Annual Statements Open main menu

Viatris Inc - Annual Report: 2022 (Form 10-K)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
Annual Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2022
OR
Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number 001-39695
VIATRIS INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 83-4364296
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1000 Mylan Boulevard, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, 15317
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(724) 514-1800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class:Trading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered:
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareVTRSThe NASDAQ Stock Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes         No   
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes        No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes        No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes        No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes        No  
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2022, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $12,662,127,991.

The number of shares of common stock outstanding, par value $0.01 per share, of the registrant as of February 21, 2023 was 1,196,813,959.
INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
DocumentPart of Form 10-K into Which
Document is Incorporated
An amendment to this Form 10-K will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of registrant’s fiscal year.III


Table of Contents

VIATRIS INC.
INDEX TO FORM 10-K
For the Year Ended December 31, 2022
 
  Page
PART I
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 1B.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
PART II
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
ITEM 7.
ITEM 7A.
ITEM 8.
ITEM 9.
ITEM 9A.
ITEM 9B.
ITEM 9C.
PART III
ITEM 10.
ITEM 11.
ITEM 12.
ITEM 13.
ITEM 14.
PART IV
ITEM 15.


2

Table of Contents

Glossary of Defined Terms

Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “Viatris,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” in this 2022 Form 10-K (defined below) refer to Viatris Inc. and its subsidiaries. We also have used several other terms in this 2022 Form 10-K, most of which are explained or defined below. Some amounts in this Form 10-K may not add due to rounding.
2003 LTIPMylan N.V. Amended and Restated 2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan
2020 Incentive PlanViatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan
2020 Revolving FacilityThe revolving credit facility available pursuant to the revolving credit agreement, dated as of June 16, 2020, by and among Viatris, certain lenders and issuing banks from time to time party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and repaid in full in July 2021
2021 Revolving FacilityThe $4.0 billion revolving facility dated as of July 1, 2021, by and among Viatris, certain lenders and issuing banks from time to time party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent
505(b)(2)A streamlined NDA process in which the applicant relies upon one or more investigations conducted by someone other than the applicant and for which the applicant has not obtained right of reference.
AbbVieAbbVie Inc.
ACA
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education and Reconciliation Act
Adjusted EBITDANon-GAAP financial measure that the Company believes is appropriate to provide information to investors - EBITDA (defined below) is further adjusted for share-based compensation expense, litigation settlements, and other contingencies, net, restructuring and other special items
ANDAAbbreviated New Drug Application
AOCEAccumulated other comprehensive earnings
APIActive pharmaceutical ingredient
ARVAntiretroviral medicines
ASCAccounting Standards Codification
AspenAspen Global Incorporated
ASUAccounting Standards Update
BEATBase Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax
BioconBiocon Limited
Biocon BiologicsBiocon Biologics Limited, a majority owned subsidiary of Biocon
Biocon Biologics Transaction
The transaction between Viatris and Biocon Biologics pursuant to which Viatris contributed its biosimilars portfolio, composed of the Biocon collaboration programs, biosimilars to Humira®, Enbrel®, and Eylea®, as well as related assets and liabilities to Biocon Biologics
Biocon AgreementThe transaction agreement between Viatris and Biocon Biologics, dated February 27, 2022, relating to the Biocon Biologics Transaction, as amended by that certain Amendment No. 1 to Transaction Agreement, dated November 28, 2022
BiogenBiogen MA Inc. and Biogen International GmbH, collectively
Business Combination AgreementBusiness Combination Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019, as amended from time to time, among Viatris, Mylan, Pfizer and certain of their affiliates
CARES ActCoronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act
CCPSCompulsory convertible preferred shares
cGMPCurrent Good Manufacturing Practices
2

Table of Contents

clean energy investmentsUsed to define the three equity method investments the Company has in limited liability companies that own refined coal production plants whose activities qualify for income tax credits under Section 45 of the Code
CMACompetition and Markets Authority
CodeThe U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
CombinationRefers to Mylan combining with Pfizer's Upjohn Business in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction to form Viatris on November 16, 2020
Commercial Paper ProgramThe $1.65 billion unsecured commercial paper program entered into as of November 16, 2020 by Viatris, as issuer, Mylan Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc. and Mylan II B.V., as guarantors, and certain dealers from time to time
COPDChronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COSOCommittee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission
COVID-19Novel coronavirus disease of 2019
CP NotesUnsecured, short-term commercial paper notes issued pursuant to the Commercial Paper Program
DEAU.S. Drug Enforcement Agency
Developed Markets segmentViatris’ business segment that includes our operations primarily in the following markets: North America and Europe
DGCLDelaware General Corporation Law
DistributionPfizer's distribution to Pfizer stockholders all the issued and outstanding shares of Upjohn Inc.
DOJU.S. Department of Justice
DRIPDividend Reinvestment and Share Purchase Plan
EBITDANon-GAAP financial measure that the Company believes is appropriate to provide information to investors - U.S. GAAP net earnings (loss) adjusted for net contribution attributable to equity method investments, income tax provision (benefit), interest expense and depreciation and amortization
EDPAU.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
EMAEuropean Medicines Agency
Emerging Markets segmentViatris’ business segment that includes, but is not limited to, our operations primarily in the following markets: Parts of Asia, the Middle East, South and Central America, Africa, and Eastern Europe
EPD BusinessAbbott Laboratories’ non-U.S. developed markets specialty and branded generics business, prior to its acquisition by Mylan in February 2015
ERP systemEnterprise resource planning system
EUEuropean Union
Exchange Act Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
Famy Life SciencesFamy Life Sciences Private Limited
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board
FDAU.S. Food and Drug Administration
FKBFujifilm Kyowa Kirin Biologics Co. Ltd
Form 10-K
This annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022
FTC U.S. Federal Trade Commission
GDPRThe EU’s General Data Protection Regulation
GILTIGlobal intangible low-taxed income
3

Table of Contents

Greater China segmentViatris’ business segment that includes our operations primarily in the following markets: China, Taiwan and Hong Kong
GxGeneric drugs
Hatch-Waxman Act Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act
HIV/AIDSHuman immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome
INNInternational NonProprietary Name
IPRInter Partes review
IPR&DIn-process research and development
IRSU.S. Internal Revenue Service
ITInformation technology
JANZ segmentViatris’ business segment that includes our operations in the following markets: Japan, Australia and New Zealand
LAMALong-acting muscarinic antagonist
LIBORLondon Interbank Offered Rate
LillyEli Lilly and Company
LOELoss of exclusivity
Maximum Leverage Ratio The maximum consolidated leverage ratio financial covenant requiring maintenance of a maximum ratio of consolidated total indebtedness as of the end of any quarter to consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four quarters as defined in the related credit agreements from time to time
MDLMultidistrict litigation
MomentaMomenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
MPIMylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
MylanMylan N.V. and its subsidiaries
Mylan Inc. Euro NotesThe 2.125% Senior Notes due 2025 issued by Mylan Inc., which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan II B.V., Viatris Inc. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.
Mylan Inc. U.S. Dollar NotesThe 4.200% Senior Notes due 2023, 3.125% Senior Notes due 2023, 4.550% Senior Notes due 2028, 5.400% Senior Notes due 2043 and 5.200% Senior Notes due 2048 issued by Mylan Inc., which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan II B.V., Viatris Inc. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.
Mylan SecuritizationMylan Securitization LLC
NASDAQThe NASDAQ Stock Market
NCDs
noncommunicable diseases
NCEsNew Chemical Entities
NDANew drug application
NHI National Health Insurance of Japan
NHSNational Health Services
NOLsNet Operating Losses
Note Securitization FacilityThe note securitization facility entered into in August 2022 for borrowings up to $200 million and expiring in August 2023
OECDThe Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OTCOver-the-counter
Oyster PointOyster Point Pharma, Inc.
4

Table of Contents

PBMPharmacy benefit managers
PCAOBPublic Company Accounting Oversight Board
PfizerPfizer Inc.
PMSPharmascience Inc.
PPACAPatient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Profit Sharing 401(k) Plan401(k) retirement plan with a profit sharing component for non-union represented employees
PSUsPerformance awards
PTABU.S. Patent Trial and Appeal Board
QCEQuality consistency evaluation
R&DResearch and development
Receivables FacilityThe $400 million accounts receivable entered into in August 2020 and expiring in April 2025
Registered Upjohn Notes
The 1.125% Senior Notes due 2022, 1.650% Senior Notes due 2025, 2.300% Senior Notes due 2027, 2.700% Senior Notes due 2030, 3.850% Senior Notes due 2040 and 4.000% Senior Notes due 2050 originally issued on October 29, 2021 registered with the SEC in exchange for the corresponding Unregistered Upjohn U.S. Dollar Notes in a similar aggregate principal amount and with terms substantially identical to the corresponding Unregistered Upjohn U.S. Dollar Notes and fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Mylan Inc., Mylan II B.V. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.
Respiratory Delivery PlatformPfizer’s proprietary dry powder inhaler delivery platform
Restoration PlanThe Company’s 401(k) Restoration Plan
Restricted Stock AwardsThe Company’s nonvested restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards, including PSUs
RevanceRevance Therapeutics, Inc.
RICORacketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act
ROU assetRight-of-use asset
RSUsThe Company's unvested restricted stock unit awards
SanofiSanofi-Aventis U.S., LLC
SARsStock Appreciation Rights
SDA Separation and Distribution Agreement between Viatris and Pfizer, dated as of July 29, 2019, as amended from time to time
SDNYU.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
SECU.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities ActSecurities Act of 1933, as amended
Senior U.S. Dollar NotesThe Upjohn U.S. Dollar Notes, the Utah U.S. Dollar Notes and the Mylan Inc. U.S. Dollar Notes, collectively
SeparationPfizer's transfer to Upjohn of substantially all the assets and liabilities comprising the Upjohn Business
Separation and Distribution AgreementSeparation and Distribution Agreement between Viatris and Pfizer, dated as of July 29, 2019, as amended from time to time
SG&ASelling, general and administrative expenses
Stock awardsStock options and SARs
Tax ActDecember 2017 U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
5

Table of Contents

Tax Matters Agreement
The agreement entered into by Pfizer and Viatris in connection with the Separation and the Distribution that governs the parties’ respective rights, responsibilities and obligations with respect to taxes, including taxes arising in the ordinary course of business and taxes, if any, incurred as a result of any failure of the Distribution or certain related transactions to qualify as tax-free transactions
TevaTeva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Theravance BiopharmaTheravance Biopharma, Inc.
TSATransition services agreement
U.K.United Kingdom
U.S.United States
U.S. GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the U.S.
Unregistered Upjohn U.S. Dollar NotesThe 1.125% Senior Notes due 2022, 1.650% Senior Notes due 2025, 2.300% Senior Notes due 2027, 2.700% Senior Notes due 2030, 3.850% Senior Notes due 2040 and 4.000% Senior Notes due 2050 originally issued on June 22, 2020 by Upjohn Inc. (now Viatris Inc.) in a private offering exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Mylan Inc., Mylan II B.V. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.
UpjohnUpjohn Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer prior to the Distribution, that combined with Mylan and was renamed Viatris Inc.
Upjohn BusinessPfizer’s off-patent branded and generic established medicines business that, in connection with the Combination, was separated from Pfizer and combined with Mylan to form Viatris
Upjohn Distributor Markets
Select geographic markets that were part of the Combination that are smaller in nature and in which we had no established infrastructure prior to or following the Combination and that the Company intends to divest
Upjohn Euro Notes
Senior unsecured notes denominated in euros and issued by Upjohn Finance B.V. pursuant to an indenture dated June 23, 2020
Upjohn Senior Notes
The Upjohn U.S. Dollar Notes together with the Upjohn Euro Notes
Upjohn U.S. Dollar Notes
Senior unsecured notes denominated in U.S. dollars and originally issued by Upjohn Inc. or Viatris Inc. pursuant to an indenture dated June 22, 2020 and fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Mylan Inc., Mylan II B.V. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.
URPUniversal reimbursement pricing
USD Term Loan FacilityThe $600 million delayed draw term loan credit agreement, dated as of June 16, 2020 by and among Viatris, Mizuho Bank, Ltd. and MUFG Bank, Ltd., as administrative agent, and repaid in full in July 2021
Utah Acquisition SubUtah Acquisition Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Viatris
Utah Euro Notes
The 2.250% Senior Notes due 2024 and 3.125% Senior Notes due 2028 issued by Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan Inc., Viatris Inc. and Mylan II B.V.
Utah U.S. Dollar NotesThe 3.950% Senior Notes due 2026 and 5.250% Senior Notes due 2046 issued by Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan Inc., Viatris Inc. and Mylan II B.V.
VADepartment of Veterans Affairs
VBPVolume-based procurement
6

Table of Contents

ViatrisViatris Inc., formerly known as Upjohn Inc. prior to the completion of the Combination
Viatris Board
The board of directors of Viatris Inc.
Viatris Bylaws
The amended and restated bylaws of Viatris Inc.
Viatris CharterAmended and restated certificate of incorporation of Viatris Inc.
WHO
World Health Organization
YEN Term Loan Facility
The ¥40 billion term loan agreement dated as of July 1, 2021, by and among Viatris, MUFG Bank, Ltd. and Mizuho Bank, Ltd., as administrative agent
7

Table of Contents

PART I
ITEM 1.Business
About Viatris
Viatris is a global healthcare company formed in November 2020 whose mission is to empower people worldwide to live healthier at every stage of life, regardless of geography or circumstance. Improving the ability of patients to gain access to sustainable and high-quality healthcare is our relentless pursuit. One that rests on visionary thinking, determination and best-in-class capabilities that were strategically built to remove barriers across the health spectrum and advance access globally.
Viatris’ seasoned management team is focused on ensuring that the Company is optimally structured and efficiently resourced to deliver sustainable value to patients, shareholders, customers and other key stakeholders. With a global workforce of approximately 37,000, the Company has industry leading commercial, R&D, regulatory, manufacturing, legal and medical expertise complemented by a strong commitment to quality and an unparalleled geographic footprint to deliver high-quality medicines to patients in more than 165 countries and territories. Viatris’ portfolio comprises more than 1,400 approved molecules across a wide range of key therapeutic areas, including globally recognized iconic and key brands, generics, and complex generics, including biosimilars prior to the Biocon Biologics Transaction. The Company operates approximately 40 manufacturing sites worldwide that produce oral solid doses, injectables, complex dosage forms and APIs. Viatris is headquartered in the U.S., with global centers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Shanghai, China and Hyderabad, India.
On November 16, 2020, Viatris, formerly known as Upjohn, Mylan and Pfizer consummated the combination of Mylan with the Upjohn Business through a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. As a result of the Combination, Viatris held the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business and Mylan ceased to exist as a separate legal entity after merging with and into Mylan II B.V., an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Viatris. In accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, Mylan is considered the accounting acquirer of the Upjohn Business and all historical financial information of the Company prior to November 16, 2020 represents Mylan’s historical results and the Company’s thereafter. Refer to Note 4 Acquisitions and Other Transactions included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information.

Prior to the separation of the Upjohn Business from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses, the legacy Upjohn Business historically received support services from Pfizer. In connection with the Separation and Combination, Viatris entered into several agreements with Pfizer or its subsidiaries, including among others, transition services and the manufacturing and supply agreements, which in general provide for the performance of certain services or obligations by each of Pfizer and Viatris for the benefit of each other for initial transitional periods following the Combination. By the end of 2022, the Company had exited substantially all transition services with Pfizer.

In February 2022, the Company announced plans for certain strategic actions, anchored by a significant global reshaping initiative designed to unlock trapped value and provide the financial flexibility required to deliver on its vision. The Company also announced that it had entered into a strategic transaction with Biocon Biologics to create what it expects to be a vertically integrated global biosimilars leader, as well as potential plans to divest other select assets no longer considered core to our future strategy to help reshape the Company.

On February 27, 2022, Viatris entered into a definitive agreement with Biocon Biologics to contribute its biosimilars portfolio to Biocon Biologics. The transaction subsequently closed on November 29, 2022. Under the terms of the Biocon Agreement, Viatris received $3 billion in consideration in the form of a $2 billion cash payment, adjusted as set forth in the Biocon Agreement, and approximately $1 billion of CCPS representing a stake of approximately 12.9% (on a fully diluted basis) in Biocon Biologics. Viatris also is entitled to $335 million of additional cash payments in 2024. In addition, Viatris and Biocon Biologics have agreed to a closing working capital target of $250 million. An amount of cash equal to all or a portion of the closing working capital target may become payable to Biocon Biologics in connection with certain events in the future, depending on the valuations attributable to such events. Upon closing of the transaction, the Company recognized a gain on sale of approximately $1.75 billion and has not recognized the results of the business in its consolidated financial statements subsequent to November 29, 2022.

Viatris and Biocon Biologics also entered an agreement pursuant to which Viatris is providing commercialization and certain other transition services on behalf of Biocon Biologics, including billings, collections and the remittance of rebates, to ensure business continuity for patients, customers and colleagues. The term of the transition services agreement is generally up to two years. Under the transition services agreement, Viatris is entitled to be reimbursed for its costs (subject to certain caps) plus a markup.
8

Table of Contents


In November 2022, the Company provided an update on the strategic priorities announced in February 2022, including identifying the following businesses no longer considered core to its future strategy that the Company intends to divest:
OTC;
API (while retaining some selective development API capabilities);
Women’s health care, primarily related to our oral and injectable contraceptives. This does not include all of our women’s health care related products; as an example, our Xulane® product in the U.S. is excluded; and
Upjohn Distributor Markets.

During the first quarter of 2023, the Company completed the acquisition of Oyster Point for approximately $425 million in cash, which includes $11 per share paid to Oyster Point stockholders through a tender offer and the repayment of the principal amount of certain debt of Oyster Point. In addition to the upfront cash consideration, each Oyster Point stockholder received one non-tradeable contingent value right representing up to an additional $2 per share, or approximately $60 million in the aggregate, contingent upon Oyster Point achieving certain metrics based upon full year 2022 performance, which are expected to be determined by the end of the first quarter of 2023. Oyster Point is a commercial-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development, and commercialization of first-in-class pharmaceutical therapies to treat ophthalmic diseases.
On November 7, 2022, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire the remaining equity shares of Famy Life Sciences, a private-owned research company with a complementary portfolio of ophthalmology therapies under development, for a consideration of $281 million. The Company had previously entered into a Master Development Agreement with Famy Life Sciences on December 20, 2019 to grant the Company rights with respect to acquiring certain pharmaceutical products and had additionally acquired shares representing approximately 13.5% equity interest in Famy Life Sciences for $25.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2020. The transaction to acquire the remaining equity shares of Famy Life Sciences closed during the first quarter of 2023.

Ophthalmology is one of the key therapeutic areas of focus that the Company announced in February 2022. With the combination of Viatris' global commercial footprint, R&D and regulatory capabilities and supply chain, along with Oyster Point's deep knowledge of the ophthalmology space from a clinical, medical, regulatory and commercial perspective—including a commercial asset, Tyrvaya®, for the treatment of dry eye disease—and Famy Life Sciences' Phase III-ready pipeline, the Company believes it has the foundation to create a leading global ophthalmology franchise, accelerating efforts to address the unmet needs of patients with ophthalmic disease and the eye care professionals who treat them. The Eye Care division within the company will be led by former Oyster Point CEO, Jeff Nau Ph.D.

Unless otherwise indicated, industry data included in this Item 1 are sourced from IQVIA Holdings Inc. and are for the twelve months ended November 2022. Viatris product and other company data included in this Item 1 are from internal sources and are as of November 30, 2022.
Organization
Upjohn was incorporated in Delaware on February 14, 2019 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Pfizer to operate the Upjohn Business. Effective as of November 16, 2020, Upjohn changed its name to “Viatris Inc.” and became the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business.
The Upjohn Business was a global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business, which included 20 primarily off-patent oral solid dose legacy brands, such as Lyrica®, Lipitor®, Celebrex® and Viagra®.
Mylan was founded in 1961 as a privately-owned company and grew over time into one of the largest manufacturers of generic drugs in the U.S. Mylan became a publicly traded company in 1973. Mylan’s strategy then led to many acquisitions which have played a significant role in the evolution of the company, including Matrix Laboratories Limited (2007); Merck KGaA’s generic and specialty pharmaceutical business (2007); the EPD Business (2015) and Meda AB (publ.) (2016). These acquisitions assisted in creating robust research, manufacturing, supply chain and commercial platforms on a global scale; substantially expanding its portfolio of medicines; diversifying by geography, product type and channel; maintaining its commitment to quality; and cultivating its global workforce.
9

Table of Contents

Since the consummation of the Combination, the Viatris management team has been focused on ensuring that the Company is optimally structured and efficiently resourced to deliver sustainable value to patients, shareholders, customers and other stakeholders.

Business Model and Operations
At Viatris, we see healthcare not as it is, but as it should be. We act courageously and are uniquely positioned to be a source of stability in a world of evolving healthcare needs. Viatris empowers people worldwide to live healthier at every stage of life. We do so via Access, Leadership and Partnership.
vtrs-20221231_g1.jpg
ACCESS
Viatris provides high-quality, trusted medicines, regardless of geography or circumstance. We are committed to improving access to high-quality medicines while working to ensure a reliable supply so patients can get the treatments they need, when and where they need them. Our global portfolio, supported by our science, medical and manufacturing expertise, delivers global iconic and key brands, complex generics, including biosimilars prior to the Biocon Biologics Transaction, generics and OTC products.
We see access as fundamental to empowering people worldwide to live healthier at every stage of life—a powerful concept in challenging times.

It begins with our efforts to sustainably deliver high-quality medicines and health solutions at scale to people, regardless of geography or circumstance. As a healthcare company born during a global pandemic, Viatris was formed to bridge the traditional divide between generics and brands, aiming to combine the best of both, to more holistically address healthcare needs globally. With an extensive portfolio of medicines to meet nearly every health need, a one-of-a-kind global supply chain designed to reach more people with health solutions when and where they need them, and the scientific expertise to address some of the world’s most enduring health challenges, access takes on deeper meaning at Viatris.

From our unique vantage point, we touch all of life’s moments, from birth to end of life, acute conditions to chronic diseases. We see across multiple therapeutic areas to the person at the center of their own unique health journey. We are focused on meeting individual needs, whether with a generic medicine, an improved version of an existing medicine, or a truly novel therapeutic solution.

Ultimately, we know we are stronger together. Both as a company and as a global community. Our pursuit of access is relentless. Because health matters everywhere.

As a company, Viatris:
Covers a broad range of therapeutic areas. We produce medicines for patients across a broad range of major therapeutic areas. From cardiovascular health to oncology, Viatris offers quality treatment options across more than 10 major therapeutic areas covering a wide variety of noncommunicable and infectious diseases. We also offer support services such as diagnostic clinics, educational seminars and digital tools to help patients better manage their health. While we intend to maintain our broad range of therapeutic areas, we have, as previously announced, identified three core, global therapeutic areas – ophthalmology (as evidenced by the Oyster Point and Famy Life Sciences’ acquisitions), gastrointestinal, and dermatology – that we believe particularly fit our own internal capabilities while leveraging our global platform.
Helps ease the burden of noncommunicable diseases. According to the WHO, NCDs, such as ischemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes, certain cancers and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, are among the leading causes of death globally. NCDs affect people of every age, gender and socioeconomic status in every corner of the world, and pose a heavy burden on individuals, families and communities. To overcome this global public health threat, patients
10

Table of Contents

worldwide need a partner they can trust – one that not only believes everyone deserves good health, but also has the portfolio, experience and expertise to make this belief a reality.
Helps hearts stay healthier. According to the WHO, coronary heart disease is the number one cause of death globally. Viatris collaborates with many organizations to help prevent, diagnose, and treat many cardiovascular illnesses. Our deep experience in emerging and developed markets affords a tried-and-true method of achieving high impact across the patient experience, from awareness to adherence. In close collaboration with governments, healthcare providers, technology partners and patients, we at Viatris work to nurture healthcare systems that can adapt and respond to patients’ ever-changing needs. We continue to collaborate with medical associations, patient advocacy groups and academia to develop innovative, integrated solutions and programs to help strengthen both the delivery and quality of healthcare.
Fights infectious disease. We are also a global leader in treating infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and tuberculosis, and offer an extensive portfolio across these disease states. While many important strides have been made to treat these illnesses, there is still more to be done in countries where lack of access to therapeutics, preventative treatment and diagnostics often result in patients not receiving proper care, and those where HIV transmission continues thirty years into the epidemic. From manufacturing a pediatric-friendly antiretroviral used to treat HIV-positive infants to providing HIV self-tests in some low- and middle-income countries, we are innovating to help patients.
An Increasingly Innovative and Differentiated Pipeline
Our confidence in the future delivery of our pipeline is rooted in our strong historic development programs and list of firsts, including the first FDA approvals of the generic version of Allergan's Restasis® and the generic version of Symbicort®, Breyna™. In addition, we are working on many other programs, including the potential to be first to market for our generics of Abilify Maintena®, Injectafer®, Invega Trinza®, Ozempic®, Sandostin® LAR Depot, Venofer® and Wegovy™. We are also working with our partners on novel and complex products such as our BOTOX® (onabotulinumtoxinA) biosimilar and Glatiramer Acetate Depot, a long-acting injection version of the approved glatiramer acetate.
While we will continue to diligently pursue important generics opportunities, we will increasingly focus on limited-competition complex and novel products targeting gaps in care, all with a first-to-market emphasis and serving our mission of patient access. Complex product categories are critical to patient health and are growing at a rapid pace. Our goal is to enhance our proven scientific capabilities and current global platform, including our Global Healthcare Gateway®, to create a durable and higher-margin portfolio of products. And that means further expanding beyond our current scope into more innovative products, including NCEs and global 505(b)(2) products. As previously mentioned, while we intend to maintain our broad range of therapeutic areas, we have identified three core, global therapeutic areas – ophthalmology, gastrointestinal and dermatology – that we believe particularly fit our own internal capabilities while leveraging our global platform.

vtrs-20221231_g2.jpg
LEADERSHIP
Viatris is advancing sustainable operations and innovative solutions to improve patient health. Viatris is committed to providing steady leadership in a world that is constantly evolving. We take that commitment seriously and know that advancing sustainable operations and innovative solutions to improve patient health requires strong global leadership. We know what it takes to reach more patients with more products, and believe that Viatris is uniquely positioned to make a difference through our:
Powerful global operating platform, which combines what we believe to be best-in-class manufacturing and supply chain capabilities. We have designed our global operations and supply chain to be a reliable and flexible partner for access across the world, constantly adapting to an ever-evolving landscape. Viatris operates approximately 40 manufacturing sites worldwide that produce oral solid doses, injectables, complex dosage forms and APIs on five different continents. Together with a global, flexible and diverse supply chain, our platform strives to mitigate risks of disruption and ensure supply reliability. Our efforts to build a responsive global network have helped us maintain a reliable supply of much needed medicines during the COVID-19 pandemic. We are committed to advancing responsible and sustainable operations and work diligently to minimize our environmental footprint across the Viatris
11

Table of Contents

network while safeguarding access to medicine. As discussed above, our API business (other than some selective development API capabilities) is one of the assets we intend to divest.

Robust global technical resources, including thousands of scientists, regulatory experts and medical and product safety professionals working around the world on innovative therapies and solutions for patients everywhere.
Strong global commercial team, including sales team members and marketing professionals whose goal is to ensure that products are shipped to customers around the globe.
Diverse and differentiated global portfolio includes products in more than 10 major therapeutic areas, including both infectious diseases and NCDs and medicines that treat the top 10 of the WHO’s leading causes of death globally. We are a leading supplier of medicines to the HIV/AIDS community around the world, with a legacy of providing access to high-quality and affordable ARVs in more than 100 countries.
We believe that Viatris’ global leadership in all of these areas uniquely positions us to efficiently and effectively serve patients regardless of geography or circumstance. Together, with our commitment to provide access to a sustainable, affordable, and diverse portfolio of high-quality medicines and our goal to be a Partner of Choice® for companies big and small, Viatris works to improve access and meet evolving healthcare needs around the world.
vtrs-20221231_g3.jpg
PARTNERSHIP
Leveraging our collective expertise to connect people to products and services. Partnerships and collaborations are critical, as are policies and strong healthcare systems that allow for healthy competitive environments. We have a strong history of partnering with other pharmaceutical companies, nonprofit organizations, government agencies, policymakers, trade associations and alliances, industry researchers and patient advocacy groups to promote sustainable access to treatment, build more resilient healthcare systems and drive these issues within our industry on global, regional and local levels. We hold leadership roles in several industry associations and actively engage with more than 100 groups worldwide to this end. Many of our collaborations focus on access to medicine; public awareness and disease screening; and healthcare professional education and support.

Our Global Healthcare Gateway® Built to Fuel Growth and Partnerships
Our Global Healthcare Gateway® is open for business. This was evidenced by the fact the Oyster Point and Famy Life Sciences acquisitions were sourced through the Global Healthcare Gateway®. Through our Global Healthcare Gateway®—a platform that allows partners to access our many established strengths to reach patients they may not have the resources to reach on their own—we connect more people with even more products and services. We are actively engaging with potential partners to help them accelerate possibilities of using their own healthcare assets to reach more patients by leveraging our unique global platform – our R&D, supply chain, manufacturing, regulatory, commercial and legal expertise. With the global platforms and infrastructure supporting our innovative Global Healthcare Gateway®, we are enhancing our capital allocation approach to business development, and our organic and inorganic R&D investments through a focused governance structure to ensure the highest level of strategic decision-making.

Licensing and Other Partner Agreements
We periodically enter into commercial licensing and other partner agreements with other pharmaceutical companies for the development, manufacture, marketing and/or sale of pharmaceutical products. Doing so helps us share risks and costs, leverage strengths and scale up commercialization, but usually requires us to also share future profits. The result often is that medicines become available sooner and to a significantly larger group of patients.
Our significant licensing and other partner agreements are primarily focused on the development, manufacturing, supply and commercialization of multiple, high-value generic compounds and respiratory products, among other complex products. Refer to Note 19 Licensing and Other Partner Agreements included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information.
12

Table of Contents

Operations
Viatris has developed an end-to-end experience across the total product life cycle, which includes global regulatory licensing, launch, growth and post-approval lifecycle management. Our research, development and medical platform seeks to maximize the impact of our existing portfolio by examining whether there is an opportunity for new indications, label extensions, formulations, and market registrations for our products. We also use our platform to determine whether there is an opportunity to integrate new products into our portfolio.
The manufacturing of APIs and finished dosage forms is currently performed by a combination of internal and external manufacturing operations. Internally, many of the products we produce are currently vertically integrated; meaning we manufacture both the APIs and finished dosage forms related to those products. Occasionally, however, resources we need are available from only a single supplier. As a result, we supplement our production footprint through arrangements with other manufacturers. However, as discussed above, our API business is one of the assets we intend to divest as we continue to move up the value chain and focus on more complex and innovative products to build a more durable, higher-margin portfolio. We expect to retain some selective development API capabilities and to continue to have access to adequate API supplies through our arrangements with other manufacturers.
The Company’s significant manufacturing, warehousing and distribution activities are located primarily in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Singapore, India, Australia, China, and certain E.U. countries, including Ireland. In addition, we maintain administrative facilities around the world. While many of these key facilities are owned, Viatris also leases certain facilities from third parties.
We believe all our facilities are in good operating condition, the machinery and equipment are well-maintained, the facilities are suitable for their intended purposes and they have capacities adequate for the current operations.
Facilities and records related to our products are subject to periodic inspection by the FDA, the EMA and other regulatory authorities in jurisdictions where our products are marketed. In addition, authorities often conduct pre-approval plant inspections to determine whether our systems and processes comply with current GMP and other regulations, and clinical-trial reviews to evaluate regulatory compliance and data integrity. Our suppliers, contract manufacturers, clinical trial partners and other business partners are subject to similar regulations and periodic inspections. The Company remains committed to maintaining the highest quality manufacturing standards at its facilities around the world and to continuous assessment and improvement in a time of evolving industry dynamics and regulatory expectations.
We are committed to advancing sustainable operations and innovative solutions to improve patient health. This means we focus on responsible conduct and have global policies and procedures to support our work. Environmental and human health are interconnected, a relationship underscored by climate change and water stress. We work systematically and diligently to minimize our environmental footprint while seeking to safeguard stable access to medicine. In 2022, we launched Viatris’ initial sustainability goals in the areas of access to medicine and health; diversity, equity & inclusion; and the environment: climate change, water risk assessments and waste management. Our near-term science-based emissions reduction targets for scope 1, 2 and 3 have been validated and approved by the Science Based Target initiative (SBTi). The SBTi classified Viatris' scope 1 and 2 target ambition and has determined that it is in line with a 1.5°C trajectory, a worldwide goal of limiting global warming. During 2022, we also completed a climate scenario analysis to help us identify and manage risk and opportunities regarding climate impacts. While it is very hard to predict accurately the future costs associated with compliance with environmental laws, this is not expected to require significant capital expenditures and has not had, and is not expected to have, a material adverse effect on our operations or competitive position.

Customers and Marketing
Our customers include retail and pharmacy establishments, wholesalers and distributors, payers, insurers and governments, and institutions such as hospitals; among others. See “Channel Types” below for more information about our customers.
13

Table of Contents

The table below displays the percentage of consolidated net sales to our largest customers during the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020.
Percentage of Consolidated Net Sales
202220212020
McKesson Corporation11 %%13 %
AmerisourceBergen Corporation10 %%10 %
Cardinal Health, Inc.%%%
We serve our customers through a team of highly-skilled sales and marketing professionals, all of whom are focused on establishing Viatris as our customers’ partner of choice. To best meet customers’ needs, the Company manages its business on a geographic basis.
In addition to being dynamic, the pharmaceutical industry is complex. How it functions, how it is regulated and how it provides patients access varies by location. Similarly, competition is affected by many factors. Examples of factors include innovation and development, timely approval of prescription drugs by health authorities, manufacturing capabilities, product quality, marketing effectiveness, portfolio size, customer service, consumer acceptance, product price, political stability and the availability of funding for healthcare.
Certain parts of our business also are affected by seasonality, e.g., due to the timing and severity of peak cough, cold and flu incidence, which can cause variability in sales trends for some of our products. While seasonality may affect quarterly comparisons within a fiscal year, it generally is not material to our annual consolidated results.
For these and other reasons, the Company’s sales and marketing efforts vary accordingly by product, market and channel type, each of which is described below.
See the Application of Critical Accounting Policies section in Part II. Item 7 of this Form 10-K for more information related to customer arrangements.
Products
From cardiovascular health to oncology, Viatris offers quality treatment options across more than 10 major therapeutic areas covering a wide variety of noncommunicable and infectious diseases. We also offer support services such as diagnostic clinics, educational seminars and digital tools to help patients better manage their health. We offer a broad and diverse range of treatment options across all our therapeutic areas, with many categories containing several products in a range of dosage forms, formulations and delivery systems that allow physicians to tailor care for optimal treatment.
As the Company looks to the future, its goal is to leverage its proven scientific capabilities to create a durable and higher-margin portfolio of products. Viatris intends to continue building the pipeline and focusing on products with greater complexity while also investing in the lifecycle management of certain key products in our current portfolio. The Company also expects to expand further beyond its current scope into more innovative products, including NCEs and global 505(b)(2)s. While Viatris intends to maintain its broad range of therapeutic areas, it has identified three core, global therapeutic areas – ophthalmology, gastrointestinal, dermatology — that it believes particularly fit its internal capabilities while leveraging its global platform. The Company is further enhancing its commercial and scientific capabilities as needed for this future portfolio and intends to increase its R&D investment as well as inorganically grow via business development through its Global Healthcare Gateway®.

Viatris currently markets prescription brand drugs, generic drugs, complex generic drugs, and APIs.
Brand drugs typically are prescription pharmaceuticals that are sufficiently novel as to be protected by patents or other forms of exclusivity. As such, these drugs, which bear trade names, may be produced and sold only by those owning the rights, subject to certain challenges that other companies may make. Developing new medicines can take years and significant investment. Only a few promising therapies ever enter clinical trials. Fewer still are approved for sale by health authorities, at which point marketing to healthcare providers and consumers begins. Because patents and exclusivities last many years, they serve as an incentive to developers. During the periods protected, developers often recoup their investments and earn a profit. In many high-income countries, the brand business often is characterized by higher margins on lower volumes - especially as compared with generic manufacturers. Viatris has numerous branded drugs, including iconic brands, as well as several global
14

Table of Contents

key brands to help patients manage their health. Brand drugs include branded generics which are off-patent products that are sold under an approved proprietary name for marketing purposes. Brand products often become branded generics once patent protections or other forms of exclusivity expire. Branded generic products are common in many countries outside the U.S., including emerging markets. Brand and branded generic products are more sensitive to promotion than are unbranded generic products. They therefore represent the primary focus of most of our sales representatives and product-level marketing activity. Our OTC products, which are sold directly to consumers without a prescription and without reimbursement, are generally sold under a brand name. As discussed above, our OTC business is one of the assets we intend to divest.
Generic drugs are therapeutically equivalent versions of brand drugs. Generics generally become available once the patents and other exclusivities on their branded counterparts expire. The generics business is generally characterized by lower margins on higher volumes of a relatively large number of products. Our generic medicines work in the same way and provide the same clinical benefits as their as their brand-name counterparts and may cost less, providing patients and the healthcare system important savings and medicine options which we believe are essential to making healthcare accessible. The manufacturing of generic medicines is held to the same standards of GMP by health authorities as the manufacturing of branded medicines. National health authorities inspect our facilities around the world to ensure that generic manufacturing, packaging and testing sites pass the same quality standards as those of brand drugs. Gx products typically are sold under their INNs. INNs facilitate the identification of pharmaceutical substances or APIs. Each INN is unique and globally recognized. A nonproprietary name also is known as a generic name.
Complex generic drugs are generic medicines that could have a complex active ingredient, complex formulation, complex route of delivery or complex drug device combinations. Viatris offers a number of these important medicines to patients, including our Wixela Inhub®, the first generic of ADVAIR DISKUS® and glatiramer acetate injection, a generic version of Copaxone®, for example.
While we will continue to diligently pursue important generics opportunities, we will increasingly focus on limited-competition complex and novel products targeting gaps in care, all with a first-to-market emphasis and serving our mission of patient access. We believe complex products categories are critical to patient health and are growing at a rapid pace.

APIs are responsible for the therapeutic effects of medicines. We are one of the world’s largest producers of APIs, providing them to customers in more than 100 countries. We are the leading producer of API used in generic ARVs, which treat HIV/AIDS. We also produce API for products in the following areas: antibacterial; central nervous system agents; antihistamines/antiasthmatics; cardiovascular, antivirals; antidiabetics; antifungals; and proton pump inhibitors. Our APIs are sold through a dedicated sales and marketing team primarily to pharmaceutical companies throughout the world. As discussed above, our API business is one of the assets we intend to divest. We expect to retain some selective development API capabilities and to continue to have access to adequate API supplies through our arrangements with other manufacturers. Viatris invests significant sums in R&D and in manufacturing capacity.

We also often incur substantial litigation expense as a result of defending or challenging brand patents or exclusivities, which is described further in Note 20 included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

Market Types
Viatris focuses its sales and marketing efforts on the people who make key decisions around pharmaceutical prescribing, dispensing or buying. Decision-makers vary by country or region, reflecting law and custom, giving rise to different types of pharmaceutical markets. Many countries feature a mix of or hybrids of various market types, though the Company may focus on just one type in a particular country.
In prescription markets, physicians decide which medicines patients will take. Pharmacies then dispense the products as directed. Drug companies employ sales forces to educate doctors about the clinical benefits of their products. Representatives call on individual doctors or group practices; the process is known as detailing. Examples of countries served by Viatris that are mainly prescription markets are the U.S. brand business, Japan, China, Turkey, Poland and Mexico.
In substitution markets, pharmacists generally are authorized (and in some cases required) by law to dispense an unbranded or branded generic, if available, in place of a brand-name medicine, or vice versa. Drug companies may use sales forces in these markets too, with representatives calling on and educating pharmacy personnel about their organization and products. Examples of countries served by Viatris that are mainly substitution markets are France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Australia.
15

Table of Contents

In tender markets, payers, such as governments or insurance companies, negotiate the lowest price for a drug (or group of drugs) on behalf of their constituents or members. In exchange, the chosen supplier’s product is placed on the payer’s formulary, or list of covered prescriptions. Often, a supplier’s drug is the only one available in an entire class of drugs. Large sales forces are not needed to reach these decision-makers. Examples of generic markets served by Viatris that are mainly tender markets are New Zealand, Sweden, South Africa, as well as Germany.
In distribution markets, retailers and wholesalers make drug-purchasing decisions. Large sales forces are not needed to reach the decision-makers representing these organizations. Note, however, that pharmacists operating in distribution markets also may be authorized to make substitution decisions when dispensing medicines. Examples of countries served by Viatris that are mainly distribution markets are the U.S. generics business, the U.K. and Norway.
The allocation of our sales and marketing resources reflects the characteristics of these different market types.
In the case of OTC products, consumers are the decision-makers. OTC products are commonly sold via retail channels, such as pharmacies, drugstores and supermarkets. This makes their sale and marketing comparable to other retail businesses, with broad advertising and trade-channel promotion. Consumers often are loyal to well-known OTC brands. For this reason, suppliers of OTC products, Viatris included, must invest the time and resources needed to build strong OTC brand names. As disclosed previously, the OTC business is no longer considered core to our future strategy, and we plan to divest it.

Channel Types
Viatris’ products make their way to patients through a variety of intermediaries, or channels.
Pharmaceutical wholesalers/distributors purchase prescription medicines and other medical products directly from manufacturers for storage in warehouses and distribution centers. The distributors then fill orders placed by healthcare providers and other authorized buyers.
Pharmaceutical retailers purchase products directly from manufacturers or wholesalers/distributors. They then sell them to consumers in relatively small quantities for personal use.
Institutional pharmacies address the unique needs of hospitals, nursing homes and other such venues. Among the services provided are specialized packaging, including for injectables and unit-dose products, for controlled administration.
Mail-order and e-commerce pharmacies receive prescriptions by mail, fax, phone or the internet at a central location; process them in large, mostly automated centers; and mail the drugs to the consumer.
Specialty pharmacies focus on managing the handling and service requirements associated with high-cost and more-complex drug therapies, such as those used to treat patients with rare or serious diseases.
Business Segments
Viatris has four reportable segments: Developed Markets, Greater China, JANZ, and Emerging Markets. The Company reports segment information on the basis of markets and geography, which reflects its focus on bringing its broad and diversified portfolio of branded, complex generics, including biosimilars prior to the Biocon Biologics Transaction, and generic products to people in markets everywhere. Our Developed Markets segment comprises our operations primarily in North America and Europe. Our Greater China segment includes our operations in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Our JANZ segment reflects our operations in Japan, Australia and New Zealand. Our Emerging Markets segment encompasses our presence in more than 125 countries with developing markets and emerging economies including in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East as well as the Company’s ARV franchise.
Developed Markets
The Developed Markets segment comprises our operations primarily in North America and Europe. The Company’s business in North America is driven mainly by our operations in the U.S., where we are one of the largest providers of prescription medicines. The U.S. pharmaceutical industry is very competitive, and the primary means of competition are innovation and development, timely FDA approval, manufacturing capabilities, product quality, marketing, portfolio size, customer service, reputation and price. We rely on cost-effective manufacturing processes to meet the rapidly changing needs of our customers around a reliable, high quality supply of generic pharmaceutical products. Europe, where many governments provide healthcare at a low direct cost to consumers and regulate pharmaceutical prices or patient reimbursement levels,
16

Table of Contents

continues to be a highly competitive market, especially in terms of pricing, quality standards, service levels and product portfolio. Our leadership position in a number of countries provides us a platform to fulfill the needs of patients, physicians, pharmacies, customers and payors.
Significant products sold by the Developed Markets segment include Lyrica®, Lipitor®, Creon®, Influvac®, Wixela Inhub®, EpiPen® Auto-Injector, Fraxiparine®, and Yupelri®.

New product launches are an important growth driver. Important recent launches include SEMGLEE®, cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion, and lenalidomide in the U.S.
While our U.S. customer base is extensive, it increasingly comprises a small number of very large firms as the pharmaceutical industry has undergone and continues to undergo tremendous change and consolidation. We believe Viatris is well positioned to serve such customers in the Developed Markets due to the scale we have built in terms of R&D, manufacturing, and portfolio breadth.
Greater China
The Greater China segment includes our operations in mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Since the closing of the Combination, the Viatris Greater China portfolio is predominantly branded LOE products.
In China, the recent healthcare reform measures are aimed at controlling the overall healthcare costs, while providing better and broader care to the population. Healthcare spending is expected to increase in-line with GDP growth. The VBP policy for LOE molecules is now in its fourth year and includes more than 290 molecules. All major Viatris brands are included in the VBP molecule lists. We have re-balanced our business to expand our focus on the retail pharmacy and e-commerce channels while maintaining our presence in the hospital channel. Healthcare consumerism, increased spending power, and demand for premium medical products have generated strong growth in these new channels and partially absorbed the reductions seen in hospital channel due to VBP. Additional pricing and volume pressure for pharmaceutical products sold in the hospital channels is expected to continue during 2023 and could negatively impact our results of operations. For additional information, see “Risk Factors - We have and may continue to experience pressure on the pricing of and reimbursements for certain of our products due to pricing controls, social or government pressure to lower the cost of drugs, and consolidation across the supply chain.
Significant products within the Greater China segment include Lipitor®, Norvasc®, and Viagra®.
JANZ
The JANZ segment consists of our operations in Japan, Australia and New Zealand. In Japan, the NHI regulates the pricing of pharmaceutical products to healthcare providers. The Company sells products in Japan primarily through a network of wholesalers who then sell the products to doctors, hospitals and pharmacies. In Australia, the healthcare system is a mix of public and private healthcare sectors, with Medicare, Australia’s public healthcare system, covering most of the country’s medical costs. The Department of Health oversees healthcare governance, law, and policy while the various state and territory governments administer the system. Most prescription pharmaceutical products are subsidized under the pharmaceutical benefits scheme by the federal government. Pricing of reimbursed pharmaceutical products is regulated by the government and funded via the Medicare levy and through company and patient contributions. The Company sells products primarily through the wholesale system, while promoting its products to both physicians and pharmacists.
Significant products within the JANZ segment include AMITIZA®, Lipacreon®, Lyrica®, Norvasc®, and Effexor®.
Emerging Markets
The Emerging Markets segment encompasses our presence in more than 125 countries with developing markets and emerging economies including in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East as well as the Company’s ARV franchise. With healthcare at various stages of development across these markets, we believe we are positioned to not only leverage our large geographical footprint to maximize the similarities between these markets, but also tailor solutions to meet local need. There is demand in this segment for better healthcare to serve a growing population and economic expansion. Many countries in this segment are brand-conscious with generic penetration rates lower than developed markets.

Among our products sold in the segment are Lipitor®, Lyrica®, Norvasc®, Celebrex®, and ARVs.

17

Table of Contents

Refer to Note 16 Segment Information included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information about our segments.
Government Regulation
Regulation by governmental authorities is a significant factor in the R&D, manufacture, marketing, sales and distribution of pharmaceuticals. Our products are subject to robust developmental studies which include analytical determinations of strength, quality, purity as well as rigorous safety and efficacy determinations using preclinical, pharmacokinetic studies and clinical evaluations to gather data to support regulatory review and approval. This body of work results in extensive data and scientific information that is incorporated into a given product’s regulatory dossier. Manufacturing is conducted under exacting conditions governed by extensive regulation including strict in-process and finished pharmaceutical products specifications and controls. Post-approval activities, such as advertising and promotion, pharmacovigilance, post-marketing regulatory commitments, and pharmacopeial monographs, are subject to extensive regulation and controls as well.

The lengthy process of developing products and obtaining required approvals and the continuing need for post-approval compliance with applicable statutes and regulations require the expenditure of substantial resources. Regulatory approval, if and when obtained, may be limited in scope. Further, approved drugs, as well as their manufacturers, are subject to ongoing post-marketing review and inspection, which can lead to the discovery of previously unknown attributes of the products or the manufacturing or quality control procedures used in their production, which may impact the marketing of the products or result in restrictions on their manufacture, sale or use or in their withdrawal from the market.
Any failure or delay by us, our suppliers of manufactured drug product, collaborators or licensees, in obtaining and maintaining regulatory approvals could adversely affect the marketing of our products and our ability to receive product revenue, license revenue or profit-sharing payments.
Other Regulatory Requirements
Our business is subject to a wide range of various other federal, state, non-governmental, and local agency rules and regulations. They focus on fraud and corruption, pricing and reimbursement, data privacy, and the environment, among many other considerations. For more information about certain of these regulations and the associated risks we face, see Part I. Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.
Research and Development
Our R&D organization, which includes developers and regulatory and clinical experts, work collaboratively across our different R&D centers around the world, which include technology-focused development sites and global R&D centers.

Our research, development and clinical platform, which includes regulatory activities, seeks to deliver new product opportunities across all of our categories and markets and to evaluate opportunities to expand the scope of our existing product portfolio with a focus on development activities. Our product pipeline includes a variety of dosage forms, including oral solid dosage forms, transdermals, injectables, inhalation, and other delivery systems. While committed to generics and specialty products, over the last several years, a greater portion of our investments has been focused on complex or difficult-to-formulate products, such as biosimilars and modified release injectables, rather than on commodity products, such as conventional oral solid dosage forms. For example, we are working on a number of programs including the potential to be first to market for our generics of Abilify Maintena®, Injectafer®, Invega Trinza®, Ozempic®, Sandostin® LAR Depot, Venofer® and Wegovy™. We are also working with our partners on novel and/or complex products such as our biosimilar to BOTOX® (onabotulinumtoxinA) and Glatiramer Acetate Depot, a long-acting injection version of the approved glatiramer acetate. As previously mentioned, to facilitate our future growth, we expect to expand our current scope of development into more innovative products, including NCEs and global 505(b)(2) products with a particular focus on three therapeutic areas: ophthalmology, gastrointestinal and dermatology and intend to increase our R&D investment as well as inorganically grow via business development through our Global Healthcare Gateway®.

Intellectual Property
We consider the protection of our intellectual property rights to be extremely valuable, and we act to protect them from infringement by third parties.
We have an extensive trademark portfolio totaling more than 35,000 trademarks filed globally and routinely apply to register key brand-name, generic, branded generic, and trade names in numerous countries around the world. Our registered
18

Table of Contents

trademarks are renewable indefinitely, and these registrations are properly maintained in accordance with the laws of the countries in which they are registered.
We also have an extensive patent portfolio and actively file for patent protection in various countries to protect our brand-name, generic, branded generic, and OTC products, including processes for making and using them. We have more than 3,100 patents filed globally. For additional information, see Part I. Item 1A “Risk Factors - We rely on the effectiveness of our patents, confidentiality agreements and other measures to protect our intellectual property rights” of this Form 10-K.
Further, we have well-established safeguards in place to protect our proprietary know-how and trade secrets, both of which we consider extremely valuable to our intellectual property portfolio.
We look for intellectual property licensing opportunities to or from third parties, related not only to our existing products, but as a means for expanding our product portfolio.
We rely on the aforementioned types of intellectual property, as well as our copyrights, trade dress, regulatory exclusivities and contractual protections, to establish a broad scope of intellectual property rights for our product portfolio.
Human Capital
Our people, our culture
Our approximately 37,000 diverse colleagues are fueled by a shared passion, purpose, and genuine care for the patients we serve.
To us, that means empowering patients worldwide to live healthier at every stage of life. It also means empowering our colleagues to be the best they can be every day. This is our mindset as we build our performance-driven, highly engaging and inclusive culture: “The Viatris Way”. Since the launch of Viatris in November 2020, the Company believes it has taken great strides to create an employee experience and culture where colleagues are encouraged to reach their full potential. We have had several accomplishments that lay the foundation for the kind of company we want to be, including:

Being recognized on the Forbes® 2022 World’s Best Employers list for the second year in a row, inclusion on lists such as Fortune's Change the World, Newsweek's America's Most Responsible Companies, Capital Magazine's Best Employers in France, a Great Place to Work® certification in India, HR Asia's Best Companies to Work for in Asia (Taiwan), and Top Employers Institute’s certification as one of the 101 top employers in China;
In 2022, we conducted our first-ever Viatris Voice Survey with approximately 89% of our employees from around the world sharing their perspectives on: Engagement; Diversity, Equity & Inclusion (“DE&I”); Health & Well-Being; and Transformation & Change. The survey also marked a milestone in our commitment to creating our culture The Viatris Way: one that is performance-driven, highly engaging, and inclusive; and
Diverse perspectives drive innovation and our ability to make a difference in the world. We continue to progress on our commitment to DE&I aiming to engage at least 90% of all colleagues globally in DE&I foundational learning in 2023, and by forming our inaugural Employee Resource Groups (“ERGs”). We have four forming ERGs including: EmpoWer advocating for an ecosystem that empowers women to reach their full potential; VIVID supporting LGBTQ+ employees and allies; Black colleagues; and, Caregivers.

Talent, learning and development
Supporting our colleagues in their learning and development can make a difference in the lives of our patients around the world. We provide the tools and resources to help colleagues achieve their performance and development goals. We are committed to continuously anticipating, developing and acquiring new capabilities. We have an extensive learning and development portfolio of resources and programs and we are introducing new focused development programs and resources via our new Viatris Development Principles: Develop, Invest, Diversify, Innovate, Build and Achieve.
Diversity, equity and inclusion
Understanding and embracing what makes individuals unique is essential to Viatris’ mission. The diversity we foster within our teams can be one of our greatest strengths in redefining healthcare not as it is, but as it should be. In 2022, we established initial goals in DE&I in the areas of foundational learning, and increasing diversity in management for women,
19

Table of Contents

Black and Hispanic/LatinX employees. We look forward to reporting out on our actions and progress going forward in our annual Sustainability Report.

Viatris strives to create a positive, productive work environment where integrity, dignity and mutual respect for all are valued. We are an equal opportunity employer and discrimination and harassment are strictly prohibited. Together, we are building a highly inclusive organization and our goal is to provide a safe, supportive community where employees feel they belong and can use their unique experiences, perspectives and skills to make a difference in the lives of others. Our ERGs bring colleagues together to listen and learn from each other and raise awareness to change our company and communities for the better, and our Viatris Voice Survey demonstrates positive results in colleague sentiment for engagement and DE&I in addition to other areas of strength.

Health and Safety
We cultivate a culture of health and safety throughout our global workforce by ensuring that our colleagues and contractors are made aware of issues relevant to their work and providing them with the personal protective equipment and knowledge required to perform their jobs safely. Further, we work to ensure that our systems and processes are designed to identify and reduce health and safety risks or impacts on the communities in which we operate.

Employee well-being and safety
Viatris is also committed to providing a safe and healthy workplace for our employees, contractors and visitors. In addressing the COVID-19 pandemic and helping meet urgent global health needs, tens of thousands of dedicated Viatris employees across the world have worked to help ensure a stable supply of much needed treatments.

Because protecting the health and safety of our workforce remains paramount, we continue to align with government directives and the advice of relevant international, national and local health authorities at every Viatris facility around the world. Many of our colleagues are working in manufacturing facilities, where we have continued to take extra precautions to protect our site personnel and operations. In 2021, we issued principles in support of hybrid-remote work to guide the development of local policies where possible. We offer a wide range of benefits and programs that are locally customized to meet the unique needs of employees, and regularly offer advice and support to our employees including providing resources that support well-being for our colleagues around the world.

Exchange Act Reports
Viatris maintains a website at Viatris.com where you can find certain reports and associated amendments that the Company files with the SEC in accordance with the Exchange Act. These filings will include our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports.
We make this information available on our website free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The contents of our website are not incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and shall not be deemed “filed” under the Exchange Act.
The SEC also maintains a website (www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
ITEM 1A.Risk Factors
We operate in a complex and rapidly changing environment that involves risks, many of which are beyond our control. Our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends, and/or stock price could be materially affected by any of these risks, if they occur, or by other factors not currently known to us, or not currently considered to be material. These risk factors should be read in conjunction with the other information in this Form 10-K, as well as our other filings with the SEC.
Our risk factors are organized into five categories: Strategic, Operational, Compliance, Finance and General.
20

Table of Contents

Summary

Below is a summary of some of the more significant risks and uncertainties we face. This summary is not exhaustive and is qualified by reference to the full set of risk factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A.

Strategic Risks
We may not realize the intended benefits of, or achieve the intended goals or outlooks with respect to, our strategic initiatives, including divestitures, acquisitions or other potential transactions.
The integration of acquired businesses, as well as our global restructuring program have presented and may in the future present significant challenges.
There are risks and uncertainties associated with the sale of our biosimilars business, one or more of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends or stock price.
We have and may continue to experience pressure on the pricing of and reimbursements for certain of our products due to pricing controls, social or government pressure to lower the cost of drugs, and consolidation across the supply chain.
We have significant operations globally, which exposes us to the risks inherent in conducting our business internationally.
Charges to earnings resulting from acquisitions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Operational Risks
Current and changing economic conditions, including inflation, may adversely affect our industry, business, partners and suppliers.
The pharmaceutical industry is heavily regulated, and we face significant costs and uncertainties associated with our efforts to comply with applicable laws and regulations.
The use of legal, regulatory, and legislative strategies by both brand and generic competitors, including but not limited to “authorized generics” and regulatory petitions, may increase costs associated with the introduction or marketing of our generic products, could delay or prevent such introduction, and could significantly reduce our revenue and profit.
If we are unable to successfully introduce new products in a timely manner, our future revenue and profitability may be adversely affected.
We expend a significant amount of resources on R&D efforts that may not lead to successful product introductions.
Even if our products in development receive regulatory approval, such products may not achieve expected levels of market acceptance.
Our business is highly dependent upon market perceptions of us, our products and brands, and the safety and quality of our products and brands, as well as the effectiveness of our sales and marketing activities, and we may be adversely impacted by negative publicity or findings.
We have a limited number of manufacturing facilities and certain third-party suppliers produce a substantial portion of our API and products, some of which require a highly exacting and complex manufacturing process.
Our future success is highly dependent on our ability to attract, motivate and retain key personnel.
Compliance Risks
We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws, which impose restrictions on certain conduct and may carry substantial fines and penalties.
Our competitors, including branded pharmaceutical companies, and/or other third parties, may allege that we or our suppliers are infringing upon their intellectual property, including in an “at risk launch” situation, which could result in substantial monetary damages, impact our ability to launch a product and/or our ability to continue marketing a product, and/or force us to expend substantial resources in resulting litigation, the outcome of which is uncertain.
We are involved in various legal proceedings and certain government inquiries and may experience unfavorable outcomes of such proceedings or inquiries.
We are increasingly dependent on IT and our systems and infrastructure face certain risks, including cybersecurity and data leakage risks.
Finance Risks
There can be no guarantee that we will continue to pay dividends or repurchase shares under our stock buyback program.
21

Table of Contents

We may not be able to maintain competitive financial flexibility and our corporate tax rate which could adversely affect us and our shareholders.
Currency fluctuations and changes in exchange rates have impacted and could continue to adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price. We have significant indebtedness, which could lead to adverse consequences or adversely affect our financial position and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under such indebtedness, and any refinancing of this debt could be at significantly higher interest rates.
There are inherent uncertainties involved in estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Any future changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions used or necessary revisions to prior estimates, judgments or assumptions or changes in accounting standards could lead to a restatement or revision to previously issued financial statements.
Viatris has suffered and in the future could suffer additional losses due to impairment charges.


Strategic Risks

We may not realize the intended benefits of, or achieve the intended goals or outlooks with respect to, our strategic initiatives, including divestitures, acquisitions or other potential transactions.

Viatris has announced various strategic initiatives, transactions and business arrangements, including our two-phased strategic vision. In Phase 1 of this strategy, we have been focused on reducing debt, maintaining an investment grade credit rating and returning capital to shareholders. In preparation for the second phase, the Company has completed certain transactions, including the Biocon Biologics Transaction, and has announced plans for certain other strategic actions, such as its intent to divest certain businesses no longer considered to be core to its future strategy, including OTC, women’s health care (primarily related to our oral and injectable contraceptives), API (while retaining some selective API capabilities) and Upjohn Distributor Markets. The Company anticipates a period of renewed growth and leadership in this second phase as it intends to move up the value chain by focusing on more complex and innovative products to build a more durable higher margin portfolio.

Implementing these and other strategic initiatives has included and may in the future include divestitures, acquisitions, asset purchases, partnerships, collaborations, joint ventures, product rationalization and other investments. These transactions and arrangements have been and may in the future be material both from a strategic and financial perspective. These initiatives, whether we are able to complete them or not, have been and may continue to be complex, time-consuming or expensive, may divert managements’ attention, and expose us to operational ineffectiveness. We may miscalculate the risks associated with our strategic initiatives at the time they are made or not have the resources or ability to access all the relevant information to evaluate them properly, including with regard to the potential of R&D pipelines, manufacturing issues, compliance issues, or the outcome of ongoing legal and other proceedings. More complex products are more difficult, costly and time-consuming to develop, receive regulatory approval for and bring to market. There can be no assurance that we will be able to achieve all of our intended goals or outlooks with respect to such strategies within the anticipated timeframes or at all, fully realize the expected benefits of any such transactions or arrangements, or successfully manage base business erosion or grow in future periods.

Divestitures, product rationalizations or asset sales have resulted and could continue to result in asset impairments or decreased revenues and cash flows, or reduce the size or scope of our business, our market share in particular markets or our opportunities and ability to compete with respect to certain markets, therapeutic areas or products. We may not be successful in separating underperforming or non-core assets, which could negatively impact our ongoing operations, future earnings and future goals and outlooks. Certain divestitures also have resulted and may in the future result in continued financial exposure to the divested assets or businesses, such as through guarantees, or other financial arrangements, continued supply and services arrangements, continued provision of corporate functions to the divested business, stranded costs, or potential litigation. In addition, we may not be able to obtain the required regulatory approvals for a planned divestiture, or may be unable to dispose of businesses that we intend to divest on satisfactory or commercially reasonable terms or within our anticipated timeline, in part because of competition from other companies in pursuing similar transactions in the pharmaceutical industry. We may also not be able to realize the anticipated benefits from such transactions, such as realizing the anticipated proceeds, deploying the proceeds to pay down our outstanding indebtedness and/or fund other important initiatives, and maintaining employee morale and retaining key management and other employees to provide the transition services and to operate our retained business.

We have also entered into strategic alliances with partners, including through our Global Healthcare Gateway®, to develop, manufacture, market and/or distribute certain products, and/or certain components of our products, in various markets. We have entered into and may in the future enter into agreements with our collaboration partners that provide for certain services, as well as cross manufacturing, development and licensing arrangements. We commit substantial effort, funds and other resources to these various alliances and collaborations. There is a risk that the investments made by us in these alliances
22

Table of Contents

and collaborative arrangements will not generate financial returns. While we believe our relationships with our partners generally are successful, disputes or conflicting priorities and regulatory or legal intervention could be a source of delay or uncertainty as to the expected benefits of the obligations.

The overall execution of our strategic initiatives may result in material unanticipated problems, expenses, liabilities, competitive responses, operational inefficiencies, adverse tax consequences, impairment or restructuring charges, loss of customer relationships, difficulty attracting and retaining qualified employees, and diversion of management’s and/or employee’s attention, among other potential adverse consequences. In addition, we may have to terminate a strategic alliance, agreement or arrangement, or our partners may be unable to fulfill their collaboration.

Any of the risks described above could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

The integration of acquired businesses, as well as our global restructuring program, have presented and may in the future present significant challenges.

The combination of two or more independent businesses, including, for example, the Combination and our recent acquisitions of Oyster Point and Famy Life Sciences, is a complex, costly and time-consuming process and there is a significant degree of difficulty inherent in the integration process. These difficulties may include:

diversion of management’s attention from the ongoing operations of Viatris to integration and restructuring matters;
the challenge of integrating the employees and business cultures;
retaining existing customers and suppliers, or obtaining new customers and suppliers;
risks associated with managing a larger and more complex company;
loss of institutional knowledge;
the challenge and cost of integrating manufacturing, logistics, information technology, communications and other systems;
the potential difficulty retaining key personnel and other employees;
challenges in reducing reliance on transition services, including difficulties in hiring employees or finding suitable replacements, prior to the expiration of any period in which such services are provided; and
reducing costs associated with transition services, including managing the amount for replacement costs.

Viatris has also undertaken a significant global restructuring program in order to achieve specified synergies and ensure the Company is optimally structured and efficiently resourced to deliver sustainable value to patients, shareholders, customers, and other stakeholders. The process of integrating operations and implementing restructuring initiatives could cause an interruption of, or loss of momentum in, the activities of one or more of Viatris’ businesses. These integration and restructuring processes are ongoing and members of Viatris’ senior management are required to devote considerable amounts of time to these processes, which could decrease the time they have to manage and service Viatris’ businesses, and develop new products or strategies. Even if the integration and global restructuring program are successful, we may not achieve anticipated synergies, growth opportunities and other financial and operating benefits within the timeline we anticipate, or at all.

Any quantification of synergies expected to result from a transaction or restructuring activities is based on significant estimates and assumptions that are subjective in nature and inherently uncertain. Realization of any benefits and synergies from acquired businesses or our global restructuring program could be affected by a number of factors beyond our control, including, without limitation, general economic conditions, increased operating costs, regulatory developments, and the other risks described in these risk factors. In addition, our ability to achieve our synergy targets depends in large part on the successful implementation of the initiatives under our global restructuring program, which may not achieve their intended goals. The amount of synergies actually realized, if any, and the time periods in which any such synergies are realized, could differ materially from our current expectations and estimates. In addition, if key personnel and other employees depart because of issues relating to the uncertainty and difficulty of integration or restructuring activities, Viatris may not realize the anticipated benefits of these activities. If integration activities or our global restructuring program are unsuccessful, if the estimated costs are higher than anticipated, or if we are unable to realize the anticipated synergies and other benefits, there could be a material adverse effect on Viatris’ business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

There are risks and uncertainties associated with the sale of our biosimilars business, one or more of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends or stock price.

In connection with the closing of the transaction with Biocon Biologics, we entered into a transition services agreement pursuant to which we will provide services to Biocon Biologics, including commercialization services substantially
23

Table of Contents

the same as we historically provided to our biosimilar business. Our obligations under the transition services agreement may result in additional expenses that are borne by us during and after the exit from the transition services agreement, may create stranded costs, or may divert our focus and resources that would otherwise be invested into maintaining or growing our retained business. If Biocon Biologics is not prepared to operate the business independently at the end of the negotiated transition period, we may need to provide transition services for a longer than anticipated period of time, which would increase these risks. Furthermore, a significant portion of the consideration that we received in the Biocon Biologics Transaction is in the form of equity in Biocon Biologics, which is currently a privately held Indian company. Although we have negotiated certain “downside” protection regarding the value of that equity in the Biocon Agreement and related documents, such protection does not guarantee any particular liquidity event or our ability to monetize our equity and, even if we are able to successfully liquidate our equity, the downside protection may be inadequate to guarantee a minimum return that we or investors expect. In addition, we believe the success of the Biocon Biologics business will be highly dependent upon the successful transition of the business to Biocon Biologics, including no major disruption in services provided under the transition services agreement. If this transition is not successful, it would have a significant impact on the value of the equity we will own in Biocon Biologics and could negatively impact our business or financial condition. Because our former biosimilars business was commingled with Viatris’ other businesses, the financial information for the biosimilars business is being carved-out of Viatris’ financial and other systems, and will impact the reporting of our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows. This process increases the risk of errors in the presentation of our financial results in conformity with U.S. GAAP.

We have also agreed to indemnify Biocon Biologics and certain of its representatives against certain losses suffered as a result of certain breaches of our representations, warranties, covenants and agreements in the Biocon Agreement and related documents. Any event that results in a right for Biocon Biologics to seek indemnity from us could result in substantial liability to us and could adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.

Any of the risks described above could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

We have and may continue to experience pressure on the pricing of and reimbursements for certain of our products due to pricing controls, social or government pressure to lower the cost of drugs, and consolidation across the supply chain.

We operate in a challenging environment, with significant pressures on the pricing of our products and on our ability to obtain and maintain satisfactory rates of reimbursement for our products by governments, insurers and other payors. We face numerous cost-containment measures by governments and other payors, including certain government-imposed industry-wide price reductions, mandatory rebates or pricing, international reference pricing (i.e., the practice of a country linking its regulated medicine prices to those of other countries), VBP, tender systems, shifting of the payment burden to patients through higher co-payments, and requirements for increased transparency on pricing, all of which may have an adverse impact on the pricing of our products. In addition, rising rates of inflation have increase and may continue to increase pressure on governments, insurers and other payors to implement additional cost containment measures.

Many markets in which we operate have implemented or may implement tender systems for generic pharmaceuticals in an effort to lower prices. Under such tender systems, manufacturers submit bids which establish prices for generic pharmaceutical products. Upon winning the tender, the winning company will receive a preferential reimbursement for a period of time. If our bids do not win, we may not be able to participate in the given market or may lose out on market share. In addition, if customers to whom we supply API do not win their tender bids, the amount of API that we sell to them may be reduced. While criteria other than price can be included in tenders, tender systems often select the lowest bid, which often results in companies underbidding one another by proposing low pricing in order to win the tender. Other markets may also consider the implementation of a tender system, and even if a tender system or other price controls are ultimately not implemented, the anticipation of such could result in price reductions.
In the EU, U.K. and some other international markets, the government provides healthcare at low cost to consumers and regulates pharmaceutical prices, patient eligibility and/or reimbursement levels to control costs for the government-sponsored healthcare system. These systems of price regulations may lead to inconsistent and lower prices. The availability of our products in some markets at lower prices undermines our sales in other markets with higher prices. Additionally, certain countries set prices by reference to the prices in other countries where our products are marketed. Thus, our inability to secure adequate prices in a particular country may also impair our ability to obtain acceptable prices in existing and potential new markets and may create the opportunity for third party cross-border trade. In addition to the impacts of these government-sponsored healthcare systems, in the EU, U.K. and other international markets, certain governmental agencies have or are considering enacting further measures to decrease the costs of providing healthcare, including government mandated price reductions and/or other forms of price controls, including retrospective “clawback” price reductions.

In China, pricing pressures have increased in recent years, and the Chinese government has also increased its focus on patient access and reimbursement for pharmaceutical medicines. For example, in 2013, China began to implement a QCE process for post-LOE products to improve the quality of domestically manufactured generic drugs, primarily by requiring such
24

Table of Contents

drugs to pass a test to assess their bioequivalence to a qualified reference drug (typically the originator drug).In addition, since 2018, China's National Healthcare Security Administration, in conjunction with relevant departments, has been promoting a centralized VBP policy for drugs, which has become standard practice and subjects many drugs to a competitive bidding process. Molecules subject to the VBP bidding process have seen significant price cuts, with some bidders reducing the price of their products by as much as 96% as they attempt to secure volumes on the Chinese pharmaceutical market. We expect pricing pressures on our products included in the VBP bidding process to continue to increase as a result of this policy. We have failed, and may continue to fail, to win bids due to various factors, including uncompetitive bidding prices. In addition, the URP policy will cap reimbursement of molecules at their VBP tender winning price. URP will create additional pricing and volume pressure for pharmaceutical products that are subject to the program and is expected to negatively impact our results of operations.

Demand for our products also depends in part on the extent to which reimbursements are available. In the U.S., third-party payors increasingly challenge the pricing of pharmaceutical products. These trends and other trends toward managed healthcare, the vertical consolidation among insurers, PBMs and pharmacies, and legislative healthcare reform create significant uncertainties regarding the future levels of payment, price or reimbursement for pharmaceutical products. Further, any payment, price or reimbursement may be reduced in the future to the point that market demand for our products and/or our profitability declines. Changes to Medicare and/or state Medicaid programs, or changes required in the way in which Medicare payment rates are set, the design of the Medicare Part D and Part B benefits, and/or the way Medicare or Medicaid rebates are calculated, could adversely affect the payment we receive for our products. In order to control expenditures on pharmaceuticals, most member states in the EU regulate the pricing of products and, in some cases, limit the range of different forms of pharmaceuticals available for prescription by national health services. These controls can result in considerable price differences between member states.
There has also been increasing U.S. federal and state legislative and enforcement interest with respect to drug pricing, as well as from international organizations like the United Nations, WHO and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, in addition to intense publicity and scrutiny regarding such matters, including publicity and pressure resulting from prices charged by competitors and peer companies for new products as well as price increases by competitors and peer companies on older products that some have deemed excessive.
In addition, there have been executive orders, legislation, and legislative and regulatory proposals, including in connection with government programs such as Medicare, concerning drug prices and related issues, including the perceived need to bring more transparency to drug pricing, reviewing the relationship between pricing and manufacturer patient programs, and reforming government program reimbursement methodologies for drugs. Some states have also signed into law programs that compel manufacturers to provide certain medicines at free or reduced costs to certain patients, and additional states are exploring such programs. Although we expect to see continued focus in regulating pricing, we cannot predict what, if any, additional legislative or regulatory developments may transpire at the state or country level, or what the ultimate impact may be.
In the U.S., certain of these pressures are further compounded by increasing consolidation among wholesalers, retailer drug chains, PBMs, private insurers, managed care organizations and other private payors, which can increase their negotiating power. Please also refer to “A significant portion of our revenues is derived from sales to a limited number of customers.”
The numerous cost-containment measures by governments and other payors, failing to win tenders, the implementation of price control systems, adverse legislation and regulation, the consolidation of our customers, or continued social or government pressure to lower the cost of pharmaceutical products could have a material adverse impact on our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Healthcare reform legislation could have a material adverse effect on our business.

In recent years, there have been numerous initiatives on the federal and state levels for comprehensive reforms affecting the payment for, the availability of and reimbursement for, healthcare services in the U.S., and it is likely that Congress and state legislatures and health agencies will continue to focus on healthcare reform in the future.
In 2022, President Biden signed into law the Inflation Reduction Act, which includes numerous Medicare reforms that will affect reimbursement for certain pharmaceuticals covered by Medicare and modify the Part D and Part B program structure, including shifting the liability for certain prescription drug costs shared between Medicare, pharmaceutical manufacturers, and Part D plans. These reforms include government price negotiation for certain high-spend, single-source Medicare drugs, out-of-pocket caps for Medicare beneficiaries using insulin products, and the application of inflation-based rebates for certain Medicare drugs.
We are unable to predict the future course of federal or state healthcare legislation or reform or the outcome of challenges to such laws or reforms once passed. Significant additional reforms to the U.S. healthcare system, including changes to the ACA, Medicare and Medicaid, or changes to other laws or regulatory frameworks in other markets in which we operate,
25

Table of Contents

that reduce our revenues or increase our costs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

We have significant operations globally, which exposes us to the risks inherent in conducting our business internationally.

Our operations extend to numerous countries globally and therefore are subject to the risks inherent in this geographic scope. These risks include, but are not limited to:
the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;
compliance with the national and local laws, regulations and customs of countries in which we do business, including, but not limited to, data privacy and protection, environmental and social regulations, import/export and enforcement of intellectual property protections;
less established legal and regulatory regimes in certain jurisdictions, including China, where the interpretation and enforcement of laws, rules and regulations may involve uncertainties and can be inconsistent;
that litigation, administrative and court proceedings may be protracted, expensive and unpredictable;
that governments in certain jurisdictions may favor local businesses and make it more difficult for foreign businesses to operate on an equal footing;
increased uncertainties related to the enforcement of contracts with certain parties;
compliance with a variety of U.S. laws including, but not limited to, trade controls or sanctions, regulations put forth by the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and rules relating to the use of certain “conflict minerals” under Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and the Consumer Protection Act;
sanctions and our interpretation of those sanctions, trade controls, supply chain and staffing challenges as a result of the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine that have impacted and may continue to impact our ability to market or sell pharmaceuticals in either country or subject us to increased government scrutiny. In addition, a significant escalation or expansion of the conflict’s current scope may have a negative impact on our operations and financial results in future periods;
changes in laws, regulations, and practices affecting the pharmaceutical industry and the healthcare system, including but not limited to imports, exports, manufacturing, quality, cost, pricing, reimbursement, approval, inspection, and delivery of healthcare;
changes in policies designed to promote foreign investment, including significant tax incentives, liberalized import and export duties, and preferential rules on foreign investment and repatriation;
increased EU and U.S. scrutiny of overseas pharmaceutical manufacturing, including executive orders, agency rule making and policy proposals related to increasing domestic production of pharmaceutical products and API;
differing local product preferences and product requirements;
adverse changes in the economies in which we or our partners and suppliers operate as a result of a slowdown in overall growth, a change in government or economic policies, or financial, political, or social change or instability in such countries that affects the markets in which we operate, particularly emerging markets;
changes in employment or labor laws, or wage increases in the countries in which we or our partners and suppliers operate;
local, regional and global restrictions on banking and commercial activities in certain markets, especially emerging markets;
longer payment cycles and increased exposure to counterparty risk;
volatility in international financial markets and increased foreign currency risk;
inflation or hyperinflation in certain markets, including Turkey;
changes resulting from the formal withdrawal of the U.K. from the EU, commonly referred to as Brexit, including those related to additional trade agreements, tariffs and customs regulations and currency fluctuations, which could materially impact the way we conduct our operations in those markets;
supply disruptions and increases in energy and transportation costs;
increased tariffs on the import or export of our products or API, including on imports from China to the U.S. as a result of the escalation of trade tensions between the countries or otherwise;
burdens to comply with multiple, changing and potentially conflicting laws, regulations and disclosure requirements, including those relating to environmental, social and governance matters, carbon emissions, health and safety, labor and human rights;
natural or man-made disasters, including droughts, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes and the impact of climate change in the countries in which we or our partners and suppliers operate; and
26

Table of Contents

local disturbances, the outbreak of highly contagious diseases or other health epidemics (such as COVID-19), terrorist attacks, riots, social disruption, wars, or regional hostilities in the countries in which we or our partners and suppliers operate and that could affect the economy, our operations and employees by disrupting operations and communications, making travel and the conduct of our business more difficult, and/or causing our customers to be concerned about our ability to meet their needs.

We also face the risk that some of our competitors have more experience with operations in such countries or with international operations generally and may be able to manage unexpected crises more easily. Moreover, the internal political stability of, or the relationship between, any country or countries where we conduct business operations may deteriorate. Changes in a country’s political stability or the state of relations between any such countries are difficult to predict and the political or social stability in and/or diplomatic relations between any countries in which we or our partners and suppliers do business could meaningfully deteriorate.
The occurrence of any one or more of the above risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Charges to earnings resulting from acquisitions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

Under U.S. GAAP provisions relating to business acquisition accounting standards, we recognize the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interests in acquired companies generally at their acquisition date fair values and, in each case, separately from goodwill. Goodwill as of the acquisition date is measured as the excess amount of consideration transferred, which is also generally measured at fair value, and the net of the acquisition date amounts of the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. Our estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain. After we complete an acquisition, the following factors could result in material charges and adversely affect our operating results and may adversely affect our cash flows:
costs incurred to combine the operations of companies we acquire, such as transitional employee expenses and employee retention, redeployment or relocation expenses;
liabilities assumed in purchase accounting;
impairment of goodwill or intangible assets, including acquired IPR&D;
amortization of intangible assets acquired;
a reduction in the useful lives of intangible assets acquired;
identification of or changes to assumed contingent liabilities, including, but not limited to, litigation reserves, contingent purchase price consideration including fair value adjustments, income tax contingencies and other non-income tax contingencies, after our final determination of the amounts for these contingencies or the conclusion of the measurement period (generally up to one year from the acquisition date), whichever comes first;
significant costs to restructure our operations and to reduce our cost structure, including cost related to severance payments, plant shutdowns and costs to achieve anticipated synergies; and
charges to our operating results resulting from expenses incurred to effect the acquisition.

A significant portion of these adjustments could be accounted for as expenses that will decrease our net income and earnings per share for the periods in which those costs are incurred.
In particular, the amount of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets in our consolidated balance sheets is significant as a result of our acquisitions and other transactions, and may increase further following future potential acquisitions, and we may, from time to time, sell assets that we determine are not critical to our strategy or execution, including our OTC, women’s health care and API businesses. These and other future events or decisions may also lead to asset impairments and/or related charges. Certain non-cash impairments may result from a change in our strategic goals, business direction or other factors relating to the overall business environment. Any such charges could cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
The illegal distribution and sale by third parties of counterfeit or IP-infringing versions of our products or of diverted or stolen products could have a negative impact on our reputation and our business.

The pharmaceutical drug supply is vulnerable to illegal counterfeiting and the presence of counterfeit or IP-infringing products in a growing number of markets, including widespread sales over the internet.
27

Table of Contents

Third parties may illegally distribute and sell counterfeit or IP-infringing versions of our products that do not meet our rigorous manufacturing and testing standards. Counterfeit products are frequently unsafe or ineffective and can be potentially life-threatening. Counterfeit medicines may contain harmful substances, the wrong API, an incorrect dose of API or no API at all, depriving patients of the therapeutic benefit of such medicines. However, to distributors and users, counterfeit products may be visually indistinguishable from the authentic version.
Reports of adverse reactions to counterfeit or IP-infringing drugs or increased levels of counterfeiting could materially affect patient confidence in the authentic product. It is possible that adverse events caused by unsafe counterfeit products will mistakenly be attributed to the authentic product. In addition, unauthorized diversions of products or thefts of inventory at warehouses, plants, or while in-transit could result in improper storage or compromise product integrity and therefore adversely impact patient safety, our reputation, and our business.
Loss of sales or revenues, as well as public loss of confidence in the integrity of pharmaceutical products as a result of counterfeiting, diversion, or theft could have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We face vigorous competition that threatens the commercial acceptance and pricing of our products.

The pharmaceutical industry is highly competitive. We face competition from other pharmaceutical manufacturers globally, some of whom are significantly larger than us and have stronger, more well-established reputations than us. Our competitors may be able to develop products and processes competitive with or superior to our own for many reasons, including but not limited to the possibility that they may have:
proprietary processes or delivery systems;
larger or more productive R&D and marketing staff;
larger or more efficient production capabilities in a particular therapeutic area;
more experience in preclinical testing and human clinical trials;
more products;
more experience in developing new drugs; or
greater financial resources.

We also face increasing competition from lower-cost generic products and other branded products, including our ARV products. Many of our products are not protected by patent rights or have limited patent life and will soon lose patent protection. Loss of patent protection for a product typically is followed promptly with the launch of generic products. As a result, sales of many of these products may decline or stop growing over time, and may decline faster than has been projected. For example, Perforomist® lost exclusivity and experienced generic competition in June 2021, the compound patent for Celebrex in Japan expired in November 2019 with generics entering the market in June 2020, and Lyrica’s pediatric exclusivity in the United States expired in June 2019 and patent exclusivity expired in Japan in July 2022. In addition, several companies have filed ANDAs seeking regulatory approval in the United States to market a generic version of our Yupelri product prior to the expiration of certain patents. We may not be successful in managing competition from non-branded generics or other alternatives, or in generally managing revenues after loss of exclusivity, and our business may be materially adversely affected.

Generic competitors are also becoming more aggressive in terms of pricing in many of the regions in which Viatris operates. In China, for example, we face strong competition from certain generic manufacturers, which have resulted and may in the future result in price cuts and volume loss on some of Viatris’ branded products. In many emerging markets, we face increased competition and contracting markets for certain of our ARV products, primarily related to competing therapies. We also face competition in the United States, the EU and other mature markets that have a robust generics market and favorable regulatory conditions for generics. In addition, legislative proposals emerge from time to time in various jurisdictions to further encourage the early and rapid approval of generic drugs. Any such proposal that is enacted into law could increase competition and worsen this negative effect on our branded sales.

In addition, certain of our products also face potential competition from products that may be developed in the future that could render our products uncompetitive or obsolete. For example, companies may develop medicines that treat the same indications targeted by our products, and these medicines could be more effective than our products or patients and physicians could prefer these medicines over our medicines. The introduction of these new competing products could also have a negative impact on product sales.
Other related factors that could affect our business include:
Competitors’ products may be safer, more effective, more effectively marketed or sold, or have lower prices or better performance features than ours;
28

Table of Contents

PBMs and other pharmaceutical manufacturers may utilize contracting strategies that could decrease utilization of or otherwise negatively impact our products;
Vertical integration of pharmacies and large purchasing organizations or consolidation among distribution outlets; and
Our sales have suffered and may suffer in the future as a result of changes in consumer demand for our products, including those related to fluctuations in consumer buying patterns tied to seasonality or other factors, willingness of customers to switch among products of different pharmaceutical manufacturers, importation by consumers or the introduction of new products by competitors.

The occurrence of any of the above risks could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
A relatively small group of products may represent a significant portion of our revenues, net sales, gross profit, or net earnings from time to time.

Sales of a limited number of our products from time to time represent a significant portion of our revenues, net sales, gross profit, and net earnings. For the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, Viatris’ top ten products in terms of sales, in the aggregate, represented approximately 33%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales. If the volume or pricing of our largest selling products declines in the future, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price could be materially adversely affected.
Operational Risks

Current and changing economic conditions, including inflation, may adversely affect our industry, business, partners and suppliers.

The global economy continues to experience significant volatility, and the economic environment may become less favorable. For example, if the U.S. government defaults on its debt, or the U.S. Treasury takes measures to avoid such a default, or if there is an assumption that such an event may occur, this could have a negative impact on general economic conditions, including the liquidity of and access to the capital markets. A sovereign debt default, economic volatility, governmental financial restructuring efforts and evolving deficit and spending reduction programs could negatively impact the global economy and the pharmaceutical industry. This has led, or could lead, to reduced consumer and customer spending, reduced or eliminated governmental or third-party payor coverage or reimbursement or reduced spending on healthcare, including but not limited to pharmaceutical products. While generic drugs present an alternative to higher-priced branded products, our sales could be negatively impacted if patients forego obtaining healthcare, patients and customers reduce spending or purchases, or if governments or third-party payors reduce or eliminate coverage or reimbursement amounts for pharmaceuticals or impose price or other controls adversely impacting the price or availability of pharmaceuticals (whether for generics, branded products or both). Reduced consumer and customer spending, reduced government or third-party payor coverage or reimbursement, or new government controls, may drive us and our competitors to decrease prices, may reduce the ability of customers to pay, or may result in reduced demand for our products.

In addition, accelerating rates of inflation are expected to continue in the near future and have resulted, and may continue to result, in increased costs of labor, raw materials, other supplies and freight and distribution costs, among others. For the pharmaceutical industry and the healthcare systems in the markets in which we participate, regulatory restrictions and the pricing dynamics of our products generally make it difficult to pass on such costs to customers. Inflation has resulted and may continue to result in higher interest rates and increased costs of capital. In particular, during 2022, the global economy has been impacted by high levels of inflation and rising energy costs, which has resulted in significant economic volatility. As a result, central banks have and continue to tighten their monetary policies and increase interest rates. These macroeconomic pressures combined with the volatility in foreign exchange rates, including the strengthening of the U.S. dollar versus the other currencies in which we operate, negatively impacted our results of operations. While inflationary and other macroeconomic pressures may ease, we continue to experience higher costs and we expect that this will likely continue throughout 2023, thereby negatively impacting our results of operations.

The occurrence of any of the above risks could have a material adverse effect on our industry, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Failure to comply with applicable environmental and occupational health and safety laws and regulations worldwide could adversely impact our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

We are subject globally to various laws and regulations concerning, among other things, the environment, climate change, water, waste, chemicals and employee health and safety. These requirements include regulation of the handling,
29

Table of Contents

manufacture, transportation, storage, use and disposal of materials and wastes, including the discharge of regulated materials and emissions into the environment. We are also subject to related permitting, record-keeping, reporting and registration requirements. In the normal course of our business, we are exposed to risks relating to possible releases of hazardous substances into the environment, which could cause environmental or property damage or personal injuries, and which could result in (i) our noncompliance with such environmental and occupational health and safety laws, regulations and permits and (ii) regulatory enforcement actions or claims for personal injury and property damage against us. If environmental discharge occurs, or if we discover contamination caused by third parties, including by prior owners and operators of properties we acquire or lease, or by neighboring properties or other offsite sources, we could be liable for cleanup or remediation obligations, damages and fines or have relevant permits, authorizations or registrations modified or revoked, regardless of our responsibility for such contamination. In addition, any non-compliance with environmental and occupational health and safety laws and regulations and permits, or emissions into the environment, whether actual or perceived, may result in significant reputational damage. The substantial unexpected costs we may incur could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price. Environmental and occupational health and safety laws and regulations are also complex and subject to change, and our related capital expenditures and costs for compliance may increase substantially in the future as a result of such changes, the development and manufacturing of a new product or increased development or manufacturing activities at any of our facilities. We may be required to expend significant funds and our manufacturing activities could be delayed or suspended or we may lose the ability to purchase or use certain materials, or face restrictions on the amounts of materials we may use or purchase, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
The pharmaceutical industry is heavily regulated, and we face significant costs and uncertainties associated with our efforts to comply with applicable laws and regulations.

The pharmaceutical industry is subject to regulation by various governmental authorities in the jurisdictions in which we operate, including the U.S., EU, China and India. For instance, we must comply with applicable laws and requirements of the FDA and other regulatory agencies, including foreign authorities, with respect to the research, development, manufacture, quality, safety, effectiveness, approval, labeling, tracking, tracing, authentication, storage, record-keeping, reporting, pharmacovigilance, sale, distribution, import, export, marketing, advertising, and promotion of pharmaceutical products. We are committed to conducting our business, including the sale and marketing of our products, in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. These laws and regulations, however, are numerous, complex and continue to evolve, and it is possible that a governmental authority may challenge our activities, or that an employee or agent could violate these laws and regulations without our knowledge. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in a range of consequences, including, but not limited to, fines, penalties, disgorgement, exclusion from U.S. federal healthcare reimbursement programs, unanticipated compliance expenditures, suspension of review of applications or other submissions, rejection or delay in approval of applications, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production and/or distribution, our inability to sell products, the return by customers of our products, injunctions, and/or criminal prosecution. Under certain circumstances, a regulator may also have the authority to revoke or vary previously granted drug approvals.
The safety profile of any product will continue to be closely monitored by the FDA and comparable foreign regulatory authorities after approval. If such regulatory authorities become aware of new safety information about any of our marketed or investigational products, those authorities may require further inspections, enhancements to manufacturing controls, labeling changes, establishment of a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy or similar strategy, restrictions on a product’s indicated uses or marketing, or post-approval studies or post-market surveillance. In addition, we are subject to regulations in various jurisdictions, including the Federal Drug Supply Chain Security Act in the U.S., the Falsified Medicines Directive in the EU and several other such regulations in other countries that require us to develop electronic systems to serialize, track, trace and authenticate units of our products through the supply chain and distribution system. Compliance with these regulations has in the past and may in the future result in increased expenses for us or impose greater administrative burdens on our organization, and failure to meet these requirements could result in fines or other penalties.
In recent years, the regulatory framework in China regarding the pharmaceutical industry has undergone significant changes and Chinese authorities have become increasingly vigilant in enforcing laws in the pharmaceutical industry. We believe that Viatris’ strategies regarding pharmaceutical research, development, manufacturing and commercialization in China are currently aligned with the Chinese government’s policies, but they may in the future diverge, requiring a change in such strategies. For example, in order to comply with foreign ownership restrictions and meet regulatory licensing, and cybersecurity requirements, we conduct some of our business in China through variable interest entities. Although we believe these structures and activities related to our VIEs comply with existing laws and regulations in China, they involve unique risks and uncertainties, including that China may from time to time consider and implement additional changes in their legislative, regulatory, licensing, or other requirements that could subject us to penalties and impact these structures and activities. Any such change may result in increased compliance costs to us or cause delays in or prevent the successful research, development, manufacturing or commercialization of our products in China, result in the loss of required licenses and permits or the suspension or termination of Viatris’ activities in China.

30

Table of Contents

The FDA and comparable foreign regulatory authorities also regulate the facilities and operational procedures that we use to manufacture our products. We must register our facilities with the FDA and similar regulators in other countries. Products must be manufactured in our facilities in accordance with cGMP or similar standards in each territory in which we manufacture. Compliance with such regulations and with our own quality standards requires substantial expenditures of time, money, and effort in multiple areas, including training of personnel, record-keeping, production, and quality control and quality assurance. The FDA and other comparable regulatory authorities, including foreign authorities, periodically inspect our manufacturing facilities for compliance with cGMP or similar standards in the applicable territory. Regulatory approval to manufacture a drug is granted on a site-specific basis. Failure to comply with cGMP and other regulatory standards at one of our or our partners’ or suppliers’ manufacturing facilities could result in an adverse action brought by the FDA or other regulatory authorities, which could result in the receipt of an untitled or warning letter, fines, penalties, disgorgement, unanticipated compliance expenditures, rejection or delay in approval of applications, suspension of review of applications or other submissions, suspension of ongoing clinical trials, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production and/or distribution, our inability to sell products, the return by customers of our products, orders to suspend, vary, or withdraw marketing authorizations, injunctions, consent decrees, requirements to modify promotional materials or issue corrective information to healthcare practitioners, refusal to permit import or export, criminal prosecution and/or other adverse actions.
Our business could be adversely affected if any regulatory body were to delay, withhold, or withdraw approval of an application; require a recall or other adverse product action; require one of our manufacturing facilities to cease or limit production; or suspend, vary, or withdraw related marketing authorization. Delay and cost in obtaining FDA or other regulatory approval to manufacture at a different facility also could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Although we have established internal quality and regulatory compliance programs and policies, there is no guarantee that these programs and policies, as currently designed, will meet regulatory agency standards in the future or will prevent instances of non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Additionally, despite our compliance efforts, from time to time we or our partners receive notices of manufacturing and quality-related observations following inspections by regulatory authorities around the world, as well as official agency correspondence regarding compliance. For example, the FDA issued warning letters relating to valsartan API and nitrosamine impurities to our API manufacturer Mylan Laboratories Limited Unit 8 in 2019. We provided thorough responses to the FDA regarding the issues identified and remediation is ongoing. We and our partners have in the past and may in the future receive similar observations and correspondence. If we are unable to resolve these observations and address regulatory concerns in a timely fashion, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price could be materially adversely affected.
We utilize controlled substances in certain of our current products and products in development, and therefore must meet the requirements of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and the related regulations administered by the DEA in the U.S., as well as those of similar laws in other countries where we operate. These laws relate to the manufacture, shipment, storage, sale, and use of controlled substances. The DEA and other regulatory agencies limit the availability of the controlled substances used in certain of our current products and products in development and, as a result, our procurement quota of these active ingredients may not be sufficient to meet commercial demand or complete clinical trials. We must annually apply to the DEA and similar regulatory agencies for procurement quotas in order to obtain these substances. Any delay or refusal by the DEA or such similar agencies in establishing our procurement quota for controlled substances could delay or stop our clinical trials or product launches, or could cause trade inventory disruptions for those products that have already been launched. In addition, some states have passed laws and regulations imposing assessments on the sale or distribution of certain controlled substances, and other states are considering and may implement similar laws and regulations in the future.
The occurrence of any of the above risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
The use of legal, regulatory, and legislative strategies by both brand and generic competitors, including but not limited to “authorized generics” and regulatory petitions, may increase costs associated with the introduction or marketing of our generic products, could delay or prevent such introduction, and could significantly reduce our revenue and profit.

Our competitors, both branded and generic, often pursue strategies that could prevent or delay generic alternatives to branded products. These strategies include, but are not limited to:
entering into agreements whereby other generic companies will begin to market an authorized generic, which is the approved brand-name drug without the brand-name on its label, at the same time or after generic competition initially enters the market;
launching their own authorized generic product prior to or at the same time or after generic competition initially enters the market;
pricing a branded product at a discount equivalent to generic pricing;
31

Table of Contents

filing frivolous petitions with the FDA or other regulatory bodies seeking to prevent or delay approvals, including timing the frivolous filings so as to thwart generic competition by causing delays of our product approvals;
contracting strategies among pharmaceutical manufacturers and PBMs that could decrease generic or biosimilar utilization and negatively impact our product launches;
seeking to establish regulatory and legal obstacles that would make it more difficult to demonstrate bioequivalence or to meet other requirements for approval, and/or to prevent regulatory agency review of applications;
initiating legislative or other efforts to limit the substitution of generic versions of brand pharmaceuticals;
filing suits for patent infringement and other claims that may delay or prevent regulatory approval, manufacture, and/or sale of generic products;
introducing “next-generation” products prior to the expiration of market exclusivity for the reference product, which often materially reduces the demand for the generic or the reference product for which we seek regulatory approval;
persuading regulatory bodies to withdraw the approval of brand-name drugs for which the patents are about to expire and converting the market to another product of the brand company on which longer patent protection exists;
obtaining extensions of market exclusivity by conducting clinical trials of brand drugs in pediatric populations or by other methods; and
seeking to obtain new patents on drugs for which patent protection is about to expire.

In the U.S., some companies have lobbied Congress for amendments to Hatch-Waxman Act that would give them additional advantages over generic competitors. For example, although the term of a company’s drug patent can be extended to reflect a portion of the time an NDA (which is filed in the U.S. with the FDA when approval is sought to market a newly developed branded product and, in certain instances, for a new dosage form, a new delivery system or a new indication for a previously approved drug) is under regulatory review, some companies have proposed extending the patent term by a full year for each year spent in clinical trials rather than the one-half year that is currently permitted.
If proposals like these in the U.S., EU, or in other countries where we or our partners and suppliers operate were to become effective, or if any other actions by our competitors and other third parties to prevent or delay activities necessary to the approval, manufacture, or distribution of our products are successful, our entry into the market and our ability to generate revenues associated with new products may be delayed, reduced, or eliminated, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
If we are unable to successfully introduce new products in a timely manner, our future revenue and profitability may be adversely affected.

Our future revenues and profitability will depend, in part, upon our ability to successfully and timely develop, license, or otherwise acquire and commercialize new products. Product development is inherently risky, especially for new drugs for which safety and efficacy have not been established and/or the market is not yet fully developed as well as for complex generic drugs and biosimilars. Likewise, product licensing involves inherent risks, including, among others, uncertainties due to matters that may affect the achievement of milestones, as well as the possibility of contractual disagreements with regard to whether the supply of product meets certain specifications or terms such as license scope or termination rights. As Viatris focuses more on complex products, the development and commercialization process requires substantial time, effort and financial resources. We, or a partner, may not be successful in developing or commercializing such products on a timely basis, or at all, and such products may be less likely or take longer to receive regulatory approval, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

Before any prescription drug product, including generic drug products, can be marketed, marketing authorization approval is required by the relevant regulatory authorities and/or national regulatory agencies (for example, the FDA in the U.S., the EMA in the EU and other regulatory authorities). The process of obtaining regulatory approval to manufacture and market new branded and generic pharmaceutical products is rigorous, time consuming, costly, and inherently unpredictable. In addition, these regulatory agencies may be delayed in reviewing and approving products as a result of lapsed or insufficient funding, insufficient staffing, travel or work restrictions (including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic), or other factors beyond our control. Any delay in regulatory approval could impact the commercial or financial success of a product.
Outside the U.S., the approval process may be more or less rigorous, depending on the country, and the time required for approval may be longer or shorter than that required in the U.S. Bioequivalence, clinical, or other studies conducted in one country may not be accepted in other countries, the requirements for approval may differ among countries, and the approval of a pharmaceutical product in one country does not necessarily mean that the product will be approved in another country. We, or a partner or supplier, may be unable to obtain requisite approvals on a timely basis, or at all, for new products that we may develop, license or otherwise acquire. Moreover, if we obtain regulatory approval for a drug, it may be limited, for example, with respect to the indicated uses and delivery methods for which the drug may be marketed, or may include warnings, precautions or contraindications in the labeling, which could restrict our potential market for the drug. A regulatory approval
32

Table of Contents

may also include post-approval study or risk management requirements that may substantially increase the resources required to market the drug. Also, for products pending approval, we may obtain raw materials or produce batches of inventory to be used in efficacy and bioequivalence testing, as well as in anticipation of the product’s launch. In the event that regulatory approval is denied or delayed, we could be exposed to the risk of this inventory becoming obsolete.
The approval process for generic pharmaceutical products often results in the relevant regulatory agency granting final approval to a number of generic pharmaceutical products at the time a patent claim for a corresponding branded product or other market exclusivity expires. This often forces us to face immediate competition when we introduce a generic product into the market. Additionally, further generic approvals often continue to be granted for a given product subsequent to the initial launch of the generic product. These circumstances generally result in significantly lower prices, as well as reduced margins, for generic products compared to branded products. New generic market entrants generally cause continued price, margin, and sales erosion over the generic product life cycle.
In the U.S., the Hatch-Waxman Act provides for a period of 180 days of generic marketing exclusivity for a “first applicant,” that is the first submitted ANDA (which is filed in the U.S. with the FDA when approval is sought to market a generic equivalent of a drug product previously approved under an NDA and listed in the FDA publication entitled Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations, popularly known as the “Orange Book” or for a new dosage strength for a drug previously approved under an ANDA) containing a certification of invalidity, non-infringement or unenforceability related to a patent listed with the ANDA’s reference drug product, commonly referred to as a Paragraph IV certification. During this exclusivity period, which under certain circumstances may be shared with other ANDAs filed on the same day, the FDA cannot grant final approval to later-submitted ANDAs for the same generic equivalent. If an ANDA is awarded 180-day exclusivity, the applicant generally enjoys higher market share, net revenues, and gross margin for that generic product. However, our ability to obtain 180 days of generic marketing exclusivity may be dependent upon our ability to obtain FDA approval or tentative approval within an applicable time period of the FDA’s acceptance of our ANDA. If we are unable to obtain approval or tentative approval within that time period, we may risk forfeiture of such marketing exclusivity. By contrast, if we are not a “first applicant” to challenge a listed patent for such a product, we may lose significant advantages to a competitor with 180-day exclusivity, even if we obtain FDA approval for our generic drug product. The same would be true in situations where we are required to share our exclusivity period with other ANDA sponsors with Paragraph IV certifications.
In the EU and other countries and regions, there is no exclusivity period for the first generic product. The European Commission or national regulatory agencies may grant marketing authorizations to any number of generics.
If we are unable to navigate our products through the approval process in a timely manner, there could be an adverse effect on our product introduction plans, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We expend a significant amount of resources on R&D efforts that may not lead to successful product introductions.

Much of our development effort is focused on technically difficult-to-formulate products and/or products that require advanced manufacturing technology. We conduct R&D primarily to enable us to gain approval for, manufacture, and market pharmaceuticals in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. We also partner with third parties to develop products. Typically, expenses related to the development of innovative or complex compounds and the filing of marketing authorization applications for innovative and complex compounds (such as NDAs in the U.S.) are significantly greater than those expenses associated with the development of and filing of marketing authorization applications for most generic products (such as ANDAs in the U.S. and abridged applications in Europe). As we continue to move up the value chain and develop new and/or more complex products, our related expenses will likely increase. Because of the inherent risk associated with R&D efforts in our industry, including the high cost and uncertainty of conducting clinical trials (where required) particularly with respect to new and/or complex drugs, our, or a partner’s, R&D and IPR&D expenditures may not result in the successful introduction of new pharmaceutical products approved by the relevant regulatory bodies. Also, after we submit a marketing authorization application for a new compound or generic product, the relevant regulatory authority may change standards and/or request that we conduct additional studies or evaluations and, as a result, we may incur approval delays as well as R&D costs in excess of what we anticipated.
Clinical testing is expensive and can take many years to complete, and its outcome is inherently uncertain. Failure can occur at any time during the clinical trial process. We or our partners may experience delays in our ongoing or future clinical trials, and we do not know whether planned clinical trials will begin or enroll subjects on time, need to be redesigned, or be completed on schedule, if at all.
Clinical trials may be delayed, suspended or prematurely terminated for a variety of reasons. If we experience delays in the completion of, or the termination of, any clinical trial of our product candidates, the commercial prospects of our product candidates will be harmed, and our ability to generate product revenues from any of these product candidates will be delayed. In
33

Table of Contents

addition, any delays in completing our clinical trials will increase our costs, slow down our product candidate development and approval process, and jeopardize our ability to commence product sales and generate revenues. Any of these occurrences may harm our business, financial condition and prospects significantly. In addition, many of the factors that cause, or lead to, a delay in the commencement or completion of clinical trials may also ultimately lead to the denial of regulatory approval of our product candidates.
Finally, we cannot be certain that any investment made in developing products will be recovered, even if we are successful in commercialization. To the extent that we expend significant resources on R&D efforts and are not able, ultimately, to introduce successful new and/or complex products as a result of those efforts, there could be a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Public health outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, have had and could continue to have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and/or stock price and may impact our ability to pay dividends.

Public health outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, have had and could continue to have a material adverse effect on our business, including our workforce, suppliers, vendors, business partners, distribution channels, customers and patients. Both the outbreak, and continued spread of COVID-19 and actions to slow its spread have created and continue to create significant uncertainty, economic volatility and disruption, supply chain disruption, and increased unemployment, which have impacted and may continue to impact our business operations and workforce. In addition, recovery from the pandemic may not proceed as anticipated, and may have unpredictable impacts on demand for our products, our workforce and our business operations. All of these factors could have a material adverse impact on our workforce, business operations, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and/or stock price and may impact our ability to pay dividends.

COVID-19 and related responsive measures have also made, and may continue to make, it difficult for us, our partners or suppliers to source and manufacture products in, and to export our products from, certain affected areas. If there is an increase in reported illnesses or quarantining at any of our or our partners’ facilities, including critical manufacturing sites, it is possible that such facilities may need to close for an extended period of time. In addition, we have faced, and may continue to face, delays or difficulty sourcing certain products or raw materials, including APIs. Even if we are able to find alternate sources for such products or raw materials, they may cost more. In addition, we have experienced and may continue to experience increased shipping and freight costs, as well as delays in shipping. These factors have materially adversely affected and could continue to materially adversely affect our ability to produce, ship, and supply products, which could negatively impact our customer relationships, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price, or result in negative publicity and reputational harm.

Health regulatory agencies globally have in the past, with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic, and may in the future also experience disruptions in their operations and greater regulatory uncertainty as a result of public health outbreaks. The FDA and comparable foreign regulatory agencies have experienced and may in the future experience slower response times or reduced resources and, as a result, review of regulatory submissions, inspections, approval of new products and other timelines important to our business may be materially impacted, which could delay our new product launches and have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, as a result of changes in the provision of healthcare, we have experienced, and could continue to experience, unpredictable fluctuations in demand for certain of our products.

The continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic could lead to our customers or suppliers having liquidity problems that could negatively impact our ability to collect cash on our receivables and/or negatively impact our ability to get inventory and materials. If there are further disruptions or turmoil in the financial markets or customer or supplier liquidity issues, or if rating agencies lower our credit ratings, it could adversely affect our ability to access the debt markets, our cost of funds, and other terms for new debt, which could negatively impact our results of operations and financial position.
The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic or other public health outbreaks will continue to impact us depends on numerous evolving factors and future developments that we are not currently able to predict and may also exacerbate other risks discussed in these risk factors, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Even if our products in development receive regulatory approval, such products may not achieve expected levels of market acceptance.
Even if we are able to obtain regulatory approvals for our new products, the success of those products is dependent upon market acceptance. Levels of market acceptance for our products could be impacted by several factors, including but not limited to:
34

Table of Contents

the availability, perceived advantages, and relative safety and efficacy of alternative products from our competitors;
the degree to which the approved labeling supports promotional initiatives for commercial success;
the prices of our products relative to those of our competitors;
the timing of our market entry;
the effectiveness of our marketing, sales, and distribution strategy and operations; and
other competitor actions, including legal actions.

Additionally, studies of the proper utilization, safety, and efficacy of pharmaceutical products are being conducted by the industry, government agencies, and others. Such studies, which increasingly employ sophisticated methods and techniques, can call into question the utilization, safety, and efficacy of previously marketed as well as future products. In some cases, such studies have resulted, and may in the future result, in the discontinuation or variation of product marketing authorizations or requirements for risk management programs, such as a patient registry. Any of these events could adversely affect our profitability, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Our business is highly dependent upon market perceptions of us, our products and brands, and the safety and quality of our products and brands, as well as the effectiveness of our sales and marketing activities, and we may be adversely impacted by negative publicity or findings.

Market perceptions of us are very important to our business, especially market perceptions of our company, products, brands and the safety and quality of our products and brands. Viatris believes that maintaining and enhancing certain of its brands is important and often provides certain competitive advantages. If we, our partners and suppliers, or our products or brands suffer from negative publicity, are subject to market withdrawal or recall or are proven to be, or are claimed to be, ineffective or harmful to consumers, then this could have a material adverse effect on our reputation and business.

Viatris’ sales and marketing efforts are anchored by promoting its products to physicians, pharmacists, eye care professionals, clinics and hospitals. Therefore, Viatris’ sales and marketing force, whether in-house sales representatives or third-party commercial partners, must possess a relatively high level of technical knowledge, up-to-date understanding of industry trends and expertise in the relevant therapeutic areas and products, as well as promotion and communication skills. Marketing, advertising and promotions may be expensive and may not achieve their intended benefits. If Viatris is unable to effectively train its in-house sales representatives and third-party commercial partners or monitor and evaluate their marketing performances, our sales and marketing may be less successful than desired. In addition, fewer in-person sales and marketing efforts, or other similar limitations, may result in less successful sales and marketing activities.
Given our dependence on market perception and sales and marketing efforts, negative publicity associated with product or brand quality, patient illness, or other adverse effects resulting from, or perceived to be resulting from, our products or brands, or our partners’ and suppliers’ manufacturing facilities, or an inability to increase or maintain the effectiveness and efficiency of our sales and marketing activities could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
A significant portion of our revenues is derived from sales to a limited number of customers.

A significant portion of our revenues is derived from sales to a limited number of customers. For the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, Viatris’ top three customers in terms of net sales, in the aggregate, represented approximately 26% and 23%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated total net sales. If we were to experience a significant reduction in or loss of business with one or more such customers, or if one or more such customers were to experience difficulty in paying us on a timely basis, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price could be materially adversely affected.

In addition, a significant amount of our sales are to a relatively small number of drug wholesalers and retail drug chains. These customers represent an essential part of the distribution chain of pharmaceutical products. Drug wholesalers and retail drug chains have undergone, and are continuing to undergo, significant consolidation. This consolidation has resulted in these groups gaining additional purchasing leverage and, consequently, increasing the product pricing pressures facing our business. We expect this trend of increased pricing pressures to continue. Additionally, the emergence of large buying groups representing retail and wholesale pharmacies and the prevalence and influence of managed care organizations and similar institutions increases the negotiating power of these groups, enabling them to attempt to extract price discounts, rebates, and other restrictive pricing terms on our products. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We have a limited number of manufacturing facilities and certain third-party suppliers produce a substantial portion of our API and products, some of which require a highly exacting and complex manufacturing process.
35

Table of Contents


A substantial portion of our capacity, as well as our current production, is attributable to a limited number of manufacturing facilities and certain third-party suppliers. A significant disruption at any such facilities within our internal or third-party supply chain, even on a short-term basis, whether due to the failure of a third-party supplier to fulfill the terms of their agreement with us, labor disruption, adverse quality or compliance observation, other regulatory action, infringement of brand or other third-party intellectual property rights, natural disaster, civil or political unrest, export or import restrictions, or other events could impair our ability to produce and ship products to the market on a timely basis and could, among other consequences, subject us to exposure to claims from customers. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price. The adverse effects of any of these events could be exacerbated as a result of our previously announced global restructuring program, which includes the closing, downsizing or divesting of a number of facilities globally. If we or our third-party suppliers’ face significant manufacturing issues, this could lead to shutdowns, delays or product shortages, or to our being entirely unable to supply certain products to customers for an extended period of time. In addition, our facilities may be required to close for periods of time, be required to staff at reduced capacity, or suffer other manufacturing delays as the result of an outbreak of disease, epidemic or pandemic, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, in or near any of our facilities. Such shortages, delays or shutdowns have led and could continue to lead to significant losses of sales revenue, third-party litigation, or negative publicity. See also “The pharmaceutical industry is heavily regulated, and we face significant costs and uncertainties associated with our efforts to comply with applicable laws and regulations.”
We purchase certain API and other materials and supplies that we use in our manufacturing operations, as well as certain finished products, from many different foreign and domestic suppliers. The price of API and other materials and supplies is subject to volatility, including as a result of global supply chain disruptions and rates of inflation. In certain cases, we have listed only one supplier in our applications with regulatory agencies. There is no guarantee that we will always have timely, sufficient or affordable access to critical raw materials or finished product supplied by third parties, even when we have more than one supplier, which could lead to our or our partners’ and suppliers’ inability to supply sufficient quantities of our products to meet market demand. We have announced our intention to divest our API business during 2023, which may make us more vulnerable to API supply shortages and price volatility. In addition, quality deficiencies in the products which we or our suppliers provide, or at our or their manufacturing facilities, have in the past and could in the future adversely impact our manufacturing and supply capabilities, cause supply interruptions, or lead to voluntary market withdrawals or product recalls. For example, the EU has implemented particularly stringent regulations with respect to manufacturing standards for API imported into Europe that place the certification requirement on the regulatory bodies of the exporting countries. An increase in the price, or an interruption in the supply, of a single-sourced or any other raw material, including the relevant API, or in the supply of finished product, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

In addition, the manufacture of some of our products is a highly exacting and complex process, due in part to strict regulatory requirements. Problems may arise during manufacturing at our or our third-party suppliers’ facilities for a variety of reasons, including, among others, equipment malfunction, failure to follow specific protocols and procedures, problems with raw materials, natural disasters, power outages, labor disputes or other civil unrest, cybersecurity or compliance issues, and environmental, health and safety issues, laws, regulations and permits. If problems arise during the production of a batch of product, that batch of product may have to be discarded. This could, among other things, lead to increased costs, contractual penalties, lost revenue, damage to customer relations, time and expense spent investigating the cause, and, depending on the cause, similar losses with respect to other batches or products. If problems are not discovered before the product is released to the market, recall and product liability costs may also be incurred.
If we or one of our suppliers experience any of the problems described above, such problems could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
36

Table of Contents

Our future success is highly dependent on our ability to attract, motivate and retain key personnel.

Given the size, complexity and global reach of our business, it is important that we attract, motivate and retain qualified management and other key employees in order to develop and commercialize new products, manage our business, and compete effectively. Our ability to do so also depends in part on how well we maintain a strong, diverse and inclusive workplace culture that is attractive to employees. Competition for qualified personnel in the pharmaceutical industry is intense. Current or prospective Viatris employees may have changing expectations around workplace flexibility, and a failure to meet these evolving expectations may result in reduced ability to attract and retain talent. In addition, current or prospective Viatris employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles at the Company as a result of our strategic initiatives, acquisitions, integration activities or restructuring program. As a result, we may lose key personnel or may be unable to attract, retain and motivate qualified individuals, or the associated costs may increase. If we fail to attract, develop, incentivize and retain key scientific, technical, commercial, regulatory, information security/privacy, or management personnel, this could lead to loss of customers, business disruption, and a decline in revenues, adversely affect the progress of pipeline products, or otherwise adversely affect our operations. Additionally, while we work to ensure that we have effective plans in place for management succession throughout the organization, any anticipated or unanticipated management transition could create uncertainty, which could disrupt or result in changes to our strategy and have a negative impact on our business. If we are unsuccessful in retaining our key employees or enforcing certain post-employment contractual provisions such as confidentiality or non-competition provisions, it may have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

Compliance Risks

We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws, which impose restrictions on certain conduct and may carry substantial fines and penalties.
We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar anti-corruption laws in other jurisdictions. These laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from engaging in bribery or making other prohibited payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, and some have record keeping requirements. The failure to comply with these laws could result in substantial criminal and/or monetary penalties, or subject us to costly and time consuming government oversight. We operate in jurisdictions that have experienced corruption, bribery, pay-offs and other similar practices from time-to-time and, in certain circumstances, such practices may be local custom. We have implemented and trained relevant employees and third party agents regarding internal control policies and procedures that mandate compliance with these anti-corruption laws. However, we cannot be certain that these policies and procedures will protect us against liability. There can be no assurance that our employees or other agents will not engage in such conduct for which we might be held responsible. If our employees or agents are found to have engaged in such practices, we could suffer severe criminal or civil penalties, reputational harm and other consequences that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Our competitors, including branded pharmaceutical companies, and/or other third parties, may allege that we or our suppliers are infringing upon their intellectual property, including in an “at risk launch” situation, which could result in substantial monetary damages, impact our ability to launch a product and/or our ability to continue marketing a product, and/or force us to expend substantial resources in resulting litigation, the outcome of which is uncertain.

Companies that produce branded pharmaceutical products and other patent holders routinely bring litigation against entities selling or seeking regulatory approval to manufacture and market generic forms of their branded products, as well as other entities involved in the manufacture, supply, and other aspects relating to API and finished pharmaceutical products. These companies and other patent holders may allege patent infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights as the basis for filing suit against an applicant for a generic product as well as others who may be involved in some aspect of research, supply, production, distribution, testing, packaging or other processes. Litigation often involves significant expense and can delay or prevent introduction or sale of our generic products. If patents are held valid and infringed by our products in a particular jurisdiction, we and/or our supplier(s) or partner(s) may need to cease manufacturing and other activities, including but not limited to selling in that jurisdiction. We may also need to pay damages, surrender or withdraw the product, or destroy existing stock in that jurisdiction.
37

Table of Contents

There also may be situations where we use our business judgment and decide to market and sell products directly or through third parties, notwithstanding the fact that allegations of patent infringement(s) and other third-party rights have not been finally resolved by the courts (i.e., an “at-risk launch”). The risk involved in doing so can be substantial because the remedies available to the owner of a patent for infringement may include, among other things, a reasonable royalty on sales, damages measured by the profits lost by the patent holder, or by profits earned by the infringer. If there is a finding by a court of willful infringement, the definition of which is subjective, such damages may be increased by up to three times. An adverse decision in a case such as this, or a judicial order preventing us or our suppliers and partners from manufacturing, marketing, selling, and/or other activities necessary to the manufacture and distribution of our products, could result in substantial penalties, and/or have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We rely on the effectiveness of our patents, trademarks, confidentiality agreements and other measures to protect our intellectual property rights.

Our ability to commercialize any branded product successfully will largely depend upon our or any partner’s or supplier’s ability to obtain, maintain and enforce patents and trademarks of sufficient scope to lawfully prevent third parties from developing and/or marketing infringing products. In the absence of adequate intellectual property protections or other barriers to entry, competitors may adversely affect our branded products business by independently developing and/or marketing substantially equivalent products. It is also possible that we could incur substantial costs if we initiate litigation against others to protect or enforce our intellectual property rights.
We may submit patent filings covering the API, formulation, methods of making, and/or methods of using for our branded products and branded product candidates. We may not be issued patents based on patent applications already filed or that we file in the future. Further, due to other factors that affect patentability, and if patents are issued, they may be insufficient in scope to protect our branded products from generic competition, as generics may be able to design around our patents. Patents are national in scope and therefore the issuance of a patent in one country does not ensure the issuance of a patent in any other country. Furthermore, the patent position of companies in the pharmaceutical industry generally involves complex legal and factual questions and has been and remains the subject of significant litigation. Legal standards relating to scope and validity of patent claims are evolving and may differ in various countries. Any patents we have obtained, or obtain in the future, may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented. Moreover, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office or any other governmental agency may commence or institute post-grant review, inter partes review, interference proceedings, or other challenges to our patents or patent applications. Although many of our products do not have patent protection, we continue to take steps to defend our patents for certain of our products.
In addition, branded products often have market viability based upon the goodwill of the product name, which typically is the subject of a trademark registration or filing. Our branded products may therefore also be subject to risks related to the loss of a trademark or patent or to competition from generic or other branded products. Challenges can come from other businesses, individuals or governments, and governments could require compulsory licensing of our intellectual property. Any challenge to, or invalidation or circumvention of, our intellectual property (including patents or patent applications, copyrights and trademark protection) would be costly, would require significant time and attention of our management, and could cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We also rely on trade secrets, unpatented proprietary know-how, trade dress, regulatory exclusivity and continuing technological innovation that we seek to protect, in part by confidentiality agreements with licensees, suppliers, employees and consultants. These measures may not provide adequate protection for our unpatented technology. If these agreements are breached, it is possible that we will not have adequate remedies. Disputes may arise concerning the ownership of intellectual property or the applicability of confidentiality agreements. Furthermore, our trade secrets and proprietary technology may otherwise become known or be independently developed by our competitors or we may not be able to maintain the confidentiality of information relating to such products.
Our ability to enforce intellectual property rights also depends on the laws of individual countries, each country’s practices with respect to enforcement of intellectual property rights, and the extent to which certain countries may seek to engage in policies or practices that may weaken its intellectual property framework (e.g., a policy of routine compulsory licensing, or threat of compulsory licensing, of pharmaceutical intellectual property). If we are unable to adequately protect our technology, trade secrets or proprietary know-how, or enforce our intellectual property rights, this could cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
38

Table of Contents

Our reporting and payment obligations related to our participation in U.S. federal healthcare programs, including Medicare, Medicaid and the VA, are complex and often involve subjective decisions that could change as a result of new business circumstances, new regulations or agency guidance, or advice of legal counsel. Any failure to comply with those obligations could subject us to investigation, penalties, and sanctions.

U.S. federal laws regarding reporting and payment obligations with respect to a pharmaceutical company’s participation in federal healthcare programs, including Medicare, Medicaid and the VA, are complex. Because our processes for calculating applicable government prices and the judgments involved in making these calculations involve subjective decisions and complex methodologies, these calculations are subject to risk of errors and differing interpretations. In addition, they are subject to review and challenge by the applicable governmental agencies, and it is possible that such reviews could result in changes that may have material adverse legal, regulatory, or economic consequences.
Any governmental agencies or authorities that have commenced, or may commence, an investigation of us relating to the sales, marketing, pricing, quality, or manufacturing of pharmaceutical products could seek to impose, based on a claim of violation of anti-fraud and false claims laws or otherwise, civil and/or criminal sanctions, including fines, penalties, and possible exclusion from federal healthcare programs, including Medicare, Medicaid and/or the VA. Some of the applicable laws may impose liability even in the absence of specific intent to defraud. Furthermore, should there be ambiguity with regard to how to properly calculate and report payments—and even in the absence of any such ambiguity—a governmental authority may take a position contrary to a position we have taken, and may impose or pursue civil and/or criminal sanctions. Governmental agencies may also make changes in program interpretations, requirements or conditions of participation, some of which may have implications for amounts previously estimated or paid. There can be no assurance that our submissions will not be found by Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services or the VA to be incomplete or incorrect. Any failure to comply with the above laws and regulations, and any such penalties or sanctions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We are involved in various legal proceedings and certain government inquiries and may experience unfavorable outcomes of such proceedings or inquiries.

We are or may be involved in various legal proceedings and certain government inquiries or investigations, including, but not limited to, patent infringement, product liability, personal injury, securities fraud, claims with respect to the manufacture, sale marketing and distribution of opioid products, antitrust matters, breach of contract, and claims involving Medicare, Medicaid and/or VA reimbursements, or laws relating to sales, marketing, and pricing practices. These proceedings may involve claims for, or the possibility of, fines and penalties involving substantial amounts of money or other relief, including but not limited to civil or criminal fines and penalties and exclusion from participation in various government healthcare-related programs.
Viatris is subject to investigations and extensive regulation by government agencies in the United States, China and other developed markets and emerging markets in which we operate. Criminal charges, substantial fines and/or civil penalties, limitations on Viatris’ ability to conduct business in applicable jurisdictions, as well as reputational harm and increased public interest in the matter could result from government investigations. With respect to government enforcement of state and federal laws, including antitrust laws, as well as private plaintiff litigation of so-called “pay for delay” patent settlements, large verdicts, settlements or government fines are possible, especially in the U.S. and EU. Additionally, some state legislatures have and the U.S. federal government or additional state legislatures could, enact legislation to limit patent settlements between pharmaceutical companies and deem such patent agreements as anticompetitive. These changes could impact our ability to launch generic products prior to the originator’s patent expiry.
In connection with the Combination, the Company has generally assumed liability for, and control of, pending and threatened legal matters relating to the Upjohn Business and has agreed to indemnify Pfizer for liabilities arising out of such assumed legal matters. Pfizer, however, has agreed to retain various matters – including certain specified competition law matters – to the extent they arise from conduct during the pre-Distribution period and has agreed to indemnify the Company for liabilities arising out of such matters. If Pfizer were to dispute its retention of these matters, or if there is an adverse outcome in the matters that Pfizer has agreed to retain, this could have an adverse impact on Viatris. In addition, Viatris has agreed to pay Pfizer an amount equal to 57% of any losses actually incurred or suffered by Viatris, its predecessors or subsidiaries, since July 29, 2019, arising out of third-party actions relating to the manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion or sale of opioids by or on behalf of Viatris, its predecessors or subsidiaries. If any of these legal proceedings or inquiries were to result in an adverse outcome, the impact could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
39

Table of Contents

Emerging developments in the U.S. legal landscape relative to the liability of pharmaceutical manufacturers for certain product liabilities claims could increase our exposure to litigation costs and damages, including in connection with third party defense and indemnification demands. Moreover, although we maintain a combination of self-insurance and commercial insurance, no reasonable amount of insurance can fully protect against all risks because of the potential liability inherent in the business of producing pharmaceuticals for human consumption. To the extent that a loss occurs, depending on the nature of the loss and the level of insurance coverage maintained, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
In addition, in limited circumstances, entities that we have acquired are party to litigation in matters under which we are, or may be, entitled to indemnification by the previous owners. Even in the case of indemnification, there are risks inherent in such indemnities and, accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will receive the full benefits of such indemnification, or that we will not experience an adverse result in a matter that is not indemnified, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Refer to Note 20 Litigation included in Part II, Item 8 in this Form 10-K for further discussion of certain proceedings and litigation matters.
We are increasingly dependent on IT and our systems and infrastructure face certain risks, including cybersecurity and data leakage risks.

Significant disruptions to our IT systems or breaches of information security could adversely affect our business. We are increasingly dependent on sophisticated IT systems and infrastructure to operate our business. The number of new vulnerabilities identified to these systems combined with the increased number of systems that reach end of life each year creates an opportunity for successful malicious attacks. Such attacks are increasingly sophisticated and are made by groups and individuals with a wide range of motives and expertise, including state and quasi-state actors, criminal groups, “hackers” and others. Evolving work conditions, including work from home protocols, may be less secure and have introduced operational risk, including increased cybersecurity risk. For example, groups and individuals have sought to exploit remote working environments to initiate hacking, phishing, and social engineering attempts and malware attacks.

We and our suppliers, partners, customers and vendors have in the past and will likely continue to experience attacks on and compromises of our systems. Although we do not believe such incidents have had a significant impact on us to date, there is no guarantee that a future incident will be detected and remediated in a timely manner, or that it would not have a material adverse impact on our business, reputation, financial conditions, cash flows or results of operations. Any security breach or other disruption to our or our vendors’ IT infrastructure could also interfere with or disrupt our business operations, including our manufacturing, distribution, R&D, sales and/or marketing activities. While we continue to invest in the monitoring, protection and resilience of our data security systems, there can be no assurances that our efforts will detect, prevent, or fully recover systems or data from all breakdowns, service interruptions, attacks and/or breaches.

We outsource significant elements of our operations to third parties and provide IT and security services to some partners under transition services agreements. Some of these third parties are outside the U.S., including significant elements of our IT infrastructure, and as a result we are managing many independent vendor relationships with third parties who may or could have access to our confidential information. The overall increase in supply chain attacks on companies generally, and our interdependency on third party suppliers increases the potential for supply disruptions and service IT outages. In addition to our reliance upon third parties to provide IT and information security services, the market for such services continues to contract and converge, increasing both the challenges in identifying competent providers and the impact of a breach incident with any single vendor. In the ordinary course of business, we and our vendors collect, store and transmit large amounts of confidential information (including trade secrets or other intellectual property, proprietary business information and personal information), and it is critical that we do so in a secure manner to maintain the confidentiality and integrity of such confidential information. The size and complexity of our and our vendors’ systems and the large amounts of confidential information that is present on them also makes them vulnerable to security breaches from inadvertent or intentional actions by our employees, partners or vendors, or from attacks by malicious third parties. Maintaining the security, confidentiality and integrity of this confidential information (including trade secrets or other intellectual property, proprietary business information and personal information) is important to our competitive business position. However, such information can be difficult and costly to protect. While we have taken steps to identify and protect such information, and to ensure that the third-party vendors’ on which we rely have taken adequate steps to protect such information, there can be no assurance that our or our vendors’ efforts will prevent service interruptions or security breaches in our systems or the unauthorized or inadvertent wrongful use or disclosure of confidential or material non-public information that could adversely affect our business operations or result in the loss, misappropriation, and/or unauthorized access, use or disclosure of, or the prevention of access to, confidential information.

40

Table of Contents

A breach of our or our vendors’ security measures or the accidental loss, inadvertent disclosure, unapproved dissemination, misappropriation or misuse of trade secrets, proprietary information, or other confidential information, whether as a result of theft, hacking, fraud, trickery, phishing or other forms of deception, or for any other cause, could enable others to produce competing products, use our proprietary technology or information, and/or adversely affect our business position. Further, any such interruption, security breach, or loss, misappropriation, and/or unauthorized access, use or disclosure of confidential information, including personal information regarding our patients and employees, could result in financial, legal, business, and reputational harm to us and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Insurance may be insufficient or may not cover the financial, legal, business or reputational losses that may result from a breakdown, breach, cyber-attack or other compromise of or interruption to our IT systems or confidential and other sensitive information. We also cannot ensure that any limitation of liability or indemnity provisions in our contracts, including with vendors and service providers, for a security lapse or breach or other security incident would be enforceable or adequate or would otherwise protect us from any liabilities or damages with respect to any particular claim.

We are subject to data privacy and security laws and regulations in many different jurisdictions and countries where we do business, and our or our vendors’ inability to comply could result in fines, penalties, or reputational damage, and could impact the way we operate our business.

We are subject to federal, state and international data privacy and security laws and regulations governing the collection, use, disclosure, transmission and protection of personal information, including health-related information. As the legislative and regulatory landscape for data privacy and security continues to evolve around the world, there has been an increasing focus on data privacy and security matters that may affect our business.
In the U.S., federal laws include HIPAA, which governs the use, disclosure, and security of protected health information by HIPAA covered entities and business associates. Several U.S. states have enacted or proposed broad data privacy laws and regulations governing the confidentiality, security, use and disclosure of personal information, which may impose greater restrictions than federal data privacy and security laws and regulations and provide transparency and privacy rights for their citizens. We may also be subject to other state data privacy and security breach notification laws, state health information privacy laws, and federal and state consumer protection laws such as the federal Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing (CAN-SPAM) Act, which impose requirements for the collection, use, disclosure, transmission and protection of personal information. Each of these laws are subject to varying interpretations by courts and regulatory or government agencies, creating complex compliance issues for us. If we, or the third-party vendors on which we rely, fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations we could be subject to fines, penalties or sanctions, including criminal penalties.
Outside of the U.S., the EU’s and U.K.’s GDPR and local implementing regulations impose significant compliance obligations on our organization. The GDPR contains data protection requirements in the EU and U.K. and imposes a framework of obligations and restrictions governing the collection, processing, and the transmission of personal information to jurisdictions outside of the EU and U.K. The GDPR affords individuals with a series of privacy rights related to the collection, processing, and transmission of their personal information. The GDPR imposes significant compliance obligations, including required processes and policies governing our collection, transmission, processing and use of individuals personal information. In addition, the GDPR includes significant penalties for non-compliance, with fines up to the higher of €20 million or 4% of total annual worldwide revenue. In general, GDPR, and other data protection laws and regulations, could require adaptation of our technologies or practices to satisfy local country data protection requirements and standards.
Other countries in which we operate have, or are developing, laws and regulations governing the collection, use, securing and transmission of personal information as well that may affect our business or require us to adapt our technologies or practices. If we, or the third-party vendors on which we rely, fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations we could be subject to fines, penalties or sanctions, including criminal penalties.

Similar initiatives could increase the cost of developing, implementing or maintaining our IT systems, require us to allocate more resources to compliance initiatives or increase our costs. In addition, a failure by us, or our third-party vendors, to comply with applicable data privacy and security laws may lead to government enforcement actions and private litigation, which could result in financial, legal, business, and reputational harm to us and could have a material adverse effect on the way we operate our business, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Increasing scrutiny and evolving expectations from customers, regulators, governments, investors, lenders, employees, and other stakeholders with respect to our environmental, social and governance practices may impose additional costs on us or expose us to new or additional risks.
41

Table of Contents

Companies are facing increasing expectations and scrutiny from customers, regulators, governments, investors, lenders, employees and other stakeholders related to their environmental, social and governance practices and disclosure. Investor advocacy groups, investment funds and influential investors are also increasingly focused on these practices, especially as they relate to the environment, climate change, health and safety, supply chain management, diversity, labor conditions and human rights, both in our own operations and in our supply chain. New government regulations could also result in new or more stringent forms of environmental, social and governance oversight, including increased greenhouse gas limitations, and the expansion of mandatory and voluntary reporting, diligence, and disclosure regarding environmental, social and governance matters. Failure to adapt to or comply with government regulations, regulatory requirements or investor or stakeholder expectations and standards could negatively impact our reputation, ability to do business with certain partners, access to investors and capital, and our stock price, and could lead to novel forms of litigation, including shareholder litigation and governmental investigations or enforcement actions related to environmental, social and governance matters.
.
In addition, a growing number of our customers, including certain government purchasers, have adopted, or may adopt, procurement policies that include social and environmental requirements, including, for example, requirements to monitor and conduct third party audits, or these customers may seek to include such provisions in their procurement contract terms and conditions. These social and environmental responsibility provisions and initiatives are subject to change, vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and certain elements may be difficult and/or cost prohibitive for us to comply with given the inherent complexity of our external supply chain and the global scope of our operations. In certain circumstances, in order to meet the requirements or standards of our customers, we may be obligated to implement additional processes, modify our sourcing practices or make other operational choices which may require additional investments of time and resources, increase our costs or result in inefficiencies. Alternatively, we may be ineligible to participate in bids or tenders in certain markets, which may result in lost sales and revenues or decrease patient access to medicine.
In 2022, we launched Viatris’ initial sustainability goals in the areas of access; diversity, equity & inclusion; and the environment: climate change, water and waste. Achievement of these goals depends on our development and execution of various operational strategies relating to each discrete target. The development and execution of these strategies and achievements of our targets, including our near-term science based emissions reductions targets for scope 1, 2 and 3, are subject to risk and uncertainties, many of which are outside of our control. There are no assurances that we will be able to successfully develop or execute our environmental, social and governance strategies and achieve our environmental, social and governance targets.

Any of the factors mentioned above, or the perception that we or our suppliers or contract manufacturers have not responded appropriately to the growing concern for such issues, regardless of whether we are legally required to do so, may damage our reputation and have a material adverse effect on our business, employees relations, access to investors and capital, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Our business and operations are subject to risks related to climate change.

The effects of global climate change present risks to our business. Extreme weather, natural disasters, power outages, or other conditions caused by climate change could adversely impact our supply chain and the availability and cost of raw materials, water supply, and other components required for the operation of our business, or result in the delay and/or disruption of our ability to deliver products. Such conditions could also result in physical damage to our or our partners’ products, plants and distribution centers, our ability to operate in certain areas, as well as the infrastructure and facilities of hospitals, medical care facilities and other customers. Our programs to plan for and mitigate risk and build resilience to the impacts of climate change may not be successful, and the cost of implementing such programs may be significant. Current or future insurance arrangements may not provide protection for costs that may arise from such events, particularly if such events are catastrophic in nature or occur in combination. In addition, regulations intended to limit greenhouse gas emissions or water usage, such as carbon pricing, taxes on emissions, fuel and energy, or to mitigate the impacts of climate change may become more prevalent, which could increase our operating costs and the costs charged by suppliers. These events could have a material adverse effect on the way we operate our business, including the resiliency of our supply chain, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
42

Table of Contents

Finance Risks

There can be no guarantee that we will continue to pay dividends or repurchase shares under our stock buyback program.
Although Viatris currently intends to continue to pay quarterly dividends to its stockholders, there is no assurance that Viatris will declare and pay, or have the ability to declare and pay, any dividends on its common stock in the future. Whether dividends will be paid, and the amount and frequency of any such dividend payments, will depend upon a number of factors, including Viatris’ results of operations, cash flows, financial position, competitive or commercial developments, contractual or statutory restrictions and any other factors considered relevant by the Viatris Board. Such payments, and the amount and frequency thereof, are also subject to the other risks set forth in these risk factors. In addition, although the Board of Directors has authorized a stock buyback program of up to $1 billion, which the Company began executing on in 2023, there is no guarantee with respect to the timing or amount of any future share repurchases, or that we will repurchase the full amount authorized under our current stock buyback program. Other factors, including changes in tax or securities laws, such as the U.S. Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 which imposes a corporate excise tax of 1% on net stock repurchases beginning in 2023, could also impact our stock repurchases. A stock buyback program could affect our stock price and increase volatility, and any announcement of a pause in, or termination of, a stock buyback program may result in a decrease in our stock price. Payment of a cash dividend or stock repurchases will reduce the amount of cash available to the Company for other activities, including repayment of debt, investment in the business or other capital expenditures. If we are unable to, or choose not to, pay a quarterly dividend or repurchase shares under our stock buyback program, this may have a negative impact on the perception of the Company as an investment opportunity by shareholders or investment analysts, which may in turn negatively impact our stock price.

If the intercompany terms of cross border arrangements that we have among our subsidiaries are determined to be inappropriate or ineffective, our tax liability may increase.
We have potential tax exposures resulting from the varying application of statutes, regulations, and interpretations which include exposures on intercompany terms of cross-border arrangements among our subsidiaries (including intercompany loans, sales, and services agreements) in relation to various aspects of our business, including manufacturing, marketing, sales, and delivery functions. Although we believe our cross-border arrangements among our subsidiaries are based upon internationally accepted standards and applicable law, tax authorities in various jurisdictions may disagree with and subsequently challenge the amount of profits taxed in their country, which may result in increased tax liability, including accrued interest and penalties, which would cause our tax expense to increase and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We may not be able to maintain competitive financial flexibility and our corporate tax rate which could adversely affect us and our shareholders.
We believe that our structure and operations give us the ability to achieve competitive financial flexibility and a competitive worldwide effective corporate tax rate. We must make material assumptions underlying our expected tax rates, including regarding the effect of certain internal reorganization transactions, intercompany transactions, and divestitures. We cannot give any assurance as to what our effective tax rate will be, however, because of, among other reasons, uncertainty regarding the tax policies of the jurisdictions where we operate, potential changes of laws and interpretations thereof, and the potential for tax audits or challenges. Our actual effective tax rate may vary from our expectation and that variance may be material. For example, in 2022 the U.S. Inflation Reduction Act was signed into law which, among other things, provides for a corporate alternative minimum tax of 15% beginning in 2023 on adjusted financial statement income and an excise tax of 1% on corporate stock repurchases. Moreover, the rate of tax we pay in other jurisdictions may increase significantly should those jurisdictions follow through on statements that they will adopt the OECD Pillar Two Global Anti-Base Erosion rules. We are continuing to evaluate the impact of these laws, and other proposed changes in corporate tax laws, which may significantly increase our global tax liabilities. In addition, the tax laws of other jurisdictions could change in the future, and such changes could cause a material change in our effective tax rate.
Any of the factors discussed above could materially increase our overall effective income tax rate, income tax expense and cash taxes paid and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Unanticipated changes in our tax provisions or exposure to additional income tax liabilities and changes in income tax laws and tax rulings may have a significant adverse impact on our effective tax rate and income tax expense.
We are subject to income taxes in many jurisdictions. Significant analysis and judgment are required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We are currently subject to tax audits, investigations and litigations in several jurisdictions, and may be subject to other audits, investigations or litigations in the future. The final determination of any tax audits or related litigation could be materially different from our income tax provisions and accruals.
43

Table of Contents


Additionally, changes in the effective tax rate as a result of a change in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in our overall profitability, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, changes in tax laws or in their application, the results of audits and the examination of previously filed tax returns and related challenges and assessments by taxing authorities, and continuing assessments of our tax exposures could impact our tax liabilities, income tax expense and cash taxes paid, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Viatris may be subject to significant U.S. tax liabilities or be obligated to indemnify Pfizer for any such tax liability imposed on Pfizer in connection with the Combination.

In connection with the Combination, Pfizer received a private letter ruling and opinion of counsel, each to the effect that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, would qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” and the Distribution would qualify as a tax-free distribution. If the Distribution were determined not to have qualified for tax-free treatment, Pfizer would generally be subject to tax as if it sold the Viatris common stock in a transaction taxable to Pfizer, which could result in a material tax liability that, under certain circumstances, Viatris may be required to indemnify Pfizer against pursuant to the Tax Matters Agreement. If Viatris was required to indemnify Pfizer for taxes resulting from the Distribution or certain aspects of the Separation, that indemnification obligation could be substantial and could have a material adverse effect on Viatris, including with respect to our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Currency fluctuations and changes in exchange rates have impacted and could continue to adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Although we report our financial results in U.S. Dollars, a significant portion of our revenues, indebtedness and other liabilities and our costs are denominated in non-U.S. currencies, including among others the Chinese Renminbi, Euro, Swedish Krona, Indian Rupee, Korean Won, Japanese Yen, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, British Pound Sterling, South African Rand and Brazilian Real. Our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, have in the past been and may in the future be adversely affected by certain movements in currency exchange rates. Defaults or restructurings in other countries could have a similar adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In addition, there remains significant international pressure on the Chinese government to adopt a more flexible currency policy, including from the U.S. government, which designated China as a “currency manipulator” in August 2019 and subsequently removed such designation in January 2020, which could result in greater fluctuation of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar. From time to time, we may implement currency hedges intended to reduce our exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. However, our hedging strategies may not be successful, and any of our unhedged foreign exchange exposures will continue to be subject to market fluctuations.
In addition, Viatris also faces risks arising from currency devaluations and the imposition of cash repatriation restrictions and exchange controls. Currency devaluations result in a diminished value of funds denominated in the currency of the country instituting the devaluation. Cash repatriation restrictions and exchange controls may limit our ability to convert foreign currencies into U.S. dollars or to remit dividends and other payments by our foreign subsidiaries or businesses located in or conducted within a country imposing restrictions or controls. For example, in China the conversion of currency in the “capital account” (e.g., capital items such as direct investments or loans) requires the approval of, or registration or filing with, relevant governmental authorities in China, which could materially and adversely affect the ability of our Chinese operating subsidiaries and affiliated companies to obtain foreign currencies through equity or debt financing or for capital expenditures, therefore impeding our overall business operations in China. While we currently have no need, and do not intend, to repatriate or convert cash held in countries that have significant restrictions or controls in place, should we need to do so to fund our operations, we may be unable to repatriate or convert such cash, or be unable to do so without incurring substantial costs.
The occurrence of any of the above risks could cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We have significant indebtedness, which could lead to adverse consequences or adversely affect our financial position and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under such indebtedness, and any refinancing of this debt could be at significantly higher interest rates.
Our level of indebtedness could have important consequences, including but not limited to:
increasing our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
44

Table of Contents

requiring us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make debt service payments, or repay debt as it matures, thereby reducing the availability of cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and investments, dividend payments and other general corporate purposes;
limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, challenges and opportunities, and changes in our businesses and the markets in which we operate;
limiting our ability to obtain additional financing to fund our working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and debt service requirements and other financing needs;
increasing our vulnerability to increases in interest rates in general related to any of our indebtedness that bears interest at floating rates or when refinancing maturing debt at higher rates;
increasing our exposure to currency fluctuations, since a significant portion of our indebtedness is denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, such as our Euro and Japanese yen denominated debt; and
placing us at a competitive disadvantage to our competitors that have less debt.

Our ability to service our indebtedness will depend on our future operating performance and financial results, which will be subject, in part, to factors beyond our control, including interest rates, general economic, financial and business conditions and the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. If we do not have sufficient cash flow to service our indebtedness, including the repayment of significant near-term indebtedness, we may need to refinance all or part of our existing indebtedness, borrow more money or sell securities or assets, some or all of which may not be available to us at acceptable terms or at all. In addition, we may need to incur additional indebtedness in the future in the ordinary course of business. Although the terms of our credit agreements and our bond indentures allow us to incur additional debt, this is subject to certain limitations which may preclude us from incurring the amount of indebtedness we otherwise desire.
Although Viatris expects to maintain an investment grade credit rating, a downgrade in the credit rating of Viatris or any indebtedness of Viatris or its subsidiaries could increase the cost of further borrowings or refinancings of such indebtedness, limit access to sources of financing in the future or lead to other adverse consequences.
Our credit facilities, senior unsecured notes, commercial paper program, other outstanding indebtedness and any additional indebtedness we incur in the future impose, or may impose, significant operating and financial restrictions on us. These restrictions limit our ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, make investments, pay certain dividends, prepay other indebtedness, sell assets, incur certain liens, enter into agreements with our affiliates, or restrict our subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends, merge or consolidate. In addition, our credit facilities require us to maintain specified financial ratios. A breach of any of these covenants or our inability to maintain the required financial ratios could result in a default under the related indebtedness. If a default occurs, the relevant lenders could elect to declare our indebtedness, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
If we incur additional debt, the risks described above could intensify. If global credit markets contract, future debt financing may not be available to us when required or may not be available on acceptable terms or at all, and as a result we may be unable to grow our business, take advantage of business opportunities, respond to competitive pressures or satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

There are inherent uncertainties involved in estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Any future changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions used or necessary revisions to prior estimates, judgments or assumptions or changes in accounting standards could lead to a restatement or revision to previously issued financial statements.
The consolidated and condensed consolidated financial statements included in the periodic reports we file with the SEC are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP involves making estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and income. Estimates, judgments and assumptions are inherently subject to change in the future and any necessary revisions to prior estimates, judgments or assumptions could lead to a restatement. Furthermore, although we have recorded reserves for certain critical accounting estimates, including litigation related contingencies based on estimates of probable future costs, actual costs in the future could be substantially in excess of those reserves. Also, any new or revised accounting standards may require adjustments to previously issued financial statements. Any such changes could result in corresponding changes to the amounts of liabilities, revenues, expenses and income and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
We must maintain adequate internal controls and be able to provide an assertion as to the effectiveness of such controls on an annual basis.
45

Table of Contents

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reasonable assurance with respect to our financial reports. We spend a substantial amount of management and other employee time and resources to comply with laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure. In the U.S., such regulations include the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, SEC regulations and the NASDAQ listing standards. In particular, Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires management’s annual review and evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting and attestation as to the effectiveness of these controls by our independent registered public accounting firm. In 2022, we completed the transition of certain support services from Pfizer, as well as certain subsidiaries, to a new ERP system. While we believe that this new system and the related changes to internal controls will ultimately strengthen our internal control over financial reporting, there are inherent risks in implementing any new ERP system. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal control over financial reporting. Additionally, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements because of its inherent limitations, including the possibility of human error, the circumvention or overriding of controls, or fraud. Therefore, even effective internal controls can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements. In addition, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, including any failure to implement required new or improved controls, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

Viatris has suffered and in the future could suffer additional losses due to impairment charges.
Viatris has significant amounts of goodwill and intangible assets on its balance sheet. Viatris tests goodwill for impairment during the second quarter of every fiscal year, and on an interim date should events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable in accordance with ASC 350 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” If the fair value of a reporting unit is revised downward due to declines in business performance or other factors, an impairment under ASC 350 could result and a non-cash charge could be required. Viatris tests intangible assets with indefinite lives for impairment on an annual basis and intangible assets with finite lives for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. This assessment of the recoverability of intangible assets could result in an impairment and a non-cash charge could be required. In addition, we have announced plans to market for sale certain businesses and assets that we no longer consider to be core to our future business strategy. We have incurred and may in the future incur significant impairment charges or losses related to the sale of those businesses or assets. For instance, in 2022 we recorded approximately $370 million of charges related to the Upjohn Distributor Markets classified as held for sale. Such impairments or losses have in the past and could in the future materially affect Viatris’ reported net earnings, business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.

Viatris may be adversely affected by disruptions in the credit markets, including disruptions that reduce customers’ access to credit and increase the costs to customers of obtaining credit.
The credit markets have historically been volatile and therefore it is not possible to predict the ability of Viatris’ customers to access short-term financing and other forms of capital. If a disruption in the credit markets were to occur, Viatris could be unable to refinance its outstanding indebtedness on reasonable terms or at all. Such a disruption could also pose a risk to Viatris’ business if customers or suppliers are unable to obtain financing to meet their payment or delivery obligations. In addition, customers may decide to downsize, defer or cancel contracts which could negatively affect our revenue.
Further, Viatris had approximately $305 million of floating rate debt as of December 31, 2022. A one percentage point increase in the average interest rate of this debt would increase the combined interest expense by approximately $3.1 million per year. Accordingly, a spike in interest rates could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.
Viatris has certain material obligations relating to defined benefit pension and termination benefit programs.
Viatris has certain material pension and post-employment benefit obligations associated with acquired businesses in both the U.S. and foreign countries. Our obligations under these plans are significant and future funding obligations are subject to increased interest rates on asset and liability calculations. Each of these liabilities and the related future payment obligations could restrict cash available for Viatris’ operations, capital expenditures, acquisitions, dividend payments and other requirements, and may materially affect Viatris’ financial condition and liquidity.

General Risks
The market price of our common stock has been and may continue to be volatile, and the value of your investment could materially decline.
46

Table of Contents

Investors who hold shares of Viatris common stock may not be able to sell their shares at or above the price at which they acquired them. The price of Viatris’ common stock has in the past and may continue to fluctuate materially from time to time, including as a result of the other risks described herein, and we cannot predict the price of our common stock at any given time. In addition, the stock market in general, including the market for pharmaceutical companies, has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations which may materially harm the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance. In addition, the price of our common stock may be affected by the valuations and recommendations of the analysts who cover us, and if our results do not meet the analysts’ forecasts and expectations, the price of our common stock could decline as a result of analysts lowering their valuations and recommendations or otherwise. Following periods of volatility in the market and/or in the price of a company’s stock, securities class-action litigation actions have been instituted against companies (including Viatris) and may be instituted against us in the future. Such litigation may result in substantial costs and diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price. In addition, if we or our stockholders offer or sell shares of our common stock or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of our common stock, this or the possibility thereof, may depress the future trading price of our common stock and the voting power of our then existing stockholders may be diluted if such a transaction were to occur.
The expansion of social media platforms presents new risks and challenges.
To the extent that we seek to use social media tools as a means to communicate about our products and/or business, there are uncertainties as to the rules that apply to such communications, or as to the interpretations that authorities will apply to the rules that exist. As a result, despite our efforts to monitor evolving social media communication guidelines and comply with applicable rules, there is risk that our use of social media for such purposes may cause us to be found in violation of them. Our employees may knowingly or inadvertently make use of social media tools in ways that may not be aligned with our social media strategy, may give rise to liability, or could lead to the loss of material non-public information, trade secrets or other intellectual property, or public exposure of personal information (including sensitive personal information) of our employees, clinical trial patients, customers, and others. In addition, negative posts or comments about us on any social media website could damage our reputation. Any of the above risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or stock price.
Provisions in the Viatris Charter and Viatris Bylaws and of applicable law may prevent or delay an acquisition of Viatris, which could decrease the trading price of Viatris common stock.
The Viatris Charter, Viatris Bylaws and Delaware law contain provisions that may have the effect of deterring takeovers by making such takeovers more expensive to the acquiror and by encouraging prospective acquirors to negotiate with the Viatris Board rather than to attempt a hostile takeover. These provisions include the division of the Viatris Board into three classes of directors until the 2023 annual meeting of Viatris stockholders, which could have the effect of making the replacement of incumbent directors more time-consuming and difficult, rules regarding how stockholders may present proposals or nominate directors for election at stockholder meetings and the right of the Viatris Board to issue preferred stock without stockholder approval. Delaware law also imposes some restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between Viatris and any holder of 15% or more of Viatris’ outstanding common stock.
These provisions are intended to protect Viatris’ stockholders from coercive or otherwise unfair takeover tactics by requiring potential acquirors to negotiate with the Viatris Board and by providing the Viatris Board with more time to assess any acquisition proposal. These provisions are not intended to make Viatris immune from takeovers. However, these provisions apply even if the offer may be considered beneficial by some stockholders and could delay or prevent an acquisition that the Viatris Board determines is not in the best interests of Viatris and its stockholders. Accordingly, if the Viatris Board determines that a potential business combination transaction is not in the best interests of Viatris and its stockholders, but certain stockholders believe that such a transaction would be beneficial to Viatris and its stockholders, such stockholders may elect to sell their shares in Viatris and the trading price of Viatris common stock could decrease. These and other provisions of the Viatris Charter, the Viatris Bylaws and the DGCL could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a proxy contest, tender offer, merger or other change in control, which may have a material adverse effect on Viatris’ business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
The Viatris Charter designates the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, or, if such court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another state court of the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware), as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by Viatris’ stockholders, which could discourage lawsuits against Viatris and its directors and officers.
47

Table of Contents

The Viatris Charter provides that unless Viatris, through approval of the Viatris Board, otherwise consents in writing, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if and only if the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware dismisses such action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, another state court sitting in the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware), will be the sole and exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of Viatris, any action or proceeding asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director or officer or other employees of Viatris to Viatris or its stockholders, creditors or other constituents, any action asserting a claim against Viatris or any of its directors, officers or other employees arising pursuant to, or seeking to enforce any right, obligation or remedy under, any provision of the DGCL or the Viatris Charter or the Viatris Bylaws, as each may be amended from time to time, any action or proceeding asserting a claim against Viatris or any of its directors, officers or other employees governed by the internal affairs doctrine or any action or proceeding as to which the DGCL (as it may be amended from time to time) confers jurisdiction on the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware.
To the fullest extent permitted by law, this exclusive forum provision will apply to state and federal law claims, including claims under the federal securities laws, including the Securities Act and the Exchange Act. However, Viatris stockholders will not be deemed to have waived Viatris’ compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. The enforceability of similar choice of forum provisions in other companies’ charters and bylaws has been challenged in legal proceedings, and it is possible that, in connection with claims arising under federal securities laws or otherwise, a court could find the exclusive forum provision contained in the Viatris Charter to be inapplicable or unenforceable.
This exclusive forum provision may limit the ability of Viatris’ stockholders to bring a claim in a judicial forum that such stockholders find favorable for disputes with Viatris or its directors or officers, which may discourage such lawsuits against Viatris or its directors or officers. Alternatively, if a court were to find this exclusive forum provision inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings described above, Viatris may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions or forums, which could materially and adversely affect Viatris’ business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
Our business and operations could be negatively affected by pressures from outside of the control of the company, including, but not limited to, shareholder actions, government regulations and disclosure requirements, and other market dynamics, which could cause us to incur significant expenses, hinder execution of our business strategy and negatively impact our share price.

In recent years, shareholder actions, government regulations and disclosure requirements, and other market dynamics, involving corporate governance, environmental and social matters, human capital, strategic direction and operations have become increasingly prevalent. Shareholder challenges or more extensive government regulation or intervention in these areas, may create a significant distraction or burden for our management and employees, negatively impact our ability to execute our business plans, require our management to expend significant time and resources, create uncertainties with respect to our financial position and operations, adversely affect our ability to attract and retain key employees or result in loss of potential business opportunities with our current and potential customers and business partners. In addition, such actions, regulation and intervention may cause significant fluctuations in our share price based on temporary or speculative market perceptions, uncertainties or other factors that do not necessarily reflect the underlying fundamentals and prospects of our business, which could cause the market value of our common stock to decline.

ITEM 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments
None.
ITEM 2.Properties
For information regarding properties, refer to Item 1 “Business” in Part I of this Form 10-K.
ITEM 3.Legal Proceedings
For information regarding legal proceedings, refer to Note 20 Litigation included in Item 8 in Part II of this 10-K.
ITEM 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
48

Table of Contents

PART II
ITEM 5.Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “VTRS”.
As of February 21, 2023, there were approximately 108,736 holders of record of shares of Viatris common stock.
The Company paid quarterly dividends of $0.12 per share on the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock on March 16, 2022, June 16, 2022, September 16, 2022 and December 16, 2022. On February 24, 2023, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share on the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock, which will be payable on March 17, 2023 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 9, 2023. The declaration and payment of future dividends to holders of the Company’s common stock will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors, and will depend upon factors, including but not limited to, the Company’s financial condition, earnings, capital requirements of its businesses, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, industry practice, and other factors that the Board of Directors deems relevant. The Company paid quarterly cash dividends of $0.11 per share on the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock on June 16, 2021, September 16, 2021 and December 16, 2021. The Company did not pay any dividends in 2020.


49

Table of Contents

STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH
Viatris common stock has been listed on the NASDAQ under the symbol “VTRS” since November 17, 2020. Prior to that time, there was no public market for our common stock. Upon consummation of the Combination, Pfizer stockholders received approximately 0.124079 shares of Viatris common stock for every one share of Pfizer common stock held as of the close of business on the record date (which was November 13, 2020). Former Mylan ordinary shareholders received one share of Viatris common stock for every one share of Mylan ordinary share held. The graph below compares Viatris Inc.’s cumulative total shareholder return on common stock with the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 index and the Dow Jones US Pharmaceuticals index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each index (with the reinvestment of all dividends) from November 16, 2020 to December 31, 2022.

vtrs-20221231_g4.jpg

*    $100 invested on November 16, 2020 in stock or October 31, 2020 in index, including reinvestment of dividends.

November 16,
2020
December 31,
2020
December 31,
2021
December 31,
2022
Viatris Inc.100.00 118.20 87.32 74.84 
S&P 500100.00 115.21 148.28 121.43 
Dow Jones U.S. Pharmaceuticals100.00 113.12 141.38 152.44 
ITEM 6.[Reserved]

50

Table of Contents

ITEM 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition And Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis addresses material changes in the financial condition and results of operations of Viatris Inc. and subsidiaries for the periods presented. Unless context requires otherwise, the “Company,” “Viatris,” “our” or “we” refer to Viatris Inc. and its subsidiaries.
This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes to consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 in this Form 10-K, and our other SEC filings and public disclosures.
This Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements”. These statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements may include, without limitation, statements about the goals or outlooks with respect to the Company’s strategic initiatives, including but not limited to the Company’s two-phased strategic vision and potential divestitures and acquisitions; the benefits and synergies of acquisitions, divestitures or our global restructuring program, future opportunities for the Company and its products and any other statements regarding the Company’s future operations, financial or operating results, capital allocation, dividend policy and payments, stock repurchases, debt ratio and covenants, anticipated business levels, future earnings, planned activities, anticipated growth, market opportunities, strategies, competitions, commitments, confidence in future results, efforts to create, enhance or otherwise unlock the value of our unique global platform, and other expectations and targets for future periods. Forward-looking statements may often be identified by the use of words such as “will”, “may”, “could”, “should”, “would”, “project”, “believe”, “anticipate”, “expect”, “plan”, “estimate”, “forecast”, “potential”, “pipeline”, “intend”, “continue”, “target”, “seek” and variations of these words or comparable words. Because forward-looking statements inherently involve risks and uncertainties, actual future results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

the possibility that the Company may be unable to realize the intended benefits of, or achieve the intended goals or outlooks with respect to, its strategic initiatives;
the possibility that the Company may be unable to achieve expected benefits, synergies and operating efficiencies in connection with acquisitions, divestitures, or its global restructuring program, within the expected timeframe or at all;
impairment charges or other losses related to the divestiture or sale of businesses or assets;
the Company’s failure to achieve expected or targeted future financial and operating performance and results;
the potential impact of public health outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics, including the ongoing challenges and uncertainties posed by the COVID-19 pandemic;
actions and decisions of healthcare and pharmaceutical regulators;
changes in relevant laws and regulations, including but not limited to changes in tax, healthcare and pharmaceutical laws and regulations globally (including the impact of recent and potential tax reform in the U.S.);
the ability to attract and retain key personnel;
the Company’s liquidity, capital resources and ability to obtain financing;
any regulatory, legal or other impediments to the Company’s ability to bring new products to market, including but not limited to “at-risk launches”
success of clinical trials and the Company’s or its partners’ ability to execute on new product opportunities and develop, manufacture and commercialize products;
any changes in or difficulties with the Company’s manufacturing facilities, including with respect to inspections, remediation and restructuring activities, supply chain or inventory or the ability to meet anticipated demand;
the scope, timing and outcome of any ongoing legal proceedings, including government inquiries or investigations, and the impact of any such proceedings on the Company;
any significant breach of data security or data privacy or disruptions to our information technology systems;
risks associated with having significant operations globally;
the ability to protect intellectual property and preserve intellectual property rights;
changes in third-party relationships;
the effect of any changes in the Company’s or its partners’ customer and supplier relationships and customer purchasing patterns, including customer loss and business disruption being greater than expected following an acquisition or divestiture;
the impacts of competition, including decreases in sales or revenues as a result of the loss of market exclusivity for certain products;
changes in the economic and financial conditions of the Company or its partners;
uncertainties regarding future demand, pricing and reimbursement for the Company’s products;
uncertainties and matters beyond the control of management, including but not limited to general political and economic conditions, inflation rates and global exchange rates; and
inherent uncertainties involved in the estimates and judgments used in the preparation of financial statements, and the providing of estimates of financial measures, in accordance with U.S. GAAP and related standards or on an adjusted basis.

51

Table of Contents

For more detailed information on the risks and uncertainties associated with Viatris, see the risks described in Part I, Item 1A in this Form 10-K, and our other filings with the SEC. You can access Viatris’ filings with the SEC through the SEC website at www.sec.gov or through our website and Viatris strongly encourages you to do so. Viatris routinely posts information that may be important to investors on our website at investor.viatris.com, and we use this website address as a means of disclosing material information to the public in a broad, non-exclusionary manner for purposes of the SEC’s Regulation Fair Disclosure (Reg FD). The contents of our website are not incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K and shall not be deemed “filed” under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Viatris undertakes no obligation to update any statements herein for revisions or changes after the filing date of this Form 10-K other than as required by law.


Explanatory Note
In accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, Mylan is considered the accounting acquirer of the Upjohn Business and all historical financial information of the Company prior to November 16, 2020 represents Mylan’s historical results and the Company’s thereafter.
Company Overview
Viatris is a global healthcare company formed in November 2020 whose mission is to empower people worldwide to live healthier at every stage of life, regardless of geography or circumstance. Improving the ability of patients to gain access to sustainable and high-quality healthcare is our relentless pursuit. One that rests on visionary thinking, determination and best-in-class capabilities that were strategically built to remove barriers across the health spectrum and advance access globally.
Viatris’ seasoned management team is focused on ensuring that the Company is optimally structured and efficiently resourced to deliver sustainable value to patients, shareholders, customers and other key stakeholders. With a global workforce of approximately 37,000, the Company has industry leading commercial, R&D, regulatory, manufacturing, legal and medical expertise complemented by a strong commitment to quality and an unparalleled geographic footprint to deliver high-quality medicines to patients in more than 165 countries and territories. Viatris’ portfolio comprises more than 1,400 approved molecules across a wide range of key therapeutic areas, including globally recognized iconic and key brands, generics, and complex generics, including biosimilars prior to the Biocon Biologics Transaction. The Company operates approximately 40 manufacturing sites worldwide that produce oral solid doses, injectables, complex dosage forms and APIs. Viatris is headquartered in the U.S., with global centers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Shanghai, China and Hyderabad, India.
Viatris has four reportable segments: Developed Markets, Greater China, JANZ, and Emerging Markets. The Company reports segment information on the basis of markets and geography, which reflects its focus on bringing its broad and diversified portfolio of branded, complex generics, including biosimilars prior to the Biocon Biologics Transaction, and generic products to people in markets everywhere. Our Developed Markets segment comprises our operations primarily in North America and Europe. Our Greater China segment includes our operations in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Our JANZ segment reflects our operations in Japan, Australia and New Zealand. Our Emerging Markets segment encompasses our presence in more than 125 countries with developing markets and emerging economies including in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East as well as the Company’s ARV franchise.

Certain Market and Industry Factors
The global pharmaceutical industry is a highly competitive and highly regulated industry. As a result, we face a number of industry-specific factors and challenges, which can significantly impact our results. The following discussion highlights some of these key factors and market conditions.
Generic products, particularly in the U.S., generally contribute most significantly to revenues and gross margins at the time of their launch, and even more so in periods of market exclusivity, or in periods of limited generic competition. As such, the timing of new product introductions can have a significant impact on the Company’s financial results. The entrance into the market of additional competition generally has a negative impact on the volume and pricing of the affected products. Additionally, pricing is often affected by factors outside of the Company’s control. Conversely, generic products generally experience less volatility over a longer period of time in Europe as compared to the U.S., primarily due to the role of government oversight of healthcare systems in the region.
For branded products, the majority of the product’s commercial value is usually realized during the period in which the product has market exclusivity. In the U.S. and some other countries, when market exclusivity expires and generic versions of a product are approved and marketed, there can often be very substantial and rapid declines in the branded product’s sales.
52

Table of Contents

Certain markets in which we do business outside of the U.S. have undergone government-imposed price reductions, and further government-imposed price reductions are expected in the future. Such measures, along with the tender systems discussed below, are likely to have a negative impact on sales and gross profit in these markets. However, government initiatives in certain markets that appear to favor generic products could help to mitigate this unfavorable effect by increasing rates of generic substitution and penetration.
Additionally, a number of markets in which we operate outside of the U.S. have implemented, or may implement, tender systems for generic pharmaceuticals in an effort to lower prices. Generally speaking, tender systems can have an unfavorable impact on sales and profitability. Under such tender systems, manufacturers submit bids that establish prices for generic pharmaceutical products. Upon winning the tender, the winning company will receive priority placement for a period of time. The tender system often results in companies underbidding one another by proposing low pricing in order to win the tender. The loss of a tender by a third party to whom we supply API can also have a negative impact on our sales and profitability. Sales continue to be negatively affected by the impact of tender systems in certain countries.
Recent Developments
Ophthalmology Acquisitions
During the first quarter of 2023, the Company completed the acquisition of Oyster Point for approximately $425 million in cash, which includes $11 per share paid to Oyster Point stockholders through a tender offer and the repayment of the principal amount of certain debt of Oyster Point. In addition to the upfront cash consideration, each Oyster Point stockholder received one non-tradeable contingent value right representing up to an additional $2 per share, or approximately $60 million in the aggregate, contingent upon Oyster Point achieving certain metrics based upon full year 2022 performance, which are expected to be determined by the end of the first quarter of 2023. Oyster Point is a commercial-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development, and commercialization of first-in-class pharmaceutical therapies to treat ophthalmic diseases.
On November 7, 2022, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire the remaining equity shares of Famy Life Sciences, a private-owned research company with a complementary portfolio of ophthalmology therapies under development, for a consideration of $281 million. The Company had previously entered into a Master Development Agreement with Famy Life Sciences on December 20, 2019 to grant the Company rights with respect to acquiring certain pharmaceutical products and had additionally acquired shares representing approximately 13.5% equity interest in Famy Life Sciences for $25.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2020. The transaction to acquire the remaining equity shares of Famy Life Sciences closed during the first quarter of 2023.

The accounting impact of the Oyster Point and Famy Life Sciences acquisitions and the results of the operations for Oyster Point and Famy Life Sciences will be included in our consolidated financial statements beginning in the first quarter of 2023. Refer to Note 4 Acquisitions and Other Transactions included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information.

Share Repurchase Program
On February 28, 2022, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized a share repurchase program for the repurchase of up to $1.0 billion of the Company’s shares of common stock. Such repurchases may be made from time-to-time at the Company’s discretion and effected by any means, including but not limited to, open market repurchases, pursuant to plans in accordance with Rules 10b5-1 or 10b-18 under the Exchange Act, privately negotiated transactions (including accelerated stock repurchase programs) or any combination of such methods as the Company deems appropriate. The program does not have an expiration date. During 2022, the Company did not repurchase any shares of common stock under the share repurchase program. In January and February 2023, the Company repurchased approximately 21.2 million shares of common stock at a cost of approximately $250 million. The share repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of common stock.
53

Table of Contents

International Operations
The ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine did not have a material impact on our business as the combined total revenues for both countries were approximately 1% of consolidated total revenues during the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021. However, trade controls, sanctions, supply chain and staffing challenges and other economic considerations related to the conflict have impacted our operations in these markets and may negatively impact our financial results in future periods. In addition, a significant escalation or expansion of the conflict’s current scope may have a negative impact on our operations and financial results in future periods. For a further discussion of the risks we encounter in our business, including the risks of conducting our business internationally, please refer to Risk Factors in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

Under ASC 830, Foreign Currency Matters (“ASC 830”), a highly inflationary economy is one that has cumulative inflation of approximately 100% or more over a three-year period. Effective April 1, 2022, we classified Turkey as highly inflationary and began to utilize the U.S. dollar as our functional currency in Turkey, which historically utilized the Turkish lira as the functional currency. Application of the guidance in ASC 830 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2022. The impacted net sales for the year ended December 31, 2022 and total assets at December 31, 2022 represented less than 1% of our consolidated net sales and total assets, respectively.

Biocon Biologics Transaction
On February 27, 2022, Viatris entered into a definitive agreement with Biocon Biologics to contribute its biosimilars portfolio to Biocon Biologics. The transaction subsequently closed on November 29, 2022, creating what Viatris expects to be a unique fully vertically integrated global biosimilars leader. Under the terms of the Biocon Agreement, Viatris received $3 billion in consideration in the form of a $2 billion cash payment, adjusted as set forth in the Biocon Agreement, and approximately $1 billion of CCPS representing a stake of approximately 12.9% (on a fully diluted basis) in Biocon Biologics. Viatris also is entitled to $335 million of additional cash payments in 2024. In addition, Viatris and Biocon Biologics have agreed to a closing working capital target of $250 million. An amount of cash equal to all or a portion of the closing working capital target may become payable to Biocon Biologics in connection with certain events in the future, depending on the valuations attributable to such events. Upon closing of the transaction, the Company recognized a gain on sale of approximately $1.75 billion and has not recognized the results of the business in its consolidated financial statements subsequent to November 29, 2022.

Viatris and Biocon Biologics also entered an agreement pursuant to which Viatris is providing commercialization and certain other transition services on behalf of Biocon Biologics, including billings, collections and the remittance of rebates, to ensure business continuity for patients, customers and colleagues. The term of the transition services agreement is generally up to two years. Under the transition services agreement, Viatris is entitled to be reimbursed for its costs (subject to certain caps) plus a markup.

2020 Restructuring Program
During the fourth quarter of 2020, Viatris announced a significant global restructuring program in order to achieve synergies and ensure that the organization is optimally structured and efficiently resourced to deliver sustainable value to patients, shareholders, customers, and other stakeholders. As part of the restructuring, the Company is optimizing its commercial capabilities and enabling functions, and closing, downsizing or divesting certain manufacturing facilities globally that are deemed to be no longer viable either due to surplus capacity, challenging market dynamics or a shift in its product portfolio toward more complex products.
For the committed restructuring actions, the Company expects to incur total pre-tax charges of up to approximately $1.4 billion. Such charges are expected to include up to approximately $450 million of non-cash charges mainly related to accelerated depreciation and asset impairment charges, including inventory write-offs. The remaining estimated cash costs of up to approximately $950 million are expected to be primarily related to severance and employee benefits expense, as well as other costs, including those related to contract terminations and other plant disposal costs. In addition, management believes the potential annual savings related to these committed restructuring activities to be up to approximately $900 million once fully implemented, with most of these savings expected to improve operating cash flow.
Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic
As a leading global pharmaceutical company, Viatris is committed to continue doing its part in support of public health needs amid the evolving COVID-19 pandemic. The Company’s priorities remain protecting the health and safety of our workforce, continuing to produce critically needed medicines, deploying resources and expertise in the fight against COVID-19
54

Table of Contents

through potential prevention and treatment efforts, supporting the communities in which we operate and maintaining the health of our overall business. In addressing the COVID-19 pandemic and helping meet urgent global health needs, tens of thousands of dedicated Viatris employees across the world have worked to help ensure a stable supply of much needed treatments.

Because protecting the health and safety of our workforce remains paramount, we continue to align with government directives and the advice of relevant international, national and local health authorities at every Viatris facility around the world. As a result, some of our customer facing field personnel continue on a remote engagement model to ensure continued support for healthcare professionals, patient care and access to needed products and we have continued to take extra precautions at our manufacturing facilities to protect our site personnel and operations. All of our manufacturing facilities, and those of our key global partners, are currently operational and, at this time, we are not experiencing any significant disruptions.

The global spread of COVID-19 has created and continues to create volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption affecting the markets we serve, including impacts on supply chain partners, third-party manufacturers, logistics providers and other vendors. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will impact our business, operations and financial results in future periods will depend on numerous evolving factors that are beyond our control and that we may not be able to accurately predict, and could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations in future periods. Due to the Company’s ability to generate significant cash flows from operations, combined with our access to borrowing facilities and capital markets, we believe that we currently have, and will maintain, the ability to meet foreseeable liquidity needs.

Financial Summary
The table below is a summary of the Company’s financial results for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period:
Year Ended December 31,
(In millions, except per share amounts)20222021Change
Total revenues$16,262.7 $17,886.3 $(1,623.6)
Gross profit6,497.0 5,575.5 921.5 
Earnings (loss) from operations1,614.9 (34.0)1,648.9 
Net earnings (loss)2,078.6 (1,269.1)3,347.7 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share$1.71 $(1.05)$2.76 
A detailed discussion of the Company’s financial results can be found below in the section titled “Results of Operations.” As part of this discussion, we also report sales performance using the non-GAAP financial measures of “constant currency” net sales and total revenues. These measures provide information on the change in net sales and total revenues assuming that foreign currency exchange rates had not changed between the prior and current period. The comparisons presented at constant currency rates reflect comparative local currency sales at the prior year’s foreign exchange rates. We routinely evaluate our net sales and total revenues performance at constant currency so that sales results can be viewed without the impact of foreign currency exchange rates, thereby facilitating a period-to-period comparison of our operational activities, and believe that this presentation also provides useful information to investors for the same reason.
More information about non-GAAP measures used by the Company as part of this discussion, including adjusted cost of sales, adjusted gross margins, adjusted net earnings, and adjusted EBITDA (all of which are defined below) are discussed further in this Part II. Item 7 under Results of Operations and Results of Operations — Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.
55

Table of Contents

Results of Operations
2022 Compared to 2021
Year Ended December 31,
(In millions, except %s)20222021% Change
2022 Currency Impact (1)
2022 Constant Currency Revenues
Constant Currency % Change (2)
Net sales
Developed Markets$9,768.9 $10,428.7 (6)%$666.6 $10,435.5 — %
Greater China2,201.2 2,212.8 (1)%73.8 2,275.1 %
JANZ1,632.4 2,027.4 (19)%230.8 1,863.2 (8)%
Emerging Markets2,615.6 3,144.7 (17)%264.7 2,880.2 (8)%
Total net sales16,218.1 17,813.6 (9)%1,235.9 17,454.0 (2)%
Other revenues (3)
44.6 72.7 (39)%2.9 47.5 (35)%
Consolidated total revenues (4)
$16,262.7 $17,886.3 (9)%$1,238.8 $17,501.5 (2)%
____________
(1)Currency impact is shown as unfavorable (favorable).
(2)The constant currency percentage change is derived by translating net sales or revenues for the current period at prior year comparative period exchange rates, and in doing so shows the percentage change from 2022 constant currency net sales or revenues to the corresponding amount in the prior year.
(3)For the year ended December 31, 2022, other revenues in Developed Markets, JANZ, and Emerging Markets were approximately $21.8 million, $1.4 million, and $21.4 million, respectively.
(4)Amounts exclude intersegment revenue which eliminates on a consolidated basis.
Total Revenues
For the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company reported total revenues of $16.26 billion, compared to $17.89 billion for the comparable prior year period, representing a decrease of $1.62 billion, or 9%. Total revenues include both net sales and other revenues from third parties. Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2022 were $16.22 billion, compared to $17.81 billion for the comparable prior year period, representing a decrease of $1.60 billion, or 9%. Other revenues for the year ended December 31, 2022 were $44.6 million, compared to $72.7 million for the comparable prior year period, a decrease of $28.1 million.
The decrease in net sales was primarily driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of approximately $1.24 billion, or 7%, primarily reflecting changes in the U.S. Dollar as compared to the currencies of subsidiaries in countries within the EU, Japan and India. On a constant currency basis, the decrease in net sales was approximately $359.6 million, or 2% for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period. This decrease was partially due to approximately $63.5 million related to the year over year impact of the sale of the biosimilars business on November 29, 2022. The decrease was also due to competition on certain key U.S. products representing a decline of approximately $188 million, and approximately $591 million as a result of other base business erosion. The decrease in net sales from existing products was partially offset by approximately $483.1 million of new product sales, primarily in the U.S. New product sales include new products launched in 2022 and the carryover impact of new products, including business development, launched within the last twelve months.

From time to time, a limited number of our products may represent a significant portion of our net sales, gross profit and net earnings. Generally, this is due to the timing of new product introductions, seasonality, and the amount, if any, of additional competition in the market. Our top ten products in terms of net sales, in the aggregate, represented 33% for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.
Net sales are derived from our four reporting segments: Developed Markets, Greater China, JANZ and Emerging Markets.

56

Table of Contents

Developed Markets Segment
Net sales from Developed Markets decreased by $659.8 million or 6% during the year ended December 31, 2022 when compared to the prior year. This decrease was primarily the result of unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of approximately $666.6 million, or 6%. Constant currency net sales increased by approximately $6.8 million, or less than 1%, when compared to the prior year. Net sales within North America totaled approximately $4.34 billion and net sales within Europe totaled approximately $5.43 billion. The increase in constant currency net sales was driven by new product sales, including lenalidomide, unbranded insulin glargine and Semglee®, and cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion in the U.S., and higher volumes of existing products in Europe. This increase was partially offset by the year over year impact of the sale of the biosimilars business, and lower net sales of existing products in the U.S., including Miacalcin®, Wixela Inhub® and Perforomist®, as a result of lower pricing and, to a lesser extent, volumes due to additional competition.

Greater China Segment
Net sales from Greater China decreased by $11.6 million, or less than 1%, for the year ended December 31, 2022 when compared to the prior year. This decrease was primarily the result of the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of approximately $73.8 million, or 3%. Constant currency net sales increased by approximately $62.2 million, or 3%, when compared to the prior year, driven primarily by increased volumes of existing products.
JANZ Segment
Net sales from JANZ decreased by $395.0 million or 19% for the year ended December 31, 2022 when compared to the prior year. This decrease was primarily the result of the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of approximately $230.8 million, or 11%. Constant currency net sales decreased by approximately $164.2 million, or 8%, when compared to the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to lower net sales of existing products mainly driven by lower pricing in Japan as a result of government price reductions and additional competition, and lower volumes of existing products in Australia. These decreases were partially offset by higher volumes of existing products in Japan, including for Celebrex®.
Emerging Markets Segment
Net sales from Emerging Markets decreased by $529.1 million or 17% for the year ended December 31, 2022 when compared to the prior year. This decrease was partially driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of approximately $264.7 million, or 8%. Constant currency net sales decreased by approximately $264.4 million, or 8%, when compared to the prior year. This decrease was primarily driven by lower volumes of COVID-19 related products in India, primarily remdesivir and ambisome, and lower sales of ARV products as a result of competitive market conditions. These decreases were partially offset by higher volumes in certain markets in Asia.
Cost of Sales and Gross Profit
Cost of sales decreased from $12.31 billion for the year ended December 31, 2021 to $9.77 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022. Cost of sales was primarily impacted by purchase accounting related amortization of the step-up in the fair value of acquired inventory of $1.19 billion in the prior year period, lower restructuring costs in the current year related to the 2020 restructuring program versus the prior year period, and lower costs associated with other special items, which are described further in the section titled Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.
Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $6.50 billion and gross margins were 40%. For the year ended December 31, 2021, gross profit was $5.58 billion and gross margins were 31%. This change is primarily related to the decrease in cost of sales. Adjusted gross margins were approximately 59% for the year ended December 31, 2022, essentially flat when compared to the year ended December 31, 2021.
57

Table of Contents

A reconciliation between cost of sales, as reported under U.S. GAAP, and adjusted cost of sales and adjusted gross margin for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the year ended December 31, 2021 is as follows:
Year Ended December 31,
(In millions, except %s)20222021
U.S. GAAP cost of sales$9,765.7 $12,310.8 
Deduct:
Purchase accounting amortization and other related items(2,721.2)(4,039.7)
Acquisition and divestiture related costs(50.0)(13.9)
Restructuring and related costs(56.8)(534.7)
Share-based compensation expense(1.5)(2.3)
Other special items(255.2)(333.0)
Adjusted cost of sales$6,681.0 $7,387.2 
Adjusted gross profit (a)
$9,581.7 $10,499.1 
Adjusted gross margin (a)
59 %59 %
____________
(a)Adjusted gross profit is calculated as total revenues less adjusted cost of sales. Adjusted gross margin is calculated as adjusted gross profit divided by total revenues.
Operating Expenses
Research & Development Expense
R&D expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $662.2 million, compared to $681.0 million for the prior year, a decrease of $18.8 million. This decrease was primarily due to the impact of synergies. Certain reclassifications were made to conform the prior period consolidated financial statements to the current period presentation. Upfront and milestone-related charges in connection with collaboration and licensing arrangements previously presented in R&D expense are now presented in Acquired IPR&D.
Acquired IPR&D
Acquired IPR&D expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $36.4 million, compared to $70.1 million for the prior year, a decrease of $33.7 million. The decrease was primarily due to an upfront licensing payment in the prior year of $40.0 million for the development of an ophthalmic product. This was partially offset by an upfront licensing payment of $20.0 million to Calliditas Therapeutics AB related to Nefecon® recorded during the current year.
Selling, General & Administrative Expense
SG&A expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $4.18 billion, compared to $4.53 billion for the prior year, a decrease of $350.1 million. The decrease was primarily due to lower restructuring costs of approximately $322.8 million related to the 2020 restructuring program and the impact of synergies. Partially offsetting these decreases were higher integration costs as a result of transitioning certain support services from Pfizer, costs incurred in conjunction with the Biocon Biologics Transaction, and a goodwill impairment charge of $117.0 million related to the potential divestiture of the Upjohn Distributor Markets.
58

Table of Contents

Litigation Settlements and Other Contingencies, Net
The following table includes the (gains) losses recognized in litigation settlements and other contingencies, net during the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively:
Year Ended December 31,
(In millions)20222021
Contingent consideration adjustment (primarily related to Respiratory Delivery Platform)$11.1 $50.3 
Litigation settlements, net(6.7)278.9 
Total litigation settlements and other contingencies, net$4.4 $329.2 
Litigation settlements in 2021 included a $264.0 million charge for the EpiPen® related settlement.
Interest Expense
Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 totaled $592.4 million, compared to $636.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, a decrease of $43.8 million. The decrease is primarily due to the impact of debt repayments.
Other (Income) Expense, Net
Other (income) expense, net includes gains and losses from divestitures, equity affiliates, foreign exchange, expense (income) related to post-employment benefit plans, TSA income, and interest and dividend income. Other income, net for the year ended December 31, 2022 totaled $1.79 billion, compared to $5.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by the gain from the Biocon Biologics Transaction of $1.75 billion and income of $17.7 million related to reimbursement for transition services provided to Biocon Biologics subsequent to the closing of the Biocon Biologics Transaction. The costs related to the transition services are included in SG&A and R&D. In addition, the prior year was negatively impacted by losses of $61.9 million from the Company’s clean energy investments, which did not recur in 2022 as all of the clean energy investments wound down operations at the end 2021.

Income Tax Provision
For the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recognized an income tax provision of $734.6 million, compared to an income tax provision of $604.7 million for the prior year, a change in the provision of $129.9 million. The income tax provision for the year ended December 31, 2022 was negatively impacted by the gain from the Biocon Biologics Transaction. The income tax provision for the year ended December 31, 2021 was negatively impacted by the tax rates applied to the reversal of intercompany profit in inventory reserve which was recorded on the opening balance sheet as part of the Combination. This reserve eliminates the profit in inventory related to intercompany transactions and changes to this reserve occur as products are sold to third parties. Also impacting the income tax provision for both periods was the changing mix of income earned in jurisdictions with differing tax rates.
2021 Compared to 2020
Discussions of 2020 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2021 and 2020 are not included in this Form 10-K, and can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Whenever the Company uses non-GAAP financial measures, we provide a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure. Investors and other readers are encouraged to review the related U.S. GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of non-GAAP measures to their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure and should consider non-GAAP measures only as a supplement to, not as a substitute for or as a superior measure to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Additionally, since these are not measures determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, non-GAAP financial measures have no standardized meaning across companies, or as prescribed by U.S. GAAP and, therefore, may not be comparable to the calculation of similar measures or measures with the same title used by other companies.
59

Table of Contents

Management uses these measures internally for forecasting, budgeting, measuring its operating performance, and incentive-based awards. Primarily due to acquisitions, divestitures and other significant events which may impact comparability of our periodic operating results, we believe that an evaluation of our ongoing operations (and comparisons of our current operations with historical and future operations) would be difficult if the disclosure of our financial results was limited to financial measures prepared only in accordance with U.S. GAAP. We believe that non-GAAP financial measures are useful supplemental information for our investors and when considered together with our U.S. GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation to the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, provide a more complete understanding of the factors and trends affecting our operations. The financial performance of the Company is measured by senior management, in part, using adjusted metrics as described below, along with other performance metrics. The Company’s use of such non-GAAP measures is governed by an adjusted reporting policy maintained by the Company and such non-GAAP measures are reviewed in detail with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.
Adjusted Cost of Sales and Adjusted Gross Margin
We use the non-GAAP financial measure “adjusted cost of sales” and the corresponding non-GAAP financial measure “adjusted gross margin.” The principal items excluded from adjusted cost of sales include restructuring, acquisition related and other special items and purchase accounting related amortization, which are described in greater detail below.
Adjusted Net Earnings
Adjusted net earnings is a non-GAAP financial measure and provides an alternative view of performance used by management. Management believes that, primarily due to acquisitions, divestitures and other significant events, an evaluation of the Company’s ongoing operations (and comparisons of its current operations with historical and future operations) would be difficult if the disclosure of its financial results were limited to financial measures prepared only in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Management believes that adjusted net earnings is an important internal financial metric related to the ongoing operating performance of the Company, and is therefore useful to investors and that their understanding of our performance is enhanced by this measure. Actual internal and forecasted operating results and annual budgets used by management include adjusted net earnings.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures that the Company believes are appropriate to provide additional information to investors to demonstrate the Company’s ability to comply with financial debt covenants and assess the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness. The Company also believes that adjusted EBITDA better focuses management on the Company’s underlying operational results and true business performance and, is used, in part, for management’s incentive compensation. We calculate EBITDA as U.S. GAAP net earnings (loss) adjusted for net contribution attributable to equity method investments, income tax provision (benefit), interest expense and depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is further adjusted for share-based compensation expense, litigation settlements and other contingencies, net, and restructuring, impairment of long-lived assets, acquisition and divestiture related and other special items to determine adjusted EBITDA. These adjustments are generally permitted under our credit agreement in calculating adjusted EBITDA for determining compliance with our debt covenants.
The significant items excluded from adjusted cost of sales, adjusted net earnings, and adjusted EBITDA include:
Purchase Accounting Amortization and Other Related Items
The ongoing impact of certain amounts recorded in connection with acquisitions of both businesses and assets is excluded from adjusted cost of sales, adjusted net earnings, and adjusted EBITDA. These amounts include the amortization of intangible assets, inventory step-up, property, plant and equipment step-up, and intangible asset impairment charges, including for in-process research and development, and impairments of goodwill. For the acquisition of businesses accounted for under the provisions of ASC 805, Business Combinations, these purchase accounting impacts are excluded regardless of the financing method used for the acquisitions, including the use of cash, long-term debt, the issuance of common stock, contingent consideration or any combination thereof.
60

Table of Contents

Upfront and Milestone-Related R&D Expenses
Beginning in 2022, upfront and milestone-related R&D expenses related to collaboration and licensing arrangements made prior to regulatory approval of a development product are no longer excluded from adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA. For purposes of comparability, the prior years’ non-GAAP financial measures have been updated to reflect this change. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, this resulted in a decrease in adjusted EBITDA of $70.1 million and $42.5 million, respectively, and a decrease in adjusted net earnings of $57.8 million and $34.6 million, respectively.

Fair Value Adjustments, Including Contingent Consideration
The impact of changes to the fair value of assets and liabilities, including contingent and deferred consideration, and the related accretion income or expense are excluded from adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA because they are not indicative of the Company’s ongoing operations due to the variability of the amounts and the lack of predictability as to the occurrence and/or timing and management believes their exclusion is helpful to understanding the underlying, ongoing operational performance of the business.
Share-based Compensation Expense
Share-based compensation expense is excluded from adjusted cost of sales, adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA. Our share-based compensation programs have become increasingly weighted toward performance-based compensation, which leads to variability and to a lack of predictability as to the occurrence and/or timing of amounts incurred. As such, management believes the exclusion of such amounts on an ongoing basis is helpful to understanding the underlying operational performance of the business.

Restructuring, Acquisition and Divestiture Related, and Other Special Items
Costs related to restructuring, acquisition and integration activities and other actions are excluded from adjusted cost of sales, adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA, as applicable. These amounts include items such as:
Costs related to formal restructuring programs and actions, including costs associated with facilities to be closed or divested, employee separation costs, impairment charges, accelerated depreciation, incremental manufacturing variances, equipment relocation costs, decommissioning and other restructuring related costs;
Certain acquisition and divestitures related remediation and integration and planning costs, as well as other costs associated with acquisitions and divestitures such as advisory and legal fees, certain financing related costs, certain reimbursements related to the Company’s obligation to reimburse Pfizer for certain financing and transaction related costs under the BCA and SDA, certain other TSA related set-up and exit costs, and other business transformation and/or optimization initiatives, which are not part of a formal restructuring program, including employee separation and post-employment costs;
The pre-tax loss of the Company’s clean energy investments, whose activities qualify for income tax credits under the Code; only included in adjusted net earnings is the net tax effect of the entity’s activities;
Other costs, incurred from time to time, related to certain special events or activities that lead to gains or losses, including, but not limited to, incremental manufacturing variances, asset write-downs, including other-than-temporary impairments of investments in equity or debt instruments, or liability adjustments;
Certain costs to further develop and optimize our global enterprise resource planning systems, operations and supply chain;
Gains or losses from divestitures, including impairments of held of sale assets; and
The impact of changes related to uncertain tax positions and certain impacts related to the Combination are excluded from adjusted cost of sales and adjusted net earnings. In addition, tax adjustments to adjusted earnings are recorded to present items on an after-tax basis consistent with the presentation of adjusted net earnings.
The Company has undertaken restructurings and other optimization initiatives of differing types, scope and amount during the covered periods and, therefore, these charges should not be considered non-recurring; however, management excludes these amounts from adjusted cost of sales, adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA because it believes it is helpful to understanding the underlying, ongoing operational performance of the business.
61

Table of Contents

Litigation Settlements, Net
Charges and gains related to legal matters, such as those discussed in Note 20 Litigation included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K are generally excluded from adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA. Normal, ongoing defense costs of the Company made in the normal course of our business are not excluded.
Reconciliation of U.S. GAAP Net Earnings (Loss) to Adjusted Net Earnings
A reconciliation between net earnings (loss) as reported under U.S. GAAP, and adjusted net earnings for the periods shown follows:
Year Ended December 31,
(In millions)202220212020
U.S. GAAP net earnings (loss)$2,078.6 $(1,269.1)$(669.9)
Purchase accounting related amortization (primarily included in cost of sales) (a)
2,721.3 4,039.7 1,933.6 
Impairment of goodwill related to assets held for sale (a)
117.0 — — 
Litigation settlements and other contingencies, net4.4 329.2 107.8 
Interest expense (primarily amortization of premiums and discounts on long term debt)(48.7)(53.8)12.6 
Clean energy investments pre-tax loss— 61.9 48.4 
Acquisition and divestiture related costs (primarily included in SG&A) (b)
475.7 234.6 613.6 
Biocon Biologics gain on divestiture (included in other (income) expense, net)(1,754.1)— — 
Restructuring related costs (c)
86.9 899.4 323.1 
Share-based compensation expense116.5 111.2 79.2 
Other special items included in:
Cost of sales (d)
255.2 333.0 438.1 
Research and development expense (e)
1.0 13.1 4.7 
Selling, general and administrative expense (f)
68.8 49.5 44.6 
Other (income) expense, net(3.8)(8.0)(16.8)
Tax effect of the above items and other income tax related items (g)
(41.7)(330.7)(581.8)
Adjusted net earnings$4,077.1 $4,410.0 $2,337.2 

Significant items for the year ended December 31, 2022 include the following:
(a)    For the year ended December 31, 2022, charges include an intangible asset charge of approximately $172.9 million to write down the disposal group to fair value, less cost to sell, and a related goodwill impairment charge of $117.0 million for the potential divestiture of the Upjohn Distributor Markets.
(b)    Acquisition and divestiture related costs consist primarily of transaction costs including legal and consulting fees and integration activities.
(c)    For the year ended December 31, 2022, charges include approximately $56.8 million in cost of sales, approximately $1.4 million in R&D, and approximately $28.7 million in SG&A. Refer to Note 18 Restructuring included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional information.
(d)    For the year ended December 31, 2022, charges include incremental manufacturing variances at plants in the 2020 restructuring program of approximately $118.4 million and inventory reserves related to the potential divestiture of the Upjohn Distributor Markets of approximately $44.8 million.
(e)    Beginning in 2022, upfront and milestone-related R&D expenses related to collaboration and licensing arrangements made prior to regulatory approval of a development product are no longer excluded from adjusted net earnings and adjusted EBITDA. For purposes of comparability, the prior years’ non-GAAP financial measures have been updated to reflect this change. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, this resulted in a decrease in adjusted EBITDA of $70.1 million and $42.5 million, respectively, and a decrease in adjusted net earnings of $57.8 million and $34.6 million, respectively.
(f)    For the year ended December 31, 2022, charges include costs of $39.5 million related to the potential divestiture of the Upjohn Distributor Markets.
(g)    Adjusted for changes for uncertain tax positions and for certain impacts of the Combination.
62

Table of Contents

Reconciliation of U.S. GAAP Net Earnings (Loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

Below is a reconciliation of U.S. GAAP net earnings (loss) to EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the prior year periods:

Year Ended December 31,
(In millions)202220212020
U.S. GAAP net earnings (loss)$2,078.6 $(1,269.1)$(669.9)
Add / (deduct) adjustments:
Net contribution attributable to equity method investments— 61.9 48.4 
Income tax provision (benefit)734.6 604.7 (51.3)
Interest expense (a)
592.4 636.2 497.8 
Depreciation and amortization (b)
3,027.6 4,506.5 2,216.1 
EBITDA$6,433.2 $4,540.2 $2,041.1 
Add / (deduct) adjustments:
Share-based compensation expense116.4 111.2 79.2 
Litigation settlements and other contingencies, net4.4 329.2 107.8 
Biocon Biologics gain on divestiture(1,754.1)— — 
Impairment of goodwill related to assets held for sale117.0 — — 
Restructuring, acquisition and divestiture related and other special items (c)
859.9 1,375.4 1,383.5 
Adjusted EBITDA$5,776.8 $6,356.0 $3,611.6 

(a)    Includes amortization of premiums and discounts on long-term debt.
(b)    Includes purchase accounting related amortization.
(c)    See items detailed and updates to the non-GAAP financial measures in the Reconciliation of U.S. GAAP Net Earnings (Loss) to Adjusted Net Earnings.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary source of liquidity is net cash provided by operating activities, which was $2.95 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022. We believe that net cash provided by operating activities and available liquidity will continue to allow us to meet our needs for working capital, capital expenditures, interest and principal payments on debt obligations, and dividend payments. Nevertheless, our ability to satisfy our working capital requirements and debt service obligations, and fund planned capital expenditures, share repurchases, or dividend payments, will substantially depend upon our future operating performance (which will be affected by prevailing economic conditions), and financial, business and other factors, some of which are beyond our control.
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $64.3 million to $2.95 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $3.02 billion for the year ended December 31, 2021. Net cash provided by operating activities is derived from net earnings (loss) adjusted for non-cash operating items, gains and losses attributed to investing and financing activities and changes in operating assets and liabilities resulting from timing differences between the receipts and payments of cash, including changes in cash primarily reflecting the timing of cash collections from customers, payments to vendors and employees and tax payments in the ordinary course of business.
The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities was principally due to the timing of cash payments and collections, including payments for litigation matters, and due to deal-related expenses, primarily taxes and transaction costs, associated with the Biocon Biologics Transaction. These increases were partially offset by lower payments for restructuring activities and other special items, and the impact of synergies.
63

Table of Contents

Investing Activities
Net cash from investing activities was $1.52 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to net cash used in investing activities of $117.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, an increase of $1.64 billion.
In 2022, significant items in investing activities included the following:
proceeds from the sale of assets of $1.95 billion related to the Biocon Biologics Transaction; and
capital expenditures, primarily for equipment and facilities, totaling approximately $406.0 million. While there can be no assurance that current expectations will be realized, capital expenditures for the 2023 calendar year are expected to be approximately $400 million to $500 million.
In 2021, significant items in investing activities included the following:
cash received from acquisitions, net totaling approximately $277.0 million related to additional target cash balances received from Pfizer subsequent to the closing of the Combination;
proceeds from the sale of assets of $96.7 million, primarily related to a group of OTC products in the U.S.; and
capital expenditures, primarily for equipment and facilities, totaling approximately $457.2 million.
Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities was $3.88 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to net cash used in financing activities of $3.01 billion for the year ended December 31, 2021, an increase of $865.9 million.
In 2022, significant items in financing activities included the following:
repayments of Senior Notes at maturity of approximately $1.79 billion, consisting of the 0.816% Euro Senior Notes and the 1.125% Senior Notes;
borrowings and repayments under the 2021 Revolving Facility of $1.88 billion;
net repayments of short-term borrowings of $1.49 billion;
cash dividends paid of $581.6 million; and
proceeds of $19.3 million related to cash collected on behalf of Biocon Biologics.
In 2021, significant items in financing activities included the following:
long-term debt payments of approximately $4.20 billion, consisting of the redemption of $2.25 billion of the 3.150% Senior Notes due 2021, repayment of $1.35 billion of borrowings under the 2020 Revolving Facility and the 2021 Revolving Facility, and repayment of $600.0 million of the USD Term Loan;
long-term borrowings of $1.71 billion, consisting of borrowings of $1.35 billion under the 2020 Revolving Facility and the 2021 Revolving Facility, and borrowings of $360.0 million under the YEN Term Loan;
net short-term borrowings of $392.1 million;
deferred non-contingent payments for product rights totaling approximately $456.0 million primarily related to the acquisition of Aspen’s thrombosis product portfolio in Europe; and
cash dividends paid of $399.0 million.
Refer to the consolidated statements of cash flows in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional details on other significant sources and uses of cash during the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.
64

Table of Contents

Capital Resources
Our cash and cash equivalents totaled $1.26 billion at December 31, 2022, and the majority of these funds are held by our non-U.S. subsidiaries. In early 2023, approximately $700 million of cash was used to finance the acquisitions of Oyster Point and Famy Life Sciences. The Company anticipates having sufficient liquidity, including existing borrowing capacity under the 2021 Revolving Facility, Commercial Paper Program and the Receivables Facility and the Note Securitization Facility combined with cash to be generated from operations, to fund foreseeable cash needs without requiring the repatriation of non-U.S. cash.
In July 2021, Viatris entered into (i) the YEN Term Loan Facility and (ii) the 2021 Revolving Facility with various syndicates of banks. The YEN Term Loan Facility and the 2021 Revolving Facility will mature in July 2026.
The Company has access to $4.0 billion under the 2021 Revolving Facility. Up to $1.65 billion of the 2021 Revolving Facility may be used to support borrowings under our Commercial Paper Program. As of December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under the Commercial Paper Program and the 2021 Revolving Facility.
In addition, MPI, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, has access to $400 million under the Receivables Facility, which expires in April 2025. As of December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under the Receivables Facility.
In August 2020, the Company entered into the Note Securitization Facility for borrowings up to $200 million, which was amended to extend the term to August 2023. As of December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under the Note Securitization Facility.

Under the terms of each of the Receivables Facility and Note Securitization Facility, certain of our accounts receivable secure the amounts borrowed and cannot be used to pay our other debts or liabilities. The amount that we may borrow at a given point in time is determined based on the amount of qualifying accounts receivable that are present at such point in time. Borrowings outstanding under the Receivables Facility bear interest at the applicable base rate plus 0.775%, and under the Note Securitization Facility at the relevant base rate plus 0.85% and are included as a component of short-term borrowings, while the accounts receivable securing these obligations remain as a component of accounts receivable, net, in our consolidated balance sheets. In addition, the agreements governing the Receivables Facility and Note Securitization Facility contain various customary affirmative and negative covenants, and customary default and termination provisions.

We have entered into accounts receivable factoring agreements with financial institutions to sell certain of our non-U.S. accounts receivable. These transactions are accounted for as sales and result in a reduction in accounts receivable because the agreements transfer effective control over and risk related to the receivables to the buyers. Our factoring agreements do not allow for recourse in the event of uncollectibility, and we do not retain any interest in the underlying accounts receivable once sold. We derecognized $34.7 million and $29.6 million of accounts receivable as of December 31, 2022 and 2021 under these factoring arrangements, respectively.
We are continuously evaluating the potential acquisition of products, as well as companies, as a strategic part of our future growth. Consequently, we may utilize current cash reserves or incur additional indebtedness to finance any such acquisitions, which could impact future liquidity. Also, on an ongoing basis, we review our operations including the evaluation of potential divestitures of products and businesses as part of our future strategy. Any divestitures could impact future liquidity. In addition, we plan to continue to explore various other ways to create, enhance or otherwise unlock the value of the Company’s unique global platform in order to create shareholder value.
In November 2022, the Company provided an update on the strategic priorities announced in February 2022, including identifying the following businesses no longer considered core to its future strategy that the Company intends to divest:
OTC;
API (while retaining some selective development API capabilities);
Women’s health care, primarily related to our oral and injectable contraceptives. This does not include all of our women’s health care related products; as an example, our Xulane® product in the U.S. is excluded; and
Upjohn Distributor Markets.

For information regarding our dividends paid and declared and share repurchase program, refer to Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
65

Table of Contents

Long-term Debt Maturity
For information regarding our debt agreements and mandatory minimum repayments remaining on the outstanding notional amount of long-term debt at December 31, 2022, refer to Note 11 Debt in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
The YEN Term Loan Facility and the 2021 Revolving Facility contain customary affirmative covenants for facilities of this type, including among others, covenants pertaining to the delivery of financial statements, notices of default and certain material events, maintenance of corporate existence and rights, property, and insurance and compliance with laws, as well as customary negative covenants for facilities of this type, including a financial covenant, which set the Maximum Leverage Ratio as of the end of any quarter at 4.25 to 1.00 for each quarter ending after June 30, 2021 through and including June 30, 2022, 4.0 to 1.00 for each quarter ending after June 30, 2022 through and including December 31, 2022 and 3.75 to 1.00 thereafter, except in circumstances as defined in the related credit agreement, and other limitations on the incurrence of subsidiary indebtedness, liens, mergers and certain other fundamental changes, investments and loans, acquisitions, transactions with affiliates, payments of dividends and other restricted payments and changes in our lines of business.
The Company is in compliance with its covenants at December 31, 2022 and expects to remain in compliance for the next twelve months.
Supplemental Guarantor Financial Information
Viatris Inc. is the issuer of the outstanding Registered Upjohn Notes, which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan Inc., Mylan II B.V. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.
Following the Combination, Utah Acquisition Sub Inc. is the issuer of the Utah U.S. Dollar Notes, which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan Inc., Viatris Inc. and Mylan II B.V.
Mylan Inc. is the issuer of the Mylan Inc. U.S. Dollar Notes, which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Mylan II B.V., Viatris Inc. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.

The respective obligations of Viatris Inc., Mylan Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., and Mylan II B.V. as guarantors of the applicable series of Senior U.S. Dollar Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the applicable guarantor and rank pari passu in right of payment with all of such guarantor’s existing and future senior unsecured obligations that are not expressly subordinated to such guarantor’s guarantee of the applicable series of Senior U.S. Dollar Notes, rank senior in right of payment to any future obligations of such guarantor that are expressly subordinated to such guarantor’s guarantee of the applicable series of Senior U.S. Dollar Notes, and are effectively subordinated to such guarantor’s existing and future secured obligations to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such obligations. Such obligations are structurally subordinated to all of the existing and future liabilities, including trade payables, of the existing and future subsidiaries of such guarantor that do not guarantee the applicable series of Senior U.S. Dollar Notes.
The guarantees by Mylan Inc., Mylan II B.V. and Utah Acquisition Sub Inc. under the applicable series of Senior U.S. Dollar Notes will terminate under certain customary circumstances, each as described in the applicable indenture, including: (1) a sale or disposition of the applicable guarantor in a transaction that complies with the applicable indenture such that such guarantor ceases to be a subsidiary of the issuer of the applicable series of Senior U.S. Dollar Notes; (2) legal defeasance or covenant defeasance or if the issuer’s obligations under the applicable indenture are discharged; (3) with respect to the Utah U.S. Dollar Notes, the earlier to occur of (i) with respect to the guarantee provided by Mylan Inc., (x) the release of Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.’s guarantee under all applicable Mylan Inc. Debt (as defined in the applicable indenture) and (y) Mylan Inc. no longer having any obligations in respect of any Mylan Inc. Debt and (ii) with respect to the guarantee provided by Mylan II B.V., (x) the release of Mylan II B.V.’s guarantee under all applicable Triggering Indebtedness (as defined in the applicable indenture) and (y) the issuer and/or borrower of the applicable Triggering Indebtedness no longer having any obligations with respect to such Triggering Indebtedness; (4) with respect to the guarantees provided by Utah Acquisition Sub Inc. and Mylan II B.V. of the Mylan Inc. U.S. Dollar Notes, subject to certain exceptions set forth in the applicable indenture, such guarantor ceasing to be a guarantor or obligor in respect of any Triggering Indebtedness; and (5) with respect to the outstanding Registered Upjohn Notes, (a) upon the applicable guarantor no longer being an issuer or guarantor in respect of (i) Mylan Notes (as defined in the indenture governing the outstanding Registered Upjohn Notes) that have an aggregate principal amount in excess of $500.0 million or (ii) any Triggering Indebtedness; in each case, other than in respect of indebtedness or guarantees, as applicable, that are being concurrently released; or (b) upon receipt of the consent of holders of a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding notes of such series in accordance with the indenture governing the outstanding Registered Upjohn Notes.
66

Table of Contents

The guarantee obligations of Viatris Inc., Mylan Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., and Mylan II B.V. under the Senior U.S. Dollar Notes are subject to certain limitations and terms similar to those applicable to other guarantees of similar instruments, including that (i) the guarantees are subject to fraudulent transfer and conveyance laws and (ii) each guarantee is limited in amount to an amount not to exceed the maximum amount that can be guaranteed by the applicable guarantor without rendering the guarantee, as it relates to such guarantor, voidable under applicable fraudulent transfer and conveyance laws or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally.
The following table presents unaudited summarized financial information of Viatris Inc., Mylan Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., and Mylan II B.V. on a combined basis as of and for the year ended December 31, 2022 and 2021. All intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation. This unaudited combined summarized financial information is presented utilizing the equity method of accounting.
Combined Summarized Balance Sheet Information of Viatris Inc., Mylan Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc. and Mylan II B.V.
(In millions)December 31, 2022December 31, 2021
ASSETS
Current assets$996.3 $280.2 
Non-current assets61,972.6 60,298.0 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities26,631.5 23,619.9 
Non-current liabilities15,265.2 16,465.6 
Combined Summarized Income Statement Information of Viatris Inc., Mylan Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc. and Mylan II B.V.
(In millions)Year Ended December 31, 2022Year Ended December 31, 2021
Revenues$— $— 
Gross profit— — 
Loss (earnings) from operations(1,132.4)(1,023.9)
Net earnings (loss)2,078.6 (1,269.1)
Other Commitments
The Company is involved in various disputes, governmental and/or regulatory inquiries, investigations and proceedings, tax proceedings and litigation matters, both in the U.S. and abroad, that arise from time to time, some of which could result in losses, including damages, fines and/or civil penalties, and/or criminal charges against the Company. These matters are often complex and have outcomes that are difficult to predict. We have approximately $203 million accrued for legal contingencies at December 31, 2022.
While the Company believes that it has meritorious defenses with respect to the claims asserted against it and the assumed legal matters referenced above, and intends to vigorously defend its position, the process of resolving these matters is inherently uncertain and may develop over a long period of time, and so it is not possible to predict the ultimate resolution of any such matter. It is possible that an unfavorable resolution of any of the ongoing matters could have a material effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to pay dividends and/or stock price.
In conjunction with the Combination, Viatris entered into a TSA with Pfizer pursuant to which each party provides certain limited transition services to the other party generally for an initial period of 24 months from the closing date of the Combination. In addition to the monthly service fees under the TSA, Viatris agreed to reimburse Pfizer for fifty percent of the costs, up to the first $380 million incurred, to establish and wind down the TSA services. Viatris will be required to fully reimburse Pfizer for total costs in excess of $380 million. During the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company incurred $54.5 million and $30.4 million, respectively, related to this provision of the TSA, and approximately $138.0 million during the period beginning on the closing date of the Combination and ended December 31, 2022. We expect to incur future costs related to the completion of the services. As of December 31, 2022, the Company has exited substantially all transition services with Pfizer.
67

Table of Contents

In conjunction with the Biocon Biologics Transaction, Viatris and Biocon Biologics also entered an agreement pursuant to which Viatris is providing commercialization and certain other transition services on behalf of Biocon Biologics, including billings, collections and the remittance of rebates, to ensure business continuity for patients, customers and colleagues.
At December 31, 2022, our material cash requirements from known contractual and other obligations primarily relate to repayment of outstanding borrowings and interest, open purchase orders, post-employment benefit plans, unrecognized tax benefits, capital expenditures, dividends and leases. For additional information, refer to Notes 2, 4, 7, 11, 13, 15, and 17 in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K. We anticipate our cash requirements related to ordinary course purchases of goods and services will be consistent with our past levels.
In the normal course of business, Viatris periodically enters into employment, legal settlement and other agreements which incorporate indemnification provisions. While the maximum amount to which Viatris may be exposed under such agreements cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company maintains insurance coverage, which management believes will effectively mitigate the Company’s obligations under these indemnification provisions. No amounts have been recorded in the consolidated financial statements with respect to the Company’s obligations under such agreements.
We have entered into employment and other agreements with certain executives and other employees that provide for compensation and certain other benefits. These agreements provide for severance payments under certain circumstances.
Licensing and Other Partner Agreements
Under our licensing and other partner agreements, our potential maximum development milestones not accrued for at December 31, 2022 totaled approximately $347 million. We estimate that the amounts that may be paid during the next twelve months to be approximately $38 million. Additionally, these agreements may also include potential sales-based milestones and call for us to pay a percentage of amounts earned from the sale of the product as a royalty or a profit share. Refer to Note 19 Licensing and Other Partner Agreements included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional information.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K and are in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
Included within these policies are certain policies which contain critical accounting estimates and, therefore, have been deemed to be “critical accounting policies.” Critical accounting estimates are those which require management to make assumptions about matters that were uncertain at the time the estimate was made and for which the use of different estimates, which reasonably could have been used, or changes in the accounting estimates that are reasonably likely to occur from period to period could have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations. We have identified the following to be our critical accounting policies: the determination of net revenue provisions, acquisitions, intangible assets, goodwill and contingent consideration, income taxes and the impact of existing legal matters.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenues in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes net revenue for product sales when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Revenues are recorded net of provisions for variable consideration, including discounts, rebates, governmental rebate programs, price adjustments, returns, chargebacks, promotional programs and other sales allowances. Accruals for these provisions are presented in the consolidated financial statements as reductions in determining net sales and as a contra asset in accounts receivable, net (if settled via credit) and other current liabilities (if paid in cash). Amounts recorded for revenue deductions can result from a complex series of judgements about future events and uncertainties and can rely heavily on estimates and assumptions. As such, they have been identified as critical accounting estimates. The following section briefly describes the nature of our provisions for variable consideration and how such provisions are estimated:
68

Table of Contents

Chargebacks: the Company has agreements with certain indirect customers, such as independent pharmacies, retail pharmacy chains, managed care organizations, hospitals, nursing homes, governmental agencies and pharmacy benefit managers, which establish contract prices for certain products. The indirect customers then independently select a wholesaler from which to purchase the products at these contracted prices. Alternatively, certain wholesalers may enter into agreements with indirect customers that establish contract pricing for certain products, which the wholesalers provide. Under either arrangement, Viatris will provide credit to the wholesaler for any difference between the contracted price with the indirect party and the wholesaler’s invoice price. Such credits are called chargebacks. The provision for chargebacks is based on expected sell-through levels by our wholesaler customers to indirect customers, as well as estimated wholesaler inventory levels. We continually monitor our provision for chargebacks and evaluate our reserve and estimates as additional information becomes available. A change of 5% would have an effect on our reserve balance of approximately $26.2 million.
Rebates, promotional programs and other sales allowances: this category includes rebate and other programs to assist in product sales. These programs generally provide that the customer receives credit directly related to the amount of purchases or credits upon the attainment of pre-established volumes. Also included in this category are prompt pay discounts, administrative fees and price adjustments to reflect decreases in the selling prices of products. A change of 5% would have an effect on our reserve balance of approximately $64.2 million.
Returns: consistent with industry practice, Viatris maintains a return policy that allows customers to return a product, which varies country by country in accordance with local practices, generally within a specified period prior (six months) and subsequent (twelve months) to the expiration date. The Company’s estimate of the provision for returns is generally based upon historical experience with actual returns. Generally, returned products are destroyed and customers are refunded the sales price in the form of a credit. A change of 5% would have an effect on our reserve balance of approximately $25.7 million.
Governmental rebate programs: government reimbursement programs in the U.S. include Medicare, Medicaid, and State Pharmacy Assistance Programs established according to statute, regulations and policy. Manufacturers of pharmaceutical products that are covered by the Medicaid program are required to pay rebates to each state based on a statutory formula set forth in the Social Security Act. Medicare beneficiaries are eligible to obtain discounted prescription drug coverage from private sector providers. In addition, certain states have also implemented supplemental rebate programs that obligate manufacturers to pay rebates in excess of those required under federal law. Our estimate of these rebates is based on the historical trends of rebates paid as well as on changes in wholesaler inventory levels and increases or decreases in the level of sales. We estimate discounts on branded prescription drug sales to Medicare Part D participants in the Medicare “coverage gap” based on historical experience of prescriptions and utilization expected to result in the discount of the “coverage gap”.
Outside the U.S., the majority of our pharmaceutical sales are contractually or legislatively governed. In certain European countries, certain rebates are calculated on the governments total pharmaceutical spending or on specific product sale thresholds. We utilize historical data and obtain third party information to determine the adequacy of these accruals. Also, this provision includes price reductions that are mandated by law outside of the U.S.
A change of 5% would have an effect on our reserve balance of approximately $18.3 million.
The following is a rollforward of the categories of variable consideration during 2022:
(In millions)Balance at December 31, 2021Current Provision Related to Sales Made in the Current Period Balances DivestedChecks/ Credits Issued to Third Parties Effects of Foreign ExchangeBalance at December 31, 2022
Chargebacks$591.7 $6,192.2 $(53.4)$(6,205.6)$(1.5)$523.4 
Rebates, promotional programs and other sales allowances1,373.0 4,346.2 (215.1)(4,177.5)(42.4)1,284.2 
Returns686.8 296.7 (16.0)(447.6)(6.5)513.4 
Governmental rebate programs$399.2 608.9 (34.1)(602.4)(5.1)366.5 
Total$3,050.7 $11,444.0 $(318.6)$(11,433.1)$(55.5)$2,687.5 
69

Table of Contents

Accruals for these provisions are presented in the consolidated financial statements as reductions in determining net revenues and in accounts receivable and other current liabilities. Accounts receivable are presented net of allowances relating to these provisions, which were comprised of the following at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively:
(In millions)December 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accounts receivable, net$1,798.7 $1,688.6 
Other current liabilities888.8 1,362.1 
Total$2,687.5 $3,050.7 
We have not made and do not anticipate making any significant changes to the methodologies that we use to measure provisions for variable consideration; however, the balances within these reserves can fluctuate significantly through the consistent application of our methodologies. Historically, we have not recorded in any current period any material amounts related to adjustments made to prior period reserves.
Acquisitions, Intangible Assets, Goodwill and Contingent Consideration
The Company accounts for acquired businesses using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with the provisions of ASC 805, Business Combinations, which requires that the assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at the date of acquisition at their respective estimated fair values. The cost to acquire businesses is allocated to the underlying net assets of the acquired business based on estimates of their respective fair values. Amounts allocated to acquired IPR&D are capitalized at the date of acquisition and, at that time, such IPR&D assets have indefinite lives. As products in development are approved for sale, amounts are allocated to product rights and licenses and will be amortized over their estimated useful lives. Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized over the expected life of the asset. Any excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Refer to Note 4 Acquisitions and Other Transactions and Note 9 Goodwill and Intangible Assets included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional information.
Purchases of developed products and licenses that are accounted for as asset acquisitions are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized over an estimated useful life. IPR&D assets acquired as part of an asset acquisition are expensed immediately if they have no alternative future uses.
The judgments made in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, can materially impact our results of operations. Fair values and useful lives are determined based on, among other factors, the expected future period of benefit of the asset, the various characteristics of the asset and projected cash flows. Because this process involves management making estimates with respect to future sales volumes, pricing, new product launches, government reform actions, anticipated cost environment and overall market conditions, and because these estimates form the basis for the determination of whether or not an impairment charge should be recorded, these estimates are considered to be critical accounting estimates.
The Company records contingent consideration resulting from business acquisitions at its estimated fair value on the acquisition date. Each reporting period thereafter, the Company revalues these obligations and records increases or decreases in their fair value as adjustments to litigation settlements and other contingencies, net within the consolidated statements of operations. Changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligations can result from adjustments to the discount rates, payment periods and adjustments in the probability of achieving future development steps, regulatory approvals, market launches, sales targets and profitability. These fair value measurements represent Level 3 measurements as they are based on significant inputs not observable in the market.
Significant judgment is employed in determining the assumptions utilized as of the acquisition date and for each subsequent measurement period. Accordingly, changes in the assumptions described above could have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition and results of operations.
70

Table of Contents

The Company reviews goodwill for impairment at least annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable based on management’s assessment of the fair value of the Company’s reporting units as compared to their related carrying value. Under the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB, we have the option to first assess the qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform a quantitative goodwill impairment test. If we choose to use qualitative factors and determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then the goodwill impairment test would be required. The goodwill impairment test requires the Company to estimate the fair value of the reporting unit and to compare the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount is less than its fair value, then no impairment is recognized. If the carrying amount recorded exceeds the fair value calculated, an impairment charge is recorded for the difference. The judgments made in determining the projected cash flows used to estimate the fair value can materially impact the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
The Company performed both its interim and annual goodwill impairment tests on a quantitative basis for its five reporting units, North America, Europe, Emerging Markets, JANZ, and Greater China. In estimating each reporting unit’s fair value, the Company performed an extensive valuation analysis, utilizing both income and market-based approaches. The determination of the fair value of the reporting units requires the Company to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the reporting unit’s expected future cash flows. These estimates and assumptions, utilizing Level 3 inputs, primarily include, but are not limited to, market multiples, control premiums, the discount rate, terminal growth rates, operating income before depreciation and amortization, and capital expenditures forecasts.
As of March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, the allocation of the Company’s total goodwill (prior to the reclassification of goodwill to assets held for sale) was as follows: North America $3.61 billion, Europe $4.95 billion, Emerging Markets $1.64 billion, JANZ $0.78 billion and Greater China $0.97 billion.
As of March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, the Company determined that the fair value of the North America and Greater China reporting units was substantially in excess of the respective unit’s carrying value.
For the Europe reporting unit, the estimated fair value exceeded its carrying value by approximately $797 million or 5.3% for both the interim and annual goodwill impairment tests. As it relates to the income approach for the Europe reporting unit at March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, the Company forecasted cash flows for the next 10 years. During the forecast period, the revenue compound annual growth rate was approximately 0.5%. A terminal year value was calculated with a negative 1.0% revenue growth rate applied. The discount rate utilized was 9.5% and the estimated tax rate was 15.3%. Under the market-based approach, we utilized an estimated range of market multiples of 7.5 to 8.0 times EBITDA plus a control premium of 15.0%. If all other assumptions are held constant, a reduction in the terminal value growth rate by 3.0% or an increase in discount rate by 1.5% would result in an impairment charge for the Europe reporting unit.

For the JANZ reporting unit, the estimated fair value exceeded its carrying value by approximately $231 million or 7.4% for both the interim and annual goodwill impairment tests. As it relates to the income approach for the JANZ reporting unit at March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, the Company forecasted cash flows for the next 10 years. During the forecast period, the revenue compound annual growth rate was approximately negative 4.8%. A terminal year value was calculated assuming no revenue growth rate. The discount rate utilized was 6.0% and the estimated tax rate was 30.4%. Under the market-based approach, we utilized an estimated market multiple of 6.0 times EBITDA plus a control premium of 15.0%. If all other assumptions are held constant, a reduction in the terminal value growth rate by 3.5% or an increase in discount rate by 2.0% would result in an impairment charge for the JANZ reporting unit.
For the Emerging Markets reporting unit, the estimated fair value exceeded its carrying value by approximately $816 million or 10.3% for both the interim and annual goodwill impairment tests. As it relates to the income approach for the Emerging Markets reporting unit at March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, the Company forecasted cash flows for the next 10 years. During the forecast period, the revenue compound annual growth rate was approximately 1.6%. A terminal year value was calculated with a 0.8% revenue growth rate applied. The discount rate utilized was 10.5% and the estimated tax rate was 18.4%. Under the market-based approach, we utilized an estimated market multiple of 7.5 times EBITDA plus a control premium of 15.0%. If all other assumptions are held constant, a reduction in the terminal value growth rate by approximately 8.5% or an increase in discount rate by 3.0% would result in an impairment charge for the Emerging Markets reporting unit.
In the fourth quarter of 2022, we determined that our Upjohn Distributor Markets should be classified as held for sale on the December 31, 2022 consolidated balance sheet. The Company allocated goodwill to its Upjohn Distributor Markets using a relative fair value approach and recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $117.0 million within the Emerging Markets reporting unit, which was recorded within SG&A in the consolidated statement of operations.
71

Table of Contents

Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making these estimates, actual results could differ from those estimates. In addition, changes in underlying assumptions, especially as they relate to the key assumptions detailed, could have a significant impact on the fair value of the reporting units.
The carrying values of long-lived assets, which include property, plant and equipment and intangible assets with finite lives, are evaluated periodically in relation to the expected future undiscounted cash flows of the underlying assets and monitored for other potential triggering events. We have assessed the recoverability of certain long-lived assets, principally finite-lived intangible assets, contained within the reporting units whenever certain impairment indicators are present. Any impairment of these assets must be considered prior to our impairment review of goodwill. The assessment for impairment is based on our ability to recover the carrying value of the long-lived assets or asset grouping by analyzing the expected future undiscounted pre-tax cash flows specific to the asset or asset grouping. If the carrying amount is greater than the undiscounted cash flows, the Company recognizes an impairment loss for the excess of the carrying amount over the estimated fair value based on discounted cash flows.
Significant management judgment is involved in estimating the recoverability of these assets and is dependent upon the accuracy of the assumptions used in making these estimates, as well as how the estimates compare to the eventual future operating performance of the specific asset or asset grouping. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded $83.4 million (related to the sale of a group of OTC products in the U.S.) and $45.0 million, respectively, of impairment charges for finite-lived intangible assets, which were recorded as a component of amortization expense. At December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company’s finite-lived intangible assets totaled $22.57 billion and $26.09 billion, respectively. Changes to any of the Company’s assumptions related to the estimated fair value based on the discounted cash flows, including discount rates or the competitive environment related to the assets, could lead to future material impairment charges. Any future long-lived assets impairment charges could have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition and results of operations.
If the divestitures of the Upjohn Distributor Markets are not completed during 2023, the distribution arrangements will expire and the Company will wind down operations in these markets, which may result in additional asset impairment and other costs being incurred. These additional charges could be in excess of $300 million.
The Company’s indefinite-lived intangible assets, principally IPR&D, are tested at least annually for impairment or upon the occurrence of a triggering event. The impairment test for IPR&D consists of a comparison of the asset’s fair value with its carrying value. Impairment is determined to exist when the fair value of IPR&D assets, which is based upon updated forecasts and commercial development plans, is less than the carrying value of the assets being tested. For the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded $0.6 million, $19.4 million, and $37.4 million, respectively, of impairment charges, which were recorded as a component of amortization expense. At December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company’s IPR&D assets totaled $40.2 million and $46.5 million, respectively.
The fair value of both IPR&D and finite-lived intangible assets was determined based upon detailed valuations employing the income approach which utilized Level 3 inputs, as defined in Note 10 Financial Instruments and Risk Management included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K. Changes to any of the Company’s assumptions including changes to or abandonment of development programs, regulatory timelines, discount rates or the competitive environment related to the assets could lead to future material impairment charges.
Income Taxes
We compute our income taxes based on the statutory tax rates and tax reliefs available to Viatris in the various jurisdictions in which we generate income. Significant judgment is required in determining our income taxes and in evaluating our tax positions. We establish reserves in accordance with Viatris’ policy regarding accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. Our policy provides that the tax effects from an uncertain tax position be recognized in Viatris’ financial statements, only if the position is more likely than not of being sustained upon audit, based on the technical merits of the position. We adjust these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the settlement of a tax audit. Our provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves. Favorable resolution would be recognized as a reduction to our provision for income taxes in the period of resolution or expiration of the underlying statutes of limitation. Based on this evaluation, as of December 31, 2022, our reserve for unrecognized tax benefits totaled $296.7 million, of which $258.1 million was recorded in connection with the Combination and is subject to Pfizer’s indemnification obligations to Viatris under the Tax Matters Agreement.

72

Table of Contents

Management assesses the available positive and negative evidence to estimate if sufficient future taxable income will be generated to utilize the existing deferred tax assets. A significant piece of objective negative evidence evaluated was the cumulative loss incurred in certain taxing jurisdictions over the three-year period ended December 31, 2022. Such objective evidence limits the ability to consider other subjective evidence such as our projections for future growth.
Based on this evaluation and other factors, as of December 31, 2022, a valuation allowance of $387.0 million has been recorded in order to measure only the portion of the deferred tax asset that more likely than not will be realized. The amount of the deferred tax asset considered realizable, however, could be adjusted if estimates of future taxable income during the carryforward period are reduced or if objective negative evidence in the form of cumulative losses is no longer present and additional weight may be given to subjective evidence such as projections for growth. When assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers all available evidence, including historical information, long-term forecasts of future taxable income and possible tax planning strategies. Amounts recorded for valuation allowances can result from a complex series of estimates, assumptions and judgments about future events. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making these estimates, assumptions and judgments, actual results could differ materially. Any future increases to the Company’s valuation allowances could materially impact the Company’s consolidated financial condition and results of operations. At December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company’s net deferred tax assets totaled $925.9 million and $1.33 billion, respectively.
A variance of 5% between estimated reserves and valuation allowances and actual resolution and realization of these tax items would have an effect on our reserve balance and valuation allowance of approximately $34.2 million.
Legal Matters
Viatris is involved in various legal proceedings, some of which involve claims for substantial amounts. An estimate is made to accrue for a loss contingency relating to any of these legal proceedings if it is probable that a liability was incurred as of the date of the financial statements and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. Because of the subjective nature inherent in assessing the outcome of litigation and because of the potential that an adverse outcome in a legal proceeding could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or ordinary share price, such estimates are considered to be critical accounting estimates.
A variance of 5% between estimated and recorded litigation reserves and actual resolution of certain legal matters would have an effect on our litigation reserve balance of approximately $10.2 million. Refer to Note 20 Litigation included in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for further discussion of litigation matters.
Impact of Currency Fluctuations and Inflation
Because our results are reported in U.S. Dollars, changes in the rate of exchange between the U.S. Dollar and the local currencies in the markets in which we operate, mainly the Euro, Indian Rupee, Chinese Renminbi, Japanese Yen, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Pound Sterling and South Korean Won affect our results as previously noted. During 2022, the global economy has been impacted by high levels of inflation and rising energy costs, which has resulted in significant economic volatility. As a result, central banks have and continue to tighten their monetary policies and increase interest rates. These macroeconomic pressures combined with the volatility in foreign exchange rates, including the strengthening of the U.S. dollar versus the other currencies in which we operate, negatively impacts our results of operations. We proactively look to manage such macroeconomic pressures by implementing strategies to mitigate and partially offset the impact of these factors. While inflationary and other macroeconomic pressures may ease, we continue to experience higher costs and we expect that this will likely continue throughout 2023.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II. Item 8 of this Form 10-K for recently adopted accounting pronouncements and recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted.
ITEM 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
A significant portion of our revenues and earnings are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We seek to manage this foreign exchange risk in part through operational means, including managing same currency revenues in relation to same currency costs and same currency assets in relation to same currency liabilities.
73

Table of Contents

From time to time, foreign exchange risk is managed through the use of foreign currency forward-exchange contracts. These contracts are used to offset the potential earnings effects from mostly intercompany foreign currency assets and liabilities that arise from operations and from intercompany loans. Any unhedged foreign exchange exposures continue to be subject to market fluctuations.
Our financial instrument holdings at year end were analyzed to determine their sensitivity to foreign exchange rate changes. The fair values of these instruments were determined as follows:
foreign currency forward-exchange contracts — net present values
foreign currency denominated receivables, payables, debt and loans — changes in exchange rates
In this sensitivity analysis, we assumed that the change in one currency’s rate relative to the U.S. Dollar would not have an effect on other currencies’ rates relative to the U.S. Dollar. All other factors were held constant.
If there were an adverse change in foreign currency exchange rates of 10%, the expected net effect on net income related to Viatris’ foreign currency denominated financial instruments would not be material.
The Company is also exposed to translation risk on non-U.S. dollar-denominated net assets. Non-U.S. dollar borrowings, principally our Euro and Yen denominated long-term debt, are used to hedge the foreign currency exposures of our net investment in certain foreign affiliates and are designated as hedges of net investments. The foreign exchange gains or losses on these hedges is included in the foreign currency translation component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). If our net investment decreases below the equivalent value of the non-U.S. debt borrowings, the change in the remeasurement basis of the debt would be subject to recognition in net income as changes occur.
Interest Rate and Long-Term Debt Risk
Viatris’ exposure to interest rate risk arises primarily from our U.S. Dollar and Euro borrowings and U.S. Dollar investments. We invest primarily on a variable-rate basis and we borrow on both a fixed and variable basis. In order to maintain a certain ratio of fixed to variable rate debt, from time to time, depending on market conditions, Viatris will use derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps to fix interest rates on variable-rate borrowings or to convert fixed-rate borrowings to variable interest rates.
As of December 31, 2022, Viatris’ outstanding fixed rate borrowings consist principally of $18.41 billion notional amount of senior U.S. dollar and Euro notes. Generally, the fair value of fixed interest rate debt will decrease as interest rates rise and increase as interest rates fall. As of December 31, 2022, the fair value of our outstanding fixed rate senior U.S. dollar and Euro notes was approximately $15.36 billion. As of December 31, 2022, Viatris’ outstanding variable rate borrowings consist principally of borrowings under the Yen Term Loan Facility of $305.1 million. A 100 basis point change in interest rates on Viatris’ variable rate debt, net of interest rate swaps, would result in a change in interest expense of approximately $3.1 million per year.
Fair Value Risk
The Company’s fair value risk exposure relates primarily to our equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values, principally the CCPS received as part of the Biocon Biologics Transaction. As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the carrying value of these investments were approximately $1.09 billion and $81.4 million, respectively. A hypothetical 20 percent decline in the fair value of these investments would have decreased the carrying value and other (income) expense, net by approximately $218.0 million at December 31, 2022.

74

Table of Contents

ITEM 8.Financial Statements And Supplementary Data
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and
Supplementary Financial Information
 Page
75

Table of Contents

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management of Viatris Inc. is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, management has conducted an assessment, including testing, using the criteria in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013), issued by COSO. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
As a result of this assessment, management has concluded that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022 based on the criteria in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
Our independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP (PCAOB ID No. 34), has audited the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Deloitte & Touche LLP’s opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting appears on page 80 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
76

Table of Contents

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and the Board of Directors of Viatris Inc.:
Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Viatris Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive earnings (loss), equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2022, and the related notes and the schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 27, 2023, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Goodwill – Viatris Inc. Europe and JANZ Reporting Units – Refer to Note 9 to the financial statements.

Critical Audit Matter Description

The Company performed an interim and annual goodwill impairment test as of March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, respectively. As of March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022, the Company had $11.95 billion of consolidated goodwill, $4.95 billion and $0.78 billion of which was allocated to the Viatris Inc. Europe and JANZ reporting units, respectively. The Company’s evaluation of goodwill for impairment involves the comparison of the estimated fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. The Company performed its valuation analysis, using both income and market-based approaches, to determine the fair value of its Europe and JANZ reporting units. The determination of the fair value requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the reporting unit’s expected future cash flows. These estimates and assumptions, utilizing Level 3 valuation inputs, primarily include, but are not limited to, market multiples, control premiums, discount rates, terminal growth rates, operating income before depreciation and amortization, and capital expenditures forecasts. The fair values of the Europe and the JANZ reporting units exceeded their carrying values by approximately $0.8 billion, or 5.3%, and $0.23 billion, or 7.4%, respectively, as of March 31, 2022 and April 1, 2022 and, therefore, no impairments were recognized.
77

Table of Contents


Given that the Europe and JANZ reporting unit’s revenues are sensitive to changes in consumer demand, the approval of new product launches, the expansion of existing products into new jurisdictions (which have differentiated distribution and commercialization models throughout the regions), and the impact of business development activity, auditing management’s judgments regarding forecasts of future revenues, and the selection of the discount rates and terminal growth rates required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our fair value specialists.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our audit procedures related to the forecasts of future revenues (“forecasts”), and the selection of the discount rates and terminal growth rates for the Europe and the JANZ reporting units included the following procedures, among others:

We tested the effectiveness of controls over the review of the goodwill impairment tests, including those over the development of the business forecasts of future revenues and the selection of the discount rates and terminal growth rates.

We evaluated management’s ability to accurately forecast future revenues of the Europe and JANZ reporting units by comparing actual results to management’s historical forecasts.

We evaluated the reasonableness of management’s revenue forecasts by comparing the projections to (1) historical results, (2) internal communications to management and the Board of Directors, and (3) forecasted information included in Company press releases. We also considered third party reports related to macroeconomic and industry trends and made inquiries of management, including various regional commercial and operations leaders to assess key inputs in the forecast assumptions.

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the valuation methodology, discount rates, and terminal growth rates, including (1) testing the source information underlying the determination of the discount rates and terminal growth rates and the mathematical accuracy of the calculations, (2) developing a range of independent estimates and comparing those to the discount rates selected by management, and (3) considering third party macroeconomic reports.

Net Revenue Provisions – Sales Returns Accrual at MPI – Refer to Note 3 to the financial statements.

Critical Audit Matter Description

The Company provides customers with the ability to return product, which varies country by country in accordance with local practices, generally within a specified period prior (six months) and subsequent (twelve months) to the expiration date. The Company’s estimate of the provision for returns is generally based upon historical experience with actual returns. The returns reserve at MPI represents a significant component of the global sales returns reserve as of December 31, 2022.

Estimating the amounts to be accrued for returns requires significant estimation as management’s model utilizes historical experience with actual returns and considers levels of inventory in the distribution channel, product dating and expiration period, size and maturity of the market prior to a product launch, entrance into the market of additional competitors, and changes in the regulatory environment. Given the volume of sales returns and the level of estimation uncertainty involved, auditing management’s judgments required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our audit procedures related to the Net Revenue Provisions – Sales Returns accrual included the following, among others:

We evaluated the Company’s methodology and assumptions in developing their sales returns accrual model, including assessing the completeness and accuracy of the underlying data used by management in their estimates.

We tested the effectiveness of controls over the calculation of the sales returns reserve at MPI.

We compared prior period sales returns accruals to sales returns credits subsequently issued to evaluate management’s ability to accurately forecast sales returns activity.

78

Table of Contents

We developed independent expectations of product-level sales returns accruals and sales returns accruals in the aggregate using the following: 1) historical sales and returns activity, 2) remaining shelf life information, 3) finished goods inventory on-hand at the end of the period, and 4) adjustments for known or anticipated sales return activity based on market dynamics (market prior to Viatris launch, impact of competition, and overall regulatory environment) and compared those to the recorded amounts.


/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
February 27, 2023
We have served as the Company's auditor since 1976.


79

Table of Contents

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and the Board of Directors of Viatris Inc.:
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Viatris, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2022, of the Company and our report dated February 27, 2023, expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

Basis for Opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
February 27, 2023
80

Table of Contents

VIATRIS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions, except share and per share amounts)
December 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
ASSETS
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,259.9 $701.2 
Accounts receivable, net3,814.5 4,266.4 
Inventories3,519.5 3,977.7 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,811.2 1,957.6 
Assets held for sale230.3 — 
Total current assets10,635.4 10,902.9 
Property, plant and equipment, net3,024.5 3,188.6 
Intangible assets, net22,607.1 26,134.2 
Goodwill10,425.8 12,113.7 
Deferred income tax benefit925.9 1,332.7 
Other assets2,403.5 1,170.7 
Total assets$50,022.2 $54,842.8 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$1,766.6 $1,657.4 
Short-term borrowings— 1,493.0 
Income taxes payable279.6 236.9 
Current portion of long-term debt and other long-term obligations1,259.1 1,877.5 
Other current liabilities3,440.9 4,619.6 
Total current liabilities6,746.2 9,884.4 
Long-term debt18,015.2 19,717.1 
Deferred income tax liability2,432.0 2,815.0 
Other long-term obligations1,756.5 1,933.6 
Total liabilities28,949.9 34,350.1 
Equity
Viatris Inc. shareholders’ equity
Common stock: $0.01 par value, 3,000,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding: 1,213,793,231 and 1,209,507,463, respectively
12.1 12.1 
Additional paid-in capital18,645.8 18,536.1 
Retained earnings5,175.6 3,688.8 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,761.2)(1,744.3)
Total equity21,072.3 20,492.7 
Total liabilities and equity$50,022.2 $54,842.8 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
81

Table of Contents

VIATRIS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In millions, except per share amounts)
 Year Ended December 31,
 202220212020
Revenues:
Net sales$16,218.1 $17,813.6 $11,819.9 
Other revenues44.6 72.7 126.1 
Total revenues16,262.7 17,886.3 11,946.0 
Cost of sales9,765.7 12,310.8 8,149.3 
Gross profit6,497.0 5,575.5 3,796.7 
Operating expenses:
Research and development662.2 681.0 512.6 
Acquired IPR&D36.4 70.1 42.5 
Selling, general and administrative4,179.1 4,529.2 3,344.6 
Litigation settlements and other contingencies, net4.4 329.2 107.8 
Total operating expenses4,882.1 5,609.5 4,007.5 
Earnings (loss) from operations1,614.9 (34.0)(210.8)
Interest expense592.4 636.2 497.8 
Other (income) expense, net(1,790.7)(5.8)12.6 
Earnings (loss) before income taxes2,813.2 (664.4)(721.2)
Income tax provision (benefit)734.6 604.7 (51.3)
Net earnings (loss)2,078.6 (1,269.1)(669.9)
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Viatris Inc. shareholders
Basic$1.71 $(1.05)$(1.11)
Diluted$1.71 $(1.05)$(1.11)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic1,212.1 1,208.8 601.2 
Diluted1,217.4 1,208.8 601.2 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
82

Table of Contents


VIATRIS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)
(In millions)
Year Ended December 31,
202220212020
Net earnings (loss)$2,078.6 $(1,269.1)$(669.9)
Other comprehensive (loss) earnings, before tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1,583.5)(1,340.9)1,213.0 
Change in unrecognized gain (loss) and prior service cost related to defined benefit plans279.1 73.9 (14.0)
Net unrecognized (loss) gain on derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships(36.9)36.1 18.2 
Net unrecognized gain (loss) on derivatives in net investment hedging relationships460.1 456.8 (305.2)
Net unrealized (loss) gain on marketable securities(2.8)(1.1)0.6 
Other comprehensive (loss) earnings, before tax(884.0)(775.2)912.6 
Income tax provision (benefit) 132.9 111.1 (26.6)
Other comprehensive (loss) earnings, net of tax(1,016.9)(886.3)939.2 
Comprehensive earnings (loss)$1,061.7 $(2,155.4)$269.3 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
83

Table of Contents


VIATRIS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In millions, except share amounts)
Additional Paid-In CapitalRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal
Equity
 
Common Stock (1)
Treasury Stock
 SharesCostSharesCost
Balance at December 31, 2019540,746,871 $6.1 $8,643.5 $6,031.1 24,598,074 $(999.7)$(1,797.2)$11,883.8 
Net loss— — — (669.9)— — — (669.9)
Other comprehensive earnings, net of tax— — — — — — 939.2 939.2 
Share-based compensation expense— — 79.2 — — — — 79.2 
Issuance of restricted stock and stock options exercised, net872,802 — 0.6 — — — — 0.6 
Taxes related to the net share settlement of equity awards— — (6.3)— — — — (6.3)
Exchange of Mylan N.V. ordinary shares for Viatris Inc. common stock(541,619,673)(6.1)6.1 — — — — — 
Issuance of common stock to Mylan N.V. shareholders541,619,673 5.2 (5.2)— — — — — 
Issuance of common stock for the Combination 689,874,045 6.9 10,720.6 — — — — 10,727.5 
Retirement of Mylan N.V. treasury stock, net(24,598,074)— (999.7)— (24,598,074)999.7 — — 
Balance at December 31, 20201,206,895,644 $12.1 $18,438.8 $5,361.2 — $— $(858.0)$22,954.1 
Net loss— $— $— $(1,269.1)— $— $— $(1,269.1)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (886.3)(886.3)
Share-based compensation expense— — 111.2 — — — — 111.2 
Issuance of restricted stock, net2,611,819 — — — — — — — 
Taxes related to the net share settlement of equity awards— — (13.9)— — — — (13.9)
Cash dividends declared, $0.33 per common share
— — — (403.3)— — — (403.3)
Balance at December 31, 20211,209,507,463 $12.1 $18,536.1 $3,688.8 — $— $(1,744.3)$20,492.7 
Net earnings— $— $— $2,078.6 — $— $— $2,078.6 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (1,016.9)(1,016.9)
Share-based compensation expense— — 116.4 — — — — 116.4 
Issuance of restricted stock, net 3,972,427 — 1.6 — — — — 1.6 
Taxes related to the net share settlement of equity awards— — (11.6)— — — — (11.6)
Issuance of common stock 313,341 — 3.3 — — — — 3.3 
Cash dividends declared, $0.48 per common share
— — — (591.8)— — — (591.8)
Balance at December 31, 20221,213,793,231 $12.1 $18,645.8 $5,175.6 — $— $(2,761.2)$21,072.3 
__________________
(1) Ordinary Shares prior to November 16, 2020.
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
84

Table of Contents

VIATRIS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
 Year Ended December 31,
 202220212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net earnings (loss)$2,078.6 $(1,269.1)$(669.9)
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization3,027.6 4,506.5 2,216.1 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)(25.9)675.7 (213.2)
Litigation settlements and other contingencies, net(1.7)323.7 101.1 
Loss from equity method investments— 61.9 48.4 
Gain on disposal of business(1,754.1)— — 
Share-based compensation expense116.4 111.2 79.2 
Other non-cash items434.3 411.8 366.4 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(240.3)59.3 78.7 
Inventories(259.5)(427.6)(741.9)
Trade accounts payable170.2 (70.4)(82.7)
Income taxes25.3 (699.6)3.6 
Other operating assets and liabilities, net(618.3)(666.5)46.0 
Net cash provided by operating activities2,952.6 3,016.9 1,231.8 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Cash received (paid) for acquisitions, net of cash acquired— 277.0 415.8 
Capital expenditures(406.0)(457.2)(243.0)
Payments for product rights and other, net(37.0)(52.2)(438.2)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment13.8 18.3 2.1 
Proceeds from sale of assets and subsidiaries1,950.0 96.7 20.0 
Purchase of marketable securities(30.2)(30.2)(104.8)
Proceeds from the sale of marketable securities29.9 29.8 47.0 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities1,520.5 (117.8)(301.1)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt1,875.6 1,710.1 983.3 
Payments of long-term debt(3,662.5)(4,201.3)(2,484.2)
Payments of financing fees(1.9)(7.0)(2.0)
Change in short-term borrowings, net(1,493.2)392.1 1,099.6 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options— — 0.6 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards(17.3)(17.4)(7.9)
Contingent consideration payments(18.9)(28.6)(48.5)
Cash dividends paid(581.6)(399.0)— 
Non-contingent payments for product rights— (456.0)(143.3)
Issuance of common stock3.3 — — 
Other items, net18.6 (4.9)(3.3)
Net cash used in financing activities(3,877.9)(3,012.0)(605.7)
Effect on cash of changes in exchange rates(38.9)(30.9)33.8 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash556.3 (143.8)358.8 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — beginning of period706.2 850.0