lifeline program. In September 2019, Sprint notified the FCC that it had claimed monthly subsidies for serving subscribers even though these subscribers may not have met usage requirements under Sprint's usage policy for the Lifeline program, due to an inadvertent coding issue in the system used to identify qualifying subscriber usage that occurred in July 2017 while the system was being updated. Sprint has made a number of payments to reimburse the federal government and certain states for excess subsidy payments.

We note that pursuant to Amendment No. 2, dated as of February 20, 2020, to the Business Combination Agreement, dated as of April 29, 2018, by and among the Company, Sprint and the other parties named therein (as amended, the “Business Combination Agreement”), SoftBank agreed to indemnify us against certain specified matters and losses, including those relating to the Lifeline matters described above. Resolution of these matters could require making additional reimbursements and paying additional fines and penalties, which we do not expect to have a significant impact on our financial results. We expect that any additional liabilities related to these indemnified matters would be indemnified and reimbursed by SoftBank.

On June 1, 2021, a putative shareholder class action and derivative lawsuit was filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery, Dinkevich v. Deutsche Telekom AG, et al., Case No. C.A. No. 2021-0479, against DT, SoftBank and certain of our current and former officers and directors, asserting breach of fiduciary duty claims relating to the repricing amendment to the Business Combination Agreement, and to SoftBank’s monetization of its T-Mobile shares. We are also named as a nominal defendant in the case. We are unable to predict the potential outcome of these claims. We intend to vigorously defend this lawsuit.

In October 2020, we notified Mobile Virtual Network Operators (“MVNOs”) using the legacy Sprint CDMA network that we
20

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
planned to sunset that network on December 31, 2021. In response to that notice, DISH Network Corporation (“DISH”), which has Boost Mobile customers who use the legacy Sprint CDMA network, made several efforts to prevent us from sunsetting the CDMA network until mid-2023, including by urging the U.S. Department of Justice to move for a finding of contempt under the April 1, 2020 Final Judgment entered by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, and by pursuing a Petition for Modification and related proceedings pursuant to the California Public Utilities Commission’s (the “CPUC”) April 2020 decision concerning the Merger. We disagree with the merits of DISH’s positions and have opposed them. On October 22, 2021, we announced that we would delay the full decommissioning of the legacy Sprint CDMA network for three months, until March 31, 2022, to, among other things, help ensure that DISH and other MVNOs fulfill their contractual responsibilities and transition customers off the legacy Sprint CDMA network before the decommissioning. In March 2022, the CPUC denied DISH’s Petition for Modification. We cannot predict the outcome of the other proceedings described above, but we intend to vigorously oppose any efforts to further delay the sunset of the legacy Sprint CDMA network. The orderly decommissioning of the legacy Sprint CDMA network began as planned on March 31, 2022, and is expected to be completed during the second fiscal quarter of 2022, and we will continue to help ensure that DISH and other MVNOs fulfill their contractual responsibilities and transition customers off the legacy Sprint CDMA network before the decommissioning.

On August 12, 2021, we became aware of a potential cybersecurity issue involving unauthorized access to T-Mobile’s systems (the “August 2021 cyberattack”). We immediately began an investigation and engaged cybersecurity experts to assist with the assessment of the incident and to help determine what data was impacted. Our investigation uncovered that the perpetrator had illegally gained access to certain areas of our systems on or about March 18, 2021, but only gained access to and took data of current, former, and prospective customers beginning on or about August 3, 2021. With the assistance of our outside cybersecurity experts, we located and closed the unauthorized access to our systems and identified current, former and prospective customers whose information was impacted and notified them, consistent with state and federal requirements. We also undertook a number of other measures to demonstrate our continued support and commitment to data privacy and protection. We also coordinated with law enforcement. Our forensic investigation is complete, and we believe we have a full view of the data compromised.

As a result of the August 2021 cyberattack, we have become subject to numerous lawsuits, including mass arbitration claims and multiple class action lawsuits, that have been filed in numerous jurisdictions seeking unspecified monetary damages, costs and attorneys’ fees arising out of the August 2021 cyberattack. In December 2021, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation consolidated the federal class action lawsuits in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri. In addition, in November 2021, a purported Company shareholder filed a derivative action in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, Litwin v. Sievert et al., No. 2:21-cv-01599, against our current directors, alleging several claims concerning the Company’s cybersecurity practices. In April 2022, the Litwin case was voluntarily dismissed without prejudice. We are unable to predict at this time the potential outcome of any of the other claims described above or whether we may be subject to further private litigation. We intend to vigorously defend all of these lawsuits.

In addition, the Company has received inquiries from various government agencies, law enforcement and other governmental authorities related to the August 2021 cyberattack, which could result in fines or penalties. We are responding to these inquiries and cooperating fully with regulators. However, we cannot predict the timing or outcome of any of these inquiries, or whether we may be subject to further regulatory inquiries.

In light of the inherent uncertainties involved in such matters and based on the information currently available to us, as of the date of this Quarterly Report, we have not recorded any accruals for losses related to the above proceedings and inquiries, as any such amounts (or ranges of amounts) are not probable or estimable at this time. We believe it is reasonably possible that we could incur losses associated with these proceedings and inquiries, and the Company will continue to evaluate information as it becomes known and will record an estimate for losses at the time or times when it is both probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss is reasonably estimable. Ongoing legal and other costs related to these proceedings and inquiries, as well as any potential future proceedings and inquiries, may be substantial, and losses associated with any adverse judgments, settlements, penalties or other resolutions of such proceedings and inquiries could be material to our business, reputation, financial condition, cash flows and operating results.

In March 2022, we received $220 million in settlement of certain patent litigation. We recognized the settlement, net of legal fees, as a reduction to Selling, general and administrative expenses on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

21

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 12 – Restructuring Costs

Upon close of the Merger, we began implementing restructuring initiatives to realize cost efficiencies and reduce redundancies. The major activities associated with the restructuring initiatives to date include contract termination costs associated with the rationalization of retail stores, distribution channels, duplicative network and backhaul services and other agreements, severance costs associated with the integration of redundant processes and functions and the decommissioning of certain small cell sites and distributed antenna systems to achieve synergies in network costs.

The following table summarizes the expenses incurred in connection with our restructuring initiatives:
(in millions)Three Months Ended March 31, 2022Incurred to Date
Contract termination costs$— $192 
Severance costs406 
Network decommissioning133 814 
Total restructuring plan expenses$137 $1,412 

The expenses associated with the restructuring initiatives are included in Costs of services and Selling, general and administrative on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

Our restructuring initiatives also include the acceleration or termination of certain of our operating and financing leases for cell sites, switch sites, retail stores, network equipment and office facilities. Incremental expenses associated with accelerating amortization of the right-of-use assets on lease contracts were $464 million and $123 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and are included in Costs of services and Selling, general and administrative on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

The changes in the liabilities associated with our restructuring initiatives, including expenses incurred and cash payments, are as follows:
(in millions)December 31,
2021
Expenses IncurredCash Payments
Adjustments for Non-Cash Items (1)
March 31,
2022
Contract termination costs$14 $— $(5)$— $
Severance costs(3)— 
Network decommissioning71 133 (59)(5)140 
Total$86 $137 $(67)$(5)$151 
(1)    Non-cash items consist of the write-off of assets within Network decommissioning.

The liabilities accrued in connection with our restructuring initiatives are presented in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Our restructuring activities are expected to occur over the next two years with substantially all costs incurred by the end of fiscal year 2023. We are evaluating additional restructuring initiatives, which are dependent on consultations and negotiation with certain counterparties and the expected impact on our business operations, which could affect the amount or timing of the restructuring costs and related payments.

22

Index for Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 13 – Additional Financial Information

Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are summarized as follows:
(in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accounts payable$6,739 $6,499 
Payroll and related benefits842 1,343 
Property and other taxes, including payroll1,764 1,830 
Accrued interest825 710 
Commissions270 348 
Toll and interconnect230 248 
Advertising11 59 
Other453 368 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$11,134 $11,405 

Book overdrafts included in accounts payable were $405 million and $378 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Supplemental Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Information

The following table summarizes T-Mobile’s supplemental cash flow information:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)20222021
Interest payments, net of amounts capitalized$778 $945 
Operating lease payments1,048 1,651 
Income tax payments— 22 
Non-cash investing and financing activities
Non-cash beneficial interest obtained in exchange for securitized receivables1,018 1,381 
Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities for purchases of property and equipment(183)(173)
Leased devices transferred from inventory to property and equipment129 485 
Returned leased devices transferred from property and equipment to inventory(183)(445)
Increase in Tower obligations from contract modification1,158 — 
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations5,975 911 
Financing lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations298 109 

Note 14 – Subsequent Events

Subsequent to March 31, 2022, on April 15, 2022, we repaid at maturity $1.25 billion of our 5.375% Senior Notes to affiliates due 2022.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”) of T-Mobile US, Inc. (“T-Mobile,” “we,” “our,” “us” or the “Company”) includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, including information concerning our future results of operations, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “could” or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions, which are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. The following important factors, along with the Risk Factors included in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 and Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q, could affect future results and cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements:
adverse impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic (the “Pandemic”), including supply chain shortages;
competition, industry consolidation and changes in the market for wireless services;
disruption, data loss or other security breaches, such as the criminal cyberattack we became aware of in August 2021;
our inability to take advantage of technological developments on a timely basis;
our inability to retain or motivate key personnel, hire qualified personnel or maintain our corporate culture;
system failures and business disruptions, allowing for unauthorized use of or interference with our network and other systems;
the scarcity and cost of additional wireless spectrum, and regulations relating to spectrum use;
the impacts of the actions we have taken and conditions we have agreed to in connection with the regulatory proceedings and approvals of the Transactions (as defined below), including the acquisition by DISH Network Corporation (“DISH”) of the prepaid wireless business operated under the Boost Mobile and Sprint prepaid brands (excluding the Assurance brand Lifeline customers and the prepaid wireless customers of Shenandoah Personal Communications Company LLC and Swiftel Communications, Inc.), including customer accounts, inventory, contracts, intellectual property and certain other specified assets, and the assumption of certain related liabilities (collectively, the “Prepaid Transaction”), the complaint and proposed final judgment agreed to by us, Deutsche Telekom AG (“DT”), Sprint Corporation, now known as Sprint LLC (“Sprint”), SoftBank Group Corp. (“SoftBank”) and DISH with the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, which was approved by the Court on April 1, 2020, the proposed commitments filed with the Secretary of the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”), which we announced on May 20, 2019, certain national security commitments and undertakings, and any other commitments or undertakings entered into, including but not limited to, those we have made to certain states and nongovernmental organizations (collectively, the “Government Commitments”), and the challenges in satisfying the Government Commitments in the required time frames and the significant cumulative costs incurred in tracking and monitoring compliance;
adverse economic, political or market conditions in the U.S. and international markets, including changes resulting from increases in inflation, impacts of current geopolitical instability caused by the war in Ukraine, and those caused by the Pandemic;
our inability to manage the ongoing commercial and transition services arrangements entered into in connection with the Prepaid Transaction, and known or unknown liabilities arising in connection therewith;
the effects of any future acquisition, investment, or merger involving us;
any disruption or failure of our third parties (including key suppliers) to provide products or services for the operation of our business;
our substantial level of indebtedness and our inability to service our debt obligations in accordance with their terms or to comply with the restrictive covenants contained therein;
changes in the credit market conditions, credit rating downgrades or an inability to access debt markets;
restrictive covenants including the agreements governing our indebtedness and other financings;
the risk of future material weaknesses we may identify while we continue to work to integrate and align policies, principles and practices of the two companies following the Merger (as defined below), or any other failure by us to maintain effective internal controls, and the resulting significant costs and reputational damage;
any changes in regulations or in the regulatory framework under which we operate;
laws and regulations relating to the handling of privacy and data protection;
unfavorable outcomes of existing or future legal proceedings, including these proceedings and inquiries relating to the criminal cyberattack we became aware of in August 2021;
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the possibility that we may be unable to adequately protect our intellectual property rights or be accused of infringing the intellectual property rights of others;
our offering of regulated financial services products and exposure to a wide variety of state and federal regulations;
new or amended tax laws or regulations or administrative interpretations and judicial decisions affecting the scope or application of tax laws or regulations;
our exclusive forum provision as provided in our Certificate of Incorporation;
interests of our significant stockholders that may differ from the interests of other stockholders;
future sales of our common stock by DT and SoftBank and our inability to attract additional equity financing outside the United States due to foreign ownership limitations by the FCC;
failure to realize the expected benefits and synergies of the merger (the “Merger”) with Sprint, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement with Sprint and the other parties named therein (as amended, the “Business Combination Agreement”) and the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement (collectively, the “Transactions”) in the expected time frames or in the amounts anticipated;
any delay and costs of, or difficulties in, integrating our business and Sprint’s business and operations, and unexpected additional operating costs, customer loss and business disruptions, including challenges in maintaining relationships with employees, customers, suppliers or vendors; and
unanticipated difficulties, disruption, or significant delays in our long-term strategy to migrate Sprint’s legacy customers onto T-Mobile’s existing billing platforms.

Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

Investors and others should note that we announce material information to our investors using our investor relations website (https://investor.t-mobile.com), newsroom website (https://t-mobile.com/news), press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. We intend to also use certain social media accounts as means of disclosing information about us and our services and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD (the @TMobileIR Twitter account (https://twitter.com/TMobileIR), the @MikeSievert Twitter account (https://twitter.com/MikeSievert), which Mr. Sievert also uses as a means for personal communications and observations, and the @TMobileCFO Twitter Account (https://twitter.com/tmobilecfo) and our Chief Financial Officer’s LinkedIn account (https://www.linkedin.com/in/peter-osvaldik-3887394), both of which Mr. Osvaldik also uses as a means for personal communication and observations). The information we post through these social media channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these social media channels in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. The social media channels that we intend to use as a means of disclosing the information described above may be updated from time to time as listed on our Investor Relations website.

Overview

The objectives of our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) are to provide users of our condensed consolidated financial statements with the following:

A narrative explanation from the perspective of management of our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, liquidity and certain other factors that may affect future results;
Context to the condensed consolidated financial statements; and
Information that allows assessment of the likelihood that past performance is indicative of future performance.

Our MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read together with, our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2022, included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q, and audited consolidated financial statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Except as expressly stated, the financial condition and results of operations discussed throughout our MD&A are those of T-Mobile US, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
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Sprint Merger and Integration Activities

Merger-Related Costs

Merger-related costs associated with the Merger and acquisitions of affiliates generally include:

Integration costs to achieve efficiencies in network, retail, information technology and back office operations, migrate customers to the T-Mobile network and billing systems and the impact of legal matters assumed as part of the Merger;
Restructuring costs, including severance, store rationalization and network decommissioning; and
Transaction costs, including legal and professional services related to the completion of the transactions.

Restructuring costs are disclosed in Note 12 – Restructuring Costs of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Merger-related costs have been excluded from our calculations of Adjusted EBITDA and Core Adjusted EBITDA, which are non-GAAP financial measures, as we do not consider these costs to be reflective of our ongoing operating performance. See “Adjusted EBITDA and Core Adjusted EBITDA” in the “Performance Measures” section of this MD&A. Net cash payments for Merger-related costs, including payments related to our restructuring plan, are included in Net cash provided by operating activities on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

Merger-related costs are presented below:
(in millions)Three Months Ended March 31,Change
20222021$%
Merger-related costs
Cost of services, exclusive of depreciation and amortization$607 $136 $471 346 %
Cost of equipment sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization751 17 734 NM
Selling, general and administrative55 145 (90)(62)%
Total Merger-related costs$1,413 $298 $1,115 374 %
Net cash payments for Merger-related costs$893 $277 $616 222 %
NM - Not Meaningful

We expect to incur a total of $12.0 billion of Merger-related costs, excluding capital expenditures, of which $7.9 billion has been incurred since the beginning of 2018, including $700 million of costs incurred by Sprint prior to the Merger. We expect to incur the remaining $4.1 billion to complete our integration and restructuring activities over the next two years with substantially all costs incurred by the end of 2023.

Total Merger related costs for the twelve months ended December 31, 2022 are expected to be between $4.5 billion to $5.0 billion, including $1.4 billion incurred during the three months ended March 31, 2022. We are evaluating additional restructuring initiatives which are dependent on consultations and negotiation with certain counterparties and the expected impact on our business operations, which could affect the amount or timing of the restructuring costs and related payments. We expect our principal sources of funding to be sufficient to meet our liquidity requirements and anticipated payments associated with the restructuring initiatives.

Restructuring

Upon the close of the Merger, we began implementing restructuring initiatives to realize cost efficiencies from the Merger. The major activities associated with the restructuring initiatives to date include:

Contract termination costs associated with rationalization of retail stores, distribution channels, duplicative network and backhaul services and other agreements;
Severance costs associated with the reduction of redundant processes and functions; and
The decommissioning of certain small cell sites and distributed antenna systems to achieve synergies in network costs.

For more information regarding our restructuring activities, see Note 12 – Restructuring Costs of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Anticipated Impacts

Synergies

As a result of our ongoing restructuring activities, we expect to realize synergies by eliminating redundancies within our combined network as well as other business processes and operations. For full-year 2022, we expect synergies from Selling, general and administrative expense reductions of $2.3 billion to $2.4 billion and Cost of service expense reductions of $1.6 billion to $1.7 billion.

Other Potential Impacts

The operation of the legacy Sprint CDMA and LTE networks is partially supported by legacy Sprint’s Wireline network acquired through the Merger. We expect that the legacy Sprint CDMA and LTE networks will be decommissioned during 2022. In accordance with ASC 360-10, we assess long-lived assets for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that long-lived assets might be impaired. We expect that the decommissioning of the legacy Sprint CDMA and LTE networks will trigger impairments of certain Wireline long-lived assets as these assets will no longer support our wireless network and the associated customers and cash flows. The potential non-cash impairment charges are not expected to have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Cyberattack

As we previously reported, we were subject to a criminal cyberattack involving unauthorized access to T-Mobile’s systems. We promptly located and closed the unauthorized access to our systems. Our forensic investigation was completed in October 2021, although our overall investigation into the incident is ongoing. There are no material updates with respect to the August 2021 cyberattack and subsequent inquiries, investigations, litigations and remedial measures from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, except as disclosed in Note 11 – Commitment and Contingencies. We have incurred certain cyberattack-related expenses that were not material and expect to continue to incur additional expenses in future periods, including costs to remediate the attack, provide additional customer support and enhance customer protection, only some of which may be covered and reimbursable by insurance. We also intend to commit substantial additional resources towards cybersecurity initiatives over the next several years.

COVID-19 Pandemic

The Pandemic has resulted in a widespread health crisis that has adversely affected businesses, economies and financial markets worldwide, and has caused significant volatility in the U.S. and international debt and equity markets. In addition, the Pandemic has resulted in economic uncertainty, which could affect our customers’ purchasing decisions and ability to make timely payments. Current and future Pandemic-related restrictions on, or disruptions of, transportation networks and supply chain shortages could impact our ability to acquire handsets or other end user devices in amounts sufficient to meet customer demand and to obtain the equipment required to meet our current and future network build-out plans. We will continue to monitor the Pandemic and its impacts and may adjust our actions as needed to continue to provide our products and services to our communities and employees.

As a critical communications infrastructure provider as designated by the government, our focus has been on providing crucial connectivity to our customers and impacted communities while ensuring the safety and well-being of our employees.
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Results of Operations

Set forth below is a summary of our consolidated financial results:
Three Months Ended March 31,Change
(in millions)20222021$%
Revenues
Postpaid revenues$11,201 $10,303 $898 %
Prepaid revenues2,455 2,351 104 %
Wholesale and other service revenues1,472 1,538 (66)(4)%
Total service revenues15,128 14,192 936 %
Equipment revenues4,694 5,346 (652)(12)%
Other revenues298 221 77 35 %
Total revenues20,120 19,759 361 %
Operating expenses
Cost of services, exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below3,727 3,384 343 10 %
Cost of equipment sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below5,946 5,142 804 16 %
Selling, general and administrative5,056 4,805 251 %
Depreciation and amortization3,585 4,289 (704)(16)%
Total operating expenses18,314 17,620 694 %
Operating income1,806 2,139 (333)(16)%
Other income (expense)
Interest expense, net(864)(835)(29)%
Other expense, net(11)(125)114 (91)%
Total other expense, net(875)(960)85 (9)%
Income before income taxes931 1,179 (248)(21)%
Income tax expense (218)(246)28 (11)%
Net income$713 $933 $(220)(24)%
Statement of Cash Flows Data
Net cash provided by operating activities$3,845 $3,661 $184 %
Net cash used in investing activities(5,092)(11,239)6,147 (55)%
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(2,136)3,874 (6,010)(155)%
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted EBITDA6,950 6,905 45 %
Core Adjusted EBITDA6,463 5,864 599 10 %
Free Cash Flow1,649 1,30434526 %

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The following discussion and analysis is for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to the same period in 2021 unless otherwise stated.

Total revenues increased $361 million, or 2%. The components of these changes are discussed below.

Postpaid revenues increased $898 million, or 9%, primarily from:

Higher average postpaid accounts; and
Higher postpaid ARPA. See “Postpaid ARPA” in the “Performance Measures” section of this MD&A.

Prepaid revenues increased $104 million, or 4%, primarily from:

Higher prepaid ARPU. See “Prepaid ARPU” in the “Performance Measures” section of this MD&A; and
Higher average prepaid customers.

Wholesale and other service revenues were essentially flat.

Equipment revenues decreased $652 million, or 12%, primarily from:

A decrease of $554 million in lease revenues and a decrease of $139 million in customer purchases of leased devices primarily due to a lower number of customer devices under lease as a result of the continued strategic shift from device financing from leasing to EIP; partially offset by
An increase of $67 million in device sales revenue, excluding purchased leased devices, primarily from:
An increase in the number of devices sold, including higher upgrade volume; partially offset by
Lower average revenue per device sold primarily due to higher promotions, which included promotions for Sprint customers to facilitate their migration to the T-Mobile network, partially offset by an increase in the high-end phone mix.

Other revenues were essentially flat.

Operating expenses increased $694 million, or 4%. The components of this change are discussed below.

Cost of services, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, increased $343 million, or 10%, primarily from:

An increase of $471 million in Merger-related costs related to network decommissioning and integration costs; and
Higher lease expenses related to a new tower master lease agreement; partially offset by
Higher realized Merger synergies.

Cost of equipment sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, increased $804 million, or 16%, primarily from:

An increase of $987 million in device cost of equipment sales, excluding purchased leased devices, primarily from:
An increase in the number of devices sold, including higher upgrade volume, primarily to facilitate the migration of Sprint customers to the T-Mobile network; and
Higher average costs per device sold due to an increase in the high-end device mix; partially offset by
A decrease of $284 million in customer purchases of leased devices primarily due to a lower number of customer devices under lease as a result of the continued strategic shift from device financing from leasing to EIP.
Merger-related costs, primarily to facilitate the migration of Sprint customers to the T-Mobile network, were $751 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to $17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

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Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $251 million, or 5%, primarily from:

Higher bad debt expense primarily due to estimated credit losses normalizing from muted Pandemic levels, as well as higher EIP receivables driven by higher equipment sales and a mix shift in device financing; partially offset by
Lower Merger-related costs and higher realized Merger synergies.
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 included $55 million of Merger-related costs primarily related to integration, restructuring and legal-related expenses, offset by legal settlement gains, compared to $145 million of Merger-related costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Depreciation and amortization decreased $704 million, or 16%, primarily from:

Lower depreciation expense on leased devices resulting from a lower number of total customer devices under lease; and
Certain 4G-related network assets becoming fully depreciated; partially offset by
Higher depreciation expense, excluding leased devices, from the continued build-out of our nationwide 5G network.

Operating income, the components of which are discussed above, decreased $333 million, or 16%.

Interest expense, net was essentially flat.

Other expense, net decreased $114 million, or 91%, primarily from lower losses on the extinguishment of debt.

Income before income taxes, the components of which are discussed above, was $931 million and $1.2 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Income tax expense decreased $28 million, or 11%, primarily from:

Lower Income before income taxes; partially offset by
A higher effective tax rate, primarily from:
A decrease in excess tax benefits related to the vesting of restricted stock awards; and
Reduced benefits from tax credits.

Our effective tax rate was 23.3% and 20.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Net income, the components of which are discussed above, decreased $220 million, or 24%, and included the following:

Merger-related costs, net of tax, of $1.1 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to $220 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Guarantor Financial Information

In connection with our Merger with Sprint, we assumed certain registered debt to third parties issued by Sprint, Sprint Communications LLC, formerly known as Sprint Communications, Inc. (“Sprint Communications”) and Sprint Capital Corporation (collectively, the “Sprint Issuers”).

Pursuant to the applicable indentures and supplemental indentures, the Senior Notes to affiliates and third parties issued by T-Mobile USA, Inc. and the Sprint Issuers (collectively, the “Issuers”) are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by T-Mobile (“Parent”) and certain of Parent’s 100% owned subsidiaries (“Guarantor Subsidiaries”).

Pursuant to the applicable indentures and supplemental indentures, the Senior Secured Notes to third parties issued by T-Mobile USA, Inc. are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior secured basis by Parent and the Guarantor
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Subsidiaries, except for the guarantees of Sprint, Sprint Communications and Sprint Capital Corporation, which are provided on a senior unsecured basis.

The guarantees of the Guarantor Subsidiaries are subject to release in limited circumstances only upon the occurrence of certain customary conditions. The indentures, supplemental indentures and credit agreements governing the long-term debt contain covenants that, among other things, limit the ability of the Issuers or borrowers and the Guarantor Subsidiaries to incur more debt, pay dividends and make distributions, make certain investments, repurchase stock, create liens or other encumbrances, enter into transactions with affiliates, enter into transactions that restrict dividends or distributions from subsidiaries, and merge, consolidate or sell, or otherwise dispose of, substantially all of their assets. Certain provisions of each of the credit agreements, indentures and supplemental indentures relating to the long-term debt restrict the ability of the Issuers or borrowers to loan funds or make payments to Parent. However, the Issuers or borrowers and Guarantor Subsidiaries are allowed to make certain permitted payments to Parent under the terms of the indentures, supplemental indentures and credit agreements.

Basis of Presentation

The following tables include summarized financial information of the obligor groups of debt issued by T-Mobile USA, Inc., Sprint, Sprint Communications and Sprint Capital Corporation. The summarized financial information of each obligor group is presented on a combined basis with balances and transactions within the obligor group eliminated. Investments in and the equity in earnings of non-guarantor subsidiaries, which would otherwise be consolidated in accordance with GAAP, are excluded from the below summarized financial information pursuant to SEC Regulation S-X Rule 13-01.

The summarized balance sheet information for the consolidated obligor group of debt issued by T-Mobile USA, Inc. is presented in the table below:
(in millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Current assets$16,068 $19,522 
Noncurrent assets182,515 174,980 
Current liabilities20,188 22,195 
Noncurrent liabilities122,025 115,126 
Due to non-guarantors8,554 8,208 
Due to related parties2,815 3,842 

The summarized results of operations information for the consolidated obligor group of debt issued by T-Mobile USA, Inc. is presented in the table below:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Year Ended
December 31, 2021
(in millions)
Total revenues$19,477 $78,538 
Operating income891 3,835 
Net (loss) income(48)402 
Revenue from non-guarantors578 1,769 
Operating expenses to non-guarantors653 2,655 
Other expense to non-guarantors(41)(148)

The summarized balance sheet information for the consolidated obligor group of debt issued by Sprint and Sprint Communications is presented in the table below:
(in millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Current assets$7,992 $11,969 
Noncurrent assets12,038 10,347 
Current liabilities13,237 15,136 
Noncurrent liabilities69,674 70,262 
Due from non-guarantors88 1,787 
Due to related parties2,815 3,842 

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The summarized results of operations information for the consolidated obligor group of debt issued by Sprint and Sprint Communications is presented in the table below:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022Year Ended
December 31, 2021
(in millions)
Total revenues$$
Operating loss(529)(751)
Net loss(851)(2,161)
Other income, net, from non-guarantors337 1,706 

The summarized balance sheet information for the consolidated obligor group of debt issued by Sprint Capital Corporation is presented in the table below:
(in millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Current assets$7,992 $11,969 
Noncurrent assets21,043 19,375 
Current liabilities13,307 15,208 
Noncurrent liabilities75,125 75,753 
Due from non-guarantors9,093 10,814 
Due to related parties2,815 3,842 

The summarized results of operations information for the consolidated obligor group of debt issued by Sprint Capital Corporation is presented in the table below:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022Year Ended
December 31, 2021
(in millions)
Total revenues$$
Operating loss(529)(751)
Net loss(832)